Set by Mel Kinsey
Hover cursor over box on right for the answers
1/ Attended by the leaders of 29 countries (including Jawaharlal Nehru and Zhou Enlai), which Indonesian city hosted the first large-scale Asian-African conference in April 1955? Releasing a 10-point ‘declaration on promotion of world peace and cooperation’, it paved the way ultimately for the establishment of the Non-Aligned Movement
2/ Standing on Abbey Craig (a volcanic crag above Cambuskenneth Abbey), which towering monument completed in 1869. Designed by the architect John Thomas Rochead, to which 13th-century historical figure is it dedcated?
3/ Issued in April 1967, the Arusha Declaration outlined the concept of `Ujamaa’ (`Brotherhood’ in Swahili). Espoused by Julius Nyerere, it became the basis of social and economic developments in which newly-independent country, of which he was its first President until his retirement in 1985?
4/ Coined by Machiavelli in 1503, the term ‘Five Good Emperors’ refer to five consecutive Roman emperors noted for their wise and virtuous rule, and include Trajan, Hadrian and Marcus Aurelius. Who is the first of them, who came to power in 96AD following the assassination of Domitian?
5/ Issued on 11th January 1917, the Zimmerman Telegram (named after its originator, the Foreign Secretary of the German Empire) was a coded internal diplomatic communication that proposed a military alliance with which country should the United States enter World War I against Germany? It was intercepted and decoded by British intelligence, resulting in a publicity backlash that actually propelled the US into the war in April that year.
6/ Which chieftain of the Catuvellauni tribe was instrumental in leading British resistance to Roman invasion, mainly with guerilla tactics? Originally condemned to die, he made such an impressive speech to the Roman Senate that he was pardoned and allowed to live in peace in Rome.
7/ The last holder being Abbas Hi1mi Pasha, which title (derived ultimately from the Persian for `lord’) was applied to the rulers of Egypt from 1867 to 1914, who governed as vassals of the Ottoman Empire? It is roughly the equivalent of the English viceroy.
8/ Born in Tennessee he longest-serving Secretary of State in the history of the USA, holding the position from 1933-1944? He played an instrumental role in the establishment of the United Nations after WWII, and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945.
9/ Which British Conservative Prime Minister resigned in 1957 as a result of the humiliation Britain suffered during the Suez Crisis?
10/ Who became the first female Secretary of State of the United States, when she was appointed by Bill Clinton in December 1996?
11/ Occurring on 2nd July 626 AD, the Xuanwu Gate Incident was a palace coup which saw Prince Li Shimin and his followers killing two of his brothers who were vying with him for the throne. This incident occurred during the early years of which of China’s dynasties?
12/ Portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix in the movie `Gladiator’, which Roman Emperor reigned from AD 18o to 192, after the death of his father Marcus Aurelius?
13/ Which Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Red Army was assassinated in Mexico in 1940?
14/ Which former Italian prime minister, one of its longest-serving post-WWII, was kidnapped by the Red Brigade in 1978 and murdered after 55 days in captivity?
15/ The third most populous in Romania and the capital of the Banat region, in which city did an uprising break out in December 1989, which ultimately culminated in the fall of the Ceausescu regime and communism in Romania?
16/ In 2012, the remains of which English monarch was discovered within Leicester’s Greyfriars Friary Church, 527 years after his death at the Battle of Bosworth Field?
17/ Being defined as from 57 BC to 668 AD, the `Three Kingdoms’ period refers to the kingdoms of Silla, Baekje and Goguryeo, which occupied most of which current day peninsula?
18/ One of the seven members of the first Soviet Politburo, which Bolshevik revolutionary was executed in 1937 during Stalin’s Great Purge? He gives his name to a 1924 letter purportedly by him and addressed to British communists urging for revolution – now widely dismissed as a forgery.
19/ Fought on St. Crispin’s Day in 1415, which famous battle in the Hundred Years’ War is the centerpiece in Shakespeare’s `Henry V’? It saw the English defeat a much larger French force with the use of the longbow.
20/ Nicknamed the ‘Shadow Shogun’, which former Prime Minister of Japan became embroiled in a series of political scandals during his terms of office, culminating in the Lockheed bribery scandals in 1976 which led to his arrest and trial?
21/ Born 1893 in Leipzig, which politician served as the head of state of East Germany from 1960 till his death in 1973? As the First Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party from 1950, he was the chief decision maker in his country for over 2 decades. The Berlin Wall went up under his watch
22/ First elected as Prime Minister of Great Britain in 1923, which political figure dominated British politics during the period between the two world wars? Elected for a total of three times (alternating with his great rival Ramsay MacDonald), he is also the only PM to date to have served under three monarchs.
23/ Born 1602 in the Kingdom of Naples, which Italian cardinal, diplomat and politician served as the Chief Minister of France from 1642 until his death? Taking over from his mentor Cardinal Richelieu, he was instrumental in establishing France’s supremacy amongst European powers during the early reign of King Louis XIV.
24/ Occurring in November 1960, the murder of the three Mirabal sisters took place in which Caribbean country? Political opponents of the dictator Rafael Trujillo, their deaths paved the way for an uprising that culminated in his assassination six months later.
25/ Basing himself in the Isle of Ely, the rebel leader Hereward the Wake was instrumental in leading local resistance against which King of England? Stories about his deeds have influenced the tales about Robin Hood.