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Games

The game of Chinese chess is known also known as Xiangqi, referencing which animal that is also a playing piece? Corresponding to the ‘minister’ piece on the other side, it is a defensive piece that move and capture two points diagonally and may not cross the river.

Featuring José Mourinho as the official ‘face of the game’ the online sport simulation game ‘Top Eleven Football Manager’ was developed and published by Nordeus – an independent mobile game developer headquartered in which European capital city?

Developed and published by Night School Studio and released in 2016, which supernatural mystery adventure game sees the player assume the role of teenage girl Alex on a weekend trip to a local island where seemingly supernatural events occur?

Developed by Slovenian independent studio Triternion, which 2019 multiplayer medieval hack ‘n slash video game with particular focus on hand-to-hand combat takes its name from the German technique of holding the sword inverted, with both hands gripping the blade and hitting the opponent with the pommel or crossguard like a mace or hammer?
Released in June 1998, which role-playing video game developed and published by Strategic Simulations, Inc (SSI) was the first adaptation of TSR’s Advanced Dungeons & Dragons (AD&D) fantasy role-playing game for home computers? Set in and about the city of Phlan in the Forgotten Realms, the party ultimately fights the ancient dragon Tyranthraxus the Flamed One in a climactic final battle.

In a game of scrabble, two tiles score 10 points each. One of them is Q, what is the other?

Coined in 2001 by game designer Lewis Pollak to describe his role-playing game ‘Children of the Sun’, which computer game genre combines the aesthetics of the technology of the interwar period through to the 1950s with retro-futuristic technology? This is in contrast to ‘steampunk’ which features technology of industrial steam power of the earlier Victorian era.

Appearing in video games subtitled ‘Door to Phantomile’, ‘Moonlight Museum’ and ‘Lunatea’s Veil’, which character created by Namco has combined features of a cat, dog and rabbit and is described as a ‘Dream Traveller’ who travels to places where the state of dreams is in peril?

As first coined by the then Essex university student Roy Trubshaw when he designed a pioneering model in 1978, for what does the ‘D’ stand in the acronym ‘MUD’, referring to a multiplayer real-time virtual world (usually text-based) in which players usually interact with each other and the world by typing commands? In later variants the ‘D’ stood for ‘Dimension’ and ‘Domain’, but I want the original and most commonly used term.

Derived from the Hebrew meaning ‘riddle’, which logic puzzle game invented by the Israeli mathematician Gyora Benedek has the aim for players to fill the grid with consecutive numbers that connect horizontally, vertically, or diagonally?

The Genesis, Saturn and Dreamcast are consoles produced by which Japanese game publisher best known for their ‘Sonic the Hedgehog’ series?         

Taking its name from the Swahili for ‘to build’, which Hasbro game invented by Leslie Scott involves opposing players taking turns to remove one block at a time from a tower until it collapses?     

Developed by Whoopee Camp for the Sony Playstation, which 1997 platform adventure game follows the exploits of the title character – a pink-haired feral child who attempts to retrieve his grandfather’s bracelet from the evil Koma pigs?   

Possessing the Triforce of Power, which fictional character and main antagonist of Nintendo’s ‘The Legend of Zelda’ series alternates between two forms: a massive, demonic boar-like creature and a tall, heavily built Gerudo, a race of desert nomads?   

Developed by Mind Candy and launched in 2008, which game aimed at children allows them to customize their pet monsters (e.g. Diavlo, Poppet and Zommer) and navigate them around Monstro City?     

Developed by Double Fine Productions in 2005, which platform adventure game is set in the  fictional Whispering Rock Psychic Summer Camp, and features the protagonist Razputin “Raz” Aquato, a young boy with special mental powers?

The birthplace of its country’s current President, which city gives its name to the strategy boardgame also known as Permainan in the local language? It features a unique scoring system not seen in other boardgames.        

Often abbreviated as ‘KotOR’, the RPG video game series published by LucasArts is set 4000 years before the Star Wars films, in which the universe faces the threat of the Dark Sith Lord Darth Malak. For what do the ‘OR’ stand in the series title?

Named after a mountain fortress located in Qazvin province in Iran and telling the story of Hassan-i Sabbāh – the founder of the Nizari Isma’ili state and its fedayeen military group, the 1938 novel ‘Alamut’ by the Slovene write Vladimir Bartol is often cited as a key inspiration for which video-game series developed by Ubisoft and first released in 2007?    

Now in common use, the term ‘4X’ in gaming (referring to strategy games in which players explore, expand, exploit, and exterminate) was first coined in a 1993 article in ‘Computer Gaming World’ in reference to which MicroProse game? The player leads one of ten races (eg Psilon, Meklar and Bulrathi) to dominate the galaxy through a combination of diplomacy and conquest.       

Featuring the battle between the kings Suren and Ogereth, which 1983 video game developed by Kōji Sumii and released by ASCII has been described as an early example of an action role-playing game as well as an early prototype real-time strategy game?      

Making an appearance during the third season of ‘House of Cards’, which interactive drama and walking simulator released on July 31, 2011 as a free mod for Half-Life 2 begins when the titular protagonist finds his work computer not working, prompting him to explore the building and finding  it devoid of people?  

‘Arena of Khazan’, ‘Gamesmen of Kasar’ and ‘Sewers of Oblivion’ were titles in which fantasy role-playing game designed by Ken St. Andre and first published in 1975? Abbreviated as ‘T&T’, it came about after St. Andre read a friend’s D&D rule books but found the actual rules confusing.    

Written and directed by the French video game designer David Cage, which 2010 interactive drama and action-adventure game developed by Quantic Dream features four protagonists involved with the mystery of the Origami Killer, a serial murderer who uses extended periods of precipitation to drown his victims?     

‘Trigger Happy Havoc’, ‘Goodbye Despair’ and ‘Killing Harmony’ are the subtitles of the three installments of which video game franchise created and developed by Spike Chunsoft first released in 2010? Translating as ‘bullet rebuttal’, it is set in the elite high school, Hope’s Peak Academy where students were forced into survival and killing competitions.   

Nine Gates, Three Great Scholars, Four Great Blessings and Thirteen Wonders are some of the winning hands in which popular tile-based game?

Sharing her name with an astronomical phenomenon, which ghost agent (with special psionic capabilities) is the protagonist of the ‘StarCraft II: ______ Covert Ops’, a downloadable content (DLC) single-player mission pack released by Blizzard in 2016? She is also a playable character in the crossover MOBA ‘Heroes of the Storm’.    

From the Japanese for ‘Eastern’ and set in the fantasy land of Gensokyo,which bullet-hell shoot ’em up video game series created by the one-man Japanese dōjin soft developer Team Shanghai Alice includes titles such as ‘Legacy of Lunatic Kingdom’ and ‘Hidden Star in Four Seasons’?      

Created as one of the main antagonists on the video game ‘Star Wars : Knights of the Old Republic II : The Sith Lords’ and later elaborated upon in the comic ‘Unseen, Unheard’, which character was titled the ‘Lord of Hunger’ in a triumvirate which he shared with Darth Traya and Darth Sion? He had survived the activation of the Mass Shadow Generator superweapon during the Mandalorian Wars’ final battle at the planet of Malachor V, but leaving him ravaged.    

Billed as a ‘strategic card game about cats and destruction’, which Kickstarter-funded card game designed by Elan Lee & Matthew Inman from the comics site The Oatmeal was followed with the release of two spin-offs – ‘Unstable Unicorns’ and ‘Llamas Unleashed’?   

Originally released by Namco in 1985, which scrolling shooter arcade game sees the player play the role of spacewomen (Kissy and Takky) who fight through eight worlds of increasing difficulty defeating the enemy Octy and saving the one-eyed Paccets?       

Originally released in Japanese arcades in 1998 and subsequently ported to the Sega Saturn, which shoot ’em up developed by Treasure Co. follows a team of fighter pilots in the year 2050 who are battling waves of enemies summoned by a mysterious crystal dug up from the Earth? A spiritual sequel ‘Ikaruga’ was released in 2001.

Designed by Uwe Rosenberg, the 2007 Euro-style board game with a focus on resource management that sees the players taking the role of farmers, shares its title with which Roman general (father-in-law of the historian Tacitus) who was responsible for much of the Roman conquest of Britain?

Inspired by watching Italian film director Dario Argento’s horror films, especially ‘Phenomena’ (1985), the first edition of which survival horror adventure video game series created by Hifumi Kono follows Jennifer Simpson, a young girl searching for a way out of a mansion in Norway while evading the sinister Scissorman?     

Developed by Alex Cutler and Andy Astrand at the University of Warwick in 1990, which dungeon-crawling roguelike computer game takes its title from the fortress of Morgoth in the writings of JRR Tolkien? In the game, the player has to survive 100 floor levels of the fortress in order to defeat Morgoth himself.    

Led previously by archmages such as Antonidas, Rhonin and Jaina Proudmoore, what two-word name refers to the elite organization of the most powerful wizards in the known Warcraft universe? Also known as the Magus Senate of Dalaran, they defend Azeroth against enemies such as the Scourge and the Burning Legion.   

Its website claims you can do anything you can imagine, including ‘purchase rare books from an albino ape mayor’ and ‘contract a fungal infection and grow glowing mushrooms on your hands’. Which Early Access roguelike role-playing video game released in 2015 allows the player to  assume the role of a true-kin from eco-domes such as the toxic arboreta of Ekuemekiyye or the ice-sheathed arcology of Ibul?    

It’s title a reference to a phrase in the poem ‘Kubla Khan’ by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, which 2015 survival/exploration role-playing video game with roguelike elements developed by Failbetter Games takes place in the universe of its browser adventure game ‘Fallen London’, in which Victorian-era London has been moved beneath the earth’s surface to the edge of the Unterzee, a vast underground ocean?  

Omaha, Razz and Badugi are variations of which popular game?    

Miss Scarlett, Colonel Mustard and Professor Plum are playable characters in which board-game in 1943 by Anthony E. Pratt?  

Meaning ‘play well’ in the local language, in which European country was Lego founded in 1934?

Released in 1999, ‘Sid Meier’s Alpha Centauri’ is a spiritual successor to which turn-based strategy game series also created by Meier?  

The Australian mercenary Kano, the ice-controlling warrior Sub-Zero and shapeshifting warlock Shang Tsung are characters introduced in the original edition of which fighting video game series?

Originally written in 1998 by lead developer Markus Heinsohn, ‘Out of the Park’ (‘OOTP’) is a text-based simulation game featuring which particular sport?

Consisting of two current running game modes: Summoner’s Rift and Howling Abyss, which multiplayer online battle arena (MOBA) game created by Riot Games is now fully owned by the Chinese company Tencent?   

Designed by Antoine Bauza and with players assembling panoramas of its views as they journey toward Edo, this 2012 boardgame shares its name with which most important of the Five Routes of the Edo period in Japan? Translating as ‘Eastern Sea Route’, the artist Hiroshige depicted each of the 53 stations along it.  

Giving its name to a verb which the players use to signal an attack on it, which Neutral Creep with the epithet ‘the Immortal’ in the strategy game ‘Defense of the Ancients (DotA)’ is a powerful creature who drops artifacts such as the Aegis of the Immortal and Aghanim’s Blessing when he is killed?     

Developed by Tim Sweeney (the founder of Epic Games), which video-game engine with features such as collision detection, colored lighting, and texture filtering, was first showcased in the 1998 first-person shooter bearing the same name?   

Portrayed by Michał Żebrowski and Henry Cavill in television and film adaptations respectively, which fictional character and the protagonist of ‘The Witcher’ series of role-playing games is a genetically enhanced human with special powers trained to slay monsters?

An example of the ‘Baka-ge’ (‘idiot game’) genre, which Japanese video game first released by NCS Corp in 1984 has a name that translates as ‘Super Big Brother’? It’s gameplay involves the two main characters Idaten (a young man wearing a cape) and Benten (a beautiful blue-haired maiden) battling Bo Emperor Bill.   

One of the best Go players in the world, the Korean Lee Sedol was beated 1-4 by a computer program named AlphaGo in a much-publicized contest starting March 9th, 2016. AlphaGo was developed by a company founded as DeepMind Technologies, and subsequently acquired by WHICH MULTINATIONAL TECH GIANT in 2014?       

Answer

Elephant
Belgrade
‘Oxenfree’
‘Mordhau’
‘Pool of Radiance’
Z
Dieselpunk
Klonoa
Dungeon (Multi-User Dungeon)
Hidato
Sega
Jenga
‘Tomba!’
Ganon/ Ganondorf
‘Moshi Monsters’
‘Psychonauts’
Surakarta/ Solo
Old Republic (Knights of the Old Republic)
‘Assassin’s Creed’
‘Master of Orion’
‘Bokosuka Wars’
‘The Stanley Parable’
‘Tunnels & Trolls’
‘Heavy Rain’
‘Danganronpa’
Mahjong
Nova
Touhou Project
Darth Nihilus
‘Exploding Kittens’
‘Baraduke’ (‘Alien Sector’)
‘Radiant Silvergun’
Agricola
‘Clock Tower’
‘Angband’
Kirin Tor
‘Caves of Qud’
‘Sunless Sea’
Poker
Cluedo
Denmark
‘Civilization’
‘Mortal Kombat’
Baseball
‘League of Legends’
‘Tokaido’
Roshan
Unreal Engine
Geralt of Riva
‘Cho Aniki’
Google

 

 

In Arthurian legend, which knight of the Round Table is usually associated with the tale of the Green Knight?

In Hinduism, which deity is known to have ten avatars (forms that he takes to descend to earth to restore the cosmic order), including Varaha the boar, Kurma the tortoise, Rama the prince and Krishna (a deity himself)?

Which god in Norse mythology was invulnerable to every object in every realm, except the mistletoe, which of course killed him subsequently when his brother was tricked by Loki into throwing one at him?

According to the Book of Exodus, which leader and prophet parted the Red Sea to save the Israelite people from pursuit by the Egyptian Pharaoh?

In mythology, who was the Greek god that granted King Midas the power to turn everything he touched into gold, and who also told the latter to wash his hands in the Pactolus River when he wanted to be rid of the gift?

In the classic German legend of Faust, what M is the name of the demon sent by the Devil to tempt Faust into exchanging his soul for unlimited knowledge and worldly pleasures?

Born 256 AD in Libya, which priest gives his name to the belief that Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is entirely distinct from and subordinate to the God the Father, and hence in opposition to mainstream Christian teachings on the nature of the Trinity and the nature of Christ? He was declared a heretic by the First Council of Nicaea and banished.

According to the New Testament, Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist, in which river?

In Greek mythology, who is the Aethiopian princess who was saved by Perseus from the monstrous Cetus?

Born Vardhamana, which 6th-century BCE ascetic and teacher was the 24th and last Tirthankara of Jainism? Born into a royal family in Bihar, India, he gave up all material comforts at the age of 30 in his quest for spiritual awakening.

In Egyptian mythology, the goddess known as Tawaret (Taurt, Taouris etc)  is commonly regarded as a benevolent protectress of fertility and childbirth and the inundation of the Nile. As such, it is not surprising that she is usually depicted as having the head of which animal?

What is the name of the three-headed dog who guards the entrance to the Underworld in Greek myth?

Ill-fated or star-crossed lovers is a common theme across cultures, and is present even in Nordic myth. Which goddess of winter married the sea god Njörd (Njörðr), but in the end had to split up because he couldn’t bear to be away from the seas, while she was happier in her mountain home in Thrymheim?

In the Old Testament, whose wife was turned into a pillar of salt when she looked back at the doomed city of Sodom, despite being told by the angels not to do so?

Born 347 in a village in the Roman province of Dalmatia, which saint is known for his translation of the Vulgate Bible? In art, he is usually portrayed either in the garb of a cardinal, or as a half-clad anchorite with items such as the Bible, cross and skull.

In Greek and Berber mythology, what is the name of half-giant son of Poseidon and Gaia, who had superhuman strength and was undefeatable as long as he remained in contact with the ground? He was eventually killed when Heracles held him aloft in the air and crushed him with a bear-hug.

The ‘Triveni Sangam’ in Hindu tradition is the confluence of three rivers, considered to be a sacred location. One such confluence is located in Allahabad, where two physical rivers (the Ganges and Yamuna) meet which invisible, mystical river? It shares its name with the Hindu goddess of wisdom and the arts, who is also the consort of the creator-god Brahma?

Shinto is the indigenous religion of which country?

The temple that was once located in Ephesus (in present-day Turkey, and one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, was dedicated to which Greek goddess of hunting?

In Norse mythology, what name is given to the group of shield-maidens who served the god Odin and were sent by him to the battlefields to choose the slain who were worthy of a place in Valhalla?

First mentioned in Geoffrey of Monmouth’s ‘Historia regum Britanniae’ and described as ‘the island of apples called fortunate’, it is the island to which Britain’s legendary King Arthur sailed after his final battle. Name this island.  

In the Old Testament, he was the seventh king of Israel since Jeroboam I. Married to the Sidonian princess Jezebel and apparently incited by her to abandon the worship of Yahweh and worship the deities Baal and Asherah instead, he gives his name to a central character in a 19th-century novel. Who is this biblical ruler?

In Greek mythology, which Giant offspring of Uranus and Gaia fought Athena during the Gigantomachy, and was buried under Mt. Etna when she threw Sicily at him? He gives his name to the sixth-largest moon of Saturn, which possesses geyser-like jets at its southern pole as revealed by the Cassini flybys in 2005.

Jupiter’s largest moon Ganymede is named after a cupbearer for the Olympian gods in Greek mythology, but he only got the job after which goddess (a daughter of Zeus and Hera) gave up her duties after she married Heracles?

In the New Testament, which apostle refused to believe others’ accounts of the resurrection of Jesus until he could he could see it for himself, hence receiving the epithet ‘Doubting’?

After the Archangel of Death in Hebrew & Islam, what is the name of the villainous wizard Gargamel’s cat in the cartoon series ‘The Smurfs’?

The Torah (or Pentateuch) is the holy text of which religion?

In the celebrated Christian event known as the Annunciation, which archangel announced to Mary that she would conceive and become the mother of the Son of God?

Which deity of Norse mythology wields the hammer known as Mjolnir?

In the Bible, who was punished for murdering his brother Abel?

Identify the kneeling character from Greek mythology shown in this early 20th-century painting. The same character was also portrayed by John Keats in a poem written in the early 19th century.

In Arthurian legend, which knight was the illegitimate son of Lancelot and Elaine, and the only one predestined to achieve the Holy Grail?

First appearing in the apocryphal Gospel of James and not mentioned in the Bible itself, who was the husband of St. Anne and the father of the Virgin Mary? His meeting with Anne at the Golden Gate of Jerusalem was a popular subject in artists’ depictions of the life of the Virgin.

Which biblical king of Shinar & great-grandson of Noah, ‘a mighty hunter before the Lord’, gave his name to an ancient Assyrian city in the Nineveh Plains, an Israeli anti-tank guided missile, and Ernest Shackleton’s 1907-09 Antarctic expedition that tried to reach the South Pole unsuccessfully?

In Hindu mythology, who is the demon-king of Lanka who has ten heads? The antagonist in the Ramayana, he abducted Rama’s consort Sita, and was ultimately defeated by Rama with the aid of the monkey god Hanuman.

Which legendary hero of Norse mythology slew the dragon Fafnir with his sword Gram, and also married the shieldmaiden Brynhildr?

In folklore, a bullet made from which metal is often the only way to kill a werewolf?

This depicts the story of which pair of ill-fated lovers? First told in Ovid’s ‘Metamorphoses’, the story also appeared in Boccaccio’s ‘Decameron’ & ‘On Famous Women’, as well as Shakespeare’s ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream’ and operas by Johann Adolph Hasse and John Frederick Lampe.

In which book of the Old Testament does Moses part the Red Sea?

Sin (in Mesopotamian mythology), Tsukuyomi (Japanese), Chang’e (Chinese), Metztli (Aztec) and Igaluk (Inuit) are all gods/ deities closely associated with what particular aspect of the natural world?

Osiris is a god of which ancient people?

In the folklore of the Pied Piper of Hamelin, into which river did the Pied Piper lead the rats and thus drowning them?

A legendary people of Greek history, the Myrmidons were brave warriors trained and commanded by which mythological hero?

Who is the Roman equivalent of Poseidon, the Greek god of the sea?

Mentioned in the apocryphal Gospel of Nicodemus (though not in the canonical Gospels), which character gives her name to a maneuver in bullfighting where the matador lets his cloak trail over the bull’s head as it runs past him, almost as if gently wiping its face?

In Greek myth, which centaur mentor of young Achilles shares his name with a minor planet, discovered in 1977 orbiting between Saturn and Uranus?

In Greek myth, Talos was a bronze automaton created by the god Hephaestus. Circling the island of Crete three times a day, he would hurl rocks and even parts of his own body at any ships that dared to venture near – in order to protect which princess, the mother of King Minos?

Who was the wife of Agamemnon, King of Mycenae?     

In the Old Testament, who was the older sister of Moses and Aaron?  She hid baby Moses from the Pharaoh’s soldiers and later watched as he was adopted by the Pharaoh’s daughter.

What is the name of the large mythical bird-like creature in Hindu and Buddhist mythology, which is the national symbol of both Thailand and Indonesia?

In mythology, who drowned swimming the Hellespont trying to reach his Hero?

In the Old Testament, who was the son of Abraham and his wife Sarah’s Egyptian maid Hagar?

According to the sacred book of the Latter Day Saint movement, what is the name of the angel who visited Joseph Smith on several occasions beginning in September 1823, telling him about the golden plates buried near his home? In his mortal life, he was the last prophet of the Nephite tribe, who lived in the Americas around 4th and 5th centuries.

In classical Greek myth, who is the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and twin sister to Apollo?    

Who in Greek mythology lost control of his father (Helios)’s sun chariot and was shot out of the sky by Zeus’ lightning bolt?

In Hinduism, which six-letter word derived from the Sanskrit for ‘release’ refers to the liberation or freedom from the cycle of death and rebirth? One of the four goals of life, it is the rough equivalent of the Buddhist concept of nirvana.      

Located on the Warta River, which city in southern Poland is noted as being the home of the Black Madonna painting – a revered icon of the Virgin Mary housed at Jasna Gora Monastery? Legend has it that it was painted by St. Luke and discovered by St. Helena in 326 AD.    

His name meaning ‘He Who Invites’, which central deity of the Shinto creation myth, together with his sister-wife, gave rise to the many islands of Japan and begat the numerous deities in Shitoism (including the sun goddess Amaterasu and the moon god Tsukuyomi)?                   

In legend, who is the mother of King Arthur? Originally the wife of Gorlois, Duke of Cornwall, she was apparently tricked when Uther Pendragon took the guise of Gorlois (with Merlin’s help), leading to Arthur’s conception.       

In Greek mythology, the Trojan prince Tithonus was a lover of Eos, the goddess of the dawn. Eos asked Zeus to make Tithonus immortal, but forgot to ask for eternal youth. As such, he grew old and infirm but was unable to die, eventually turning into which insect?    

In mythology, which Roman goddess of wisdom is the equivalent of Athena?    

In the Old Testament, the prophet Jonah was swallowed by a big fish during a storm at sea while he was fleeing from which city? God had commanded him to go there to prophesize against it ‘for their great wickedness’.     

The Hindu god Ganesha has the head of which animal?

In Nordic myth, what is the name of the primeval giant born from venom that dripped from the icy rivers Elivagar and lived in the grassless void of Ginnungagap, and nourished by the milk from Audumla the cow? He was slain by Odin and his brothers, who fashioned the earth from his flesh and the seas from his blood.    

In Greek myth, who shot Achilles in his heel with an arrow, thus killing him?    

Supposedly a gift from the Holy Roman Emperor Charles the Bald, the relic Sancta Camisa is believed to be the tunic worn by the Virgin Mary at the time of the birth of Christ, and is currently housed in which European cathedral?      

Who in Greek myth is the ferryman of Hades who carries the souls of the dead across the Styx and Acheron rivers?    

In the Book of Genesis, what is the name of the captain of the palace guard whose wife accused Joseph of raping her, resulting in Joseph being thrown into prison?

Which of Jesus’ Apostles is recognized by the Catholic Church as the first Pope?

In Greek myth, what is the name of the 100-head dragon that twined around the tree in the Garden of  the Hesperides and guarded the golden apples? Slain by Heracles, it was put into the heavens and became the constellation Draco.

In Greek myth, who gave Theseus the thread that enabled him to find his way out of the Labyrinth after he slew the Minotaur?

In Norse myth, what sort of creature is Fenrir, foretold to kill the god Odin during Ragnarok?

In the Hindu epic ‘Ramayana’, who was the younger brother and close companion of the central character Rama? An incarnation of Lord Vishnu’s sacred serpent Sersha, he served Rama faithfully during the latter’s fourteen-year exile and fought alongside his brother in the battle against the demon-king Ravana.

Which mythological figure is portrayed in the sculpture shown here?

What title, used for biblical figures such as Abraham and Isaac, is also applied to the head of an independent orthodox church?     

The title of the 1936 Aldous Huxley novel, ‘Eyeless in Gaza’ is a reference to which biblical character, who was blinded by the Philistines and put to work grinding grain?

In Egyptian myth, which deity (originally the demiurge of Memphis) is widely considered as the creator-god who conceived the world by the thought of his heart? The consort of Sekhmet the lion-goddess, he is usually depicted as a mummified man with green skin and holding a sceptre which combines the powerful ankh-djed-was symbols.    

In legend, who mortally wounded King Arthur at the Battle of Camlann and was himself killed as well? His relationship to Arthur varies from illegitimate son to nephew, according to different sources.   

Which semi-mythical 5th-century warlord and ruler of the Britons was said to have invited the Germanic brothers Hengist and Horsa to aid him in his fight against the Picts and Scots, but later lost his son when the two foreigners revolted? Another story tells of his repeatedly failing attempts to erect a tower, until it was pointed out to him by a young Merlin that the reason was two dragons fighting in an underground lake underneath the tower’s foundations.

Originating from a Hebrew word meaning ‘the part of a plant containing grain’, the pronunciation of what word was used by Jephthah at the ford of the River Jordan to detect  the fleeing Ephraimites who had been in battle with his own Gilead forces? Over time, the word has evolved to denote a repetitively-cited old saying which is not true.

In Mesopotamian myth, what is the name of the monstrous giant who was the guardian of the Cedar Forest where the gods lived? Reputed to have the face of  a lion and breath of fire, he was defeated and slain by the demigod Gilgamesh and his human companion Enkidu.    

In Greek myth, which beautiful youth so charmed both Aphrodite and Persephone that Zeus decreed a third of the year with each of the two goddesses? He was fatally wounded by a boar and died in the arms of Aphrodite

Often portrayed as riding on his white elephant Airavata and wielding a lightning thunderbolt, which king of the gods in Hindu mythology is the foremost deity worshipped by the Rigvedic tribes? His reputation and influence diminished in later Hinduism, with the rise of the Trimurti gods.     

The Egyptian god Horus is usually depicted as having the head of which bird?      

Its name deriving from Sanskrit for ‘one who is worthy’, what term in Buddhism refers to a perfect person who has achieved nirvana and has escaped the cycle of rebirth? Known as 罗汉 in Chinese and rakan in Japanese, they represent the 16-18 close disciples of the Buddha who were entrusted by him to remain in the world and not to enter nirvana until the coming of the next buddha.

Name the mythological figure shown in the middle of this group of statues.      

In the Old Testament, who became the leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses, and led them in the conquest of Canaan?     

   In Norse myth, which god rides on a chariot drawn by the goats Tanngrisnir (Teeth-barer) and Tanngnjostr (Teeth-grinder)? He also wears the magical items megingjörð (a belt) and Jarngreipr (iron gloves).

In Greek myth, the nymph Callisto was transformed by Hera into which animal so that Zeus would not be attracted to her any more? She was subsequently placed into the heavens by Zeus and became a constellation.       

In Nordic myth, who is the goddess of spring or rejuvenation and the wife of the poetry god Bragi? She was the keeper of magic apples of immortality that kept the gods young, and when she was abducted by the giant Thiassi, the gods began to grow old.

His name from the Nahuatl for ‘He who makes things spout’, which Aztec supreme god of the rains, usually portrayed with large eyes and sharp fangs, bears striking resemblance to the Mayan rain god Chac?          

A Greek hero of the Trojan War who wounded Aphrodite (when she tried to save Aeneas from him) and seized the Trojan Palladium, and a Thracian king known for feeding his prisoners to his flesh-eating horses – both shared what name?

Mentioned together as a sacred triad (with Toutatis and Esus) by the Roman poet Lucan, which Celtic god of thunder is traditionally represented as a bearded being holding a thunderbolt in one hand and a wheel in the other? It was worshipped primarily in the British Isles and Gaul, but also as far away as in the Rhineland and Danube regions.

Considered a counterpart of Hephaestus and Vulcan, which Slavic god of blacksmithing and celestial fire is usually regarded as the father of Dazbog the sun god? One of his symbols is a square intersected by a four-pointed star, also known as the Star of Rus’.    

As told in Homer’s the ‘Iliad’ and ‘Odyssey’, Odysseus was the king of which island? It shares its name and is generally identified with a present-day Greek island in the Ionian Sea, off the north coast of Kefalonia.   

In which city in Upper Egypt (about 80km northwest of Luxor) were a collection of Gnostic texts discovered in 1945? Written in the Coptic language, the most famous of the texts is probably the Gospel of Thomas.   

In Nordic myth, which jotunn (giant) ruled over the fiert realm of Muspelheim? As told in the ‘Prose Edda’, he will go to battle against Freyr during Ragnarok, and afterward the flames that he brings forth from his burning sword will engulf the Earth.    
Which goddess is generally considered to be the Roman equivalent of Athena? Born fully-formed and with weapons from the head of Jupiter, she is usually depicted with her sacred owl.

His name meaning ‘white/ clear’ or ‘silver’, which legendary Pandava prince and warrior is a central figure in the ‘Bhagavad Gita’, a part of the epic ‘Mahabharata’? The Gita is set in a narrative framework of a dialogue between him and his guide/ charioteer Lord Krishna, who is actually the incarnation of Vishnu.

According to the Old Testament, who was the first son of Abraham, conceived by the handmaiden Hagar when Abraham was 85 years of age? His name means ‘God has hearkened’.

  In Greek myth, WHICH NYMPH was charged by Rhea with nurturing the infant Zeus in secret in the Dictaean cave, to protect him from his father Cronus? She gives her name to a small, irregular moon orbiting around the planet Jupiter.      

Mentioned in three places in the Gospel of John, WHICH FIGURE – a member of the Sanhedrin, first visited Jesus one night to discuss his teachings? He subsequently advised his colleagues to hear and investigate before making a judgement on Jesus, and also assisted in preparing Jesus’ body for burial after the Crucifixion.

Named after the ancient town in West Attica where it is held, the Eleusinian Mysteries were annual initiation rites held by followers of the cult of two Greek deities. Name EITHER one of them.    

Incorporating elements from both Shinto and Buddhism, which syncretic divinity is the Japanese god of war and archery? Worshipped since ancient times, his name translates literally as ‘God of Eight Banners’ – a reference to the eight heavenly banners which heralded the birth of the mystical 3rd-century Emperor Ojin, with whom he is frequently identified.     

What type of animals are Tanngrisnir (‘teeth-barer’) and Tanngnjostr (‘teeth-grinder’), who pull the chariot of Thor in Norse mythology?     

Which Titan daughter of Uranus and wife of Oceanus in Greek myth gives her name to the Mesozoic era ocean located between the ancient continents of Laurasia and Gondwana?           

The subject of literary works by J.M. Synge and W.B. Yeats, which tragic heroine in Irish myth was prophesied before her birth to cause much strife and bloodshed to the land of Ulster? She killed herself after her lover Naoise was slain on the orders of the Ulster King Conchobar.

In Greek myth, which son of Prometheus survived a great flood unleashed by Zeus by building a chest and staying in it with his wife Pyrrha?        

His name meaning ‘One-Legged’ and sometimes also referred to as the ‘Heart of Sky’, which Mayan god of wind, storm and fire shares his name with a supercar manufactured by Lamborghini and a football club from Buenos Aires that plays in the top tier of the Argentinian league.             

From the Egyptian meaning ‘to come into being’, which ancient deity associated with the sun, creation and rebirth is usually depicted with the head of a scarab beetle? The insect’s rolling of a ball of dung resembled the movement of the sun across the heavens.

In the bible, which third son of Jacob and Leah destroyed the city of Shechem in revenge for the rape of his sister Dinah? The tribe that descended from him served mainly as high priests in Israelite society, and his name can also be found in one of the books of the Old Testament.    

One of the Nine Worlds in Norse mythology, which fiery realm is the home of the Eldjotnar (fire giants)? Ruled over by Sutr and his consort Sinmara, its fire is prophesized to engulf the world during Ragnarok.  

Venerated as a warrior god in Chinese myth, which deity possesses a truth-seeing ‘Eye of Heaven’ in the middle of his forehead and is accompanied by the Celestial Hound? In ‘The Journey to the West’, he was instrumental in defeating and capturing Sun Wukong (the Monkey King) because he possessed greater powers of transformation (73 transformations compared to the latter’s 72).      

In Greek myth, which character was punished by Leto for boasting about her fourteen children? After they were slain by Artemis and Apollo, she fled to Mt. Sipylus and continued crying even after turning into a rock – the ‘Weeping Rock’.

One of the nine Ennead deities in Egyptian myth, which primordial god of the air was the father of Geb and Nut & grandfather of Osiris and Isis, and shares his name with one of the states during China’s Three Kingdoms period?        

Its name translating variously as ‘connections’ or ‘sitting down around’, what term is given to the genre of ancient Sanskrit texts that together constitute the Vedas? Also known as the ‘vedanta’, they contain central philosophical concepts of Hinduism, as well as Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism.       

In Chinese mythology, which primitive hairy giant is regarded as the first living being and a creator figure? Born from a cosmic egg 18,000 years ago after the coalescence of chaos, he separated the sky and earth; when he died, his breath became the wind and clouds and his voice thunder, while the rest of his body transformed into the physical features of the world.

A textual division of the Pali Canon dated to around the 4th-century BCE, the Jataka Tales are a body of literature pertaining to the life of which religious figure?

Residing in Glitnir, a resplendent hall made of gold and silver, which Aesir god is the son of Baldr and Nanna? Mentioned only briefly in old Nordic literature, he is generally regarded as one who delivers justice and settles disputes.    

In Greek myth, which Trojan princess was cursed by Apollo to speak true prophecies but which no one believed?

In Islam, the Hajj is a pilgrimage made to Mecca during the 8th to 12th day of the last month of the Islamic calendar. In comparison, which term (meaning ‘to visit a populated place’ in Arabic) is given to a pilgrimage that can be undertaken at any time of the year, and hence generally considered a ‘lesser’ pilgrimage?

In Nordic myth, which creature (usually described as a fearsome dog with blood-stained chest) guards the entrance to the gate of Hel the Underworld? In the Poetic Edda, its howling heralds the arrival of Ragnarok and also frees the bound Fenrir wolf. In some versions of the myth, it and the god Tyr will die fighting each other during Ragnarok.     

The 1924 Eugene O’Neill play ‘Desire Under the Elms’ is largely based on the story of which figure from Greek mythology? The daughter of King Minos and sister of Ariadne, she was married to Theseus but fell in love with his son Hippolytus; rejected by the latter, she accused him of rape, leading to Theseus killing him.       

Also known as the Charities, what other collective name is given to the three Greek goddesses of charm and beauty Aglaea, Euphrosyne and Thalia – the daughters of Zeus and Eurynome?     

Said to have lived during the Warring States period (around 4th to 5th BCE), which semi-legendary figure is generally considered to be the founder of Taoism? The author of the classic text ‘Tao Te Ching’, his name is actually an honorific translating as ‘Old/ Venerable Master’.  

Said to be one of four relics that fell from that sky during the reign of king Lha Thothori Nyantsen of Tibet, what name is given to the wish-fulfilling gemstone in Hindu and Buddhist traditions? Held by the Bodhisattvas and the Naga king, it is considered the equivalent of the Philosopher’s Stone in western alchemy.

Derived from a composite Pali word, which Buddhist term refers to the doctrine of ‘non-self’ – that there is no permanent, unchanging soul or essence in living things? Together with Dukkha (suffering) and Anicca (impermanence), it is it is one of three Right Understandings about the three marks of existence.    

A son of the king of Aegina, which hero in Greek myth accompanied Heracles and Jason on their various quests and adventures? His marriage to the sea-nymph Thetis produced seven sons, all of whom died in infancy except one – Achilles.    

Which of the two major denomination of Jainism has a name that means ‘sky-clad’ in Sanskrit, referencing the practice of its male ascetics in shunning all property and wearing no clothes? The ascetics of the other branch (the Shvetambara, or ‘white-clad’) wear white robes.

Compared to Noah and Deucalion, which character from the Mesopotamian ‘Epic of Gilgamesh’ was tasked by the god Enki to create the giant ship The Preserver of Life and sailed in it during the Great Flood, eventually resting on Mount Nisir when the waters had receded?    

The subject of four different ancient Greek plays (each by one of the three major tragedians although only Sophocles’ version has survived), which hero of the Trojan war was the son of King Poeas of Meliboea? A famed archer, he survived a venomous snake bite, was stranded on the island of Lemnos before firing the arrow that killed Paris.    

Said to number over four hundred, what term refers to any of the deities worshipped by the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria? A complex unity linking people, objects and powers, they reflect one of the three manifestations of the supreme divinity in Yoruba religion (Olodumare, Olorun and Olofi).    

Her name deriving from the Old Norse for ‘victorious girlfriend’, which goddess is the wife of Loki, although very little is mentioned of her in the Poetic Edda other than her role in holding out a bowl to catch the venom from the fangs of a poisonous snake to prevent it from dripping onto Loki’s face, while the latter was being bound for all eternity (until Ragnarok) as a punishment for his misdeeds?     

The chief of a group of deities known as the Adityas, which Hindu god corresponds closely to the Zoroastrian god Ahura Mazda, and is jointly invoked with Mitra (who represents the judicial side of sovereignty while he represents the magical & speculative sides)? A guardian of the west and associated with oceans and waters, he is depicted as riding on his mount Makara (a part-fish sea creature) and wielding a Pasha loop as his weapon.        

In the news recently for another reason, what name from the Sanskrit and Pali for ‘Without Waves’ refers to the lowest level of hell in Buddhism? Beings who had committed sins such as murder of one’s parents or shedding the blood of a Buddha are sent there for eternity, with no hope of redemption.    

 Incorporating the Mayan creation myth that began with the exploits of the Hero Twins Hunahpu and Xbalanque and believed to have been written around the 1550s, the document known as the ‘Popol Vuh’ (‘Book of the People’) is a cultural narrative of the Ki’che’ people who inhabit the Midwestern highlands of which Central American country?    

Represented as the mightiest of Iranian paladins, which legendary hero was immortalized by the poet Ferdowsi in his epic poem ‘Shahnameh’? Wearing the armour known as Babr-e Bayan, he is best known for the tragic battle with Esfandiar (another legendary hero), and his ultimate death at the hands of his half-brother Shaghad.    

His name meaning ‘deep darkness or shadow’, which son of Chaos in Greek myth is a primordial deity and consort of Nyx, with whom he fathered various beings such as Thanatos, Charon and Styx? He gives his name ultimately to the second highest volcano in Antarctica.    

Featured in Wagner’s 1848 opera of the same name, the swan-knight Lohengrin in German-Arthurian legend is the son of which Knight of the Round Table?    

The unwanted son of an evil tribal chief, which central figure gives his name to the epic tale told by the Nyanga people who inhabits the Kivu region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo? Born with superhuman powers, he was cast adrift in a drum by his father, and embarked on adventures such as journeying to the Underworld and fighting a lightning dragon.    

Derived from the term for ‘blue sky’ in Mongolian, which Central Asian religion characterized by shamanism, animism and totemism played a large role in the Mongol Empire? Its key deities include Gun Ana (solar deity), Umay (goddess of fertility) and Ulgen (creator god).    

In the Indian epic poem ‘Ramayana’, which character was the King of the Bears who possessed the strength of 10 million lions, and helped Rama in his quest to rescue Sita? In the ‘Mahabharata’, he fought Krishna for eighteen days for possession of the magical gem Syamantaka.    

Her name translating literally as ‘Lady of the House’, which Egyptian goddess is usually depicted as a young woman wearing a headdress in the shape of a house? A member of the Ennead, she is the sister of Isis and sister-consort of Set.    

Rising from Mt Tmolus and emptying into the Gediz River, which river on the Aegean coast of Turkey is the site in mythology where a remorseful King Midas washed off his golden touch, as well as the source of the wealth of King Croesus?

In the narratives of the ‘Acts of the Apostles’,  to which city was Paul travelling when he was struck blind by a great light when the resurrected Jesus appeared to him?    
Related in function and representation to Perun, Thor and Zeus, which god of Thunder is one of the most important deities in the pantheon of Baltic myth? He is usually depicted in a triad together with Potrimpo (god of the sea/ grains) and Peckols (god of death).

Which of the four Galilean moons of Jupiter is named after a daughter of King Inachus of Argos? In some accounts she was transformed into a heifer by Zeus to hide her from the wrath of his wife Hera.

From the Sanskrit for ‘flowing/ wandering around’, which term in Indian religious philosophy refers to the theory of cyclical rebirths of all life, matter and existence, from which souls seek to find release (moksha) from the bonds of their past deeds (karma)?    

In classical mythology, which ancient Roman god is generally considered the equivalent of the Greek deity Cronus?

His name translating literally as ‘dark as a cloud’, which major deity in Hinduism has his birthday celebrated annually during the Janmashtami festival? Playing central roles in the Mahabharata and Bhagavad Gita, he is worshipped both as a god in his own right as well as the 8th avatar of Vishnu.    

Also called Apu-punchau, which deity in the Incan religion is worshipped as the sun god and ancestor of the Incan people? Represented in human form with his face a gold disk from which rays and flames extended, he and his sister-consort Mama Killa are usually considered benevolent gods.

From the Japanese for ‘god’ or ‘deity’, which four-letter term in Shinto religion refers to spirits or phenomena (including forces of nature) that are worshipped, such as the sun goddess Amaterasu and the sea dragon-god Ryujin?      

In Nordic myth, half of the warriors slain in battle travel to Odin’s great hall Valhalla, whereas the other half go to the meadow known as Folkvangr – ruled over by which deity?

From the Sanskrit for ‘ford-maker’, what term in Jainism refers to a savior who has succeeded in crossing over life’s streams of rebirths and has made a path for others to follow? Each cosmic age produces its own set of 24 such individuals, the last of which to appear was Mahavira in 6th-century BCE.

One of three sons of the sorcerer-king Hreidmarr, which character in the Volsunga Saga is an ambitious dwarf who murdered his father in order to gain possession of the cursed gold and magic ring of Andvari? He transformed himself into a dragon in order to guard the treasure, and was slain by the hero Sigurd.    

In Greek myth, which Queen of Crete and consort of King Minos was cursed by Poseidon to fall in love with and mate with a snow-white bull, resulting in the birth of the Minotaur?      

Found in ancient structures such as Sargon II’s palace and the Gate of All Nations at Persepolis, which term denotes an Assyrian protective deity often depicted with a human head, body of a bull or lion, and wings of a bird? This term usually refers to the female deity – the shedu being its male counterpart.           

To which Canaanite idol were child sacrifices made in the ancient Near East, the same figure appears in Milton’s ‘Paradise Lost’ described as ‘horrid king besmeared with blood of human sacrifice and parents’ tears’? It also gives its name to a genus of scaly lizard native to Australia (figure).         

From the Sanskrit for ‘total self-collectedness’, which term Buddhism and Hinduism refers to the highest state of mental concentration a person can achieve while still bound to the body? It is the last of the eight elements in Buddhism’s Noble Eight-Fold Path.    

Which historical Lydian king and founder of the Memnad Dynasty is associated with a magical ring that grants its owner the power of invisibility? Plato used this story in his ‘Republic’ to consider if an intelligent person would remain just if he is able to commit sins without fear of detection or retribution.     

Mahayana (‘Great Vehicle’) and Theravada (‘Scroll of the Elders’) are the two main existing branches of which major world religion? Vajrayana (‘Diamond Vehicle’), attributed to Indian adepts, is sometimes considered a separate branch as well.    

An offspring of Typhon and Echidna and brother of Cerberus, which two-headed dog  in Greek myth guarded the cattle of the giant Geryon, and was slain by Heracles in one of the latter’s Twelve Labours?    

The subject of operas by Händel, Lully and Gluck as well as a play by Euripides, which mythological Greek princess gave up her life for her dying husband Admetus, but was rescued by Heracles who successfully wrestled and overcame Hades at her grave?      

Originally worshipped as a fierce lioness warrior, which ancient Egyptian goddess is now traditionally represented with the head of a cat? She is depicted as the daughter of Ra and Isis, and the consort of Ptah.   

His name meaning ‘movement of the Sun’ in Nahuatl, which sun deity in Aztec myth is also known as the ‘Fifth Sun’, preceded by four eras which all ended in cataclysm? Usually depicted with arrows and a shield to show that he is a warrior, he often carries a maguey spine in one hand to signify that he takes part in bloodletting practices as a means of sacrifice.     

Depicted on the Gundestrap Cauldron (picture) and the Pillar of the Boatmen in Paris, which horned deity is the Celtic god of fertility, animals, life and the underworld? He has been likened to Herne the Hunter in English folklore as well as Actaeon in Greek myth.    

In Nordic myth, the god Odin was the eldest of the three sons of Borr and Bestia. Together with his two brothers, he slew the giant Ymir and created the first human couple. Name EITHER of the two brothers of Odin.    

 His named derived from Sanskrit for ‘beautiful necked’, which character in the Hindu epic ‘Ramayana’, a son of the Hindu sun deity Surya, is the King of the Vanara monkeys of Kishkinda? On the advice of his counsellor Hanuman, he aided Rama in his aid to free Rama’s wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.

He was the son of Helios, who gave to him the land of Colchis to rule. Which King in Greek myth tried to deny Jason the Golden Fleece by setting him many seemingly impossible tasks, but ultimately failed when his own daughter Medea aided the young hero with whom she had fallen in love?       

   In the Arthurian literary tradition e.g. 13th-century Lancelot-Grail cycle and Thomas Malory’s ‘Le Morte d’Arthur’, what is the name given to the castle that holds the Holy Grail? It is the domain of the Fisher King and also the birthplace of Galahad.

Which Roman god of beginnings and doorways is usually depicted as having two faces – one looking to the future and one to the past?    

Which legendary hero is shown in this partially-redacted logo?

Which natural phenomenon located on the north coast of Northern Ireland was said to have been constructed by the mythical warrior Finn MacCool so that he could fight the Scottish Benandonner?  

Translating to mean ‘at earliest dawn’, which island mentioned in Homer’s ‘Odyssey’ (Book V) was the home of the nymph Calypso – a daughter of the Titan Atlas who detained Odysseus for seven years and prevented him from returning to Ithaca?    

Meaning ‘devourer’ or ‘soul-eater’, which Ancient Egyptian demoness is usually depicted as having a body that is part lion, hippopotamus and crocodile? Her role is that of a funeral deity, and she would devour the heart of any deceased who had been judged impure by Anubis.            

In Mesopotamian myth, which legendary sage of the city of Eridu features in its version of the story of the fall of man? Endowed with immense intelligence by the god Ea, he broke the wings of the south wind in a fit of rage and was brought before the sky god Anu, but refused the latter’s offer of eternal life and hence remained mortal?    

In Hindu myth, what name is given to the class of divine beings defined by their opposition to the more benevolent devas (or suras)?  Described as demigods with superhuman powers, the good ones (Adityas) are led by Varuna, while the malevolent ones (Danavas) are led by Vritra.       

Appearing in almost all versions of the ‘Tristan and Iseult’ story, what is the name of the Irish warrior who demanded tribute from King Mark of Cornwall, and was slain by Tristan after a battle on Saint Samson’s Isle?   

 In Chinese myth, which legendary archer was responsible for shooting down nine of the ten suns that were scorching the earth, thereby allowing civilization to take root? He was also the husband of Chang’e, who swallowed an elixir of immortality and ascended to the heavens as the goddess of the moon.        

In Greek myth, which of the five rivers of Hades borders Elysium (final resting place of the virtuous) and around the cave of Hypnos? Also known as the Ameles potamos (River of Unmindfulness), the shades of the dead were required to drink from it so as to forget their earthly life.   

     One of the most iconic deities in the Hindu pantheon, the elephant-headed Ganesha is generally held to be the son of which major deity and his wife Parvati?    

First mentioned by the 19th-century French occultist Alexandre Saint-Yves d’Alveydre, what legendary city popular amongst believers of the Hollow-Earth theory is said to be located in the Earth’s core? He believed that a synarchist world government was transferred there around 3200 BC.  

In classical mythology, which goddess of agriculture and fertility, that gives her name to a heavenly body, is the Roman equivalent of the Greek deity Demeter?        

Which giant from Norse mythology is shown in this painting, as he suckles from the primeval cow Audumbla? He was killed by Odin and his brothers, who fashioned the earth from his flesh, the seas from his blood and  mountains from his bones.        

Which Nordic god, the second son of Odin, was described in the Prose Edda as ‘so fair of feature, and so bright, that light shines from him’? He was so beloved by his mother Frigga, who made every living thing vow not to harm him, except the mistletoe.

Supposedly created from a ‘smokeless yet scorching fire’, what supernatural beings in Islamic myth have a name derived from the Arabic for ‘concealed from the senses’? They are beings of flame or air who are capable of assuming human or animal form and are said to dwell in all conceivable inanimate objects, in the air and in fire.       

Discovered in 1877 in the ruins of the Temple of Hera in Olympia and attributed to the ancient Greek sculptor Praxiteles, this statue depicts the Greek god Hermes with which infant god, entrusted by Zeus to Hermes’ care to escape the wrath of Hera as he was the offspring of Zeus and the mortal woman Semele?        

The name of which present-day US state is derived from a fictional paradise island recorded in the 1510 series of romance novels ‘The Adventures of Esplandian’ by the Spanish adventurer Garci Rodriquez de Montalvo? The island is peopled by black Amazons and ruled over by a warrior queen who commands a man-killing force of 500 griffins.      

Appearing in the epic ‘Song of Roland’ as Roland’s stepfather and Charlemagne’s brother-in-law, which Frankish baron and knight betrayed Charlemagne’s army to the Saracens at the Battle of Roncevalles, ultimately leading to him being torn limb from limb by four fiery horses?  

In Hinduism, the sun god Surya, the moon god Chandra and fire god Agni are all offsprings of the sage Kashyapa and which Vedic goddess? Her name meaning ‘boundless’ in Sanskrit, she is the goddess of the sky and personification of the infinite.

Named in the titles of a Thomas Moore poem, a Thomas Crawford sculpture and the subtitle of a Gilbert & Sullivan operetta, which four-letter term refers to exquisite winged spirits from Persian and Armenian mythology that have been denied entry to paradise until they have completed penance?      

The eldest son of Jacob and Leah according to the Book of Genesis; X-625, one of Stitch’s cousins in Disney’s ‘Lilo and Stitch’ franchise and an American grilled sandwich composed of corn beef, Swiss cheese, sauerkraut, Russian dressing and rye bread – all share which name?        

Founded in Iran in the mid-19th century by Bahá’u’lláh (who was subsequently exiled), the Bahāʾī Faith is a religion that teaches the essential unity of all religion and humanity. In which modern-day city is its governing body, the Seat of the Universal House of Justice, located?    

Which four-letter term can mean either the ancient Egyptian concept of truth, harmony and justice, or the goddess (a daughter of Ra) who personifies these qualities?     

     Considered as one of China’s Four Great Folktales, the tragic couple Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai, who lived during the Eastern Jin Dynasty, are better known by what collective name? It refers to the creatures the couples transformed into after death, never to be separated again.    

Which ancient Greek town near the mouth of the Thermodon river is the legendary home of the Amazons? It is also the name of the fictional island nation that is home to DC Comic’s Wonder Woman, and is also referred to as Paradise Island.        

In Sikh tradition, a man who has undergone the baptism ceremony (or Amrit Sanchar) gains the surname ‘Singh’. What is its female equivalent, which translates as ‘Princess’?    

According to Homer’s ‘Iliad’, which warrior and leader of the Myrmidons was Achilles’ boyhood friend and beloved brother-in arms? He was killed by the Trojan prince Hector while assaulting the gates of Troy.      

Symbolized by the lion and the eight-pointed star, which Sumerian goddess of beauty and love was the most prominent female deity in ancient Mesopotamia? Equivalent to the Babylonian Ishtar, her most famous myth deals with her descent into the Underworld in an attempt to conquer the realm of her sister Ereshkigal.    

In Arabic mythology, what is the name of the giant fish that acts as one of the layers which support the earth? Described as having a head of a hippopotamus or an elephant, on it is a bull called Kujata; on the bull, a ruby mountain; on the mountain, an angel who holds and supports the seven earths.    

In Greek mythology, which Giant offspring of Uranus and Gaia fought Athena during the Gigantomachy, and was buried under Mt. Etna when she threw Sicily at him? He gives his name to the sixth-largest moon of Saturn, which possesses geyser-like jets at its southern pole as revealed by the Cassini flybys in 2005.    

A now-postponed Chinese space project to establish a satellite-based weather forecasting system is named after which primordial giant of Chinese mythology? He is known for chasing after the Sun from the east to the west, eventually dying of thirst and transforming into a mountain range.       

In Greek myth, when Phaeton was unable to control the horses of the sun chariot and was shot down by Zeus with a lightning bolt, into which river did he fall? The river derives its name from the Greek for ‘amber’, and has been speculated to be the River Po or the River Rhone.    

Which three-letter word denotes a Tibetan religion that shares similarities with Tibetan Buddhism but whose practitioners believe that is eternal and based on the teachings of Tonpa Shenrab Miwoche who lived long before the Buddha? Its key scriptures include the ‘gzi bridj’ (‘Brilliance’) and ‘mdzod phug’ (‘Cavern of Treasures’).  

One of the most important figure of West African and Caribbean folklore, the character known as Anansi (and various other names) is most commonly depicted in the form of which creature? Considered to be the spirit of all knowledge of stories, he has also been regarded as a trickster of sorts.        

Born 1484 in St. Gallen, which leader of the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland published and defended his ’67 Articles’ in Zurich in 1523? He was killed at the age of 47 in the Second War of the Kappel, between the Protestant and Roman Catholic cantons of the Swiss confederacy.      

Located on the northwestern coast of Cornwall, which medieval castle fortification was described by Geoffrey of Monmouth as the place of King Arthur’s conception in his ‘Historia Regum Britanniae’? Despite the absence of any concrete evidence to this claim, it has been a tourist destination since the 19th century.    

In Hinduism, the elephant-headed deity Ganesa is the son of Shiva and which goddess of love, fertility and divine power? Also known and worshipped by many other names (such as Durga, Kali and Uma), the name we are looking for comes from one of the Sanskrit words for ‘mountain’.            

Described as having the face of a monkey, the legs of a tiger, the body of a tanuki (raccoon dog) and the front half of a snake for a tail, which legendary Japanese yokai (monster/ demon). It is said to emit a cry resembling that of the scaly thrush – a bad omen for those who hears it.        
One of the religious observances of Ramadan, what name is given to the evening meal when Muslims end their daily Ramadan fast at sunset?      

Also called the ‘Four Legends from the Kalevala’, a collection of symphonic poems by the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius is also known as the ‘___________ Suite’, named after which hero in Finnish myth? One of the poem ‘The Swan of Tuonela’ tells of how he was killed by a poison arrow while trying to capture the sacred black swan that lived in the Underworld.         

Depicted here in a 1783 painting by Jacques-Louis David, which mythology character is mourning the death of her husband Hector?    

Painted in 1898 by the English classicist Herbert James Draper, this painting is entitled ‘The Lament for _______’? It shows the dead mythological figure surrounded by lamenting nymphs.       

In Japanese myth, which god of the sea and storms is also the brother of the sun goddess Amaterasu? Driven out of the heavens due to his outrageous behavior, he descended to the land of Izumo where he killed an eight-headed dragon that had been terrorizing the countryside, and obtained from its tail the legendary Kusanagi sword that till today forms part of the ‘Three Imperial Treasures of Japan’.    

Since retold by many authors including Boccaccio, Chaucer and Shakespeare, the tale of the ill-fated lovers Pyramus and Thisbe formed part of Ovid’s ‘Metamorphoses’. In which ancient city did the couple live – the story has them meeting in secret at the Tomb of Ninus, where a tragic misunderstanding led to their suicides?     

Literally meaning ‘empowering voice’, who in Hindu mythology is the tenth and final avatar of the god Vishnu? Depicted as riding a white horse with a fiery sword in hand, his appearance will is supposed to lead to the destruction of the wicked and ushering in of a new age.

Which figure in classical mythology is depicted by these three sculptures?            

In Greek mythology, which queen of the Amazons assisted Troy in the Trojan War and was killed by Achilles in battle? She was also the daughter of Ares and sister of Hippolyta.         

Comprising six major orders (‘sedarim’) that contain 63 tractates (‘massekhtaot’), what term denotes the oldest authoritative collection and codification of Jewish oral laws? Together with the Gemara, it forms the Talmud – the central text of Rabbinic Judaism.     

His name meaning ‘Universal Worthy’ in Sanskrit, which bodhisattva in Mahayana Buddhism is commonly depicted as riding on a 12-tusked white elephant while holding a lotus parasol? He forms the Shakyamuni trinity, together with Gautama Buddha and his fellow bodhisattva Manjusri.   

In Greek myth, the Erinyes (or Furies) were female deities of vengeance who emerged from the blood of which primal god when he was castrated by his son Cronus?    

Which term in Egyptian mythology (from the Ancient Greek for ‘Eightfold’) refers to the eight primordial deities worshipped in the city of Hermopolis? They include Heh (who personified eternity) and Kek (primordial darkness).

In Chinese mythology, which ancient mother-goddess (sister-wife of the emperor-god Fuxi) was responsible for repairing the Pillars of Heaven after they were damaged after a titanic battle between the water-god Gonggong and the fire-god Zhurong? She is also credited with creating mankind using clay and mud.     

Meaning ‘non-injury’ in Sanskrit, which term refers to the ethical principle of not causing harm to other living things – a key virtue in Hinduism and Jainism? It is symbolized in the latter by a hand with a wheel in the palm that contains the word in it.

Discovered by the Canadian astronomer Brett J. Gladman in 2000, the small satellite of Saturn (temporarily designated S/2000 S7) is now officially named after which king of the jotnar in Nordic mythology? His name meaning ‘uproar’, he stole Thor’s hammer Mjolnir in an attempt to extort the gods into giving him Freyja as his wife which ultimately led to his defeat and demise at the hands of the gods.       

The largest and tallest stone Buddha statue in the world, the 71-metre tall Leshan Giant Buddha in China’s Sichuan province was constructed during the Tang Dynasty and depicts which Buddha (whose name means ‘friendliness’ in Sanskrit)? Currently a bodhisattva residing in the Tushita heaven, he will descend to earth to preach the dharma when the teachings of Gautama Buddha have decayed.      

In ancient Egyptian myth, which deity of wisdom and writing is depicted usually with the head of an ibis or (less commonly) a baboon? He protected Isis during her pregnancy, and also healed Horus who had been wounded in the eye by Seth.   

Meaning ‘those who live beneath us’, what term in Inuit myth refers to the underworld as well as the spirits that reside in it, where they are purified before travelling on to the Land of the Moon? It is ruled over by the goddess Sedna.    

The burial place of Abraham, his wife Sarah and their family according to traditional account, the Cave of Machpelah (or the Cave of the Patriarchs) is located in the heart of which city in the West Bank? It is considered one of the four holiest cities of Islam as well as Judaism.  

From the Old Norse for ‘knot of slain warriors’, which symbol consisting of three interlocked triangles appears in a wide variety of objects found in areas inhabited by Germanic peoples? It has been associated with the god Odin as well as the jotunn Hrungnir.      

In one version of the myth as told by Ovid in his ‘Metamorphoses’, Medusa was a beautiful maiden who was transformed into a hideous monster by Athena after WHICH OLYMPIAN GOD had raped her in Athena’s temple?

From the Old Norse for ‘heaven castle’, Himinbjorg is the home of which god in Nordic mythology? Located where the Bifrost bridge meets the sky, it is where he dwells and drinks fine mead.    

His name meaning ‘He Who Makes Things Sprout’ or ‘He Who Is Of The Earth’, which deity in Aztec myth is typically depicted with large round eyes and long fangs? Considered the equivalent of the Mayan god Chaac, he is the supreme god of rain, water and fertility.

Referenced in T.S. Eliot’s ‘The Waste Land’ and Virginia Woolf’s ‘Orlando’, which figure in Greek myth was a blind prophet of Apollo who was transformed into a woman for seven years by Hera after he incurred her wrath by hitting a couple of copulating snakes on Mt. Cyllene?

In Inuit myth, Anguta (or Anigut) is considered to be the supreme god of creation. One of his roles is that of a psychopomp, ferrying souls from the land of the living to Adlivun, the Underworld. Which goddess of the sea who also rules over Adlivun is Anguta’s daughter, whose fingers were cut off by him after she had angered or attacked him?   

Centered around the ‘Holy See’ temple shown here, Caodaism is a monotheistic religion found in which Asian country? Translating literally as ‘Highest Lord’, it is symbolized by the Left Eye of God and includes figures such as Joan of Arc, Lenin and Victor Hugo in its pantheon of worship.

 Depicted in plays by Racine and Euripides, an opera by Gluck and alluded to in the death of Princess Shireen Baratheon in the ‘Game of Thrones’ television series, which figure in Greek myth was ordered to be sacrificed after her father Agamemnon slew a deer in a sacred grove of the goddess Artemis?

In Nordic myth, which creature (usually described as a fearsome dog with blood-stained chest) guards the entrance to the gate of Hel the Underworld? In the Poetic Edda, its howling heralds the arrival of Ragnarok and also frees the bound Fenrir wolf. In some versions of the myth, it and the god Tyr will die fighting each other during Ragnarok.     

Meaning ‘place on which battle surges’, which large field in Norse mythology is foretold to host a battle between the forces of the gods and the forces of Surtr as part of the events of Ragnarök?     

In Finnish myth, what name is given to the Underworld to which the hero Vainamoinen travelled as recounted in the epic ‘Kalevala’? Even though it is known by several synonyms, the name in question appears in the title of a famous 1895 tone poem.

Inspiring a 1976 Fleetwood Mac song, which major figure in the Mabinogion was a strong-minded Otherworld woman, who chose Pwyll, prince of Dyfed as her consort and had a son (the hero Pryderi) with him?           

Literally meaning ‘Religion of the Heavenly Way’, which 20th-century Korean religious ideology based on the 19th-century Donghak religious movement, has its origins in the peasant rebellions which arose starting in 1812 during the Joseon dynasty?          

First ‘discovered’ by a British officer named John Smith while hunting tigers in 1819, which UNESCO World Heritage Site in India’s Maharashtra state consists of about 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments dating from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 CE?    

  In Egyptian religion, which species of elephantfish worshipped at Oxyrhynchus were believed to have eaten the penis of the god Osiris after his brother Set had dismembered and scattered the god’s body?             

In Greek myth, which King of Ethiopia fought on the side of the Trojans and was killed by Achilles after he had slain his companion Antilochus? He gives his name to the two massive stone statues of the Pharaoh Amenhotep III located in the Theban Necropolis west of Luxor.        

Considered one of the ‘Eight Great Dragon Kings’ in Chinese and Japanese myth, which serpent king in Hinduism/ Buddhism is famous for coiling around Shiva’s neck, who blessed and wore him as an ornament?          

Ultimately derived from the Sanskrit for ‘to sing’, what term refers to the 17 Avestan hymns believed to have been composed by Zarathusthra (Zoroaster) himself? They form the core of the Zoroastrian liturgy (the Yasna).     

Worshipped as a fertility god, which ancient Mesopotamian and Canaanite deity is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as the national god of the Philistines? Judges 16.23 gives an account of how his temple in Gaza is destroyed by Samson as his last act.          

Native to the valley of the Peneus in Thessaly, which legendary group of people in Greek mythology were named after a son of Apollo? In the Centauromachy, they battle with the Centaurs at the wedding feast of Pirithous after the Centaur Eurytion tried to abduct the bride.       

Which name from classical mythology is associated with the following?
(A) A 1679 opera by Jean-Baptiste Lully
(B) A fictional starship in the 1956 sci-fi movie ‘Forbidden Planet’
(C) The Royal Navy ship on which Napoleon surrendered after Waterloo
(D) The first exoplanet to be discovered orbiting a main-sequence star   

First directly mentioned in “A Song of Liberty” (1793), which bearded figure in the mythology of William Blake is a representation of reason and law? He is sometimes depicted bearing architect’s tools, to create and constrain the universe.         

From the Old Norse for ‘brawler’, which jotunn engaged in a wager with Odin in which he bet that his horse Gullfaxi was faster than Odin’s Sleipnir? He was killed by Thor with his hammer Mjolnir.     

Located in the physical boundary between Boeotia and Attica, which mountain in central Greece is the scene of many events in Greek mythology, eg where the infant Oedipus was exposed to the elements and where Actaeon was torn apart by his own hounds? It also served as the backdrop for the Battle of Plataea – the final land battle during the second Persian invasion of Greece.      

Also named the Thousand Buddha Grottos, which cave system of temples in the city of Dunhuang in China’s Gansu province contain some of the finest examples of Buddhist art spanning a period of 1,000 years?            

The main character in Sophocles’ play ‘Women of Trachis’, which Calydonian princess in Greek mythology, whose name translated as “man-destroyer’, unwittingly led to the death of her husband Heracles when she gave him the poisoned shirt of the centaur Nessus?     

 Giving his name to a genus of flowering plants that includes the campion and catchfly, which figure in Greek myth was a companion and tutor to the wine god Dionysus? When intoxicated, he was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy.

Literally meaning ‘eight symbols’, which term in Taoism refers to the religious motif incorporating the eight trigrams of the I Ching, arranged octagonally around a symbol denoting the balance of yin and yang, or around a mirror?         

The Cyclops-like figure Periphetes who robbed and killed travelers with his bronze club; the bandit Sinis who tore his victims apart by binding them to two pine trees; the Eleusian king Cercyon who killed all whom he beat at wrestling, and the robber Procrustes who cut off the head or feet of his victims to make them fit into his bed – all were defeated and killed by which figure after he had left his birthplace of Troezen?      

This 1570s painting by Titian is entitled ‘The Flaying of ______’, after which satyr in Greek mythology who challenged Apollo to a contest of music and lost his hide and life?       

In the Hindu epic ‘Ramayana’, which king of vultures (the son of Aruna and brother of Sampati) was killed by the demon king Ravana when he tried to rescue the abducted Sita?        

Commonly depicted as a many thousand-headed serpent, which king of Nagas in Hindu mythology is said to hold all the planets of the universe on his hoods and to constantly sing the glories of the God Vishnu, who is often depicted resting on him?         

One of Sisyphus’ supposed misdeeds was to outwit which daemon, the personification of death? The son of Nyx and twin brother of Hypnos, he was ordered by Zeus to chain Sisyphus in Tartarus, but was tricked by the latter into his own shackles instead.       

 Also called the ‘Lord of rain and dew’, which god of fertility derives its name from the Hebrew word for ‘lord’; its cult amongst Israelites was attacked by Elijah?

A goddess of war and sexual love, the Semitic goddess Ishtar is often known by what Greek name, e.g. in the title of a painting in 1877 by Dante Gabriel Rossetti?       

In Nordic myth, the Midgard Serpent (Jörmungandr) was born from the union of Loki and this giantess, whose name means “one who brings grief.”       

This archangel is sometimes syncretized with Enoch, and is once mentioned as a “lesser Yahweh” in the Talmud. One of his tasks was to record the good deeds of the nation of Israel.    

Meaning ‘she who loves silence’, which Egyptian deity usually portrayed with the head of a cobra was greatly influential over the Theban Necropolis during the New Kingdom era?        

Which Old Testament figure, the cousin and protector of Esther, followed her into the Persian king Ahasuerus’s service when she became the latter’s queen? He subsequently foiled the murderous plans of the evil vizier Haman.

From the Sanskrit for ‘to sit down’, which term originally used for a sitting posture for meditation has also come to refer to postures in modern-day yoga (including standing, reclining, balancing and inverted poses)?    

Also known as the Naitaka, what name is given to the lake monster reported to live in Lake Okanagan in British Columbia, Canada? It’s described as a 40-50 foot long sea serpent resembling an extinct Mosasaurus.       

Its details gleaned from texts such as the 9th-century Bundahishn – when the Saoshyant will bring about a resurrection of the dead in the bodies they had before they died, and the yazatas Airyaman and Atar will melt the metal in the hills and mountains, and the molten metal will then flow across the earth like a river. Which term (meaning ‘making wonderful, excellent’) in Zoroastrian eschatology refers to the final judgment in which evil is destroyed?      

From the Latin for ‘of the ankle’, what name is given to the winged sandals that are a symbol of the Greek messenger god Hermes (and his Roman counterparts Mercury)? They were made by Hephaestus of indestructible gold and could fly Hermes faster than the swiftest birds.

Literally translating as ‘the water’, which ancient Egyptian deity of moisture, dew and rain usually depicted with a leonine head is one of the nine gods of the Ennead, together with her consort Shu?      

Translated as ‘place of fear’ and ruled by death-lords such as Hun-Came and Vucub-Came, which term refers to the underworld in Maya mythology? Its downfall was brought about by the legendary twins Hunahpu and Xbalanque.          

Part of the Abarim range, which mountain (or elevated ridge) in Jordan is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as the place where Moses was granted a view of the Promised Land even though he was destined not to enter it?       

From the Arabic meaning ‘walking about’, which term refers to the Islamic ritual of walking around the sacred Kaaba seven times in a counterclockwise direction during the pilgrimages of the Hajj and Umrah?    

Mentioned by some sources as being four thousand feet tall, what mysterious beings in the Hebrew bible who lived both before and after the Flood has a name that can mean either ‘giants’ or ‘the fallen ones’? They are supposedly the offspring produced between fallen angels and human women.         

Originally meaning ‘craftsman’ or ‘artisan’, which term in Ancient Greek philosophy that denotes a subordinate god who fashions and arranges the physical world to make it conform to a rational and eternal ideal was later adapted by the Gnostics to refer to one of the forces of evil who was responsible for the creation of the despised material world?

In Greek myth, which ancient, pre-Olympian sea-god (a son of Gaia) fathered all sea life with Thalassa? He shares his name with a Hellenistic-era kingdom on the southern coast of the Black Sea which was proclaimed by Mithridates I in 281 BCE?

Meaning ‘lightning’ in Hebrew, which military commander in the biblical Book of Judges, with the help of the prophetess Deborah, defeated the Canaanite armies led by Sisera? He shares his name with a former Israeli prime minister.   

Drafted between 1856 and 1858, Richard Wagner’s draft sketch for opera ‘Die Sieger’ tells the love of the outcast Prakriti for which monk and primary attendant of the Buddha? Said to have persuaded the Buddha to ordain women as nuns, a collection of verses is ascribed to him in the ‘Theragatha’.      

Answers

Gawain
Vishnu
Baldr (Balder/ Baldur)
Moses
Dionysus
Mephistopheles
Arius(Arianism)
River Jordan
Andromeda
Mahavira
Hippopotamus
Cerberus
Skadi (Skaði/ Skade/ Skathi)
Lot
St. Jerome
Antaeus
Saraswati River
Japan
Artemis
Valkyries
Avalon
Ahab
Enceladus
Hebe (AA : Ganymeda)
Thomas
Azrael
Judaism
Gabriel
Thor
Cain
Lamia
Galahad
Joachim
Nimrod
Ravana
Sigurd/ Siegfried
Silver
Pyramus and Thisbe
Exodus
The Moon
Egyptians
Weser
Achilles
Neptune
Veronica (after St. Veronica, who supposedly give Jesus her veil to wipe his face on his way to the Crucifixion)

Clytemnestra
Miriam
Garuda
Leander
Ishmael
Moroni
Artemis
Phaeton
Moksha
Czestochowa
Izanagi
Igraine/ Igrayne/ Ygrayne
Cicada
Minerva
Nineveh
Elephant
Ymir/ Aurgelmir/ Brimir/ Blainn
Paris
Chartres Cathedral
Charon
Potiphar
St. Peter
Ladon
Ariadne
Wolf
Lakshmana/ Soumitri/ Bharatanuja
Jason (holding the Golden Fleece)
Patriarch
Samson
Ptah
Mordred
Vortigern
Shibboleth
Humbaba/ Huwawa
Adonis
Indra
Falcon
Arhat
Actaeon
Joshua
Thor
Bear (the constellation is Ursa Major)
Idun/ Iduna/ Iðunn
Tlaloc
Diomedes
Taranis
Svarog
Ithaca
Nag Hammadi
Surtr
Minerva
Arjuna
Ishmael
Amalthea/ Adrasteia
Nicodemus
Persephone and Demeter
Hachiman
Goats
Tethys
Deidre (of the Sorrows)
Deucalion
Huracan
Khepri/ Khepera/ Kheper/ Khepra/ Chepri
Levi
Muspelheim/ Muspell
ERLANG Shen
Niobe
Shu
Upanishads
Pangu
Buddha/ Siddartha Gautama
Forseti
Cassandra
Umrah
Garm
Phaedra
The (Three) Graces
Laozi/ Lao Tzu
Chintamani/ Cintamani
Anatta/ Anatman
Peleus
Digambara
Utnapishtim
Philoctetes
Orisha
Sigyn    
Varuna
Avici
Guatemala
Rostam/ Rustam
Erebus
Percival
Mwindo
Tengrism
Jambavan
Nephthys
Pactolus
Damascus
Perkūnas/ Pērkons
Io
Samsara
Saturn
Krishna
Inti
Kami
Freyja/ Freya
Tirthankara
Fafnir
Pasiphae
Lamassu
Moloch
Samadhi
Gyges
Buddhism
Orthrus
Alcestis
Bastet
Tonatiuh
Cernunnos
Vili/ Ve    
Sugriva
Aeetes
Corbenic
Janus
Ajax (logo of Ajax Amsterdam football club)      
Giant’s Causeway
Ogygia
Ammit
Adapa
Asuras
Morholt/Marhalt/ Marhaus/ Morold
Hou Yi
Lethe
Shiva
Agartha
Ceres
Ymir/ Aurgelmir/ Brimir/ Blainn
Baldr/ Baldur
Jinn/ Djinn/ Jinni/ Genie
Dionysus
California (Queen Calafia)
Ganelon
Aditi
Peri
Reuben
Haifa (in Israel)
Ma’at
The Butterfly Lovers
Themyscira
Kaur
Patroclus
Innana
Bahamut
Enceladus
Kuafu
Eridanos/ Eridanus
Bon
Spider
Huldrych Zwingli
Tintagel Castle
Parvati
Nue
Iftar
Lemminkäinen/ Lemminki
Andromache
Icarus
Susanoo No-Mikoto/ Susanowo/ Kumano Ketsumiko no Kami
Babylon
Kalki/ Kalkin
Cronus/ Kronos/ Cronos
Penthesilea
Mishnah
Samantabhadra
Uranus
Ogdoad
Nuwa
Ahimsa
Thrym/ Thrymr
Maitreya/ Metteyya/ Milefp/ Miroku/ Maidari
Thoth
Adlivun  
Hebron
Valknut
Poseidon
Heimdallr
Tlaloc     
Tiresias
Sedna
Vietnam
Iphigenia
Garm
Vígríðr or Óskópnir
Tuonela
Rhiannon
Cheondoism/ Chondoism
Ajanta Caves
Medjed
Memnon
Vasuki
Gathas
Dagon/ Dagan
Lapiths
Bellerophon
Urizen
Hrungnir
Cithaeron/ Kithairon
Mogao Caves
Deianira
Silenus
Bagua
Theseus
Marsyas
Jatayu
Shesha
Thanatos
Baal
Astarte
Angrboda
Metatron
Meretseger
Mordecari
Asana
Ogopogo
Frashokereti
Talaria
Tefnut
Xibalba
Mt. Nebo
Tawaf
Nephilim
Demiurge
Pontus
Barak
Ananda

Philosophy & Social Sciences

The philosophy of which individual (born around 204 AD) is known as Neoplatonism? His thoughts are laid out in the six volume of his work 7he Enneads’, compiled by his student Porphyry in 270 AD.

Three men are generally considered to be the founders of modern sociology — Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and which other figure? Born 1864, he is best known for his thesis combining economic sociology and the sociology of religion, elaborated in his book The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism’.

Born around 4 BC, which Stoic philosopher, dramatist and statesman was a tutor and advisor to Nero, and was ordered by the latter to commit suicide when he was implicated in the Pisonian conspiracy?

Born in Vienna in 1899, who is this prominent economist best known for his rigorous defense of classical liberalism? One of his more famous works, ‘The Road to Serfdom’ (1944), warns of the dangers of government control & central planning.

Which early 6th-century philosopher is known for his `Consolation of Philosophy’, a work which he composed while being imprisoned and awaiting execution by the Ostrogoth king Theodoric?

Best known for his work on praxeology (the study of human choice and action), which theoretical economist of the Austrian School was a mentor of Friedrich Hayek, who called him `one of the best educated and informed men I have ever known’?

Named after an American professor of economics who died in 1996, what two word alliterative term (indicated by the ?) refers to the sudden collapse of assets, usually following long periods of prosperity and increasing financial speculation? It gained prominence after the financial crisis of 2007-08.

The logical work `Begriffsschriff and the philosophical work ‘Ober Sinn and Bedeutung’ are two of the best-known works of which German logician considered to be the father of analytic philosophy?

Born 1788 in Danzig, which German philosopher, often called the ‘philosopher of pessimism’, is best known for his 1818 work ‘The World As Will and Representation’?

In his book ‘The Major Economic Cycles’ (1925), which Soviet economist first described supposed cycle-like phenomena in the modern world economy? The period of a wave ranges from forty to sixty years, the cycles consist of alternating intervals between high sectoral growth and intervals of relatively slow growth.

Which Israeli-American psychologist, awarded the 1992 Nobel Prize in Economics, is noted for his work on the psychology of judgment and decision-making, summed up in his 2011 book ‘Thinking, Fast and Slow’?

Identify this philosopher.

Which American economist coined the term ‘conspicuous consumption’ and also gives his name to a category of goods that are more sought after the higher their prices become, e.g. luxury cars and high-end handbags?

Which logician and philosopher, born in what was then Austria-Hungary, published his two ‘incompleteness theorems’ in 1931, which sought to establish inherent limitations of all but the most trivial axiomatic systems capable of doing arithmetic?

Which 20th-century philosopher, born 1930 in Algeria, is primarily associated with the form of analysis known as ‘deconstruction’, as embodied in the phrase ‘il n’y a pas de hors-texte’ (‘There is no outside text’) in his book ‘Of Grammatology’?

With which 18th-19th century philosopher would you associate the structure/ building illustrated in here? Its name deriving from a character in Greek myth, no such actual structures were actually built in his lifetime though its radial design was influential and impacted later constructions.

More commonly referring to a physical process, which 11-letter word can also be used in psychology to mean a form of defense mechanism in which socially unacceptable impulses are unconsciously transformed into more acceptable behavior?

Coined by the sociologist Robert K. Merton in 1968 taking its name from a book of the New Testament, what is the name given to the phenomenon whereby the rich get richer and the poor get poorer? The specific reference pertains to Jesus’ parable of the talents within it, which states that, ‘For unto every one that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance: but from him that hath not shall be taken even that which he hath’.

Led by Francois Quesnay and Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot, what name is given to the group of 18th-century French economists who believed that the wealth of nations was derived solely from the value of their land? Its foundation was laid down by the ‘Tableau economique’, a model first described by Quesnay in 1758.

This shows an optical illusion used by which 20th-century American physicist and philosopher of science to illustrate the concept of paradigm shift in his 1962 work ‘The Structure of Scientific Revolutions’? He is also known for his controversial ‘incommensurability thesis’ – that theories from differing periods suffer from certain deep kinds of failure of comparability.

Its central tenets includes that the proper moral purpose of one’s life is the pursuit of one’s own rational self-interest, and that reality exists independently of one’s consciousness. What term is given to the philosophical system developed by the Russian-American writer Ayn Rand, expressed in her novels such as ‘The Fountainhead’ and ‘Atlas Shrugged’?

Featured in the movie ‘2001: A Space Odyssey’, the tone poem ‘Thus Spoke Zarathustra ‘ by Richard Strauss took its inspiration from a philosophical novel by which German philosopher?

Featured in the latest issue of ‘The Economist’, ‘The Market For Lemons’ is a 1970 by the economist George Akerlof exploring how information asymmetry affects economic transacrtions. Who is Akerlof’s (arguably) more famous wife?

Born 1790, which French scholar and philologist is best known as the decipherer of the Egyptian hieroglyphs (with the help of the Rosetta Stone) and a pioneer in the field of Egyptology?

Which 18th-century French philosopher, a prominent figure in the Enlightenment, is best known for his works in editing the ‘Encyclopedie’ together with Jean le Rond d’Alembert?    

Introduced in a 1776 book, which two-word term is the metaphorical notion that producers and consumers acting in their own narrow interest (e.g., by trying to maximize income from their business) will create an overall benefit to society?

Known as 论语 in Chinese, what one-word name is given to the collection of sayings and ideas attributed to the ancient Chinese philosopher Confucius and his contemporaries?    

The title of a book by the Nobel-winning economist Robert Shiller covering the stock and housing markets prior to the Great Recession of 2008, which two-word phrase was taken from a quote by then-Chairman of the US Federal Reserves Alan Greenspan in a speech given at the American Enterprise Institute during the Dot-com bubble of the 1990s?       

Born in Moravia in 1859, which German philosopher, a mentor to Martin Heidegger, is generally credited as the founder of phenomenology?    

Born around 460 BC in Thrace, which pre-Socratic philosopher’s doctrines are seen generally as an elaboration of those of his mentor Leucippus? Noted for his formulation of the atomic theory, he is also known as the ‘Laughing Philosopher’.      

Portraying two different life views (the aesthetic and the ethical), the 1843 ‘Either/Or’ is the first published work of which Danish existentialist philosopher?  

‘The Incoherence of the Incoherent’, written in defence of the philosophical study of religion against the theologians, is an 12th-century work by which influential Andalusian Islamic philosopher who was best known for being a strong proponent of Aristotelianism and opposition to the Neoplatonist tendencies of earlier thinker such as Avicenna and Alpharabius? You can give either his Arabic name or its Latin equivalent.

Plato has his Academy and Aristotle his Lyceum, but which ancient Greek philosopher established a school which he named the Garden? An inscription on its gate is supposed to have read, ‘Stranger, here you will do well to tarry; here our highest good is pleasure’?    

These two American academics were grouped together in a recent series of essays on liberalism and economy by ‘The Economist’ magazine. X’s 1974 book ‘Anarchy, State and Utopia’, where he argued for a minimal (‘night-watchman’) state, was widely seen as a libertarian’s answer to Y’s ‘A Theory of Justice’ (1971). Name EITHER X or Y.               

Distinguished by its radical monism (i.e. doctrine of the One), the 5th-century BCE pre-Socratic school known as Eleaticism was founded by which ancient philosopher? His general teaching has since been reconstructed from the few surviving fragments of his principal work – the three-part verse composition ‘On Nature’.

Described as ‘the greatest economist that the United States has ever produced’ by the likes of Schumpeter, Tobin and Friedman, whose reputation took a beating when he proclaimed that the stock market had reached a ‘permanently high plateau’ just before the Wall Street Crash of 1929? The eponymous equation ‘i = r + π’ describes the relationship between the nominal interest rate (i), the real interest rate (r) and the inflation rate (π).           

In economics, the graphical curve that represents the relationship between unemployment and job vacancy rate is named after which British economist and social reformer, best known for his 1942 report ‘Social Insurance and Allied Services’ that served as the basis of the post-WW II British welfare state?      

Portrayed by Keira Knightley in the 2011 movie ‘A Dangerous Method’, which Russian physician is regarded as one of the first female psychoanalysts? Involved in an intimate relationship with Carl Gustav Jung between 1908-10, she was killed by the SS when the Nazis captured Rostov-on-Don in 1942.       

Expressed in her fiction ‘The Fountainhead’ and ‘Atlas Shrugged’, what is the name of the philosophical system developed by the writer Ayn Rand and developed by her intellectual heir Leonard Peikoff? Its central tenets include that the proper moral purpose of one’s life is the pursuit of one’s own happiness and that the only social system consistent with this morality is one that displays full respect for individual rights embodied in laissez-faire capitalism.        

Published in 1944, ‘Dialectic of Enlightenment’ was a work of social criticism by two members of the Frankfurt School of philosophy which has since become a core text of critical theory. Name either of its authors.    

Considered one of the two foundational texts of Taoism (together with the ‘Tao Te Ching’), which ancient work from the Warring States period (476-221BC) is named after its traditional author? It contains a large number of allegories and parables, a noted example being the author falling asleep and dreaming that he had become a butterfly, and all its philosophical implications.      

Described in his 1946 book ‘Man’s Search for Meaning’, which Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist developed the form of existential analysis known as logotherapy? Drawing upon his experiences as a Holocaust survivor, its central tenet is that it is the striving to find a meaning in one’s life that is the primary, most powerful motivating and driving force in humans.  
Mentioned in his magnum opus ‘Being and Time’, the concept of ‘dasein’ (‘existence’ or ‘presence’) is a fundamental concept in the existential philosophy of which major philosopher of the 20th century?     

Born 1896 in present-day Belarus, which Soviet psychologist was the founder of cultural-historical psychology – a branch of psychology that stresses the inseparable unity of mind, brain and culture and their development in concrete socio-historical settings? Together with Alexander Luria, he gives his name to a circle of psychologists, neuroscientists and educationalists in ‘20s-‘40s Soviet Union who were devoted to the pursuit of this new approach.        

Winner of the 1972 Nobel Prize in economics, which American exponent of neoclassical economic theory is perhaps best remembered for his ‘Impossibility Theorem’, which is a social-choice paradox illustrating the impossibility of having an ideal voting structure that is reflective of specific fairness criteria, and states that a clear order of preferences cannot be determined while adhering to mandatory principles of fair voting procedures?    

Born 1870 near Vienna, which psychologist is noted for founding the school of individual psychologist, and his view that many symptoms of neuroticism could be traced to overcompensating for an underlying inferiority complex?       

A student of the legendary Franz Boas, the American cultural anthropologist Alfred Kroeber is noted for his work on the western Native American tribes, especially that of Ishi, the last surviving member of the Yahi people. However, he is probably not as famous as his daughter, herself a noted author of fiction. Who is his daughter, who still uses his surname as an initial in her own name?    

Taking its name from the philosopher who founded it in the 5th century BCE, which ancient Chinese school of thought was an initial challenger to the dominant Confucian ideology? In contrast to the Confucian concept of ‘ren’ (humanity or benevolence), it advocated the practice of love without distinctions (jian ai).        

Considered one of the three Great Confucian philosophers of China’s classical period (together with Confucius and Mencius), which scholar elaborated on and systematized the work done by these two, but is nowadays better remembered for the misanthropic view attributed to him that human nature is basically ugly or evil (as opposed to Mencius who viewed human as as innately good)?        

Born around 535 BC in Ephesus, which pre-Socratic Greek philosopher (also called the ‘Weeping Philosopher’), was noted for his insistence that change was the fundamental essence of the universe?    

Published in 2006 by David Edmonds and John Eidinow, the book ‘Rousseau’s Dog : Two Great Thinkers at War in the Age of Enlightenment’, depicts the feud between Jean-Jacques Rousseau and which other philosopher, the author of ‘A Treatise of Human Nature’ (1739)?    

Which contemporary US philosopher wrote the influential 1974 paper ‘What Is It Like To Be a Bat’? A critique of material reductionist accounts of the mind, he argues that it omits the essential component of consciousness, namely that there is something that it is (or feels) like to be a particular, conscious thing.        

Known for his works such as ‘Confessions’ and ‘The City of God’, St. Augustine was an influential early Christian theologian and philosopher who died in 430 AD in Hippo Regius, where he spent the last 40 years of his life. In which modern-day country can Hippo Regius be found?    

‘Is the pious loved by the gods because it is pious, or is it pious because it is loved by the gods?’ is a philosophical question that has had a major effect on monotheistic religions. Known as the __________ Dilemma, it takes its name from which ancient Athenian religious prophet, to whom Socrates addressed this question, as documented in one of Plato’s dialogues?       

    Dubbed ‘the Elvis of cultural theory’ and ‘the most dangerous philosopher in the west’, what is the nationality of the contemporary continental philosopher Slavoj Žižek? Noted for his 1989 work ‘The Sublime Object of Ideology’ in which he departed from traditional Marxist theory, he also ran unsuccessfully in his country’s first free presidential election in 1990.

Cited in the landmark ‘Brown v. Board of Education’ case, the 1944 study of race relations entitled ‘An American Dilemma : The Negro & Modern Democracy’ is the magnum opus of which Swedish Nobel-laureate economist? He was jointly-awarded the Nobel with Friedrich Hayek in 1974.

Noted for his 1973 seminal work ‘The Interpretation of Cultures’, which American anthropologist was a leading supporter and proponent of the field of symbolic anthropology? His essay ‘Deep Play : Notes on the Balinese Cockfight’ addresses the symbolic meaning of cockfighting in Balinese culture.       

In psychology, the phenomenon in which an individual’s behaviour within online virtual worlds is changed by the visual characteristics of their avatar is named after which figure of Greek mythology? Homer called him the ‘Old Man of the Sea’, who was captured by Menelaus in the ‘Odyssey’.       

With chapters such as ‘How is the Ku Klux Klan like a group of real estate agents?’ and ‘Why do drug dealers still live with their moms?’, which 2005 best-selling book by the economist Steven Levitt and journalist Stephen Dubner is a collection of articles that has been described as melding pop culture with economics?    

Named after the French agricultural engineer who proposed it in 1913, what two-word term denotes the tendency for individual members of a group to become less productive as the size of the group increases? A tug-of-war team is commonly cites as an example to illustrate this effect.  

Published in 2004, ‘The Wisdom of Crowds’ is a book written by which American journalist about the superiority of decisions based on group-aggregated information over individuals? The title is a reference to the scientist Francis Galton’s surprise at the accuracy of the averaged guesses by a crowd at a county fair about the weight of an ox.  

    Ranked in a survey as the fourth most-frequently cited psychologist of all time (behind Skinner, Freud and Piaget), which Canadian-American Stanford professor is perhaps best noted for his 1961 Bobo Doll experiments, in which he studied children’s behavior after they watched a human adult model act aggressively towards a Bobo doll?

In October 1903, at the age of 23, which Austrian philosopher killed himself in the house in which Beethoven had died over 70 years previously? His only work, ‘Sex and Character’ gained popularity after his suicide, influencing people such as Wittgenstein and Strindberg as well as being used for Nazi propaganda.

Born 1715 in Paris, which controversial philosopher was also a wealthy patron to the group of Enlightenment French thinkers known as the Philosophes? His major work ‘On the Mind’ attracted notoriety for its attack on all religion-based morality, and was ordered to be burned in public.    

Recounting the experiences of two foreign noblemen (Usbek and Rica) as they journeyed through France, the epistolary novel ‘Persian Letters’ (1721) was a work by which writer, best known for his contributions to political philosophy?

Subtitled ‘Understanding How Good People Turn Evil’, which 2007 book by Stanford psychologist Philip Zimbardo explores the underlying factors that result in otherwise moral people committing immoral acts? It includes details of his 1971 Stanford Prison Experiment as well as the 2003 Abu Ghraib prisoner-abuse scandal.        

Published from 1987 to 2006, which three-volume work by the British political scholar Martin Bernal attracted controversy for its premise that Ancient Greek civilisation and language are Egyptian/ Phoenician in origin?     

Introduced by the American author and policy analyst Michele Wucker at Davos in 2013, which animal refers to highly probable, high impact yet neglected threats, as opposed to black swans (highly improbable)? She developed this concept further in a 2016 book.        

The concept of cognitive dissonance – the mental discomfort experienced by a person who holds two or more contradictory beliefs – was developed in the 1950s by which American psychologist? His 1956 book ‘When Prophecy Fails’ is a study of a UFO apocalyptic cult members’ reactions and coping mechanisms after the event did not occur.   

Noted for works such as the celebrated ‘Concordia liberi arbitrii cum gratiae donis’ (1588–89; ‘The Harmony of Free Will with Gifts of Grace’), which 16th-century Spanish Jesuit gave his name to the theological system that endeavoured to confirm that man’s will remains free under the action of divine grace? It has led to serious theological struggles between the Dominicans and the Jesuits for more than three centuries         

Inspiring the likes of Marcus Aurelius and former US Vice-president candidate James Stockdale during his imprisonment in the Vietnam War, the teachings of which Ancient Greek Stoic philosopher (born a slave at Hierapolis, Phrygia) were written down and published by his pupil Arrian in his ‘Discourses’ and ‘Enchiridion’?        

 Born into a middle-class family in Damascus in 1910, which philosopher and Arab nationalist whose ideas (as espoused in works such as ‘The Battle For One Destiny’ and ‘On The Way To Ressurection’) played a major role in the Arab nationalist movement during and after World War II? He cofounded the Ba’athist Party with Salah al-Din al-Bitar.

‘Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There is Another Way for Africa’ (2009), which argues that government-to-government foreign aid has harmed Africa and should be phased out, was the debut work of which Zambian-born economist who also wrote ‘Winner Take All: China’s Race for Resources and What It Means for the World’?        

Born in Warsaw in 1907, which social psychologist and student of Max Wertheimer tested conformity by asking participants to state which line was longer than the others after others gave incorrect responses.   

Which German term, which translates as ‘being there’, is a fundamental concept of the philosophy of Martin Heidegger, especially in his magnum opus ‘Being and Time’? Heidegger uses the expression to refer to the experience of ‘being’ that is peculiar to human beings.

The 1966 book ‘Ecrits’ contains the compiled writings of which French psychiatrist, who proposed the ‘mirror stage’ theory – that infants from the age of six months are able to recognize themselves in a mirror or other symbolic contraption? He has been called ‘the most controversial psychoanalyst since Freud’.        

Featured in Michael Lewis’ 2016 book ‘The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds’, which cognitive & mathematical psychologist gives his name to an eponymous test devised by his peers for assessing intelligence : ‘The faster you realized _________ was smarter than you, the smarter you were’? His work with Daniel Kahneman resulted in the latter being awarded the 2002 Nobel Economic prize, six years after this man had died of metastatic melanoma.

Born in Salt Lake City in 1952, which American academic and business consultant is best known for his theory of disruptive innovation, first introduced in his 1997 book ‘The Innovator’s Dilemma’?    

Published in 1946, which book by the American anthropologist Ruth Benedict was a study of Japan (especially the distinction between guilt cultures and shame cultures)? It was influential in shaping American ideas about Japanese culture during its post-war occupation.

Named after the US public policy expert who conceived it, what two-word term refers to the range of policies politically acceptable to the mainstream population at a given time, which a politician can recommend without appearing too extreme?

An illusion of movement that arises when stationary objects are placed side by side and illuminated rapidly one after another, the phi phenomenon was first described in 1912 by which Austro-Hungarian-born psychologist who was one of the three founders of Gestalt psychology, along with Kurt Koffka and Wolfgang Köhler?     
The Four Discourses (Master, University, Hysteric and Analyst), the Three Orders (Imaginary, Symbolic, Real), the Graphof Desire and the mirror stage are all theories and concepts associated with which French psychiatrist? Born in Paris in 1901, he was called ‘the most controversial psychoanalyst since Freud’ by David Macey and an ‘amusing and perfectly self-conscious charlatan’ by Noam Chomsky.

‘A resource arrangement that works in practice can work in theory’ is an eponymous law associated with which US political scientist who, with Oliver E. Williamson, was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences ‘for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons’? She was the first woman to win the economics prize.     

Answers

Plotinus
Max Weber
Seneca
Friedrich Hayek
Boethius
Ludwig von Mises
Minsky Moment (Hyman Minsky)
Gottlob Frege
Arthur Schopenhauer
Nikolai Kondratief
Daniel Kahneman
Soren Kierkegaard
Thorstein Veblen
Kurt Godel
Jacques Derrida
Jeremy Bentham (the Panopticon – named after Panoptes)
Sublimation
Matthew effect
Physiocrats
Thomas Kuhn
Objectivism
Friedrich Nietzsche
Janet Yellen (Former Chairman of US Federal Reserves)
Jean-Francois Champollion
Denis Diderot
Invisible Hand (from Adam Smith’s ‘The Wealth of Nations’)
‘Analects’
Irrational exuberance
Edmund Husserl
Democritus
Soren Kierkegaard
Averroes/ Ibn Rushd
Epicurus
Robert Nozick/ John Rawls
Parmenides
Irving Fisher
William Beveridge
Sabina Spielrein
Objectivism
Max Horkheimer/ Theodor W. Adorno
‘Zhuangzi’
Viktor Frankl
Martin Heidegger
Lev Vygotsky
Kenneth Arrow
Alfred Adler
Ursala K. Le Guin
Mohism/ Moism
Xunzi
Heraclitus
David Hume
Thomas Nagel
Algeria
Euthyphro
Slovenia
Gunnar Myrdal
Clifford Geertz
Proteus (the Proteus effect)
‘Freakonomics’
Ringlemann effect
James Surowiecki
Albert Bandura
Otto Weininger
Claude-Adrien Helvétius
Montesquieu
‘The Lucifer Effect’
‘Black Athena’
Gray Rhino
Leon Festinger
Luis de Molina (Molinism)
Epictetus
Michel Aflaq
Dambisa Moyo
Solomon Asch
Dasein
Jacuqes Lacan
Amos Tversky
Clayton Christensen
‘The Chrystanthemum and the Sword’
Overton Window
Max Wertheimer
Jacques Lacan
Elinor Ostrom

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inar dapibus leo.

Geography

 

 

Its name possibly deriving from ‘coconut tree’ from Malayalam, which southern India state on the Malabar Coast has its capital at Thiruvananthapuram?    Kerala

Located in the south of the island on the plains of Campidano, which city is the capital of the island of Sardinia?    Cagliari

Its name deriving from the Berber for ‘two lions’, referencing the legend that lions lived in the area until around 900 AD, which major city on the Mediterranean coast (the second largest in its country) is the setting for novels such as Paul Bowles’ ‘The Sheltering Sky’ and Albert Camus’ ‘The Plague’?    Oran (Algeria)

Its name translating from the Maghrebi Arabic for ‘water spring’, which is the largest city in the disputed territory of Western Sahara? It served as the capital of Spanish Sahara from 1940 to 1976.         Laayoune/ El-Aaiun

Rising in the Black Forest and flowing mainly through Baden-Wurttemberg, which German river is a major right tributary of the Rhine? It flows through cities such as Stuttgart and Heidelberg before discharging into the Rhine at Mannheim.  Neckar

Which Southeast Asian capital city has a name that derives from a flowering mangrove tree that grew on the shores of its eponymous bay and the delta of the Pasig river (which flows through the city, dividing it into northern and southern parts)?       Manila

Designed by Nikolai Nikitin to mark the 50th anniversary of the October Revolution, which 540m-tall radio and television tower is named after the district of Moscow in which it is located? Currently the tallest free-standing structure in Europe, it was the tallest in the world before being overtaken by Toronto’s CN Tower in 1975.    Ostankino Tower

One of the first cities to be hit by the recent protests against high prices, which capital of the Razavi Khorasan province (located in the valley of the Kashafrud River near the border with Turkmenistan) is the second most populous city of Iran after Tehran?   Mashhad

Known as the ‘Gibraltar of the East’ and located at the entrance to Manila Bay, which island bastion gives its name to a battle fought in May 1942 that saw Japanese forces under Lieutenant-General Masaharu Homma emerging victorious, marking the fall of the Philippines and Asia?  CorregidorGakkel Ridge (after Yakov Gakkel)

Located on the eastern bank of the Dniester River and officially the second-largest in Moldova, which city founded by the Russian generalissimo Alexander Suvorov in 1792 is effectively considered the capital of the unrecognized region of Transnistria?    Tiraspol

Located on a peninsula at the confluence of the Mekong and Nam Khan rivers, which city in north central Laos, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, has a name that literally means ‘royal Buddha image’ – a reference to its many Buddhist temples and monasteries?    Luang Prabang

Formerly known as Charles Town (after England’s King Charles II), the capital of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas was given its current name in 1695, after which town in the Lahn River valley in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate?    Nassau

In terms of land area, Rhode Island is the smallest of the United States of America. Which state, that takes its name from the title of Thomas West (an English nobleman who was the first colonial governor of Virginia) is the second smallest?       Delaware (3rd Baron De La Warr)

Known until Tudor times as the Severn Sea, which major inlet of Great Britain separating South Wales from Devon and Somerset in Southwest England takes its name from the city which lies at the confluence of the rivers Frome and Avon?       Bristol Channel

After its capital, the next largest cities (by population) of which European country are Gomel, Mogilev, Vitebsk and Grodno?    Belarus

Having a name that translates as ‘Coastal Defense’, which city on the mouth of the Cam River is Vietnam’s third most populous (behind Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi), and was subjected to heavy aerial bombardment during the Vietnam was as it was North Vietnam’s only major port?    Haiphong

Designed by a group led by the artist Bachir Yelles and fashioned in the shape of three standing palm leaves that shelter the Eternal Flame beneath, in which capital city would you find the monument named the Maqam Echahid (Martyrs’ Memorial)? It opened in 1982, on the 20th anniversary of the country’s independence.       Algiers

Also known as the West Sea, which body of water is the northern extension of the East China Sea that separates mainland China from the Korean Peninsula? Cities located on its shores include Qingdao and Incheon.     Yellow Sea

Lying on the Mysore Plateau, which city of over 10 million population is the capital of the state of Karnataka, and is also known as the ‘Silicon Valley/ IT Capital of India’?    Bangalore/ Bengaluru

Its name supposedly derived from the old Cumbric for ‘green valley/ basin’, which major European city was reputed to have been founded in the 6th century AD by the Christian missionary St. Mungo, when he established a church on the Molendinar Burn on the River Clyde?     Glasgow

Known as the Gulf of Eilat to the Israelis, which body of water at the northern tip of the Red Sea is situated east of the Sinai Peninsula and west of the Arabian mainland, and takes its name from a Jordanian city on its shore (in fact Jordan’s only coastal city)?         Gulf of Aqaba

First constructed during the Sui dynasty, the Grand Canal is a 1776km waterway that connects Beijing with which capital of Zhejiang province in eastern China? Built around the eastern and northern side of the West Lake, it is famed for its natural beauty and historic relics, as well as being the headquarters of the global e-commerce and tech conglomerate Alibaba Group.    Hangzhou

At a height of 5881m and found within the Khakaborazi National Park, Hkakabo Razi is widely considered Southeast Asia’s tallest mountain, and is located in which country?    Myanmar

Having a name that means ‘the plains around the palace’, which world capital city arose out of the Neolithic Butmir culture and later that of the Illyrians? It is situated along the Miljacka River and surrounded by the peaks of the Dinaric Alps.      Sarajevo

Located northeast of the city of Latacunga and one of the worlds highest active volcanoes, in which Latin American country would you find Cotopaxi?         Ecuador

Which US state capital traces its origins to 1829 when former federal judge James Duane Doty purchased over a thousand acres of swamp and forest land on an isthmus between Lakes Mendota and Monona? Known as The City of Four Lakes (referencing the four successive lakes of the Yahara River : Mendota, Monona, Waubesa and Kegonsa), it is one of several state capitals named after a former US president.
Madison, Wisconsin

The setting of the 1977 war film ‘Cross of Iron’ directed by Sam Peckinpah about Soviet operations against German positions on the Kuban bridgehead, which peninsula in present-day Krasnodar Krai of Russia is located between the Sea of Azov (to the north) and the Black Sea (to the south)? The Kerch Strait (that connects the two seas) is situated to its west.     Taman Peninsula

The 11th largest African country by area, which nation is bordered to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, the southwest by Senegal, the east by Mali, northeast by Algeria and north & northwest by Western Sahara?       Mauritania

Located on its namesake bay and facing the Kattegat to its east, WHICH CITY on the Jutland peninsula is the second most populous in its country (after the capital city)?    Aarhus

Its name translating as the ‘Kindly River’, which city in South Korea (
was the site where US troops landed in September 1950 to launch a northward offensive during the Korean War?

Dating back to the 10th century and named after the town in which they were discovered, in which Scandinavian country will you find the Jelling Stones, raised by King Gorm the Old and his son Harald Bluetooth?
Denmark

Currently one of the world’s most active volcanoes, Mount Karthala is located on the island of Ngazidja – which together with Mwali (Moheli) and Nzwani (Anjouan) forms which sovereign archipelago island nation? It lays claim to the nearby island of Mayotte, currently an overseas departement of France.     Comoros

Located close to the border tripoint between Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands, which spa city in North Rhine-Westphalian became the imperial residence of Charlemagne, and served as the site where successive Holy Roman Emperors (from 936 to 1531) were crowned?   Aachen

Its name possibly derived either from an Egyptian funerary god or a local Berber tribe, which vast burial ground located in the Giza Governorate served as the necropolis of the Ancient Egyptian capital Memphis, and includes the famous Step Pyramid of Djoser?         Saqqara

Named after a 16th-century Dutch seeker of the northeast passage to Asia, which marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean is located off the northern coasts of Norway and Russia, separated from the Kara Sea by the Novaya Zemlya archipelago?    Barents Sea

Its name likely stemming from the Slavic for ‘small castle’, which capital of the state of Styria houses the Eggenberg Palace – the most significant Baroque complex in the country?  Situated on the Mur River, it is also its country’s second most populous city, after its capital.     Graz

Meaning ‘strong and gushing waterfall’ in the Northern Sotho language, which river rises in South Africa and flows in a great arc, generally eastwards to the Indian Ocean in Mozambique? It gives its name to the northernmost province of South Africa.    Limpopo River

Lying near the confluence of the Missouri with the Mississippi river, which capital and second most populous city in Minnesota is known (with Minneapolis) as the ‘Twin Cities’?    St.Paul

The third most populous in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, which city on the Turia river has a name that means ‘strength’ or ‘valor’ in Latin?    Valencia

Constructed in 645 by Emperor Kotoku, the Naniwa Nagara-Toyosaki Palace is located in which present-day Japanese city located at the mouth of the Yodo River?  Meaning ‘large hill/ slope’, it is the third most populous Japanese city after Tokyo and Yokohama.     Osaka

The location of Mt Athos (a holy mountain in Eastern Orthodox monasticism) and the birthplace of the philosopher Aristotle, which trident-shaped peninsula in the northwestern Aegean Sea takes its name from a group of people native to the region since ancient times?
Chalkidiki/ Halkidiki

Deriving its name from that of a legendary mountain in the Avesta, which northern Iranian mountain range forms a barrier between the South Caspian and the Iranian plateau, extending from its border with Azerbaijan to the Khorasan region? It contains Mt. Damavand – Iran’s highest peak.
Elburz/ Alborz/ Alburz

Forming at the confluence of the Biya and Katun rivers, which major river is the westernmost of the three great Siberian rivers that flow into the Arctic Ocean? Together with its major tributary the Irtysh, it forms the seventh-longest river system in the world.     Ob

Part of the Central Carpathians, the Tatras Mountains form a natural border between Poland and which other European country? Its highest peak is Gerlach, at 2655m.   Slovakia

At the breakup of the USSR into fifteen independent states, Russia was the largest by land area, followed by Kazakhstan. Which country was the smallest (also by land area)?    Armenia

Located on the Caledon River and in the foothills of the Maloti Mountains, which African capital city has a name that translates as  ‘red sandstones’? It was founded by the British as a small police camp in 1869 following the conclusion of the Free State-Basotho Wars.  Maseru

Founded in 627 BC in ancient Illyria and named Epidamnos, the port city of Durres (located on the Adriatic Sea) is the second most populous city of which European country?        Albania

Believed to contain more than 1500 funeral mounds including those of Thracian rulers, the Kazanlak Valley (located to the east of the lower Sredna Gora mountain range) is situated in which country?     Bulgaria

What name is given to the territory comprising the southeastern portion of the Somali Regional State in eastern Ethiopia, over which it fought a war with neighboring Somalia in the late 1970s? It’s name likely derived from the Somali words meaning ‘the ones who know’.                  Ogaden

The location of the ancient Aru Kingdom and later that of the Sultanate of Deli, which capital city of Indonesia’s North Sumatra province was founded  in 1590 by Guru Patimpus at the confluence of the Deli and Babura rivers? Overlooking the Straits of Malacca, it is Indonesia’s fourth most-populous city (the top three all being located on Java).    Medan

Which country is this : it has a 700km coastline that extends from the mouth of Rio Motagua in the west to Rio Coco in the east, with a large undeveloped lowland area known as La Mosquitia in the northeast and the heavily populated Sula valley in the northwest. Its southern coastline lies on the Gulf of Fonseca.        Honduras

Used by the British fleet in the 1811 invasion of Java in the Dutch East Indies, what is the name of the strait of water that connects the South China Sea to the Java Sea, and which separates the islands of Sumatra and Borneo?     Karimata Strait

Thought to contain large amounts of natural gas and mineral resources, the 100 mile-long Agacher Strip was at the center of a long-running border dispute between Burkina Faso and which of its neighbours? It erupted into armed conflict on two occasions, in 1974 and 1985.       Mali

With a population of 175,245 (as of Jan 2016), which city on the island of Funen is the third largest city (by population) in Denmark? Hans Christian Andersen was born there in 1805.     Odense

Located on the banks of the River Oder in the Silesian Lowlands, which city (the fourth most populous in its modern-day country) reverted back to its current name after World War II? It had been better known by the name Breslau prior to this, especially after the Prussian king Frederick the Great took control of the city in the mid-18th century.    Wroclaw

Buffalo, New York

The deepest in the world, Lake Baikal in Siberia is located between the Irkutsk Oblast and which of Russia’s republics? Covering over 60% of the lake’s shoreline, its capital city is Ulan-Ude.       Buryatia

.

First excavated and created by Lord Chunsen during the Warring States period, which 113km-long river is the last significant tributary of the Yangtze before it empties into the East China Sea? Its name translating as ‘yellow banks’, it is the largest river flowing through Shanghai, with the historical waterfront area know as The Bund lying on its western bank.
Huangpu River

Possessing the world’s longest natural sea beach (120 km) and named after an officer of the British East India Company, Cox’s Bazar is a port city located in which Asian country?   Bangladesh

Shared by Oman and the United Arab Emirates, which peninsula that juts into the Strait of Hormuz forms the northeastern point of the Arabian Peninsula? It also separates the Gulf of Oman on the east from the Persian Gulf in the west.
Musandam Peninsula

Giving its name to Upper Paleolithic and Bronze & Iron Age cultures that occupied the area, the Ordos Plateau is the land enclosed by the Ordos Loop – a large rectangular northward bend of WHICH MAJOR WORLD RIVER? It lies to the north of the Loess Plateau and Wei River Valley, both important cradles of civilization.           Yellow River/ Huang He

Viti Levu and Vanua Levu are the two major islands that account for over 87% of the population of which South Pacific Ocean island nation? The capital Suva is located on Viti Levu.          Fiji

Admitted as the 37th state in 1867 and deriving its name from the indigenous language for ‘flat water’ (referring to the Platte River that flows through it), which is the only triply-landlocked state of the USA?    Nebraska

Known as Otepoti in Maori, which principal city of the Otago region is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand (after Christchurch)?   Dunedin

What two-word name is commonly used to refer to the part of the Northwest quadrant of Washington DC, much of which is occupied by the main campus of the George Washington University? The name is thought to derive from its low-lying, marshy riverside location that predisposes it to a certain weather phenomenon, and is now a metonym of the US State Department which has its headquarters there.   Foggy Bottom

Often used as a simple way to define the subregion of Oceania known as Polynesia, the Polynesian Triangle is an area of the Pacific Ocean with three island groups at its corners. They are Hawaii , New Zealand and which other island ?             Easter Island (Rapa Nui)

Deriving its name from the Slavic for ‘oak’ (as it once flowed through the oaken forests of the Wallachian Plain), which river rises in the Fagaras Mountains and flows for about 286 km before joining the Arges River? The Romanian capital Bucharest stands on its banks.     Dâmbovița River

Supposedly formed by the Baltic goddess Neringa while she was playing on the seashore, the Curonian Spit is a 98-km long thin curving sand-dune spit which stretches from the Sambia Peninsula in the south to the city of Klaipeda in the north, thereby separating its namesake lagoon from the Baltic Sea. Since 2000 it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site shared between Russia and which other country?    Lithuania

Part of the Yeongnam region, which city on the coast of the Sea of Japan has a name that translates as ‘Brilliant Mountain’? With over 1 million inhabitants, it is South Korea’s eighth most-populous city and its industrial powerhouse, housing the world’s largest automobile assembly plant (operated by Hyundai Motor), the world’s largest shipyard and third largest oil refinery.        Ulsan

Rising from the Qinghai Mountains on the Tibetan Plateau and known to the Chinese as the Nu (‘Fury’), which major Asian river of length 2,815 km drains a narrow watershed across China, Thailand and Burma before emptying into the Andaman Sea? In 2003, key parts of its course were included the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas, together with the Yangtze and Mekong rivers.    Salween

With Pachuca de Soto as its capital, which state in the east of Mexico takes its name from a Roman Catholic priest  who gave his ‘Cry of Dolores’ speech in September 1810, an event widely seen as a call-to-arms that triggered the Mexican War of Independence?
Hidalgo (named after Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla)

The northernmost arm of the Mediterranean Sea, which body of water separates Italy from the Balkan Peninsula?        Adriatic Sea

Also known as the Gate of Trajan, the gorge known as the Iron Gates is located on which major European river, just beyond the city of Orsova?    The Danube

Referenced in a popular song and likely derived from a Wiradjuri term, which is an Australian term for an oxbow lake – a U-shaped lake that forms when a meander from the main stem of a river is cut off?   Billabong

Its name likely derived from the indigenous Moluccan for ‘people of the mountains’, which shallow sea of the western Pacific occupies the area between the north coast of Australia (Gulf of Carpentaria) and the south coast of New Guinea? It is connected with the Coral Sea to the east by the Torres Strait.    Arafura Sea

Rising in the Blue Ridge Mountains, the 690km Chattahoochee River generally flows south before it joins the Apalachicola River as the latter empties into the Gulf of Mexico. Which US capital city is built upon the crest of a large ridge south of the river, thus enabling much of the river’s natural scenic beauty to be preserved even as it runs through the city?   Atlanta, Georgia

Forming the headstream of the Mongala River (itself a tributary of the Congo River), which 250 km-long river has a name that is a French corruption of the Ngbandi term for ‘white water’? It came to prominence in 1976, courtesy of the Belgian Peter Piot.     Ebola River

The presidential residence known as the Malacanang Palace is found in which Southeast Asian capital city?        Manila

One of the fastest growing cities in West Africa, which capital on the Niger River takes its name from the Bambara language meaning ‘the tail of the crocodile’? Bamako

Settled in 1867 as a community at the confluence of the Salt and Gila rivers, which city is the largest US state capital (by population), and also the only one with a population of more than 1 million residents?    Phoenix, Arizona

A popular tourist destination and the site of multiple World Rowing Championships, Lake Bled in the Upper Camiolan region is located approximately 55 km from which European capital city?  Ljubljana

Founded in 1578 on the slopes of Mount Picacho as a gold- and silver-mining centre, which capital city has a name that translates as  ‘Hill of Silver’, and is separated from its sister city Comayagua by the Choluteca River?     Tegucigalpa

Situated at the confluence of the Varzob and Kofarnihon rivers, which city was known from 1929 to 1961 as Stalinabad, and houses the monument to Amir Ismail Samani, emir of Transoxiana and Khorasan?        Dushanbe

Roiled by fighting between the Malaita Eagle Force and Isatabu Freedom Movement in the early 2000s, which city also saw the Americans triumph over the Japanese in the 1942 Battle of Henderson Field?    Honiara

Constructed in the 15th century and destroyed during the Taiping Rebellion in the 19th century, the Porcelain Tower is a historical site on the Qihuai River in which Chinese city? It was recently reconstructed after a billion-yuan donation from the businessman Wang Jianlin, the wealthiest man in China. Nanjing

Located on top of one of the twin hills Collines des Mamelles, the 49 meter-tall bronze statue known as the African Resistance Monument is located in which country? Overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, it was designed by the local architect Pierre Goudiaby and built by a company from North Korea. Senegal

Forming part of the boundaries of the Gulf of Carpentaria, which region of Australia’s Northern Territory was given its name by William van Colster (a captain in the Dutch East India Company), and named after his ship on which he sailed to the area in 1623?        Arnhem Land

Built between 123-139 AD, the Castel Sant’Angelo in Rome (once a papal residence and now a museum), is also known as the Mausoleum of ________, after which Roman emperor who had commissioned it for himself and his family?        Hadrian

A popular tourist attraction, on which island in the Tyrrhenian Sea would you find the Blue Grotto, a sea cavern illuminated with a blue hue by sunlight shining through the seawater?    Capri

In which of Canada’s thirteen provinces and territories would you find the Great Bear Lake (the largest lake entirely within Canada) and the Great Slave Lake (the deepest body of water in North America)?
Northwest Territories

At 667,799 square kilometres, the Agadez Region makes up 52% of which African country? The largest national subdivision in Africa, it includes the vast Tenere region of the Sahara Desert, dune seas like the Erg of Blima and the triangular mountains of Aïr.    Niger

Its name likely deriving from the Washo language meaning ‘Lake of the Sky’, which large freshwater lake that straddles the border between California and Nevada trails only the five Great Lakes as the largest by volume in the United States?    Lake Tahoe

Founded in July 1692 as a place for the survivors of an earthquake that destroyed Port Royal, which capital city is surrounded by its namesake harbor, the Long Mountain, Red Hill and Blue Mountains? It is located on the Liguanea Plain alongside the Hope River and protected by a long sand-spit known as the Palisadoes.    Kingston, Jamaica

Its highest peak being the 2819m Phou Bia, which mountain range of eastern Indochina extends approximately 1100km through Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam? Running parallel to the Vietnamese coast, it derives its name from the Chinese meaning ‘to pacify the south’.        Annamese/ Annamite

Founded in 782 BC by king Argishti I of Urartu, the ancient fortress of Erebuni (also known as Arin Berd or ‘Fortress of Blood’) is located in which present-day capital city? The city is located on the edge of the Hrazdan River and northeast of the Ararat Plain.     Yerevan

Deriving its name from the important cash crop the melegueta pepper, the coastal area of West Africa lying between Cape Mesurado and Cape Palmas (on either side of the Cestos River) was given the name ‘Pepper Coast’ by European traders, and traditionally encompass which current-day country?     Liberia

Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, Kolkata is the capital of which Indian state?    West Bengal

Which major river in Northern Ireland rises from the Slieve Croob mountain and enters the Irish sea after a 53-mile course? Forming much of the border between County Antrim and County Down in the east of Ulster, the capital Belfast lies at its mouth.    River Lagan

Completed in 1883 after fourteen years of building work, which engineering feat was designed and built by the German migrant John Augustus Roebling? It was during its construction that the decompression sickness ‘Caisson disease’ was first given this name.    Brooklyn Bridge

Which African country is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo?    Rwanda

Located entirely within its country’s central valley, which capital city is surrounded by tall mountain ranges (the tallest being Mt. Tupungato at 6570m), and is divided in two by the Mapocho River?     Santiago, Chile

Sparsely populated and comprising the regions of Riyadh, Ha’il and al-Qassim, what names is given to the geographical central region of Saudi Arabia? Meaning ‘upland’ in Arabic, it is the birthplace of the Islamic doctrine and movement of Wahhabism, which emerged from it in the 18th century.     Nejd/ Najd

Its name deriving from the Odawa language meaning ‘cave of the spirit’, which island in Lake Huron within the borders of the Canadian province of Ontario is the largest freshwater island in the world? It is slightly larger than Luxembourg in terms of area.        Manitoulin island

At over 3 million square kilometers in area, the Russian federal republic of Yakutia/ Sakha Republic is by far the world’s largest subnational governing body by area. Which is the second largest at 2.6 million square km? It is bigger than Russia’s Krasnoyarsk Krai (2.3 million square km) and Greenland (2.1 million square km).    Western Australia

Divided into three distinct regions: the coastal plains, the mountains (the Cristal Mountains to the northeast of the capital and the Chaillu Massif in the centre), and the savanna in the east, which African country derives its name from the Portuguese for “cloak” which is roughly the shape of the estuary of the Komo River?       Gabon

The third most populous in the country after Manila and Quezon City and the most populous in Mindanao, which city is home to Mt. Apo (Philippines’s highest mountain) and was where Rodrigo Duterte served for seven terms as mayor before his election as Philippine’s president?    Davao City

On the banks of the Ishim River, which world capital city had its name changed in March 2019 to Nur-Sultan, after its former president who had ruled for the previous 29 years?   Astana (Kazakhstan)

Created by the artist Rodrigo Arenas Betancourt and engineer Guillermo Gonzalez Zuleta, the monument known as the Vargas Swamp Lancers commemorates the heroic actions of fourteen lancers from Simon Bolivar’s army against Spanish forces – and is the largest monument in which South American country?      Colombia

Originating in the Naukluft Mountains to the Hardap Dam near Mariental and the site of its eponymous canyon (the largest canyon in Africa), the Fish River is the longest interior river in which country?    Namibia

Built on the ruins of the Silk Road city of Konjikala, which world capital city was named Poltoratsk between 1919 and 1927? Situated between the Karakum Desert and the Kopet Dag mountain range, its chronic water shortage is alleviated by the Karakum Canal that carries in water from the Amu Darya river.         Ashgabat

Located in an ancient lakebed bounded by the valleys of the Keelung and Xindian rivers that join to form the Tamsui river, which Asian capital city is served by two airports named Taoyuan and Songshan?    Taipei

Named in honour of a 19th-century European statesman, which sea of the southwestern Pacific Ocean lies within Papua New Guinea, to the south of its namesake archipelago and the Admiralty Islands?          Bismarck Sea

Its name literally meaning ‘warm location’ due to the presence of numerous sulphuric hot springs, which world capital city was founded in the 5th century AD by the Chosroid king Vakhtang I of Iberia? Lying on the banks of the Kura River, it is overlooked by the ancient Narikala Fortress   Tbilisi

Meaning ‘huge mountain’ in the native language and located just north of the Inle Lake, the city of Taunggyi (population around 380,000 as of 2014) is one of the most populous in which Asian country? It is famous for its hot air/ fire balloon festival held annually on the full-moon day of Tazaungmon.     Myanmar

Located on the southern banks of the Ganges, which capital city of the Indian state of Bihar is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world, serving as the capital of various empires such as the Mauryan, Shunga and Gupta? It is also the second-largest city (by population) in East India after Kolkata.     Patna

Named after a free territory in Central Europe where part of it was constructed, which Swiss-designed, Italian-built deep-diving research bathyscaphe reached Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench in January 1960?    Trieste

Amritsar (The Golden Temple)

With around 2.7 million inhabitants, the most populous city of the Philippines forms part of the Metro Manila, and was indeed the Filipino capital from 1948-1976. It shares its name with a province in the CALABARZON region of Luzon island – both of them are named after which individual, the second President of the Philippines, who died in the US in 1944 after establishing a government in-exile there due to the threat of Japanese invasion during WWII?     Manuel L. Quezon (Quezon City and Quezon)

One of the world’s favorite challenges for rock climbers and BASE jumpers, the granite monolith known as El Capitan, is located in which US state?   California (Yosemite National Park)

Located within the Indian Ocean, which sea located to the west of Kerala is bordered by India, Sri Lanka and the Maldives?
Laccadive Sea/ Lakshadweep Sea

Founded in 1818 as a military outpost on the Sunzha River, which city of around 280,000 population is the capital city of the Russian republic of Chechnya?    Grozny

The setting of Shakespearean plays such as ‘Romeo and Juliet’ and ‘The Taming of the Shrew’, the city of Verona is located in which region of Italy?    Veneto

At around 155m below sea level, Lake Assal is the lowest point on land on mainland Africa. Located at the western end of the Gulf of Tadjoura at the top of the Great Rift Valley, in which small country can Lake Assal be found?     Djibouti

One of the world’s smallest tectonic plates and once part of the larger Farallon plate, which plate is currently subducting under the northerly portion of the western side of the North American Plate at the Cascadia subduction zone? It is named after a Greek-born maritime pilot who, under service to King Philip II of Spain, supposedly explored parts of western North America.        Juan de Fuca plate

Joining the United Arab Emirates in 1971, which emirate is the only one of the seven that was a coastline solely on the Gulf of Oman and none on the Persian Gulf? It is linked by the Sheikh Khalifa Highway to Dubai.  Fujairah

Bordered by the Lei Yue Mun Strait to the east, Stonecutter’s Island to the west and Victoria Harbour to the south, the name which urban area of Hong Kong means ‘Nine Dragons’ in Mandarin? Its famous Walled City was demolished in 1994.    Kowloon
Sendai

Around 300 miles long, the Denmark Strait lies between Greenland and which country?    Iceland

In geology, what term denotes the process that takes place at convergent tectonic plate boundaries, where one plate moves under another and is forced or sinks due to gravity into the mantle?   Subduction

One of the top 14 finalists in the New 7 Wonders of Nature competition, the Jeita Grotto is a system of interconnected limestone caves found in which Middle Eastern country? Situated in the Nahr al-Kalb valley, it houses the world’s largest known stalactite, amongst other attractions.    Lebanon

The birthplace of the scientist Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, composer Richard Wagner and communist leader Walter Ulbricht, which city at the confluence of the White Elster, Pleisse and Parthe rivers is the most populous city in the German federal state of Saxony?   Leipzig

Giving its name to two World War One battles, the Masurian Lakeland is a now a popular tourist attraction for boating enthusiasts, anglers, hikers and nature-lovers. Containing more than 2000 lakes in an area of roughly 52,000 km2, in which European country is the Masurian Lakeland located?
Poland

Around three times the size of London, which lake in Jiangxi province was the site of a naval battle in 1363 that saw Zhu Yuanzhang emerging victorious and paved his way to become the founding emperor of the Ming Dynasty? The largest freshwater lake in China, its size tends to fluctuate with the seasons but it almost dried up completely in 2016, leading to fears that it will go the way of the Aral Sea.    Lake Poyang

An industrial city on the left branch of the Songchon River and a port on the Kyongsong Bay – Hamhung and Chisong (respectively) are the second and third most populous cities in which Asian country?
North Korea

Which northern exclave of Angola is separated from the rest of the country by a narrow strip of territory belonging to the Democratic Republic of the Congo? Some of the largest offshore oil fields sit adjacent to its coastline, and it has seen a continuation of armed secessionist struggle since the 1960s.
Kabinda/ Cabinda

Characteristically consisting of alternating dark and light-coloured bands, which metamorphic rock has subtypes known as Augen, Henderson, Lewisian and Archean? Its name is derived from the Middle High German word for ‘spark’.Gneiss

Part of the ancient giant prehistoric Lake Minchin, Salar de Uyuni is the world’s largest salt flat at 10,582 square kilometers. Containing up to 70% of the world’s known lithium reserves, it is located in the Daniel Campos province of which South American country?    Bolivia

Derived from Latin meaning ‘mound’, which seven-letter term denotes a depositional landform formed when an island becomes attached to the mainland by a narrow strip of land (spit or bar)?    Tombolo

Opened in March 1988, the 54-km long Seikan Tunnel is currently the world’s longest tunnel with an undersea segment. It travels under which strait of water, between the Japanese islands of Honshu and Hokkaido? Tsugaru Strait

What name, after that of a nearby town, is given to the huge impact crater buried beneath the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico? Caused by the impact of a massive asteroid or comet around 66 million years ago, it marked the end of the Mesozoic Era and the extinction of all non-avian dinosaurs. Chicxulub crater

Lying on a fertile plain between the Greater Zab and Lesser Zab rivers, which ancient city is dominated by its majestic Citadelthat dates back possibly to the 5th millennium BC? Near to the site of the Battle of Gaugamela where Alexander the Great defeated the Persian king Darius III, it is currently the de facto capital city of the Kurdistan region in Iraq.     Erbil/Arbil/Irbil/ Arbela/ Arba-ilu

Situated in the northwest part of the European portion of Russia, which body of water is the second largest lake in Europe? Containing more than 1600 islands, it is fed by over 50 rivers, but drains only into the Svir River.       Lake Onega/Onezhskoye/ Ozero Onezhskoe

One of the longest in Asia, which mountain range stretches eastward from the Pamirs in Tajikistan, along the border between Xinjiang and Tibet, to the Sino-Tibetan ranges in Qinghai? Running along the southern edge of the Tarim Basin and the Taklamakan & Gobi deserts, it takes its name from a mythical Taoist paradise mountain that houses the Jade Palace of the Yellow Emperor   .Kunlun Mountains

With a population of around 150,000, Darwin (the capital city of Australia’s Northern Territory) is located on the shores of which body of water?     Timor Sea

Which South American capital city, situated in the basin of the Guayllabamba River, wraps around the eastern slopes of the active Pichincha stratovolcano?        Quito

Consisting of Reunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues, the three Indian Ocean islands that are situated in a line along a submarine ridge east of Madagascar is named after which 16th-century Portuguese explorer who first visited them in April 1512?
Pedro Mascarenhas (The Mascarene Islands)

Which Asian capital city on the banks of the Mekong River has a name from the Pali language that translates as ‘City of Sandalwood’?     Vientiane

A remnant of the prehistoric Lake Cahuilla, which shallow saline endorheic lakelocated directly on the San Andreas Fault in California has a salinity that is almost double that of the Pacific Ocean?   Salton Sea

The birthplace of the writer Thomas Mann and politician Willy Brandt, which city and seaport in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany was one of the main commercial centers and chief city of the Hanseatic League in the Middle Ages?       Lubeck

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Geography & Places

Derived from the French for ‘edge’, which word refers to a thin, knife-like ridge of rock that is formed when two glaciers erode parallel U-shaped valleys? Arete

Which major French river is this? Arising in the Pyrenees, it flows past Toulouse and Bordeaux on its way to the Atlantic Ocean. Garonne River

The longest combined road & rail bridge in Europe, the Oresund Bridge connects Copenhagen to which Swedish city located in Scania (near the southwestern tip of Sweden)?

Which city has been the capital of its state since 1906, when it was moved from Sitka? Named after a 19th-century miner and gold prospector, it nestles at the base of its namesake mountain, across the Gastineau Channel from Douglas Island. It is unusual in that there are no roads connecting the city to the rest of the state. Juneau, Alaska

Which body of water is this? Lying between Verona, Brescia and Trentino, it is the largest lake in Italy. The Battle of Solferino (1859), which led to the establishment of the Red Cross, was fought on its southern shore.

Lake Garda

Which city is this? Founded in 1836, it was designed by Colonel William Light, who chose its location in an area inhabited by the native Kaurna people, close to the River Torrens. Situated north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, it lies on its namesake plains, between the Gulf St. Vincent and the Mount Lofty mountain ranges. Adelaide (South Australia)

Its name deriving from Turki for `the place of ruins’, which desert in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in northwest China is bounded by the Gobi to the east, the Kunlun Mountains to the south and the Pamir mountains to the west? Key oasis towns within it include Kashgar, Kohtan and Dunhuang. Taklamakan Desert

Which subalpine mountain range north of the Western Alps follows the course of the France-Switzerland border, and separates the basins of the Rhine and Rhone rivers? It is notable in another field rather than geography/hydrology, for a particular reason.

The Jura Mountains (gives rise to the name ‘Jurassic’)

Which country is this? Its capital city derives its name from a term given to it by the arriving British, due to the antelopes that populated its grassy wetlands. Adopted 3 weeks before its independence in 1962, its coat of arms features a lentil-shaped African shield & two spears, flanked by a crested crane and a kob (a species of antelope). Uganda

he largest city in its state (by population) but not the state capital, which US city was founded in 1836 near the banks of Buffalo Bayou (now known as Allen’s Landing)? It is named after the American soldier and politician best known for commanding and winning the Battle of San Jacinto in a fight that lasted only 18 minutes.    Houston

Known as ‘the nature island of the Caribbean’, which country (part of the Winward Islands of the Lesser Antilles), is home to the Boiling Lake – the world’s second-largest thermally active lake, as well as the Sisserou parrot – its national bird that features on its state flag?   Dominica

With an area of 930 km2, which natural region south of Arles in France lies between the Mediterranean Sea and the two arms of the Rhone River delta? The largest river delta in Western Europe, it also gives its name to a breed of horse and cattle.  Camargue

Its name deriving from the Western Cree words for ‘muddy water’, which city at the confluence of the Red River of the Northand Assiniboine River is also situated very close to the longitudinal center of North America, and has the nickname `Gateway to the West’?   Winnipeg

Which African nation has land borders with nine other countries?   Democratic Reublc of the Congo

Belgium has land borders with France, the Netherlands and which two other countries?   Germany and Luxembourg

Also known as Arvand Rud (Swift River’ in Persian), which waterway of around 200 km in length is formed by the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers? Its southern end constitutes part of the border between Iran and Iraq.   Shatt al-Arab

The etymology of which African country’s name is debatable – it can be ascribed to an ex-biblical great-grandson of Noah, or from a compound word derived from the Greek words for ‘burnt’ and ‘face’? Etheopia

Located in the Kenyan with its far northern end extending into Ethiopia, which lake is the largest alkaline lake in the world? Formerly known as Lake Rudolf, it also gives its name to a nearly-complete skeleton of a Pleistocene boy found near its shore in 1984. Lake Turkana

Named after a historical figure, which US city is located at the confluence of the Ohio, Allegheny and Monongahela rivers? It is also known as “the Steel City” for its more than 30o steel-related businesses.

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Literally meaning ‘high bravery’ in Chinese, which second-most populous city in Taiwan also houses it’s largest harbour and second-largest airport?

Taichung

The third most populous city in its country, which major seaport lies approximately 31km north of the Dniester estuary? Its name appears in a 1972 thriller novel about a young German reporter’s attempts to discov er the whereabouts of a former SS concentration-camp commander.  Odessa

Which capital city is located on the Svislach and Nyamiha rivers? The former world tennis No. 1, Victoria Azarenka, was born there in 1989.

Minsk

At 2655m, Gerlach is the highest peak in which mountain range? It is the highest mountain range in the Carpathians, and forms a natural border between Slovakia and Poland.    Tatras/ High Tatras

Literally translating as ‘Rotten Head’, what is the largest island in Hong Kong? Located at the mouth of the Pearl River, it is noted for tourist attractions such as the 26m-high Tian Tan Buddha and the Hong Kong    Disneyland theme park     Lantau Island

Rising in east Cambridgeshire, which river in East Anglia, England forms much of the county boundary between Suffolk and Essex? It is most associate with the painter John Constable, who was born in a village on its banks in 1776.     River Stour

The Tumen and Yalu rivers form most of the boundary between China and which of its neighbours?    North Korea

Which capital city is located on the western center of the country and is surrounded by hills with the Dajti Mountain on the east and a slight valley opening on the north-west overlooking the Adriatic Sea in the distance? It was proclaimed the temporary capital in February 1920 by the Congress of Lushnje.   Tirana

Construction beginning in 1384 upon the orders of King Pedro the Cruel, in which Spanish city is the Alcazar Palace located? It is considered one of the best surviving examples of mudejar design.  Seville

Nicknamed The Heart of India’ due to its central location, which Indian state’s capital city is Bhopal — the site of the deadly industrial disaster in 1984?    Madhya Pradesh
Situated at the confluence of the rivers Varzob and Kofarnihon, which Central Asian capital city’s name means ‘Monday’ in the local language, so named because it grew from a village that originally had a popular market on Mondays?      Dushanbe (Tajikistan)

The name of which town in southern Bosnia-Herzegovina means ‘Old Bridge’, because of a 16th-century Turkish bridge which spans the Neretva River, which was destroyed in 1993 during the Croat-Bosniak War but subsequently rebuilt and reopened in 2004?   Mostar

The Central African nation of Equatorial Guinea consists of a mainland & an insular region. The capital city Malabo is located on the insular island of Bioko, that is actually off the coast of which neighboring country?  Cameroon

The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon was the first European to explore it in 1606. Subsequently named in order of the then-Governor General of the Dutch East Indies, what is the name of the shallow, rectangular gulf which is an inlet of the Arafura Sea, and whose entrance lies between Arhhem Land and the Cape York Peninsula?      Gulf of Carpentaria

T

One of Scotland’s three main mountain ranges, it occupies a large portion of the Scottish Highlands. Extending southwest to northeast between the Great Glen Fault and the Highland Boundary Fault, it includes Ben Nevis (the highest peak in the British Isles). Name this mountain range.
The Grampians

Stretching from the White Sea to the Gulf of Finland and encompassing Lakes Ladoga and Onega, what is the name of the historical region of Northern Europe now divided between Russia and Finland? It gives its name to an 1893 musical work with movements entitled `The Founding of the Viipuri Castle’ and Pontus De La Gardie at the Gates of Kakisalmi’.   Karelia

Which city is this? It is the 4th-largest city (by population) in its country, and the capital of the island on which it is located. Its name in the indigenous language meaning ‘great, dry river’, it is located in the southwest of the Ishikari Plain (in the alluvial fan of the Toyohira River), and noted for a sporting event held in 1972.   Sapporo (Hokkaido)

Which capital city is this? Served by the Sir Seretse Khama International Airport (named after its first President), it is situated between the Kgale and Oodi Hills on the Notwane River in the southeastern corner of its country, only 15 km from the border with South Africa.  Gaborone

Completed in 1830 and named after the company that owned it originally, which canal connects Lake Ontario to Lake Erie? It forms a key section of the St. Lawrence Seaway, and was a major factor in the growth of the city of Toronto.    Welland Canal

What name is given to the large shallow bay lying between the southeastern tip of India and the western coast of Sri Lanka, in the Coromandel Coast region? Forming part of the Laccadive Sea, it is separated from the Palk Strait/ Bay by a string of low islands and reefs known as Adam’s Bridge.  Gulf of Mannar

Located on northeastern Java and along the edge of the Madura Strait, the name of which city is believed to derive from the local words for `shark’ and ‘crocodile’, which has since become its emblem? Giving its name to a 1945 battle between pro-independence soldiers and British troops, it is also its country’s second largest city by population.   Surabaya

Designed by the French structural engineer Michel Virlogeux and British architect Norman Foster, the Milau Viaduct is the tallest bridge in the world, with one mast’s summit at 343m. Across which river, a tributary of the Garonne, does it stand?   River Tarn

Lying on the River Waal, which city in the Dutch province of Gelderland is widely considered to be one of the three oldest cities in the Netherlands? Failure of the Allied forces to secure/ capture a vital road bridge in this city was a key factor in the ultimate failure of the World War II military operation known as Market Garden.   Nijmegen

A tragic example being that which occurred at Lake Nyos in Cameroon in 1986, leading to the deaths of 1700 people, what two-word term (also known as lake overturn) refers to a natural disaster in which dissolved carbon dioxide suddenly erupts fro deep lake water, resulting in the suffocation of wildlife, livestock and human beings?    Limnic eruption

The most extensive mountainous regions between the Rockies and the Appalachians, which geological highland region is located primarily in Arkansas and Missouri? Together with the Ouachita Mountains, it forms the area known as the U.S. Interior Highlands.   Ozarks
The longest river in New Zealand, the Waikato River empties into which body of water south of Auckland?  Tasman Sea

Name all the four US states whose name ends with the letter ‘E’ Delaware/ Maine/ New Hampshire/ Tennessee

Meaning ‘where the water meets the sky’, the Bangweulu wetlands is a vast werland area (the size of Connecticut) that is situated in the Upper Congo basin in the northern region of which African country?  Zambia

At 6961m and the highest mountain outside of Asia, in which South American country would you find Mt. Aconcagua?   Argentina

Which city at the confluence of the rivers Scheldt and Lys gives its name to a large polyptych piece of art attributed to the brothers Hubert and Jan van Eyck, as well as a treaty that ended the War of 1812?   Ghent

On which Caribbean island nation would you find the Ian Fleming International Airport? His Goldeneye estate is also located on its northern coastline.    Jamacia

Which island country in Micronesia, known for its rich phosphate deposits, was previously known as Pleasant Island? The Yaren district serves as its de facto capital.  Narau

Meaning ‘place of gold’ in the Sotho language, which South African province was formed from part of the old Transvaal Province and initially named Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Vereeniging? Its provincial capital is Johannesburg.     Gauteng

What name is given to the mangrove forest, the world’s largest in area, which covers part of the delta of the Ganges, Padma, Bramaputra and the Meghna rivers in Bangladesh? Its name translates as ‘beautiful forest’ in the Bengali language. Sundarbans

The capital city of South Australia  is named after the consort of which British monarch?

William IV (Adelaide)

Named after a Russian admiral of Baltic-German descent who explored the area in 1821, which sea along the west side of Antartica? It is separated from the Amundsen Sea by Cape Flying Fish on Thurston Island.    Bellingshausen Sea

Turkmenistan shares its borders with four other nations. Name them

Iran/ Kazakhstan/ Uzbekistan/ Afghanistan

On which Mediterranean island would you find the ‘Terrace of the Lions? Built around 600 BCE, it originally featured 9-12 snarling marbled lion guardians facing east, towards the Sacred Lake where a Greek deity was believed to have been born.   Delos (Apollo)

Founded by Emperor Fasilides, to whom a castle is dedicated, and located north of Tana Lake on the Lesser Angereb River and southwest of the Simien Mountains, the city of Gondar served as the capital of which empire  from 1635-1855?   Ethiopia/ Abyssinia

Located about 30km north of the Ourika River, which city was founded in 1062 by Abu Bakr ibn Umar, chieftain and cousin of the Almoravid king Yusuf ibn Tashfin? The red walls of the city, built by Ali ibn Yusuf in 1122-1123, have given the city the nickname of the “Red City” or “Ochre City”.   Marrakech

Located on the northern shore of Kyushu overlooking the Genkai Sea, which city is the most populous on Kyushu and one of the largest in Japan? Its central Hakata district contains the Tocho-ji Temple, home to a 10m wooden Buddha.   Fukuoka
Situated southeast of the Caspian Sea and extending 400 miles on the border between Iran and Turkmenistan, which mountain range derives its two-word name from the Persian for ‘the mountain that is piled/ heaped’?  Kopet Dag

Taking its name from the provincial capital of South Sulawesi, what name is given to the strait between the islands of Borneo and Sulawesi? It joins the Celebes Sea (in the north) to the Java Sea (the south).
 Makassar Strait

The second most populous city in its country, which city is located at the confluence of the Svitava and Svratka rivers, and also gives part of its name to a British  weapon ?
  Brno (Czech Republic) – Bren gun (from Brno and Enfield)

Discovered by and named after an American polar explorer on a trans-Antarctic flight in 1935, what is the name of the highest mountain range in Antarctica? Arranged in a north to south configuration on the western margin of the Ronne Ice Shelf, it is bisected by Minnesota Glacier to form the northern Sentinel Range and the southern Heritage Range.
 Ellsworth Mountains

At which African capital city does the two main tributaries of the Nile (the Blue Nile and the White Nile) join together as one?  Khartoum

The Ayeyarwady River (or Irrawaddy River) is the primary river of which Southeast Asian country?    Myanmar (Burma)

The Grand Canyon in Arizona is carved out by the Colorado River. Which river, which rises in western Wyoming, is responsible for carving out the Hells Canyon?   Snake River

Buenos Aires is situated on the western shore of the Rio de la Plata (River Plate). Which other South American capital city is situated on its northern shore, about 130 miles away?  Montevideo

Of the four main islands that make up Japan, which is the most northerly?    Hokkaido

The smallest country on mainland Africa, the Gambia is mostly surrounded by which other country, except for a 80km coastline on the Atlantic Ocean?   Senegal

Of the fifteen constituent republics of the Soviet Union, Russia was by far the largest in terms of land area. Which republic was second largest?
Kazakhstan

In which country would you find the Great Bear Lake and the Great Slave Lake?   Canada

Which Portuguese explorer gives his name to the strait which separates Australia from the island of New Guinea?
Luis Vaz de Torres (the Torres Strait)

What name is given to the region that makes up the “Toe” of Italy?    Calabria
Which Asian city dates back to the 15th century, when it began as a small village on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River, under the rule of the Ayutthaya Kingdom?    Bangkok (capital of Thailand)

The Kanmon Straits (or the Straits of Shimonoseki) is a stretch of water which separates Honshu from which other main island of Japan?Kyushu

The largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia, the Tonle Sap is noted primarily for its unusual feature of reversing the direction of its flow twice yearly, with dramatic changes in its water volume. In which country is it located? Cambodia

Which mountains in northeastern Upstate New York are unusual in that they resemble a dome rather than being linear mountain ranges? Its name means ‘they eat trees’ in Mohawk, and notable features include Mount Marcy (its highest point) and Lake Placid, the site two previous Winter Olympic Games?   Adirondacks

Luzon and Mindanao are the two largest islands of which Southeast Asian country?   The Philippines

Which river, which rises in the hills of western Manchuria at the confluence of its two major affluents (the Shilka and the Argun), forms the boundary between northeastern China and the Russian Far East, and is known to the Chinese as Heilongjiang (‘Black Dragon River’)?
  Amur Rver

Which EU capital is located at the foot of the Vitosha Mountain, and is crossed by a number of low rivers such as the Vladayska and Perlovska? The Iskar River, the longest river that runs solely in that country, runs through its outskirts. Sofia (Bulgaria)

In 1990, North and South Yemen were unified to form the present-day Republic of Yemen, with Sana’a as its capital. Which seaport, located at the eastern approach to the Red Sea, had served as South Yemen’s capital for the preceding two decades or so before unification?   Aden

The second most populous in its state, which US city stands at the confluence of the Monongahela and Allegheny Rivers where they form the Ohio River? Originally named Fort Duquesne, it was renamed after a then prominent British statesman after it was captured from the French during the Seven Years’ War.  Pittsburgh

Africa’s largest lake by area, Lake Victoria has a shoreline that is shared amongst three countries. Kenya is one – can you name the other two?   Uganda and Tanzania

Which Asian country consists of thirteen states, including Kedah, Terengganu and Negeri Sembilan?   Malaysia

Originating in Gouy in the Aisne department of northern France, which river flows north through Cambrai and Valenciennes before entering Belgium, where it turns east near Ghent towards the Netherlands and ultimately draining into the North Sea? The largest city on its banks is Antwerp.  River Scheldt

Once part of the ancient Holocene Lake Makgadikgadi, the Okavango Delta is a large inland delta formed where the Okavango River reaches a tectonic trough in the central part of the basin of the Kalahari. In which African country is it located?   Botswana

The Tropic of Capricorn cuts cross the Northern Territory of Australia and which of its two other states?  Queensland and Western Australia

Lying along the River Aare, the town of Interlaken in the Bernese Highlands in central Switzerland derives its name from its position in-between two lakes. Can you name either one of the lakes?
Lake Thun and Lake Brienz

Possibly deriving its name from the Chukchi word for ‘island’, which island chain marks a dividing line between the Bering Sea and the Pacific Ocean, and comprises five island groups including the Fox Islands, Islands of Four Mountains and Andreanof Islands?   Aleutian Islands

Which city in the north-central part of China is the home to the Terracotta Army of Emperor Qing Shihuang, the starting point of the Silk Route and also gives its name to a famous incident of 1936 when Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek was held hostage, that led to the nationalist & communist forces uniting to fight the invading Japanese? Xi’an

Consisting mainly of undeveloped swampland and forest, the Darien Gap is virtually the only break in the 48,000 km-long Pan-American  Highway. At the border of which two countries is the Darien Gap located?
Panama and Colombia

In its upper reaches, the rivers known as the Mouhon, Nazinon and Nakambe are sometimes referred to the Black, Red and White branches of this river respectively. The lower portion is formed at Yeji, where the Black and White comes together, passing through its namesake lake to Ada, on the Gulf of Guinea. What is this river of Ghana, which formed part of the former name of Burkina Faso?  Volta River

After the breakup of Yugloslavia in 2006, its capital Belgrade is now the capital of which soverreign state?   Serbia

Established as a British protectorate in 1892, the Gilbert and Ellice Islands in the Central Pacific were divided into two colonies in 1976. Shortly after that, they gained independence – the Gilbert Islands became the Republic of Kiribati, while the Ellice Islands became known as what?
Tuvalu

Slightly larger than the US state of California, which country’s three main mountain ranges include the Kopet Dag Range (along its border with Iran), the Koytendag Range (with Uzbekistan) and the Great Balkhan Range? The center of the country is dominated by the Turan Depression and the Karakum Desert, the latter covering over 80% of its territory.   Turkmenistan

Known to the ancient Romans as the Cimmerian Bosporus, the 35-km long Kerch Strait connects which two bodies of water? Separating its namesake peninsula from the Taman Peninsula in the east, it saw fierce fighting between the Red Army and the Germans during WWII.  Black Sea and Sea of Azov

The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon was the first European to explore it in 1606. Subsequently named in order of the then-Governor General of the Dutch East Indies, what is the name of the shallow, rectangular gulf which is an inlet of the Arafura Sea, and whose entrance lies between Arhhem Land and the Cape York Peninsula?  Gulf of Carpentaria

Which five states of the USA have borders (shorelines) on the Gulf of Mexico?  . Florida, Texas, Louisiana Alabama and Mississippi

Which Australian state has borders with every other mainland state and territory, except the Australian Capital Territory?  South Australia

Other than Nunavut, Ontario and Quebec, which of Canada’s provinces also has a shoreline on Hudson Bay?  Manitoba

Named after a pair of  18th-century Russian explorer cousins, which marginal sea in the Arctic Ocean lies between the Taimyr Peninsula and the New Siberian Islands, and receives run-off from rivers such as the Lena and the Khatanga?    Laptev Sea

The Ebola River, which gives its name to the horrible disease which swept East Africa last year from 2013 to 2016, is located in which country? Democratic Republic of the Congo

 which body of water does the Mississippi River empty?

What is the name given to the group of Greek islands located in the southern part of the Aegean Sea, so called because of their perceived arrangement around the sacred island of Delos? Other members of the group include Milos, Naxos and Santorini.   Cyclades
Gulf of Mexico

I nto

Described by poets as a ‘pearl set in emeralds’, which UNESCO World Heritage Site is located on top of the al-Sabika Hill, with the river Darro passing through a ravine to its north? Constructed originally in 889 and rebuilt by the rulers of the Nasrid Dynasty, later rulers added to it, e.g. the Palace of Charles V inserted into it in 1527.    The Alhambra

Part of the Eastern Alps, the mountain range known as the Julian Alps extends from northeastern Italy to which other European country? Part of the range, the 2864m Mt. Triglav is this country’s highest peak.   Slovenia

What two-word name is given to the body of water (the northern part of the East China Sea) between China and the Korean peninsula?
Yellow Sea

Which major European river rises in the Krkonose Mountains in northern Czech Republic and flows generally northwest to enter the North Sea? Prominent cities along its course include Magdeburg, Dresden and Hamburg. Elbe

The island of Zanzibar is part of which African country?  Tanzania

A major shipping lane of raw materials and finished goods, which narrow waterway in Michigan connects Lake Michigan with Lake Huron?   Straits of Mackinac

Which landlocked African country is bordered by Sudan, Nigeria, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Niger and Libya?   Chad

Which city is the capital of the self-declared Republic of Somaliland?   Hargeisa

Its name meaning ‘City of a Thousand Warriors’ in honor of the soldiers of Andrianjaka (one of its 17th-century kings), which capital city is skirted by the Ikopa River on to its south and west?   Antananarivo (Capital of Madagascar

Cagliari is the capital of which island – an autonomous Italian region and the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea?  Sardinia

The Southeast Asian island of Borneo is divided amongst three countries – Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia. Malaysia’s two largest states (by land area) is located on Borneo – name them .    Sarawak/ Sabah

Formed in 1952 and headquartered in Copenhagen, the Nordic Council, established to improve cooperation between Scandinavian countries, is comprised of Finland, Denmark, Iceland, Sweden, Norway, Faroe Islands and which Swedish-speaking archipelago at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in the Baltic Sea?    Aland Islands

Arising from the slopes of Mt. Vistra, the 388km Vardar is the longest river in which European country? Flowing generally southeast, it passes through the country’s capital before emptying into the Aegean Sea near Thessaloniki.    North Macedonia

The venue of the 2016 Republican National Convention that saw Donald Trump proclaimed its presidential nominee, Cleveland, Ohio is known derogatorily by the nickname ‘The Mistake On/By The Lake’. Which lake is it referring to?      Lake Erie

Its name likely derived from the Old Kyrgyz for ‘mother river’, which 5500 km-long river is the largest river system that flows into the Arctic Ocean? Rising in Mongolia, it follows a northerly course to its namesake gulf in the Kara Sea. The city of Krasnoyarsk stands on its banks.  Yenisei

From the Arabic for ‘west’, what name denotes the region of North Africa that borders the Mediterranean Sea? Once including Moorish Spain, it now comprises essentially the Atlas Mountains and the coastal plain of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya.        Maghreb

Which country is divided by two mountain chains (the Sierra Madre and the Cuchumatanes) into three regions : the mountainous highlands, the southern coastal region and the Peten region (north of the mountains)? The 4220m Volcan Tajumulco is the highest point not just in the country, but in Central America as well.    Guatemala

Answers

Djobouti
Darien Gap
Arete
Garonne River
Malmo
Campania
Juneau, Alaska
Lake Garda
Adelaide (South Australia)
Taklamakan Desert
The Jura Mountains (gives rise to the name ‘Jurassic’)
Uganda
The Golden Horn
Sichuan
Dushanbe (Tajikistan)
Mostar
Cameroon
Gulf of Carpentaria
Egypt/ The Valley of the Kings
The Grampians
Siem Reap
Karelia
Sapporo (Hokkaido)
Gaborone
Welland Canal
Gulf of Mannar
Surabaya
River Tarn
River Trent
Nijmegen
Denpasar, Bali
Limnic eruption
Pahang
Ozarks
Fergana Valley
Ashgabat (Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow)
Houston, Texas
Dominica
Carmargue
Winnipeg
Zhongnanhai
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Germany and Luxembourg
Shatt al-Arab
Ethiopia
Lake Turkana
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Tegucigalpa (Honduras)
Strait of Canso (separates Cape Breton Island from Nova Scotia)
Kaohsiung
Niamey/ Niger
Odessa
Gansu
Minsk
Tatras/ High Tatras
Lantau Island
Bangladesh
River Stour
North Korea
Atlanta (Georgia)
Tirana
Edinburgh
Seville
Madhya Pradesh
Belgrade (Serbia)
Tasman Sea
Delaware/ Maine/ New Hampshire/ Tennessee
Zambia
Andaman Sea
Argentina
Ghent
Jamaica
Nauru
Gauteng
Sundarbans
William IV (Adelaide / South Australia)
Bellingshausen Sea
Hampshire
Iran/ Kazakhstan/ Uzbekistan/ Afghanistan (the country is Turkmenistan)
Delos (Apollo)
The Rhone
Ethiopia/ Abyssinia
Marrakech
Fukuoka
Winnipeg (Manitoba)
Kopet Dag
Makassar Strait
Brno (Czech Republic) – Bren gun (from Brno and Enfield)
Chicago (on Lake Michigan)
Ellsworth Mountains
Khartoum
Myanmar (Burma)
Snake River
Lhasa, Tibet (The Potala Palace)
Montevideo
Hokkaido
San Francisco (the Golden Gate Bridge)
Senegal
Brooklyn (the five boroughs of New York City. 1 is Manhattan, 3 is Queens, 4 is the Bronx and 5 is Staten Island)
Kazakhstan
Canada
Luis Vaz de Torres (the Torres Strait)
Chile
Calabria
Florida
Bangkok (capital of Thailand)
South Australia
Manitoba
Chicago
Dalmatia
Laptev Sea
South Africa
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Germany
Red Sea
Cyclades
Berlin (the Brandenburg Gate)
Kyushu
Jungfrau (‘One’ is Eiger and ‘Two’ is ‘Monch’ – the form the three main summits of the Bernese Alps in Switzerland)
Cambodia
Rome
Adirondacks
The Philippines
Amur
Sofia (Bulgaria)
Aden
Pittsburgh
Uganda and Tanzania
Malaysia
River Scheldt
Auckland
Botswana
Volgograd (the river is the Volga, the longest river in Europe)
Queensland and Western Australia
Lake Thun and Lake Brienz
Copenhagen (The Little Mermaid)
Tanzania (Mt Kilimanjaro)
Aleutian Islands
Xi’an
Panama and Colombia
Amazon
Volta River
Transnistria/ Trans-Dniestr/ Transdniestria (the country is Moldova)
Serbia
Tuvalu
Turkmenistan
The Neva (the building is the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg)
Black Sea and Sea of Azov
Sri Lanka
Sargasso Sea
Sydney (the Sydney Opera House)
Gulf of Carpentaria
Alabama and Mississippi
Genghis Khan
Egypt
The Rocky Mountains
Seoul
Pacific Ocean
Madras
N’Djamena (capital of Chad)
California
Honduras
New Zealand
Potomac
Singapore
Baku, Azerbaijan
Tanzania
Bloemfontein
Harrisburg (capital of Pennsylvania)
Danube
Ville – Libreville (Gabon), Nashville (Tennessee), Brazzaville (Republic of the Congo)
Kazakhstan
Missouri (the Gateway Arch of St. Louis)
Kolkata/ Calcutta
Beijing
Alexander the Great (the city is Alexandria in Egypt)
Gulf of Mexico
The Alhambra
Wallonia (of Belgium)
Slovenia
Tatarstan
Croatia
Yellow Sea
Cape Town, South Africa (The Table Mountain in the background)
Elbe
Tanzania
Straits of Mackinac
Chad
Hargeisa
Antananarivo
Sardinia
Sarawak/ Sabah
Aland Islands
North Macedonia
Lake Erie
Yenisei
Alaska
Maghreb
Guatemala
Brisbane
Tianjin
Indian Ocean
Podgorica
Nicosia
Egypt
Tallahassee
Xingu River
Bangladesh
Iran
Wyoming
Copenhagen, Denmark
Abel Tasman
Sakhalin
Lithuania
Alberta
Djibouti
North Macedonia
The Pamirs
Munich
New South Wales
Bahrain
Moldova
South Dakota
Ligurian Sea
Thar Desert
Kazakhstan/ Azerbaijan/ Turkmenistan
Frobisher Bay
Khalifa
Thailand and Myanmar
Godavari River
Mexico
Brooklyn
Bab-el-Mandeb
Captain James Cook (the Cook Strait)
Novosibirsk
Chicago
Tennessee
Maputo
Florence
Kansas
Chandigarth
Rappahannock River
River Aare
Shenyang (Hun river previously known as Shen River, and a river’s north bank is considered the sunny (‘yang’) side)
Port Moresby (Captain John Moresby)
Leo von Caprivi (German Chancellor)/ The Caprivi Strip in Namibia
Illyria
Alice Springs
Yamoussoukro
Tripoli
Leverkusen (after Carl Leverkus)
Qinghai
North Korea (Kim Jong-Il)
Leyte Gulf
Svalbard
Polder
Christchurch
Astana (now Nur-Sultan)
Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan
Jan Carstenszoon/ Carstensz (Carstensz’s Pyramid)
Zimbabwe
Malta
Sindh
Conakry (Guinea)
Kanto
Jakarta, Indonesia
North Macedonia
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Tskhinvali
Mt. Cook
Plovdiv (Bulgaria)
Ayodhya
Mozambique
Estonia
Cincinnati
Harbin
Kerala
Cagliari
Oran (Algeria)
New York City (the TWA Flight Center at John F. Kennedy International Airport)
Laayoune/ El-Aaiun
Neckar
Manila
Ostankino Tower
Mashhad
Corregidor
Tiraspol
North Carolina
Luang Prabang
Nassau
Delaware (3rd Baron De La Warr)
Bristol Channel
Belarus
Haiphong
Algiers
Gakkel Ridge (after Yakov Gakkel)
Hubei
Yellow Sea
Bangalore/ Bengaluru
Glasgow
Gulf of Aqaba
Hangzhou
Myanmar
Sarajevo
Ecuador
Madison, Wisconsin
Spitsbergen
Taman Peninsula
Mauritania
Aarhus
Incheon
Denmark
Comoros
Aachen
Saqqara
Barents Sea
Graz
Limpopo River
St. Paul
Valencia
Osaka
Chalkidiki/ Halkidiki
Elburz/ Alborz/ Alburz
Ob
Sarawak
Slovakia
Armenia
Maseru
Albania
Bulgaria
Ogaden
Medan
Honduras
Karimata Strait
Mali
Odense
Wroclaw
Buryatia
Belfast
Huangpu River
Bangladesh
Musandam Peninsula
Buffalo, New York
Yellow River/ Huang He
Fiji
Nebraska
Xiamen
SHOP – Sacramento (California)/ Harrisburg (Pennsylvania)/ Olympia (Washington)/ Phoenix (Arizona)
Dunedin
Angola
Foggy Bottom
Hainan
Easter Island (Rapa Nui)
Dâmbovița River
Lithuania
Ulsan
Salween
Hidalgo (named after Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla)
Adriatic Sea
The Danube
Billabong
Arafura Sea
Atlanta, Georgia
Ebola River
Manila
Bamako
Phoenix, Arizona
Baghdad
Ljubljana
Yellowknife
Tegucigalpa
Dushanbe
Honiara
Nanjing
Senegal
Arnhem Land
Hadrian
Capri
Liaoning
Northwest Territories
Niger
Lake Tahoe
Kingston, Jamaica
Annamese/ Annamite
Yerevan
Liberia
West Bengal
River Lagan
Brooklyn Bridge
Rwanda
Klang Valley
Santiago, Chile
Nejd/ Najd
Manitoulin island
Western Australia
Turkmenistan
Gabon
Davao City
Astana (Kazakhstan)
Colombia
Namibia
Ashgabat
Taipei
Bismarck Sea
Tbilisi
Myanmar
Patna
Trieste
Bangkok, Thailand
Manuel L. Quezon (Quezon City and Quezon)
California (Yosemite National Park)
Laccadive Sea/ Lakshadweep Sea
Grozny
Sichuan
Veneto
Palankaraya
Djibouti
Amritsar (The Golden Temple)
Juan de Fuca plate
Fujairah
Kowloon
Iceland
Sendai
Subduction
Lebanon
Leipzig
Poland
Lake Poyang
North Korea
Kabinda/ Cabinda
Gneiss
Bolivia
Tombolo
Tsugaru Strait
Chicxulub crater
Erbil/Arbil/Irbil/ Arbela/ Arba-ilu
Jilin
Lake Onega/Onezhskoye/ Ozero Onezhskoe
Kunlun Mountains
Galicia (Santiago de Compostela Cathedral)
Timor Sea
Quito
Pedro Mascarenhas (The Mascarene Islands)
Vientiane
River Avon, Bristol (the Clifton Suspension Bridge)
Salton Sea
Lubeck
Catatumbo
Bo(hai) Sea/ Gulf
Albania
Bangkok
Iqaluit
Tehran
Smolensk
Accra, Ghana
Ulaanbaatar
Orontes
Tallinn
Toubkal
Rajasthan
Dundee
Taedong River
Calypso
Axum/ Aksum
Muharraq Island
Angara River
Leinster
Gujarat
Lake Pontchartrain
Unguja
Malawi
Lake Maracaibo
Ishikari River
Denver (Colorado)
Monongahela River
Leipzig
Johor
Bagan/ Pagan
Derwent
Cleveland, Ohio
Siliguri Corridor
Lima
Zambezi River
Tajikistan
Samoa
Ellesmere Island
Sava/ Save/ Szava
Sunda Strait
N’Djamena (Chad)
Potsdam (the Sanssouci Palace)
Straits of Tiran
Kochi/ Cochin/ Ernakulam
Taipei
Cape Comorin
Simferopol
Nassau (Bahamas)
Kigali
Mt. Damavand
Chelyabinsk
Sulawesi
Jotunheimen
Lucayan Archipelago
Hue
Kalimantan
Bananal Island
Gitega
Mt. Didgori
Sydney
Kosovo
Baffin Island
Guyana
Phnom Penh
Wuhan
Modena
Lake Gatun
Tugela River
Shinano River
Mountains of Kong
Tokelau
Luoyang
Port Elizabeth
Riau Islands
Cotonou
Antwerp
Mary Madgdalene (Magdalena River)
Melville Island
Dalian
Streymoy
Bayterek Tower
Strait of Canso
Hohhot
Thailand
Styria
Malta
Yokohama
Jalisco
Rhodope Mountains
Changbai Mountains
Busan
Orange River
Nunatak
Cauvery/ Kaveri River
The Wash
Chesapeake Bay
Susquehanna River
Allegheny Plateau
Guadalquivir River
Rosario
Odense
Isfahan
Strait of Otranto
Guayaquil
Sakhalin Island
Sivash/ Syvash
Detroit (Michigan)
Urumqi
St. Lawrence River
Taymyr Peninsula
Adjara
Varna
Sado Island
Murrumbidgee River
William Dampier
Walvis Bay
Gulf of Shelikhov
Saaremaa
Lodz
Suriname
Rotterdam
Colombo
Nîmes
Awaji Island
Macquarie Island
Gomel
Mantua
Recife
Aouzou Strip
Aceh
Bonin Island
Barranquilla
Bandar Abbas
Mbabane (Eswatini)
Malabo (Equatorial Guinea)
Chiba
Legnano
Adige
Gobi
Kobe
Malecon

<< New text box >>Geography

I

The oldest US national park and home to the Old Faithful geyser, Yellowstone National Park is located predominantly in which state of the USA?        Wyoming

The marginal sea of the South Pacific Ocean lying between Australia and New Zealand is named after which 17th-century Dutch explorer?    Abel Tasman

Slightly smaller in area than Hispaniola, which island is known in Japanese as Karafuto and Chinese as Kuye? Its European name is likely a misinterpretation of the Manchu for ‘craggy rock at the mouth of the Amur River’. Sakhalin

Which Canadian province is bounded by British Columbia to the west, Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, and the US state of Montana to the south?  Alberta

Located at the western end of the Gulf of Tadjoura and touching the Dikhil region, Lake Assal is a saline lake which lies 509 feet below sea level, making it the lowest point on land in Africa. In which country in the Horn of Africa is it located?  Djibouti

Of the successor states that resulted from the breakup of Yugoslavia in the 1990s, which is the most southerly?   North Macedonia

Known as the ‘Roof of the World’ since Victorian times, which Central Asian mountain range is situated at the junction of the Himalayas with Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun and Hindu Kush ranges? It lies mostly within the Gorno-Badakhshan province of Tajikistan.  The Pamirs

Which major European city, third largest in its country, lies on the banks of the River Isar?   Munich

The Australian Capital Territory, which includes the federal capital of Canberra, is completely surrounded by which state?  New South Wales

Which small Arabic monarchy is linked to its larger neighbour Saudi Arabia by the King Fahd Causeway?   Bahrain

Unrecognized by any United Nations members, the self-proclaimed republic of Transnistria lies on the border between Ukraine and which other country    Moldova

Featuring the images of four US Presidents carved into rock, in which US state is the Mount Rushmore National Memorial located?
South Dakota

Named after an ancient Indo-European people, which arm of the Mediterranean Sea indenting the northwestern Italian coast and lying between the Italian Rivera and the island of Corsica?    Ligurian Sea

Also known as the Great Indian Desert, which large arid region in the northwestern Indian subcontinent forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan? 85% of it is in India, of with nine-tenths is in the state of Rajasthan.          Thar Desert

Other than Russia and Iran, the Caspian Sea is bordered by three countries that were former Soviet republics. name them. Kazakhstan/ Azerbaijan/ Turkmenistan

     Named after the English navigator who was the first to visit it during his search for the Northwest Passage in 1576, what is the name of the large inlet of the Labrador Sea in the southeastern corner of Baffin Island? Iqaluit (the capital of Nunavut) lies near its innermost end.
 Frobisher Bay

I
A narrow neck that connects the Malay peninsula to the Asian mainland, the Isthmus of Kra is shared by which two countries,
Thailand and Myanmar

The second longest in India after the Ganges, which 1465km river starts in the Western Ghats in the state of Maharashtra and flows east across the Deccan Plateau to empty into the Bay of Bengal? The Pushkaram festival/ fair is celebrated on its banks every 12 years.      Godavari River

Named after an Italian explorer of North America, the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge connects Staten Island to which other borough of New York City?        Brooklyn

Standing on the Ob River on the West Siberian Plains and north of the Priobskoye Plateau, which city of around 1.4 million people (from a 2010 census) is the third most populous in Russia, after Moscow and St. Petersburg?   Novosibirsk

Named after an ace naval pilot, O’Hare International Airport is located in which US city?   Chicago

A subrange of the Appalachians, the Great Smoky Mountain rises along the border between North Carolina and which other state?  Tennessee

The 16th-century Portuguese explorer Lourenco Marques gave his name to an African capital city now known by what name? It had been expected to be renamed Can Phumo, after a Shangaan chief, upon independence but was given its current name instead. Maputo

In which Italian city would you find the Ponte Vecchio (‘Old Bridge’), which spans the Arno River?   Florence

Named after a Native American tribe which translates as ‘People of the South Wind’, which US state is surrounded by Nebraska, Missouri, Oklahoma and Colorado on it sides?   Kansas

Located near the foothills of the Sivalik range of the Himalayas, which city in northern India serves as the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana? One of the early planned cities in post-independence India, its masterplan was prepared by the Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier.
Chandigarth

Rising from the Blue Ridge Mountains and flowing southeastward across northern Virginia to Chesapeake Bay, which river was the centre of a major theatre of battle in the American Civil War, and effectively functioned as the boundary between the North and South?    Rappahannock River

Arising in the glaciers of the Bernese Alps, which river flows through Thun, Bern and Aarau before becoming a tributary of the High Rhine? It is the longest river that both rises and ends entirely within Switzerland, and drains an area accounting for close to half the area of the country.
River Aare

Established in 1873, which national capital city was first visited by a British naval officer in-charge of the steam cruiser HMS Basilisk after sailing through the Coral Sea? He named its harbour Fairfax, which was the first name of his father.    Port Moresby (Captain John Moresby)
Named after the youngest son of Cadmus and Harmonia in Greek myth, what name is given to part of the western Balkans and the south-eastern coasts of the Italian peninsula (Messapia)? It is also the setting for Shakespeare’s ‘Twelfth Night’.    Illyria

Straddling the usually dry Todd River on the northern side of the MacDonnell Ranges and northwest of the Simpson Desert, which town was known to its native inhabitants as Mparntwe? It derives its present name from the wife of the telegraph pioneer Sir Charles Todd.
Alice Springs

Named after a female village leader who ran the city of N’Gokro in the early 20th century, which African capital city lies adjacent to the 800km Bandama River, which flows southward through Lake Kossou and empties into the Tagba Lagoon and Gulf of Guinea?    Yamoussoukro

The ruins of the Roman city Leptis Magna, noted for monuments such as the Arch of Septimus Severus, are located 130 km east of which African capital city?   Tripoli

Situated on the eastern bank of the Rhine between Cologne and Dusseldorf, which city was named after a chemist who built a dye factory there for the manufacture of ultramarine blue? The factory was taken over by the Bayer company in 1891   .Leverkusen (after Carl Leverkus)

Located on its border with China, the 2744m Mt. Paektu is an active volcano that is the supposed birthplace of a former leader of WHICH COUNTRY? Records however show that he was born in the Soviet Union in February 1941    .North Korea (Kim Jong-Il)

Which body of water in the Eastern Visayan region of the Philippines, bounded by Samar in the north and Mindanao in the south, was the scene of arguably the largest naval battle in history (fought between 23-26th October 1944)?    Leyte Gulf

Frequently associated with the Netherlands but also seen elsewhere, WHICH SIX-LETTER WORD denotes a low-lying tract of land enclosed by dikes that has no connection with outside water other than through manually operated devices? It is usually land that has been reclaimed from a body of water (e.g. the sea) or from marshland.    Polder

The Avon River, also known as the Otakaro, flows through the centre of WHICH MAJOR CITY in the southern hemisphere, before emptying into Pegasus Bay? The city itself is also known as Otautahi, or ‘Place of the Tautahi’.    Christchurch

Located within the Akmola Region in the north of its country, which capital city on the banks of the Ishim River was renamed Tselinograd in 1961? A planned city similar to Brasilia and Canberra, its modern design was created by the Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa.
Astana (now Nur-Sultan)

Once one of the four largest lakes in the world but now reduced to less than 10% of its original size, the Aral Sea lies between which TWO Central Asian countries?    Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan

Located in the Sudirman Range in Papua Province of Indonesia, the 4884m-tall Puncak Jaya is the country’s highest mountain as well as the highest point between the Himalayas and the Andes. It has another name, after which 17th-century Dutch explorer who first sighted the glaciers on its peak in 1623, but was ridiculed in Europe for claiming to see snow so close to the Equator?
Jan Carstenszoon/ Carstensz (Carstensz’s Pyramid)

Located north of the Matobo Hills, Bulawayo is the second largest city of which African nation?   Zimbabwe

Meaning ‘running water’ probably due to its location within a valley that is prone to flooding, Birkirkara is the most populous town in which European country?    Malta

The second most populous after Punjab, which southern province of Pakistan is bounded by the Thar Desert to the east and the Arabian Sea in the south? Its capital city is Karachi.

With a population estimated at around 2 million, WHICH PORT on the Atlantic Ocean is its country’s capital and largest city? Originally situated on Tombos Island (one of the Iles de Los – ‘Islands of the Idols’) and since spread up the neighbouring Kaloum Peninsula, it saw a September 2009 protest against the junta government of Moussa Camara that led to over 100 protestors killed.   Conakry (Guinea)

Opened in 1975, in which national capital on the banks of the Ci Liwung river will you find the Monumen Nasional? Located in the center of Merdeka Square, it commemorates the country’s struggle for independence from the Dutch.    Jakarta, Indonesia

Probably deriving its name from the Thracian for ‘black water’, the River Vardar is the longest in which Balkan country? Arising north of Gostivar, it flows generally southeastwards before crossing into Greece and emptying into the Aegean Sea west of Thessaloniki.    North Macedonia

Located near its border with Zambia, Lubumbashi is the second largest city in which African country (after its capital city)? Formerly named Elizabethville (after Queen Elisabeth of Bavaria), it is currently its country’s mining capital.    Democratic Republic of the Congo

First climbed in 1894 by Tom Fyfe, the mountain Aoraki (‘Cloud Piercer’ in its native language) is better known by what name?    Mt. Cook

Historically developed on seven syenite hills and situated on the banks of the Maritsa River, which city was called Pulpudeva in Thracian times and renamed Philippopolis in 341 BC after its conquest by Philip II of Macedonia? It is currently the second most populous in its country, after the capital city.  Plovdiv (Bulgaria)

One of Africa’s longest rivers, the Zambezi rises in a marsh in northwest Zambia and flows approximately 2500 km before entering the ocean in which country?   Mozambique

The largest transboundary lake in Europe, Lake Peipus lies on the border between Russia and which other country?  The site of the 1242 Battle on the Ice between Teutonic Knights and Novgorodians under Alexander Nevsky, it is drained by the Narva River.   Estonia

Located at the confluence of the Licking and Ohio rivers, which city (the third most populous in its state) takes its name ultimately from an ancient Roman statesman regarded as a figure of virtue who was said to have voluntarily relinquished his dictatorial powers and returned to plowing his land? The city is also host to the second biggest summer tennis event in the United States, after the US Open.    Cincinnati

Its name possibly deriving from ‘coconut tree’ from Malayalam, which southern India state on the Malabar Coast has its capital at Thiruvananthapuram?    Kerala

Located in the south of the island on the plains of Campidano, which city is the capital of the island of Sardinia?    Cagliari

Its name deriving from the Berber for ‘two lions’, referencing the legend that lions lived in the area until around 900 AD, which major city on the Mediterranean coast (the second largest in its country) is the setting for novels such as Paul Bowles’ ‘The Sheltering Sky’ and Albert Camus’ ‘The Plague’?    Oran (Algeria)

Its name translating from the Maghrebi Arabic for ‘water spring’, which is the largest city in the disputed territory of Western Sahara? It served as the capital of Spanish Sahara from 1940 to 1976.         Laayoune/ El-Aaiun

Rising in the Black Forest and flowing mainly through Baden-Wurttemberg, which German river is a major right tributary of the Rhine? It flows through cities such as Stuttgart and Heidelberg before discharging into the Rhine at Mannheim.  Neckar

Which Southeast Asian capital city has a name that derives from a flowering mangrove tree that grew on the shores of its eponymous bay and the delta of the Pasig river (which flows through the city, dividing it into northern and southern parts)?       Manila

Designed by Nikolai Nikitin to mark the 50th anniversary of the October Revolution, which 540m-tall radio and television tower is named after the district of Moscow in which it is located? Currently the tallest free-standing structure in Europe, it was the tallest in the world before being overtaken by Toronto’s CN Tower in 1975.    Ostankino Tower

One of the first cities to be hit by the recent protests against high prices, which capital of the Razavi Khorasan province (located in the valley of the Kashafrud River near the border with Turkmenistan) is the second most populous city of Iran after Tehran?   Mashhad

Known as the ‘Gibraltar of the East’ and located at the entrance to Manila Bay, which island bastion gives its name to a battle fought in May 1942 that saw Japanese forces under Lieutenant-General Masaharu Homma emerging victorious, marking the fall of the Philippines and Asia?  CorregidorGakkel Ridge (after Yakov Gakkel)

Located on the eastern bank of the Dniester River and officially the second-largest in Moldova, which city founded by the Russian generalissimo Alexander Suvorov in 1792 is effectively considered the capital of the unrecognized region of Transnistria?    Tiraspol

Located on a peninsula at the confluence of the Mekong and Nam Khan rivers, which city in north central Laos, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, has a name that literally means ‘royal Buddha image’ – a reference to its many Buddhist temples and monasteries?    Luang Prabang

Formerly known as Charles Town (after England’s King Charles II), the capital of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas was given its current name in 1695, after which town in the Lahn River valley in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate?    Nassau

In terms of land area, Rhode Island is the smallest of the United States of America. Which state, that takes its name from the title of Thomas West (an English nobleman who was the first colonial governor of Virginia) is the second smallest?       Delaware (3rd Baron De La Warr)

Known until Tudor times as the Severn Sea, which major inlet of Great Britain separating South Wales from Devon and Somerset in Southwest England takes its name from the city which lies at the confluence of the rivers Frome and Avon?       Bristol Channel

After its capital, the next largest cities (by population) of which European country are Gomel, Mogilev, Vitebsk and Grodno?    Belarus

Having a name that translates as ‘Coastal Defense’, which city on the mouth of the Cam River is Vietnam’s third most populous (behind Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi), and was subjected to heavy aerial bombardment during the Vietnam was as it was North Vietnam’s only major port?    Haiphong

Designed by a group led by the artist Bachir Yelles and fashioned in the shape of three standing palm leaves that shelter the Eternal Flame beneath, in which capital city would you find the monument named the Maqam Echahid (Martyrs’ Memorial)? It opened in 1982, on the 20th anniversary of the country’s independence.       Algiers

Also known as the West Sea, which body of water is the northern extension of the East China Sea that separates mainland China from the Korean Peninsula? Cities located on its shores include Qingdao and Incheon.     Yellow Sea

Lying on the Mysore Plateau, which city of over 10 million population is the capital of the state of Karnataka, and is also known as the ‘Silicon Valley/ IT Capital of India’?    Bangalore/ Bengaluru

Its name supposedly derived from the old Cumbric for ‘green valley/ basin’, which major European city was reputed to have been founded in the 6th century AD by the Christian missionary St. Mungo, when he established a church on the Molendinar Burn on the River Clyde?     Glasgow

Known as the Gulf of Eilat to the Israelis, which body of water at the northern tip of the Red Sea is situated east of the Sinai Peninsula and west of the Arabian mainland, and takes its name from a Jordanian city on its shore (in fact Jordan’s only coastal city)?         Gulf of Aqaba

First constructed during the Sui dynasty, the Grand Canal is a 1776km waterway that connects Beijing with which capital of Zhejiang province in eastern China? Built around the eastern and northern side of the West Lake, it is famed for its natural beauty and historic relics, as well as being the headquarters of the global e-commerce and tech conglomerate Alibaba Group.    Hangzhou

At a height of 5881m and found within the Khakaborazi National Park, Hkakabo Razi is widely considered Southeast Asia’s tallest mountain, and is located in which country?    Myanmar

Having a name that means ‘the plains around the palace’, which world capital city arose out of the Neolithic Butmir culture and later that of the Illyrians? It is situated along the Miljacka River and surrounded by the peaks of the Dinaric Alps.      Sarajevo

Located northeast of the city of Latacunga and one of the worlds highest active volcanoes, in which Latin American country would you find Cotopaxi?         Ecuador

Which US state capital traces its origins to 1829 when former federal judge James Duane Doty purchased over a thousand acres of swamp and forest land on an isthmus between Lakes Mendota and Monona? Known as The City of Four Lakes (referencing the four successive lakes of the Yahara River : Mendota, Monona, Waubesa and Kegonsa), it is one of several state capitals named after a former US president.
Madison, Wisconsin

The setting of the 1977 war film ‘Cross of Iron’ directed by Sam Peckinpah about Soviet operations against German positions on the Kuban bridgehead, which peninsula in present-day Krasnodar Krai of Russia is located between the Sea of Azov (to the north) and the Black Sea (to the south)? The Kerch Strait (that connects the two seas) is situated to its west.     Taman Peninsula

The 11th largest African country by area, which nation is bordered to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, the southwest by Senegal, the east by Mali, northeast by Algeria and north & northwest by Western Sahara?       Mauritania

Located on its namesake bay and facing the Kattegat to its east, WHICH CITY on the Jutland peninsula is the second most populous in its country (after the capital city)?    Aarhus

Its name translating as the ‘Kindly River’, which city in South Korea (
was the site where US troops landed in September 1950 to launch a northward offensive during the Korean War?

Dating back to the 10th century and named after the town in which they were discovered, in which Scandinavian country will you find the Jelling Stones, raised by King Gorm the Old and his son Harald Bluetooth?
Denmark

Currently one of the world’s most active volcanoes, Mount Karthala is located on the island of Ngazidja – which together with Mwali (Moheli) and Nzwani (Anjouan) forms which sovereign archipelago island nation? It lays claim to the nearby island of Mayotte, currently an overseas departement of France.     Comoros

Located close to the border tripoint between Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands, which spa city in North Rhine-Westphalian became the imperial residence of Charlemagne, and served as the site where successive Holy Roman Emperors (from 936 to 1531) were crowned?   Aachen

Its name possibly derived either from an Egyptian funerary god or a local Berber tribe, which vast burial ground located in the Giza Governorate served as the necropolis of the Ancient Egyptian capital Memphis, and includes the famous Step Pyramid of Djoser?         Saqqara

Named after a 16th-century Dutch seeker of the northeast passage to Asia, which marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean is located off the northern coasts of Norway and Russia, separated from the Kara Sea by the Novaya Zemlya archipelago?    Barents Sea

Its name likely stemming from the Slavic for ‘small castle’, which capital of the state of Styria houses the Eggenberg Palace – the most significant Baroque complex in the country?  Situated on the Mur River, it is also its country’s second most populous city, after its capital.     Graz

Meaning ‘strong and gushing waterfall’ in the Northern Sotho language, which river rises in South Africa and flows in a great arc, generally eastwards to the Indian Ocean in Mozambique? It gives its name to the northernmost province of South Africa.    Limpopo River

Lying near the confluence of the Missouri with the Mississippi river, which capital and second most populous city in Minnesota is known (with Minneapolis) as the ‘Twin Cities’?    St.Paul

The third most populous in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, which city on the Turia river has a name that means ‘strength’ or ‘valor’ in Latin?    Valencia

Constructed in 645 by Emperor Kotoku, the Naniwa Nagara-Toyosaki Palace is located in which present-day Japanese city located at the mouth of the Yodo River?  Meaning ‘large hill/ slope’, it is the third most populous Japanese city after Tokyo and Yokohama.     Osaka

The location of Mt Athos (a holy mountain in Eastern Orthodox monasticism) and the birthplace of the philosopher Aristotle, which trident-shaped peninsula in the northwestern Aegean Sea takes its name from a group of people native to the region since ancient times?
Chalkidiki/ Halkidiki

Deriving its name from that of a legendary mountain in the Avesta, which northern Iranian mountain range forms a barrier between the South Caspian and the Iranian plateau, extending from its border with Azerbaijan to the Khorasan region? It contains Mt. Damavand – Iran’s highest peak.
Elburz/ Alborz/ Alburz

Forming at the confluence of the Biya and Katun rivers, which major river is the westernmost of the three great Siberian rivers that flow into the Arctic Ocean? Together with its major tributary the Irtysh, it forms the seventh-longest river system in the world.     Ob

Part of the Central Carpathians, the Tatras Mountains form a natural border between Poland and which other European country? Its highest peak is Gerlach, at 2655m.   Slovakia

At the breakup of the USSR into fifteen independent states, Russia was the largest by land area, followed by Kazakhstan. Which country was the smallest (also by land area)?    Armenia

Located on the Caledon River and in the foothills of the Maloti Mountains, which African capital city has a name that translates as  ‘red sandstones’? It was founded by the British as a small police camp in 1869 following the conclusion of the Free State-Basotho Wars.  Maseru

Founded in 627 BC in ancient Illyria and named Epidamnos, the port city of Durres (located on the Adriatic Sea) is the second most populous city of which European country?        Albania

Believed to contain more than 1500 funeral mounds including those of Thracian rulers, the Kazanlak Valley (located to the east of the lower Sredna Gora mountain range) is situated in which country?     Bulgaria

What name is given to the territory comprising the southeastern portion of the Somali Regional State in eastern Ethiopia, over which it fought a war with neighboring Somalia in the late 1970s? It’s name likely derived from the Somali words meaning ‘the ones who know’.                  Ogaden

The location of the ancient Aru Kingdom and later that of the Sultanate of Deli, which capital city of Indonesia’s North Sumatra province was founded  in 1590 by Guru Patimpus at the confluence of the Deli and Babura rivers? Overlooking the Straits of Malacca, it is Indonesia’s fourth most-populous city (the top three all being located on Java).    Medan

Which country is this : it has a 700km coastline that extends from the mouth of Rio Motagua in the west to Rio Coco in the east, with a large undeveloped lowland area known as La Mosquitia in the northeast and the heavily populated Sula valley in the northwest. Its southern coastline lies on the Gulf of Fonseca.        Honduras

Used by the British fleet in the 1811 invasion of Java in the Dutch East Indies, what is the name of the strait of water that connects the South China Sea to the Java Sea, and which separates the islands of Sumatra and Borneo?     Karimata Strait

Thought to contain large amounts of natural gas and mineral resources, the 100 mile-long Agacher Strip was at the center of a long-running border dispute between Burkina Faso and which of its neighbours? It erupted into armed conflict on two occasions, in 1974 and 1985.       Mali

With a population of 175,245 (as of Jan 2016), which city on the island of Funen is the third largest city (by population) in Denmark? Hans Christian Andersen was born there in 1805.     Odense

Located on the banks of the River Oder in the Silesian Lowlands, which city (the fourth most populous in its modern-day country) reverted back to its current name after World War II? It had been better known by the name Breslau prior to this, especially after the Prussian king Frederick the Great took control of the city in the mid-18th century.    Wroclaw

Buffalo, New York

The deepest in the world, Lake Baikal in Siberia is located between the Irkutsk Oblast and which of Russia’s republics? Covering over 60% of the lake’s shoreline, its capital city is Ulan-Ude.       Buryatia

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First excavated and created by Lord Chunsen during the Warring States period, which 113km-long river is the last significant tributary of the Yangtze before it empties into the East China Sea? Its name translating as ‘yellow banks’, it is the largest river flowing through Shanghai, with the historical waterfront area know as The Bund lying on its western bank.
Huangpu River

Possessing the world’s longest natural sea beach (120 km) and named after an officer of the British East India Company, Cox’s Bazar is a port city located in which Asian country?   Bangladesh

Shared by Oman and the United Arab Emirates, which peninsula that juts into the Strait of Hormuz forms the northeastern point of the Arabian Peninsula? It also separates the Gulf of Oman on the east from the Persian Gulf in the west.
Musandam Peninsula

Giving its name to Upper Paleolithic and Bronze & Iron Age cultures that occupied the area, the Ordos Plateau is the land enclosed by the Ordos Loop – a large rectangular northward bend of WHICH MAJOR WORLD RIVER? It lies to the north of the Loess Plateau and Wei River Valley, both important cradles of civilization.           Yellow River/ Huang He

Viti Levu and Vanua Levu are the two major islands that account for over 87% of the population of which South Pacific Ocean island nation? The capital Suva is located on Viti Levu.          Fiji

Admitted as the 37th state in 1867 and deriving its name from the indigenous language for ‘flat water’ (referring to the Platte River that flows through it), which is the only triply-landlocked state of the USA?    Nebraska

Known as Otepoti in Maori, which principal city of the Otago region is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand (after Christchurch)?   Dunedin

What two-word name is commonly used to refer to the part of the Northwest quadrant of Washington DC, much of which is occupied by the main campus of the George Washington University? The name is thought to derive from its low-lying, marshy riverside location that predisposes it to a certain weather phenomenon, and is now a metonym of the US State Department which has its headquarters there.   Foggy Bottom

Often used as a simple way to define the subregion of Oceania known as Polynesia, the Polynesian Triangle is an area of the Pacific Ocean with three island groups at its corners. They are Hawaii , New Zealand and which other island ?             Easter Island (Rapa Nui)

Deriving its name from the Slavic for ‘oak’ (as it once flowed through the oaken forests of the Wallachian Plain), which river rises in the Fagaras Mountains and flows for about 286 km before joining the Arges River? The Romanian capital Bucharest stands on its banks.     Dâmbovița River

Supposedly formed by the Baltic goddess Neringa while she was playing on the seashore, the Curonian Spit is a 98-km long thin curving sand-dune spit which stretches from the Sambia Peninsula in the south to the city of Klaipeda in the north, thereby separating its namesake lagoon from the Baltic Sea. Since 2000 it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site shared between Russia and which other country?    Lithuania

Part of the Yeongnam region, which city on the coast of the Sea of Japan has a name that translates as ‘Brilliant Mountain’? With over 1 million inhabitants, it is South Korea’s eighth most-populous city and its industrial powerhouse, housing the world’s largest automobile assembly plant (operated by Hyundai Motor), the world’s largest shipyard and third largest oil refinery.        Ulsan

Rising from the Qinghai Mountains on the Tibetan Plateau and known to the Chinese as the Nu (‘Fury’), which major Asian river of length 2,815 km drains a narrow watershed across China, Thailand and Burma before emptying into the Andaman Sea? In 2003, key parts of its course were included the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas, together with the Yangtze and Mekong rivers.    Salween

With Pachuca de Soto as its capital, which state in the east of Mexico takes its name from a Roman Catholic priest  who gave his ‘Cry of Dolores’ speech in September 1810, an event widely seen as a call-to-arms that triggered the Mexican War of Independence?
Hidalgo (named after Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla)

The northernmost arm of the Mediterranean Sea, which body of water separates Italy from the Balkan Peninsula?        Adriatic Sea

Also known as the Gate of Trajan, the gorge known as the Iron Gates is located on which major European river, just beyond the city of Orsova?    The Danube

Referenced in a popular song and likely derived from a Wiradjuri term, which is an Australian term for an oxbow lake – a U-shaped lake that forms when a meander from the main stem of a river is cut off?   Billabong

Its name likely derived from the indigenous Moluccan for ‘people of the mountains’, which shallow sea of the western Pacific occupies the area between the north coast of Australia (Gulf of Carpentaria) and the south coast of New Guinea? It is connected with the Coral Sea to the east by the Torres Strait.    Arafura Sea

Rising in the Blue Ridge Mountains, the 690km Chattahoochee River generally flows south before it joins the Apalachicola River as the latter empties into the Gulf of Mexico. Which US capital city is built upon the crest of a large ridge south of the river, thus enabling much of the river’s natural scenic beauty to be preserved even as it runs through the city?   Atlanta, Georgia

Forming the headstream of the Mongala River (itself a tributary of the Congo River), which 250 km-long river has a name that is a French corruption of the Ngbandi term for ‘white water’? It came to prominence in 1976, courtesy of the Belgian Peter Piot.     Ebola River

The presidential residence known as the Malacanang Palace is found in which Southeast Asian capital city?        Manila

One of the fastest growing cities in West Africa, which capital on the Niger River takes its name from the Bambara language meaning ‘the tail of the crocodile’? Bamako

Settled in 1867 as a community at the confluence of the Salt and Gila rivers, which city is the largest US state capital (by population), and also the only one with a population of more than 1 million residents?    Phoenix, Arizona

A popular tourist destination and the site of multiple World Rowing Championships, Lake Bled in the Upper Camiolan region is located approximately 55 km from which European capital city?  Ljubljana

Founded in 1578 on the slopes of Mount Picacho as a gold- and silver-mining centre, which capital city has a name that translates as  ‘Hill of Silver’, and is separated from its sister city Comayagua by the Choluteca River?     Tegucigalpa

Situated at the confluence of the Varzob and Kofarnihon rivers, which city was known from 1929 to 1961 as Stalinabad, and houses the monument to Amir Ismail Samani, emir of Transoxiana and Khorasan?        Dushanbe

Roiled by fighting between the Malaita Eagle Force and Isatabu Freedom Movement in the early 2000s, which city also saw the Americans triumph over the Japanese in the 1942 Battle of Henderson Field?    Honiara

Constructed in the 15th century and destroyed during the Taiping Rebellion in the 19th century, the Porcelain Tower is a historical site on the Qihuai River in which Chinese city? It was recently reconstructed after a billion-yuan donation from the businessman Wang Jianlin, the wealthiest man in China. Nanjing

Located on top of one of the twin hills Collines des Mamelles, the 49 meter-tall bronze statue known as the African Resistance Monument is located in which country? Overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, it was designed by the local architect Pierre Goudiaby and built by a company from North Korea. Senegal

Forming part of the boundaries of the Gulf of Carpentaria, which region of Australia’s Northern Territory was given its name by William van Colster (a captain in the Dutch East India Company), and named after his ship on which he sailed to the area in 1623?        Arnhem Land

Built between 123-139 AD, the Castel Sant’Angelo in Rome (once a papal residence and now a museum), is also known as the Mausoleum of ________, after which Roman emperor who had commissioned it for himself and his family?        Hadrian

A popular tourist attraction, on which island in the Tyrrhenian Sea would you find the Blue Grotto, a sea cavern illuminated with a blue hue by sunlight shining through the seawater?    Capri

In which of Canada’s thirteen provinces and territories would you find the Great Bear Lake (the largest lake entirely within Canada) and the Great Slave Lake (the deepest body of water in North America)?
Northwest Territories

At 667,799 square kilometres, the Agadez Region makes up 52% of which African country? The largest national subdivision in Africa, it includes the vast Tenere region of the Sahara Desert, dune seas like the Erg of Blima and the triangular mountains of Aïr.    Niger

Its name likely deriving from the Washo language meaning ‘Lake of the Sky’, which large freshwater lake that straddles the border between California and Nevada trails only the five Great Lakes as the largest by volume in the United States?    Lake Tahoe

Founded in July 1692 as a place for the survivors of an earthquake that destroyed Port Royal, which capital city is surrounded by its namesake harbor, the Long Mountain, Red Hill and Blue Mountains? It is located on the Liguanea Plain alongside the Hope River and protected by a long sand-spit known as the Palisadoes.    Kingston, Jamaica

Its highest peak being the 2819m Phou Bia, which mountain range of eastern Indochina extends approximately 1100km through Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam? Running parallel to the Vietnamese coast, it derives its name from the Chinese meaning ‘to pacify the south’.        Annamese/ Annamite

Founded in 782 BC by king Argishti I of Urartu, the ancient fortress of Erebuni (also known as Arin Berd or ‘Fortress of Blood’) is located in which present-day capital city? The city is located on the edge of the Hrazdan River and northeast of the Ararat Plain.     Yerevan

Deriving its name from the important cash crop the melegueta pepper, the coastal area of West Africa lying between Cape Mesurado and Cape Palmas (on either side of the Cestos River) was given the name ‘Pepper Coast’ by European traders, and traditionally encompass which current-day country?     Liberia

Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, Kolkata is the capital of which Indian state?    West Bengal

Which major river in Northern Ireland rises from the Slieve Croob mountain and enters the Irish sea after a 53-mile course? Forming much of the border between County Antrim and County Down in the east of Ulster, the capital Belfast lies at its mouth.    River Lagan

Completed in 1883 after fourteen years of building work, which engineering feat was designed and built by the German migrant John Augustus Roebling? It was during its construction that the decompression sickness ‘Caisson disease’ was first given this name.    Brooklyn Bridge

Which African country is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo?    Rwanda

Located entirely within its country’s central valley, which capital city is surrounded by tall mountain ranges (the tallest being Mt. Tupungato at 6570m), and is divided in two by the Mapocho River?     Santiago, Chile

Sparsely populated and comprising the regions of Riyadh, Ha’il and al-Qassim, what names is given to the geographical central region of Saudi Arabia? Meaning ‘upland’ in Arabic, it is the birthplace of the Islamic doctrine and movement of Wahhabism, which emerged from it in the 18th century.     Nejd/ Najd

Its name deriving from the Odawa language meaning ‘cave of the spirit’, which island in Lake Huron within the borders of the Canadian province of Ontario is the largest freshwater island in the world? It is slightly larger than Luxembourg in terms of area.        Manitoulin island

At over 3 million square kilometers in area, the Russian federal republic of Yakutia/ Sakha Republic is by far the world’s largest subnational governing body by area. Which is the second largest at 2.6 million square km? It is bigger than Russia’s Krasnoyarsk Krai (2.3 million square km) and Greenland (2.1 million square km).    Western Australia

Divided into three distinct regions: the coastal plains, the mountains (the Cristal Mountains to the northeast of the capital and the Chaillu Massif in the centre), and the savanna in the east, which African country derives its name from the Portuguese for “cloak” which is roughly the shape of the estuary of the Komo River?       Gabon

The third most populous in the country after Manila and Quezon City and the most populous in Mindanao, which city is home to Mt. Apo (Philippines’s highest mountain) and was where Rodrigo Duterte served for seven terms as mayor before his election as Philippine’s president?    Davao City

On the banks of the Ishim River, which world capital city had its name changed in March 2019 to Nur-Sultan, after its former president who had ruled for the previous 29 years?   Astana (Kazakhstan)

Created by the artist Rodrigo Arenas Betancourt and engineer Guillermo Gonzalez Zuleta, the monument known as the Vargas Swamp Lancers commemorates the heroic actions of fourteen lancers from Simon Bolivar’s army against Spanish forces – and is the largest monument in which South American country?      Colombia

Originating in the Naukluft Mountains to the Hardap Dam near Mariental and the site of its eponymous canyon (the largest canyon in Africa), the Fish River is the longest interior river in which country?    Namibia

Built on the ruins of the Silk Road city of Konjikala, which world capital city was named Poltoratsk between 1919 and 1927? Situated between the Karakum Desert and the Kopet Dag mountain range, its chronic water shortage is alleviated by the Karakum Canal that carries in water from the Amu Darya river.         Ashgabat

Located in an ancient lakebed bounded by the valleys of the Keelung and Xindian rivers that join to form the Tamsui river, which Asian capital city is served by two airports named Taoyuan and Songshan?    Taipei

Named in honour of a 19th-century European statesman, which sea of the southwestern Pacific Ocean lies within Papua New Guinea, to the south of its namesake archipelago and the Admiralty Islands?          Bismarck Sea

Its name literally meaning ‘warm location’ due to the presence of numerous sulphuric hot springs, which world capital city was founded in the 5th century AD by the Chosroid king Vakhtang I of Iberia? Lying on the banks of the Kura River, it is overlooked by the ancient Narikala Fortress   Tbilisi

Meaning ‘huge mountain’ in the native language and located just north of the Inle Lake, the city of Taunggyi (population around 380,000 as of 2014) is one of the most populous in which Asian country? It is famous for its hot air/ fire balloon festival held annually on the full-moon day of Tazaungmon.     Myanmar

Located on the southern banks of the Ganges, which capital city of the Indian state of Bihar is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world, serving as the capital of various empires such as the Mauryan, Shunga and Gupta? It is also the second-largest city (by population) in East India after Kolkata.     Patna

Named after a free territory in Central Europe where part of it was constructed, which Swiss-designed, Italian-built deep-diving research bathyscaphe reached Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench in January 1960?    Trieste

Amritsar (The Golden Temple)

With around 2.7 million inhabitants, the most populous city of the Philippines forms part of the Metro Manila, and was indeed the Filipino capital from 1948-1976. It shares its name with a province in the CALABARZON region of Luzon island – both of them are named after which individual, the second President of the Philippines, who died in the US in 1944 after establishing a government in-exile there due to the threat of Japanese invasion during WWII?     Manuel L. Quezon (Quezon City and Quezon)

One of the world’s favorite challenges for rock climbers and BASE jumpers, the granite monolith known as El Capitan, is located in which US state?   California (Yosemite National Park)

Located within the Indian Ocean, which sea located to the west of Kerala is bordered by India, Sri Lanka and the Maldives?
Laccadive Sea/ Lakshadweep Sea

Founded in 1818 as a military outpost on the Sunzha River, which city of around 280,000 population is the capital city of the Russian republic of Chechnya?    Grozny

The setting of Shakespearean plays such as ‘Romeo and Juliet’ and ‘The Taming of the Shrew’, the city of Verona is located in which region of Italy?    Veneto

At around 155m below sea level, Lake Assal is the lowest point on land on mainland Africa. Located at the western end of the Gulf of Tadjoura at the top of the Great Rift Valley, in which small country can Lake Assal be found?     Djibouti

One of the world’s smallest tectonic plates and once part of the larger Farallon plate, which plate is currently subducting under the northerly portion of the western side of the North American Plate at the Cascadia subduction zone? It is named after a Greek-born maritime pilot who, under service to King Philip II of Spain, supposedly explored parts of western North America.        Juan de Fuca plate

Joining the United Arab Emirates in 1971, which emirate is the only one of the seven that was a coastline solely on the Gulf of Oman and none on the Persian Gulf? It is linked by the Sheikh Khalifa Highway to Dubai.  Fujairah

Bordered by the Lei Yue Mun Strait to the east, Stonecutter’s Island to the west and Victoria Harbour to the south, the name which urban area of Hong Kong means ‘Nine Dragons’ in Mandarin? Its famous Walled City was demolished in 1994.    Kowloon
Sendai

Around 300 miles long, the Denmark Strait lies between Greenland and which country?    Iceland

In geology, what term denotes the process that takes place at convergent tectonic plate boundaries, where one plate moves under another and is forced or sinks due to gravity into the mantle?   Subduction

One of the top 14 finalists in the New 7 Wonders of Nature competition, the Jeita Grotto is a system of interconnected limestone caves found in which Middle Eastern country? Situated in the Nahr al-Kalb valley, it houses the world’s largest known stalactite, amongst other attractions.    Lebanon

The birthplace of the scientist Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, composer Richard Wagner and communist leader Walter Ulbricht, which city at the confluence of the White Elster, Pleisse and Parthe rivers is the most populous city in the German federal state of Saxony?   Leipzig

Giving its name to two World War One battles, the Masurian Lakeland is a now a popular tourist attraction for boating enthusiasts, anglers, hikers and nature-lovers. Containing more than 2000 lakes in an area of roughly 52,000 km2, in which European country is the Masurian Lakeland located?
Poland

Around three times the size of London, which lake in Jiangxi province was the site of a naval battle in 1363 that saw Zhu Yuanzhang emerging victorious and paved his way to become the founding emperor of the Ming Dynasty? The largest freshwater lake in China, its size tends to fluctuate with the seasons but it almost dried up completely in 2016, leading to fears that it will go the way of the Aral Sea.    Lake Poyang

An industrial city on the left branch of the Songchon River and a port on the Kyongsong Bay – Hamhung and Chisong (respectively) are the second and third most populous cities in which Asian country?
North Korea

Which northern exclave of Angola is separated from the rest of the country by a narrow strip of territory belonging to the Democratic Republic of the Congo? Some of the largest offshore oil fields sit adjacent to its coastline, and it has seen a continuation of armed secessionist struggle since the 1960s.
Kabinda/ Cabinda

Characteristically consisting of alternating dark and light-coloured bands, which metamorphic rock has subtypes known as Augen, Henderson, Lewisian and Archean? Its name is derived from the Middle High German word for ‘spark’.Gneiss

Part of the ancient giant prehistoric Lake Minchin, Salar de Uyuni is the world’s largest salt flat at 10,582 square kilometers. Containing up to 70% of the world’s known lithium reserves, it is located in the Daniel Campos province of which South American country?    Bolivia

Derived from Latin meaning ‘mound’, which seven-letter term denotes a depositional landform formed when an island becomes attached to the mainland by a narrow strip of land (spit or bar)?    Tombolo

Opened in March 1988, the 54-km long Seikan Tunnel is currently the world’s longest tunnel with an undersea segment. It travels under which strait of water, between the Japanese islands of Honshu and Hokkaido? Tsugaru Strait

What name, after that of a nearby town, is given to the huge impact crater buried beneath the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico? Caused by the impact of a massive asteroid or comet around 66 million years ago, it marked the end of the Mesozoic Era and the extinction of all non-avian dinosaurs. Chicxulub crater

Lying on a fertile plain between the Greater Zab and Lesser Zab rivers, which ancient city is dominated by its majestic Citadelthat dates back possibly to the 5th millennium BC? Near to the site of the Battle of Gaugamela where Alexander the Great defeated the Persian king Darius III, it is currently the de facto capital city of the Kurdistan region in Iraq.     Erbil/Arbil/Irbil/ Arbela/ Arba-ilu

Situated in the northwest part of the European portion of Russia, which body of water is the second largest lake in Europe? Containing more than 1600 islands, it is fed by over 50 rivers, but drains only into the Svir River.       Lake Onega/Onezhskoye/ Ozero Onezhskoe

One of the longest in Asia, which mountain range stretches eastward from the Pamirs in Tajikistan, along the border between Xinjiang and Tibet, to the Sino-Tibetan ranges in Qinghai? Running along the southern edge of the Tarim Basin and the Taklamakan & Gobi deserts, it takes its name from a mythical Taoist paradise mountain that houses the Jade Palace of the Yellow Emperor   .Kunlun Mountains

With a population of around 150,000, Darwin (the capital city of Australia’s Northern Territory) is located on the shores of which body of water?     Timor Sea

Which South American capital city, situated in the basin of the Guayllabamba River, wraps around the eastern slopes of the active Pichincha stratovolcano?        Quito

Consisting of Reunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues, the three Indian Ocean islands that are situated in a line along a submarine ridge east of Madagascar is named after which 16th-century Portuguese explorer who first visited them in April 1512?
Pedro Mascarenhas (The Mascarene Islands)

Which Asian capital city on the banks of the Mekong River has a name from the Pali language that translates as ‘City of Sandalwood’?     Vientiane

A remnant of the prehistoric Lake Cahuilla, which shallow saline endorheic lakelocated directly on the San Andreas Fault in California has a salinity that is almost double that of the Pacific Ocean?   Salton Sea

The birthplace of the writer Thomas Mann and politician Willy Brandt, which city and seaport in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany was one of the main commercial centers and chief city of the Hanseatic League in the Middle Ages?       Lubeck

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Geography & Places

Derived from the French for ‘edge’, which word refers to a thin, knife-like ridge of rock that is formed when two glaciers erode parallel U-shaped valleys? Arete

Which major French river is this? Arising in the Pyrenees, it flows past Toulouse and Bordeaux on its way to the Atlantic Ocean. Garonne River

The longest combined road & rail bridge in Europe, the Oresund Bridge connects Copenhagen to which Swedish city located in Scania (near the southwestern tip of Sweden)?

Which city has been the capital of its state since 1906, when it was moved from Sitka? Named after a 19th-century miner and gold prospector, it nestles at the base of its namesake mountain, across the Gastineau Channel from Douglas Island. It is unusual in that there are no roads connecting the city to the rest of the state. Juneau, Alaska

Which body of water is this? Lying between Verona, Brescia and Trentino, it is the largest lake in Italy. The Battle of Solferino (1859), which led to the establishment of the Red Cross, was fought on its southern shore.

Lake Garda

Which city is this? Founded in 1836, it was designed by Colonel William Light, who chose its location in an area inhabited by the native Kaurna people, close to the River Torrens. Situated north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, it lies on its namesake plains, between the Gulf St. Vincent and the Mount Lofty mountain ranges. Adelaide (South Australia)

Its name deriving from Turki for `the place of ruins’, which desert in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in northwest China is bounded by the Gobi to the east, the Kunlun Mountains to the south and the Pamir mountains to the west? Key oasis towns within it include Kashgar, Kohtan and Dunhuang. Taklamakan Desert

Which subalpine mountain range north of the Western Alps follows the course of the France-Switzerland border, and separates the basins of the Rhine and Rhone rivers? It is notable in another field rather than geography/hydrology, for a particular reason.

The Jura Mountains (gives rise to the name ‘Jurassic’)

Which country is this? Its capital city derives its name from a term given to it by the arriving British, due to the antelopes that populated its grassy wetlands. Adopted 3 weeks before its independence in 1962, its coat of arms features a lentil-shaped African shield & two spears, flanked by a crested crane and a kob (a species of antelope). Uganda

he largest city in its state (by population) but not the state capital, which US city was founded in 1836 near the banks of Buffalo Bayou (now known as Allen’s Landing)? It is named after the American soldier and politician best known for commanding and winning the Battle of San Jacinto in a fight that lasted only 18 minutes.    Houston

Known as ‘the nature island of the Caribbean’, which country (part of the Winward Islands of the Lesser Antilles), is home to the Boiling Lake – the world’s second-largest thermally active lake, as well as the Sisserou parrot – its national bird that features on its state flag?   Dominica

With an area of 930 km2, which natural region south of Arles in France lies between the Mediterranean Sea and the two arms of the Rhone River delta? The largest river delta in Western Europe, it also gives its name to a breed of horse and cattle.  Camargue

Its name deriving from the Western Cree words for ‘muddy water’, which city at the confluence of the Red River of the Northand Assiniboine River is also situated very close to the longitudinal center of North America, and has the nickname `Gateway to the West’?   Winnipeg

Which African nation has land borders with nine other countries?   Democratic Reublc of the Congo

Belgium has land borders with France, the Netherlands and which two other countries?   Germany and Luxembourg

Also known as Arvand Rud (Swift River’ in Persian), which waterway of around 200 km in length is formed by the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers? Its southern end constitutes part of the border between Iran and Iraq.   Shatt al-Arab

The etymology of which African country’s name is debatable – it can be ascribed to an ex-biblical great-grandson of Noah, or from a compound word derived from the Greek words for ‘burnt’ and ‘face’? Etheopia

Located in the Kenyan with its far northern end extending into Ethiopia, which lake is the largest alkaline lake in the world? Formerly known as Lake Rudolf, it also gives its name to a nearly-complete skeleton of a Pleistocene boy found near its shore in 1984. Lake Turkana

Named after a historical figure, which US city is located at the confluence of the Ohio, Allegheny and Monongahela rivers? It is also known as “the Steel City” for its more than 30o steel-related businesses.

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Literally meaning ‘high bravery’ in Chinese, which second-most populous city in Taiwan also houses it’s largest harbour and second-largest airport?

Taichung

The third most populous city in its country, which major seaport lies approximately 31km north of the Dniester estuary? Its name appears in a 1972 thriller novel about a young German reporter’s attempts to discov er the whereabouts of a former SS concentration-camp commander.  Odessa

Which capital city is located on the Svislach and Nyamiha rivers? The former world tennis No. 1, Victoria Azarenka, was born there in 1989.

Minsk

At 2655m, Gerlach is the highest peak in which mountain range? It is the highest mountain range in the Carpathians, and forms a natural border between Slovakia and Poland.    Tatras/ High Tatras

Literally translating as ‘Rotten Head’, what is the largest island in Hong Kong? Located at the mouth of the Pearl River, it is noted for tourist attractions such as the 26m-high Tian Tan Buddha and the Hong Kong    Disneyland theme park     Lantau Island

Rising in east Cambridgeshire, which river in East Anglia, England forms much of the county boundary between Suffolk and Essex? It is most associate with the painter John Constable, who was born in a village on its banks in 1776.     River Stour

The Tumen and Yalu rivers form most of the boundary between China and which of its neighbours?    North Korea

Which capital city is located on the western center of the country and is surrounded by hills with the Dajti Mountain on the east and a slight valley opening on the north-west overlooking the Adriatic Sea in the distance? It was proclaimed the temporary capital in February 1920 by the Congress of Lushnje.   Tirana

Construction beginning in 1384 upon the orders of King Pedro the Cruel, in which Spanish city is the Alcazar Palace located? It is considered one of the best surviving examples of mudejar design.  Seville

Nicknamed The Heart of India’ due to its central location, which Indian state’s capital city is Bhopal — the site of the deadly industrial disaster in 1984?    Madhya Pradesh
Situated at the confluence of the rivers Varzob and Kofarnihon, which Central Asian capital city’s name means ‘Monday’ in the local language, so named because it grew from a village that originally had a popular market on Mondays?      Dushanbe (Tajikistan)

The name of which town in southern Bosnia-Herzegovina means ‘Old Bridge’, because of a 16th-century Turkish bridge which spans the Neretva River, which was destroyed in 1993 during the Croat-Bosniak War but subsequently rebuilt and reopened in 2004?   Mostar

The Central African nation of Equatorial Guinea consists of a mainland & an insular region. The capital city Malabo is located on the insular island of Bioko, that is actually off the coast of which neighboring country?  Cameroon

The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon was the first European to explore it in 1606. Subsequently named in order of the then-Governor General of the Dutch East Indies, what is the name of the shallow, rectangular gulf which is an inlet of the Arafura Sea, and whose entrance lies between Arhhem Land and the Cape York Peninsula?      Gulf of Carpentaria

T

One of Scotland’s three main mountain ranges, it occupies a large portion of the Scottish Highlands. Extending southwest to northeast between the Great Glen Fault and the Highland Boundary Fault, it includes Ben Nevis (the highest peak in the British Isles). Name this mountain range.
The Grampians

Stretching from the White Sea to the Gulf of Finland and encompassing Lakes Ladoga and Onega, what is the name of the historical region of Northern Europe now divided between Russia and Finland? It gives its name to an 1893 musical work with movements entitled `The Founding of the Viipuri Castle’ and Pontus De La Gardie at the Gates of Kakisalmi’.   Karelia

Which city is this? It is the 4th-largest city (by population) in its country, and the capital of the island on which it is located. Its name in the indigenous language meaning ‘great, dry river’, it is located in the southwest of the Ishikari Plain (in the alluvial fan of the Toyohira River), and noted for a sporting event held in 1972.   Sapporo (Hokkaido)

Which capital city is this? Served by the Sir Seretse Khama International Airport (named after its first President), it is situated between the Kgale and Oodi Hills on the Notwane River in the southeastern corner of its country, only 15 km from the border with South Africa.  Gaborone

Completed in 1830 and named after the company that owned it originally, which canal connects Lake Ontario to Lake Erie? It forms a key section of the St. Lawrence Seaway, and was a major factor in the growth of the city of Toronto.    Welland Canal

What name is given to the large shallow bay lying between the southeastern tip of India and the western coast of Sri Lanka, in the Coromandel Coast region? Forming part of the Laccadive Sea, it is separated from the Palk Strait/ Bay by a string of low islands and reefs known as Adam’s Bridge.  Gulf of Mannar

Located on northeastern Java and along the edge of the Madura Strait, the name of which city is believed to derive from the local words for `shark’ and ‘crocodile’, which has since become its emblem? Giving its name to a 1945 battle between pro-independence soldiers and British troops, it is also its country’s second largest city by population.   Surabaya

Designed by the French structural engineer Michel Virlogeux and British architect Norman Foster, the Milau Viaduct is the tallest bridge in the world, with one mast’s summit at 343m. Across which river, a tributary of the Garonne, does it stand?   River Tarn

Lying on the River Waal, which city in the Dutch province of Gelderland is widely considered to be one of the three oldest cities in the Netherlands? Failure of the Allied forces to secure/ capture a vital road bridge in this city was a key factor in the ultimate failure of the World War II military operation known as Market Garden.   Nijmegen

A tragic example being that which occurred at Lake Nyos in Cameroon in 1986, leading to the deaths of 1700 people, what two-word term (also known as lake overturn) refers to a natural disaster in which dissolved carbon dioxide suddenly erupts fro deep lake water, resulting in the suffocation of wildlife, livestock and human beings?    Limnic eruption

The most extensive mountainous regions between the Rockies and the Appalachians, which geological highland region is located primarily in Arkansas and Missouri? Together with the Ouachita Mountains, it forms the area known as the U.S. Interior Highlands.   Ozarks
The longest river in New Zealand, the Waikato River empties into which body of water south of Auckland?  Tasman Sea

Name all the four US states whose name ends with the letter ‘E’ Delaware/ Maine/ New Hampshire/ Tennessee

Meaning ‘where the water meets the sky’, the Bangweulu wetlands is a vast werland area (the size of Connecticut) that is situated in the Upper Congo basin in the northern region of which African country?  Zambia

At 6961m and the highest mountain outside of Asia, in which South American country would you find Mt. Aconcagua?   Argentina

Which city at the confluence of the rivers Scheldt and Lys gives its name to a large polyptych piece of art attributed to the brothers Hubert and Jan van Eyck, as well as a treaty that ended the War of 1812?   Ghent

On which Caribbean island nation would you find the Ian Fleming International Airport? His Goldeneye estate is also located on its northern coastline.    Jamacia

Which island country in Micronesia, known for its rich phosphate deposits, was previously known as Pleasant Island? The Yaren district serves as its de facto capital.  Narau

Meaning ‘place of gold’ in the Sotho language, which South African province was formed from part of the old Transvaal Province and initially named Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Vereeniging? Its provincial capital is Johannesburg.     Gauteng

What name is given to the mangrove forest, the world’s largest in area, which covers part of the delta of the Ganges, Padma, Bramaputra and the Meghna rivers in Bangladesh? Its name translates as ‘beautiful forest’ in the Bengali language. Sundarbans

The capital city of South Australia  is named after the consort of which British monarch?

William IV (Adelaide)

Named after a Russian admiral of Baltic-German descent who explored the area in 1821, which sea along the west side of Antartica? It is separated from the Amundsen Sea by Cape Flying Fish on Thurston Island.    Bellingshausen Sea

Turkmenistan shares its borders with four other nations. Name them

Iran/ Kazakhstan/ Uzbekistan/ Afghanistan

On which Mediterranean island would you find the ‘Terrace of the Lions? Built around 600 BCE, it originally featured 9-12 snarling marbled lion guardians facing east, towards the Sacred Lake where a Greek deity was believed to have been born.   Delos (Apollo)

Founded by Emperor Fasilides, to whom a castle is dedicated, and located north of Tana Lake on the Lesser Angereb River and southwest of the Simien Mountains, the city of Gondar served as the capital of which empire  from 1635-1855?   Ethiopia/ Abyssinia

Located about 30km north of the Ourika River, which city was founded in 1062 by Abu Bakr ibn Umar, chieftain and cousin of the Almoravid king Yusuf ibn Tashfin? The red walls of the city, built by Ali ibn Yusuf in 1122-1123, have given the city the nickname of the “Red City” or “Ochre City”.   Marrakech

Located on the northern shore of Kyushu overlooking the Genkai Sea, which city is the most populous on Kyushu and one of the largest in Japan? Its central Hakata district contains the Tocho-ji Temple, home to a 10m wooden Buddha.   Fukuoka
Situated southeast of the Caspian Sea and extending 400 miles on the border between Iran and Turkmenistan, which mountain range derives its two-word name from the Persian for ‘the mountain that is piled/ heaped’?  Kopet Dag

Taking its name from the provincial capital of South Sulawesi, what name is given to the strait between the islands of Borneo and Sulawesi? It joins the Celebes Sea (in the north) to the Java Sea (the south).
 Makassar Strait

The second most populous city in its country, which city is located at the confluence of the Svitava and Svratka rivers, and also gives part of its name to a British  weapon ?
  Brno (Czech Republic) – Bren gun (from Brno and Enfield)

Discovered by and named after an American polar explorer on a trans-Antarctic flight in 1935, what is the name of the highest mountain range in Antarctica? Arranged in a north to south configuration on the western margin of the Ronne Ice Shelf, it is bisected by Minnesota Glacier to form the northern Sentinel Range and the southern Heritage Range.
 Ellsworth Mountains

At which African capital city does the two main tributaries of the Nile (the Blue Nile and the White Nile) join together as one?  Khartoum

The Ayeyarwady River (or Irrawaddy River) is the primary river of which Southeast Asian country?    Myanmar (Burma)

The Grand Canyon in Arizona is carved out by the Colorado River. Which river, which rises in western Wyoming, is responsible for carving out the Hells Canyon?   Snake River

Buenos Aires is situated on the western shore of the Rio de la Plata (River Plate). Which other South American capital city is situated on its northern shore, about 130 miles away?  Montevideo

Of the four main islands that make up Japan, which is the most northerly?    Hokkaido

The smallest country on mainland Africa, the Gambia is mostly surrounded by which other country, except for a 80km coastline on the Atlantic Ocean?   Senegal

Of the fifteen constituent republics of the Soviet Union, Russia was by far the largest in terms of land area. Which republic was second largest?
Kazakhstan

In which country would you find the Great Bear Lake and the Great Slave Lake?   Canada

Which Portuguese explorer gives his name to the strait which separates Australia from the island of New Guinea?
Luis Vaz de Torres (the Torres Strait)

What name is given to the region that makes up the “Toe” of Italy?    Calabria
Which Asian city dates back to the 15th century, when it began as a small village on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River, under the rule of the Ayutthaya Kingdom?    Bangkok (capital of Thailand)

The Kanmon Straits (or the Straits of Shimonoseki) is a stretch of water which separates Honshu from which other main island of Japan?Kyushu

The largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia, the Tonle Sap is noted primarily for its unusual feature of reversing the direction of its flow twice yearly, with dramatic changes in its water volume. In which country is it located? Cambodia

Which mountains in northeastern Upstate New York are unusual in that they resemble a dome rather than being linear mountain ranges? Its name means ‘they eat trees’ in Mohawk, and notable features include Mount Marcy (its highest point) and Lake Placid, the site two previous Winter Olympic Games?   Adirondacks

Luzon and Mindanao are the two largest islands of which Southeast Asian country?   The Philippines

Which river, which rises in the hills of western Manchuria at the confluence of its two major affluents (the Shilka and the Argun), forms the boundary between northeastern China and the Russian Far East, and is known to the Chinese as Heilongjiang (‘Black Dragon River’)?
  Amur Rver

Which EU capital is located at the foot of the Vitosha Mountain, and is crossed by a number of low rivers such as the Vladayska and Perlovska? The Iskar River, the longest river that runs solely in that country, runs through its outskirts. Sofia (Bulgaria)

In 1990, North and South Yemen were unified to form the present-day Republic of Yemen, with Sana’a as its capital. Which seaport, located at the eastern approach to the Red Sea, had served as South Yemen’s capital for the preceding two decades or so before unification?   Aden

The second most populous in its state, which US city stands at the confluence of the Monongahela and Allegheny Rivers where they form the Ohio River? Originally named Fort Duquesne, it was renamed after a then prominent British statesman after it was captured from the French during the Seven Years’ War.  Pittsburgh

Africa’s largest lake by area, Lake Victoria has a shoreline that is shared amongst three countries. Kenya is one – can you name the other two?   Uganda and Tanzania

Which Asian country consists of thirteen states, including Kedah, Terengganu and Negeri Sembilan?   Malaysia

Originating in Gouy in the Aisne department of northern France, which river flows north through Cambrai and Valenciennes before entering Belgium, where it turns east near Ghent towards the Netherlands and ultimately draining into the North Sea? The largest city on its banks is Antwerp.  River Scheldt

Once part of the ancient Holocene Lake Makgadikgadi, the Okavango Delta is a large inland delta formed where the Okavango River reaches a tectonic trough in the central part of the basin of the Kalahari. In which African country is it located?   Botswana

The Tropic of Capricorn cuts cross the Northern Territory of Australia and which of its two other states?  Queensland and Western Australia

Lying along the River Aare, the town of Interlaken in the Bernese Highlands in central Switzerland derives its name from its position in-between two lakes. Can you name either one of the lakes?
Lake Thun and Lake Brienz

Possibly deriving its name from the Chukchi word for ‘island’, which island chain marks a dividing line between the Bering Sea and the Pacific Ocean, and comprises five island groups including the Fox Islands, Islands of Four Mountains and Andreanof Islands?   Aleutian Islands

Which city in the north-central part of China is the home to the Terracotta Army of Emperor Qing Shihuang, the starting point of the Silk Route and also gives its name to a famous incident of 1936 when Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek was held hostage, that led to the nationalist & communist forces uniting to fight the invading Japanese? Xi’an

Consisting mainly of undeveloped swampland and forest, the Darien Gap is virtually the only break in the 48,000 km-long Pan-American  Highway. At the border of which two countries is the Darien Gap located?
Panama and Colombia

In its upper reaches, the rivers known as the Mouhon, Nazinon and Nakambe are sometimes referred to the Black, Red and White branches of this river respectively. The lower portion is formed at Yeji, where the Black and White comes together, passing through its namesake lake to Ada, on the Gulf of Guinea. What is this river of Ghana, which formed part of the former name of Burkina Faso?  Volta River

After the breakup of Yugloslavia in 2006, its capital Belgrade is now the capital of which soverreign state?   Serbia

Established as a British protectorate in 1892, the Gilbert and Ellice Islands in the Central Pacific were divided into two colonies in 1976. Shortly after that, they gained independence – the Gilbert Islands became the Republic of Kiribati, while the Ellice Islands became known as what?
Tuvalu

Slightly larger than the US state of California, which country’s three main mountain ranges include the Kopet Dag Range (along its border with Iran), the Koytendag Range (with Uzbekistan) and the Great Balkhan Range? The center of the country is dominated by the Turan Depression and the Karakum Desert, the latter covering over 80% of its territory.   Turkmenistan

Known to the ancient Romans as the Cimmerian Bosporus, the 35-km long Kerch Strait connects which two bodies of water? Separating its namesake peninsula from the Taman Peninsula in the east, it saw fierce fighting between the Red Army and the Germans during WWII.  Black Sea and Sea of Azov

The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon was the first European to explore it in 1606. Subsequently named in order of the then-Governor General of the Dutch East Indies, what is the name of the shallow, rectangular gulf which is an inlet of the Arafura Sea, and whose entrance lies between Arhhem Land and the Cape York Peninsula?  Gulf of Carpentaria

Which five states of the USA have borders (shorelines) on the Gulf of Mexico?  . Florida, Texas, Louisiana Alabama and Mississippi

Which Australian state has borders with every other mainland state and territory, except the Australian Capital Territory?  South Australia

Other than Nunavut, Ontario and Quebec, which of Canada’s provinces also has a shoreline on Hudson Bay?  Manitoba

Named after a pair of  18th-century Russian explorer cousins, which marginal sea in the Arctic Ocean lies between the Taimyr Peninsula and the New Siberian Islands, and receives run-off from rivers such as the Lena and the Khatanga?    Laptev Sea

The Ebola River, which gives its name to the horrible disease which swept East Africa last year from 2013 to 2016, is located in which country? Democratic Republic of the Congo

 which body of water does the Mississippi River empty?

What is the name given to the group of Greek islands located in the southern part of the Aegean Sea, so called because of their perceived arrangement around the sacred island of Delos? Other members of the group include Milos, Naxos and Santorini.   Cyclades
Gulf of Mexico

I nto

Described by poets as a ‘pearl set in emeralds’, which UNESCO World Heritage Site is located on top of the al-Sabika Hill, with the river Darro passing through a ravine to its north? Constructed originally in 889 and rebuilt by the rulers of the Nasrid Dynasty, later rulers added to it, e.g. the Palace of Charles V inserted into it in 1527.    The Alhambra

Part of the Eastern Alps, the mountain range known as the Julian Alps extends from northeastern Italy to which other European country? Part of the range, the 2864m Mt. Triglav is this country’s highest peak.   Slovenia

What two-word name is given to the body of water (the northern part of the East China Sea) between China and the Korean peninsula?
Yellow Sea

Which major European river rises in the Krkonose Mountains in northern Czech Republic and flows generally northwest to enter the North Sea? Prominent cities along its course include Magdeburg, Dresden and Hamburg. Elbe

The island of Zanzibar is part of which African country?  Tanzania

A major shipping lane of raw materials and finished goods, which narrow waterway in Michigan connects Lake Michigan with Lake Huron?   Straits of Mackinac

Which landlocked African country is bordered by Sudan, Nigeria, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Niger and Libya?   Chad

Which city is the capital of the self-declared Republic of Somaliland?   Hargeisa

Its name meaning ‘City of a Thousand Warriors’ in honor of the soldiers of Andrianjaka (one of its 17th-century kings), which capital city is skirted by the Ikopa River on to its south and west?   Antananarivo (Capital of Madagascar

Cagliari is the capital of which island – an autonomous Italian region and the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea?  Sardinia

The Southeast Asian island of Borneo is divided amongst three countries – Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia. Malaysia’s two largest states (by land area) is located on Borneo – name them .    Sarawak/ Sabah

Formed in 1952 and headquartered in Copenhagen, the Nordic Council, established to improve cooperation between Scandinavian countries, is comprised of Finland, Denmark, Iceland, Sweden, Norway, Faroe Islands and which Swedish-speaking archipelago at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in the Baltic Sea?    Aland Islands

Arising from the slopes of Mt. Vistra, the 388km Vardar is the longest river in which European country? Flowing generally southeast, it passes through the country’s capital before emptying into the Aegean Sea near Thessaloniki.    North Macedonia

The venue of the 2016 Republican National Convention that saw Donald Trump proclaimed its presidential nominee, Cleveland, Ohio is known derogatorily by the nickname ‘The Mistake On/By The Lake’. Which lake is it referring to?      Lake Erie

Its name likely derived from the Old Kyrgyz for ‘mother river’, which 5500 km-long river is the largest river system that flows into the Arctic Ocean? Rising in Mongolia, it follows a northerly course to its namesake gulf in the Kara Sea. The city of Krasnoyarsk stands on its banks.  Yenisei

From the Arabic for ‘west’, what name denotes the region of North Africa that borders the Mediterranean Sea? Once including Moorish Spain, it now comprises essentially the Atlas Mountains and the coastal plain of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya.        Maghreb

Which country is divided by two mountain chains (the Sierra Madre and the Cuchumatanes) into three regions : the mountainous highlands, the southern coastal region and the Peten region (north of the mountains)? The 4220m Volcan Tajumulco is the highest point not just in the country, but in Central America as well.    Guatemala

Answers

Djobouti
Darien Gap
Arete
Garonne River
Malmo
Campania
Juneau, Alaska
Lake Garda
Adelaide (South Australia)
Taklamakan Desert
The Jura Mountains (gives rise to the name ‘Jurassic’)
Uganda
The Golden Horn
Sichuan
Dushanbe (Tajikistan)
Mostar
Cameroon
Gulf of Carpentaria
Egypt/ The Valley of the Kings
The Grampians
Siem Reap
Karelia
Sapporo (Hokkaido)
Gaborone
Welland Canal
Gulf of Mannar
Surabaya
River Tarn
River Trent
Nijmegen
Denpasar, Bali
Limnic eruption
Pahang
Ozarks
Fergana Valley
Ashgabat (Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow)
Houston, Texas
Dominica
Carmargue
Winnipeg
Zhongnanhai
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Germany and Luxembourg
Shatt al-Arab
Ethiopia
Lake Turkana
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Tegucigalpa (Honduras)
Strait of Canso (separates Cape Breton Island from Nova Scotia)
Kaohsiung
Niamey/ Niger
Odessa
Gansu
Minsk
Tatras/ High Tatras
Lantau Island
Bangladesh
River Stour
North Korea
Atlanta (Georgia)
Tirana
Edinburgh
Seville
Madhya Pradesh
Belgrade (Serbia)
Tasman Sea
Delaware/ Maine/ New Hampshire/ Tennessee
Zambia
Andaman Sea
Argentina
Ghent
Jamaica
Nauru
Gauteng
Sundarbans
William IV (Adelaide / South Australia)
Bellingshausen Sea
Hampshire
Iran/ Kazakhstan/ Uzbekistan/ Afghanistan (the country is Turkmenistan)
Delos (Apollo)
The Rhone
Ethiopia/ Abyssinia
Marrakech
Fukuoka
Winnipeg (Manitoba)
Kopet Dag
Makassar Strait
Brno (Czech Republic) – Bren gun (from Brno and Enfield)
Chicago (on Lake Michigan)
Ellsworth Mountains
Khartoum
Myanmar (Burma)
Snake River
Lhasa, Tibet (The Potala Palace)
Montevideo
Hokkaido
San Francisco (the Golden Gate Bridge)
Senegal
Brooklyn (the five boroughs of New York City. 1 is Manhattan, 3 is Queens, 4 is the Bronx and 5 is Staten Island)
Kazakhstan
Canada
Luis Vaz de Torres (the Torres Strait)
Chile
Calabria
Florida
Bangkok (capital of Thailand)
South Australia
Manitoba
Chicago
Dalmatia
Laptev Sea
South Africa
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Germany
Red Sea
Cyclades
Berlin (the Brandenburg Gate)
Kyushu
Jungfrau (‘One’ is Eiger and ‘Two’ is ‘Monch’ – the form the three main summits of the Bernese Alps in Switzerland)
Cambodia
Rome
Adirondacks
The Philippines
Amur
Sofia (Bulgaria)
Aden
Pittsburgh
Uganda and Tanzania
Malaysia
River Scheldt
Auckland
Botswana
Volgograd (the river is the Volga, the longest river in Europe)
Queensland and Western Australia
Lake Thun and Lake Brienz
Copenhagen (The Little Mermaid)
Tanzania (Mt Kilimanjaro)
Aleutian Islands
Xi’an
Panama and Colombia
Amazon
Volta River
Transnistria/ Trans-Dniestr/ Transdniestria (the country is Moldova)
Serbia
Tuvalu
Turkmenistan
The Neva (the building is the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg)
Black Sea and Sea of Azov
Sri Lanka
Sargasso Sea
Sydney (the Sydney Opera House)
Gulf of Carpentaria
Alabama and Mississippi
Genghis Khan
Egypt
The Rocky Mountains
Seoul
Pacific Ocean
Madras
N’Djamena (capital of Chad)
California
Honduras
New Zealand
Potomac
Singapore
Baku, Azerbaijan
Tanzania
Bloemfontein
Harrisburg (capital of Pennsylvania)
Danube
Ville – Libreville (Gabon), Nashville (Tennessee), Brazzaville (Republic of the Congo)
Kazakhstan
Missouri (the Gateway Arch of St. Louis)
Kolkata/ Calcutta
Beijing
Alexander the Great (the city is Alexandria in Egypt)
Gulf of Mexico
The Alhambra
Wallonia (of Belgium)
Slovenia
Tatarstan
Croatia
Yellow Sea
Cape Town, South Africa (The Table Mountain in the background)
Elbe
Tanzania
Straits of Mackinac
Chad
Hargeisa
Antananarivo
Sardinia
Sarawak/ Sabah
Aland Islands
North Macedonia
Lake Erie
Yenisei
Alaska
Maghreb
Guatemala
Brisbane
Tianjin
Indian Ocean
Podgorica
Nicosia
Egypt
Tallahassee
Xingu River
Bangladesh
Iran
Wyoming
Copenhagen, Denmark
Abel Tasman
Sakhalin
Lithuania
Alberta
Djibouti
North Macedonia
The Pamirs
Munich
New South Wales
Bahrain
Moldova
South Dakota
Ligurian Sea
Thar Desert
Kazakhstan/ Azerbaijan/ Turkmenistan
Frobisher Bay
Khalifa
Thailand and Myanmar
Godavari River
Mexico
Brooklyn
Bab-el-Mandeb
Captain James Cook (the Cook Strait)
Novosibirsk
Chicago
Tennessee
Maputo
Florence
Kansas
Chandigarth
Rappahannock River
River Aare
Shenyang (Hun river previously known as Shen River, and a river’s north bank is considered the sunny (‘yang’) side)
Port Moresby (Captain John Moresby)
Leo von Caprivi (German Chancellor)/ The Caprivi Strip in Namibia
Illyria
Alice Springs
Yamoussoukro
Tripoli
Leverkusen (after Carl Leverkus)
Qinghai
North Korea (Kim Jong-Il)
Leyte Gulf
Svalbard
Polder
Christchurch
Astana (now Nur-Sultan)
Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan
Jan Carstenszoon/ Carstensz (Carstensz’s Pyramid)
Zimbabwe
Malta
Sindh
Conakry (Guinea)
Kanto
Jakarta, Indonesia
North Macedonia
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Tskhinvali
Mt. Cook
Plovdiv (Bulgaria)
Ayodhya
Mozambique
Estonia
Cincinnati
Harbin
Kerala
Cagliari
Oran (Algeria)
New York City (the TWA Flight Center at John F. Kennedy International Airport)
Laayoune/ El-Aaiun
Neckar
Manila
Ostankino Tower
Mashhad
Corregidor
Tiraspol
North Carolina
Luang Prabang
Nassau
Delaware (3rd Baron De La Warr)
Bristol Channel
Belarus
Haiphong
Algiers
Gakkel Ridge (after Yakov Gakkel)
Hubei
Yellow Sea
Bangalore/ Bengaluru
Glasgow
Gulf of Aqaba
Hangzhou
Myanmar
Sarajevo
Ecuador
Madison, Wisconsin
Spitsbergen
Taman Peninsula
Mauritania
Aarhus
Incheon
Denmark
Comoros
Aachen
Saqqara
Barents Sea
Graz
Limpopo River
St. Paul
Valencia
Osaka
Chalkidiki/ Halkidiki
Elburz/ Alborz/ Alburz
Ob
Sarawak
Slovakia
Armenia
Maseru
Albania
Bulgaria
Ogaden
Medan
Honduras
Karimata Strait
Mali
Odense
Wroclaw
Buryatia
Belfast
Huangpu River
Bangladesh
Musandam Peninsula
Buffalo, New York
Yellow River/ Huang He
Fiji
Nebraska
Xiamen
SHOP – Sacramento (California)/ Harrisburg (Pennsylvania)/ Olympia (Washington)/ Phoenix (Arizona)
Dunedin
Angola
Foggy Bottom
Hainan
Easter Island (Rapa Nui)
Dâmbovița River
Lithuania
Ulsan
Salween
Hidalgo (named after Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla)
Adriatic Sea
The Danube
Billabong
Arafura Sea
Atlanta, Georgia
Ebola River
Manila
Bamako
Phoenix, Arizona
Baghdad
Ljubljana
Yellowknife
Tegucigalpa
Dushanbe
Honiara
Nanjing
Senegal
Arnhem Land
Hadrian
Capri
Liaoning
Northwest Territories
Niger
Lake Tahoe
Kingston, Jamaica
Annamese/ Annamite
Yerevan
Liberia
West Bengal
River Lagan
Brooklyn Bridge
Rwanda
Klang Valley
Santiago, Chile
Nejd/ Najd
Manitoulin island
Western Australia
Turkmenistan
Gabon
Davao City
Astana (Kazakhstan)
Colombia
Namibia
Ashgabat
Taipei
Bismarck Sea
Tbilisi
Myanmar
Patna
Trieste
Bangkok, Thailand
Manuel L. Quezon (Quezon City and Quezon)
California (Yosemite National Park)
Laccadive Sea/ Lakshadweep Sea
Grozny
Sichuan
Veneto
Palankaraya
Djibouti
Amritsar (The Golden Temple)
Juan de Fuca plate
Fujairah
Kowloon
Iceland
Sendai
Subduction
Lebanon
Leipzig
Poland
Lake Poyang
North Korea
Kabinda/ Cabinda
Gneiss
Bolivia
Tombolo
Tsugaru Strait
Chicxulub crater
Erbil/Arbil/Irbil/ Arbela/ Arba-ilu
Jilin
Lake Onega/Onezhskoye/ Ozero Onezhskoe
Kunlun Mountains
Galicia (Santiago de Compostela Cathedral)
Timor Sea
Quito
Pedro Mascarenhas (The Mascarene Islands)
Vientiane
River Avon, Bristol (the Clifton Suspension Bridge)
Salton Sea
Lubeck
Catatumbo
Bo(hai) Sea/ Gulf
Albania
Bangkok
Iqaluit
Tehran
Smolensk
Accra, Ghana
Ulaanbaatar
Orontes
Tallinn
Toubkal
Rajasthan
Dundee
Taedong River
Calypso
Axum/ Aksum
Muharraq Island
Angara River
Leinster
Gujarat
Lake Pontchartrain
Unguja
Malawi
Lake Maracaibo
Ishikari River
Denver (Colorado)
Monongahela River
Leipzig
Johor
Bagan/ Pagan
Derwent
Cleveland, Ohio
Siliguri Corridor
Lima
Zambezi River
Tajikistan
Samoa
Ellesmere Island
Sava/ Save/ Szava
Sunda Strait
N’Djamena (Chad)
Potsdam (the Sanssouci Palace)
Straits of Tiran
Kochi/ Cochin/ Ernakulam
Taipei
Cape Comorin
Simferopol
Nassau (Bahamas)
Kigali
Mt. Damavand
Chelyabinsk
Sulawesi
Jotunheimen
Lucayan Archipelago
Hue
Kalimantan
Bananal Island
Gitega
Mt. Didgori
Sydney
Kosovo
Baffin Island
Guyana
Phnom Penh
Wuhan
Modena
Lake Gatun
Tugela River
Shinano River
Mountains of Kong
Tokelau
Luoyang
Port Elizabeth
Riau Islands
Cotonou
Antwerp
Mary Madgdalene (Magdalena River)
Melville Island
Dalian
Streymoy
Bayterek Tower
Strait of Canso
Hohhot
Thailand
Styria
Malta
Yokohama
Jalisco
Rhodope Mountains
Changbai Mountains
Busan
Orange River
Nunatak
Cauvery/ Kaveri River
The Wash
Chesapeake Bay
Susquehanna River
Allegheny Plateau
Guadalquivir River
Rosario
Odense
Isfahan
Strait of Otranto
Guayaquil
Sakhalin Island
Sivash/ Syvash
Detroit (Michigan)
Urumqi
St. Lawrence River
Taymyr Peninsula
Adjara
Varna
Sado Island
Murrumbidgee River
William Dampier
Walvis Bay
Gulf of Shelikhov
Saaremaa
Lodz
Suriname
Rotterdam
Colombo
Nîmes
Awaji Island
Macquarie Island
Gomel
Mantua
Recife
Aouzou Strip
Aceh
Bonin Island
Barranquilla
Bandar Abbas
Mbabane (Eswatini)
Malabo (Equatorial Guinea)
Chiba
Legnano
Adige
Gobi
Kobe
Malecon

Misc

. A ‘pride’ is the collective term for a group of what animals?

What animal links the following : the warrior Wu Song from the 14th-century Chinese classic ‘The Water Margin’, the 1968 short children’s story written and illustrated by Judith Kerr, and the theme song to the movie ‘Rocky III’ performed by the rock band Survivor?
The adjective ‘porcine’ generally refers to which animal?

Which first name (given name) links the following : a player named by the IFFHS as the second-best goalkeeper of the 20th century, the original first-name of the singer who produced solo albums named ‘…. Nothing Like The Sun’ and ‘Mercury Falling’, and the character in a 1987 movie whose catchphrase was ‘Greed is good’?

Add the following : the total number of main characters (i.e. the friends) in the US TV sitcom ‘Friends’; Michael Jordan’s jersey number retired by the Chicago Bulls in 1994; and the Dunbar number (a suggested theoretical limit to the number of people with whom one can maintain stable social relationships). What number results?

In the nursery rhyme ‘Baa Baa Black Sheep’, how many bags full of wool does the sheep have?

Two of Turkey’s neighboring countries have currencies that are anagrams of the Turkish currency. One of them is Iran, which is the other one?

Which name links the following : the brightest star in the constellation of Lyra, the claw-wielding character from ‘Street Fighter’ known as ‘Balrog’ in Japan, and the American singer known for hits such as ‘Tom’s Diner’ and ‘Luka’?

This show a model of an iconic long-range reconnaissance aircraft, given what popular avian nickname?

Which letter of the alphabet links the following : a 1966 novel by Vassilis Vassilikos on the assassination of the Greek politician Grigoris Lambraskis; a classification system for the works of the English composer Henry Purcell; and a neutral elementary particle which mediates the weak nuclear interaction?

Described in the Scottish explorer Mungo Park’s travel journal ‘Travels in the Interior of Africa’ (1795), which two-word phrase (now commonly used in a derogative manner) probably originated from the Mandingo name for a masked dancer who took part in religious ceremonies as well as mediated domestic disputes?

Literally meaning ‘wave man’, what name is given to a samurai with no lord or master, as in the title of a 2013 film starring Keanu Reeves?

. ‘La Marseillaise’ is the national anthem of which European country?

What number results when you add a score to a Baker’s dozen?

What common 5-letter word is shared by the following : a military figure commonly-associated with Sir Gawain in Arthurian legend; a Lynn Riggs play upon which the musical ‘Oklahoma!’ is based; and a masked vigilante who is the alter-ego of Britt Reid, a young newspaper publisher?

Which first name (given name) links the following : the Old Testament figure whose wife was Elisheba and whose sons included Nahab and Abihu; the American politician who was the 3rd Vice-President of the United States, and the composer noted for his ballet ‘Billy the Kid’ and ‘Fanfare for the Common Man’?

According to the nursery rhyme, which ‘merry old soul… called for his pipe, and he called for his bowl, and he called for his fiddlers three’?

Add the following : the title of a 2006 war film on the Battle of Thermopylae starring Gerard Butler; in volleyball, the number of points needed to win a set (by a two-point margin at least) except the final set; and the regnal number of the King of Sweden who in 1700 led a triple alliance against Peter I’s Russia in the Great Northern War. What number results?

If a beaver lives in a lodge, which animal lives in a holt?

Which short word links the following : a 1764 portrait by Joshua Reynolds featuring Thomas Lister; the American vocal group whose members include A.J. McLean, Brian Littrell & Kevin Richardson; and a 1998 novel by Nick Hornby subsequently made into a movie starring Hugh Grant?

In the story ‘The Ugly Duckling’, what beautiful creature did the Ugly Duckling finally grow to become?

The national currencies of Albania, Romania and Bulgaria all begin which letter of the alphabet?

According to the saying, ‘All roads lead to’ which European capital city?

What name is given to the letters of the alphabet that are not vowels?

Which word starting with the letter ‘P’ is a general term for domesticated birds kept by humans for their eggs, meat or feathers? Examples include chicken, ducks and geese.
In the nursery rhyme, what sort of creature is Incy Wincy (or Itsy Bitsy)?

The term ‘lupine’ refers to which carnivorous animal?

Coined by Mike Masnick of the Techdirt web blog, which celebrity gives her name to the effect whereby attempts to hide or censor information leads to the unintended consequence of publicizing it more widely? In this case, the celebrity’s 2003 attempt to suppress photographs of her residence in Malibu, Californuia inadvertently drew further public attention to it.

As in the specialized police units, what does the ‘W’ in ‘SWAT’ stand for?

What type of creatures would you expect to find in an apiary?

According to the popular saying, curiosity killed which animal?

Azure, Klein and ultramarine are shades of what colour?

Which five-letter name is shared by the following : the small African antelope also known as the Dorcas gazelle, a character in a 1610-11 Shakespearean play who was trapped by Sycorax the witch, and a 1962 poem which begins with ‘Stasis in darkness’ and ends with  ‘Eye, the cauldron of morning’?

In English language, what coloured sheep is an idiom for a disreputable member of a group or family?

Which first name is shared by the following : the winner of the 1999 Best Actress Oscar for her role in ‘Boys Don’t Cry’, the novelist whose final installment in her Thomas Cromwell trilogy is entitled ‘The Mirror and the Light’, and the then-UK Shadow Foreign Secretary who made a remarkable speech in support of air-strikes in Syria, in direct opposition to the stand taken by his leader Jeremy Corbyn?

In Roman numerals, what number is represented by the letter V?

Which symbol of the Zodiac is also known as the ‘Water-Bearer’?      

One of the official languages of South Africa, Afrikaans is primarily derived from which European language?    

U2’s fourth studio album (between ‘War’ and ‘The Joshua Tree’), a 1984 film starring Drew Barrymore as Charlie McGee and the second novel in the series featuring Mikael Blomkvist and Lisbeth Salander – all feature with common four-letter word in their titles?    

As in the chip found in your cell phone, for what does the ‘I’ in SIM card stand?

Also known as the Day of Atonement, which Jewish holiday is considered the holiest day of the year in Judaism?    

In the nursery rhyme, who ‘runs through the town, up stairs and down stairs in his nightgown’?

Which European country is known in its native language as Suomi?     

Which French designer born in 1964 is now best known for his trademark footwear with red-lacquered soles?    

Used by Raphael of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, what is the name of this weapon? Traditionally used in Okinawa, it consists of a pointed metal baton with two curved prongs (yoku) projecting from a handle (tsuka).     

What was the currency of Italy before it was replaced by the euro?   

In the common lyrics of the nursery rhyme ‘Hey Diddle Diddle’, the dish ran away with which utensil?   

Developed and named after two British diplomats in the mid-19th century, the Wade-Giles is a Romanization for which major world language? It was the system of transcription in the English-speaking world for most of the 20th century.

Popular belief suggesting that its name derives from a species of small Mekong River fish, the riel is the currency of which Southeast Asian nation?     

What eight-letter name connects the following? (A) A daring and charismatic Italian seaman engaged in clandestine silver smuggling in the fictional country of Costaguana, and (B) a modified Lockmart CM-88B Bison M-class starfreighter commanded by Captain Arthur Dallas?

Literally meaning ‘tray-planting’, which six-letter term refers to the Japanese art form of cultivating miniature trees (in containers) which mimic the shape and form of full-sized trees?            

Literally translating as ‘ear-flap hat’, what name is given to the Russian fur cap with ear flaps that can either be tied up or fastened at the chin to protect the ears?

The term ‘Ivy League’ traditionally refers to eight private universities in the Northeastern United States. Which of these eight universities is the only one located in the state of Connecticut?    

From the Swahili for ‘journey’, which word for an overland journey by tourists in Africa usually to observe wildlife is also the name of the default web browser on Apple devices?                  

Kanji, hiragana and katakana are the three main components that make up the writing system of the language of which Asian country?      

From the Cantonese term meaning ‘three planks’ that refers to the hull design, which word refers to a flat-bottomed Chinese wooden boat used generally as means of transport or fishing in coastal areas, and still common in Southeast Asian countries?                

Capable of operating speed of 320 km/hr, what name meaning ‘new trunk line’ is given to the network of high-speed bullet trains run by Japanese Railway Group companies?       

Derived from a Greenlandic word and sometime used interchangeably with ‘parka’, which word for a fur coat with a hood is also used as a slang term to refer a person with a strong (even obsessive) interest in niche subjects (e.g. quizzing)?        

Which four-letter name is given to a one or two-masted Arab sailing vessel commonly found in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean, usually with lateen rigging (slanting, triangular sails)?    

Which six-letter word is shared by :
A chess-like computer game published by Electronic Arts in 1983 (Fig)
A genus of Palearctic swallowtail butterflies in the genus Parnassiinae
A chief magistrate of Ancient Greek city-states
In Gnosticism, a kind of supernatual being that stood between humans and a transcendent God?        
As of March 2018, the United States is the nation that has won the Miss Universe title the most times (with 8 wins). Amongst European countries, which country has the most wins with 3? Its last win came in 1984.    

       The ‘!K’ in their name characteristic of the clicking consonant sounds used extensively in their language, the !Kung are a nomadic San tribe who live almost exclusively within which world desert?

Two countries that neighbour each other use the following currencies respectively: the birr (literally meaning ‘silver’) and the nakfa (named after a town in the Northern Red Sea region). Which two countries are they?    

Worn famously by the late Yasser Arafat, what K is a traditional Middle Eastern headdress fashioned from a square scarf, usually made of cotton. It is typically worn by Arabs, as well as by some Mizrahi Jews and Kurds, and is known by a variety of other names.    

Founded in 1885 by a former Governor of California and US senator in memory of his only child (who had died of typhoid at the age of 15), which research university and its graduates have contributed immensely to the development of Silicon Valley?    

From the Persian word meaning ‘court’, which language is a continuation of Middle Persian, the official language of the Sassanian Empire? It is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan, together with Pashto.    

One of the twenty-two scheduled languages of India, Malayalam is predominantly spoken in which southern Indian state on the Malabar Coast? Belonging to the Dravidian family, it was developed to the current form mainly by the influence of the poet Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan in the 16th century.     

Translating as ‘the language of the district’, which Sino-Tibetan language is the sole official and national language of the Kingdom of Bhutan?         

Created during the 15th-century Joseon Dynasty under King Sejong the Great, what is the name given to the modern Korean alphabet, which consists of 19 consonants and 21 vowels?    

Usually worn in Central Asia and often adorned with intricate threading, which coat that is worn over clothes has a name that means ‘sewn together’ from Turkish? The former Afghan president Hamid Karzai was often seen wearing one of these.          

Introduced in 1975 and derived from the Kuanua language of the Tolai region, referring to a callable pearl shell used widely for trading in both the Coastal and Highlands areas of the country, the kina is the currency of which nation? It circulated together with the Australian dollar until 1st January 1976 when the latter ceased to become legal tender.    

Created in the 1940s by Sung Jin Pai and brought to the United States in the 1970s. which abacus-like finger-counting method used to perform basic calculations is able to represent numbers from 0 to 99 using two hands?    

From an Algonquian word meaning ‘war leader’ or ‘important person’, which term was originally used in politics to refer to political activists who left the Republican Party and switched allegiance to the Democrat Grover Cleveland in the 1884 US Presidential Election? It has come to refer to someone who remains aloof from party politics, with a derogatory implication of self-righteous moral superiority.      

Often considered to be descended from the Jomon people, which indigenous people of Hokkaido, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands were culturally and physically distinct from their Japanese counterparts until the later parts of the 20th century?        

Designed by the luxury-good manufacturer Hermes, with which celebrity would you associate this particular type of leather handbag? She had apparently fallen in love with it after using it as an accessory when filming the Hitchcock movie ‘To Catch a Thief’.        

Developed by Mikao Usui in 1922, which form of spiritual healing and complementary therapy involving the transfer of ‘universal energy’ from the palms of the healer to the patient has a name which in Japanese is the combination of ‘soul’ and ‘vital energy’?

Its name literally meaning ‘bathing cloth’, which Japanese garment (a casual version of kimono), usually made of cotton or synthetic fabric, is usually won at outdoor summer events or in ryokan (inns), especially after bathing in hot springs (onsen)?        

Under a Currency Interchangeability Agreement in 1967, the currency of which ASEAN country is interchangeable with the Singapore dollar at par? It is accepted as ‘customary tender’ in Singapore, though not legal tender.

Falling on the 29th of July when the Løgting (the local parliament) opens its session, the summer festival known as the Ólavsøka is generally considered the national holiday of which archipelago in the North Atlantic Ocean?

Literally meaning ‘rain’ due to its scarcity, the pula is the national currency of which African country? The 50-pula banknote depicts Seretse Khama, its first president after gaining independence from the UK in 1966.
Historically divided into 100 att, what three-letter word is the name of the currency of Laos since 1952? The same word also refers to a US customary unit of force equivalent to 1000 pounds-force, as well as the first three letters of the surname of a Nobel laureate born in 1865 in present-day Mumbai.      

Named after a Native American people, which city in Illinois is widely seen as an example of archetypal middle American culture, perhaps due to its representative demographics? The phrase ‘Will it play in _________?’ is traditionally used to ask whether a given product, person, theme, or event will appeal to mainstream America.    

The 1868 novel that features Rachel Verinder as its heroine, the 1979 film that has Hugo Drax as its main villain, and the individual shown in this photograph – all share which four-letter word in their names/ titles?      

As in the type of matrix barcode that can be read by a smartphone and now common in consumer advertising, for what do the ‘QR’ in QR code stand?

Which three-letter word is shared by the following :
an arboreal mammal with the binomial name Ailurus fulgens
a fictional character played on screen by Carice van Houten
a band with UK No.1 albums such as ‘A New Flame’ and ‘Stars’

Likely derived from the Javanese for ‘to write in dots’, which method of dyeing in which patterned areas are covered in wax so they do not receive the colour was widely-practised in Southeast Asia? The Indonesian version has been designated a UNESCO Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage.    

Depicting the Palace of the Shirvanshahs and the Icheri Sheher walls on some of its banknote denominations, the manat is the currency of which previous republic of the Soviet Union? A manat is divided into 100 qapiks.         

From the Quechua for ‘knot’, what term denotes the recording devices fashioned from strings historically used by a number of cultures in the region of Andean South America for collecting data and keeping records?           

What name is shared by the following :
(1) In Greek myth, one of the Titans who was the husband of Styx and father of Nike and Kratos.
(2) Otocolobus manul, a small wild cat native to the grasslands and steppes of Central Asia
(3) The astronomical body discovered by Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers in 1802.          

A 1935 novel by William Faulkner about barnstormer stunt pilots, a Protoss structure that enables the warping-in of other buildings in the game ‘Starcraft’ and in architecture the gateway to the inner part of an Ancient Egyptian temple or Christian cathedral – all share what common 5-letter name/ title?      

Answers


Lions
Tiger (‘The Tiger Who Came to Tea’/ ‘Eye of the Tiger’)
Pig
Gordon (Gordon Banks/ Gordon Sumner (Sting)/ Gordon Gekko)
179 (6 + 23 + 150)
Three
Georgia (lari), Iran’s currency is the rial and Turkey’s the lira
Vega
Blackbird (the Lockheed SR-71)
Z (‘Z’/ Zimmerman classification/ Z-boson)
Mumbo jumbo
Ronin
France
33 (13 + 20)
Green (The Green Knight/ ‘Green Grow the Lilacs’/ Green Hornet)
Aaron (Aaron/ Aaron Burr/ Aaron Copland)
Old King Cole
337 (300 + 25 + 12)
Otter
Boy (‘The Brown Boy’/ Backstreet Boys/ ‘About a Boy’)
Swan
L (Lek/ Leu/ Lev)
Rome
Consonants
Poultry
Spider
Wolf
Barbara Streisand
Weapons (Special Weapons And Tactics)
Bees
Cat
Blue
Ariel (The Ariel antelope, the spirit Ariel in ‘The Tempest’ and Sylvia Plath’s poem)
Black
Hilary (Hilary Swank/ Hilary Mantel/ Hilary Benn)
Five
Aquarius
Dutch
Fire (‘The Unforgettable Fire’/ ‘The Firestarter’/ ‘The Girl Who Played With Fire’
Identification/ Identity (Subscriber Identification Module)
Yom Kippur
Wee Willie Winkie
Finland
Christian Louboutin
Sai
Lira
Spoon
(Mandarin) Chinese
Cambodia
Nostromo
Bonsai
Ushanka
Yale
Safari
Japan
Sampan
Shinkansen
Anorak
Dhow
Archon
Sweden
Kalahari Desert
Ethiopia and Eritrea
Keffiyeh/ Kufiya
Stanford
Dari
Kerala
Dzongkha
Hangul (Choson gul in North Korea)
Chapan
Papua New Guinea
Chisanbop
Mugwump
Ainu
Grace Kelly (the Kelly bag)
Reiki
Yukata
Brunei
Faroe Islands  
Botswana
Kip (clue is Rudyard Kipling)
Peoria
Moon (‘The Moonstone’ by Wilkie Collins/ ‘Moonraker’/ Moon Jae-in, South Korean President)
Quick Response
Red (Red panda/ Melisandre (the Red Priestess) in ‘Game of Thrones’/ Simply Red)
Batik
Azerbaijan
Quipu
Pallas
PylonMISC

Couvade Syndrome is also known as what? SYMPATI?iEl’lC PREGNANCY

Which political campaigner and cleric served as General Secretary, and later Chairman, of CND between 1930 and 1990? BRUCE KENT

 “‘i\

\¢/ Whichfemalesingerhadhitswith“Days”“AnewEngland”and”‘l’here’saguyworlsdownthechipshop swearshe’sElvis? KIRSTYMACCOLL

J!HowmanyflavoursarethereofthesubatomicparticlescalledQuarks?SIX

42/ In1655whichmathematicalsymbolwasintroducedbyJohnWallis?INFINITY

9/Whichfemalesingerhadhitswith“Runningupthathill”,“Cloudbusting”,“Thiswoman’swork”and “Army Dreamer’s”? KATE BUSH

What is the name for the captions played above the stage during a foreign language opera or play to provide translation? SURTITLES

WhatisthestagenameoftheactorandcomedianMichaelPennington. Hehasplayedsit—comcharacters WetEricandtheOracle? JOHNYVEGAS

Which French politician was President of the European Commission from 1985 t0 1995. He oversaw the introductionoftheSingleMarketbetweenmemberstates? JACQUESDELAW

Antaresisthebrighteststarinwhichconstellation? SCORPIUS

What is the name of the hillside in the Santa Monica mountains on which the famous Hollywood sign stands? MOUNT LEE

The Duveen Galllery, in the British Museum, was specially built to house what? ELGIN MARBLES hichmotorracingdriverposthumouslywonthe1970F1WorldDriver’sChampionship? JOCHENRINDT hich is the smallest city in Scotland by population? STERLING

he opening line of this book and play is “When shall we three meet again, in thunder, lightning or in rain”. Name book and author. MACBETH BYSHAKESPEARE

hichmythological seamonsterhaditslairattheLakeofLerna? HYDRA

hatwasthenameofthehousebandthatbackedDrTeethontheMuppetShow? ELECTRICMAYHEM

SPARES

1 Which city, on the Adriatic Sea, used to be known as Ragusa? DUBROVNIK

2 Played by William B Davis “Cigarette Smoking Man” was the main villain in which TV series?

3 WhichbreedofhorseistraditionallyassociatedwiththeSpanishRidingSchoolinVienna? LIPPIZANER

4 What is the name of the Labour Shadow Culture Secretary who caused uproar in the House of Commons andinthemediaoverherofftheshoulderdress? TRACYBRABIN

In the TV series “The Good Life” Tom and Barbara Good’s next door neighbours are called Margo and Gerrybutwhatwastheirsurname? LEDBETTER

The right hand page of a book in printing is known as recto, what is the left hand page called? VERSO

In 1900 the American army physician Walter Reed proved a theory proposed by Carlos Finlay that mosquito’s transmitted which disease? YELLOWFEVER

As of 13″‘ February who is the manager of Aston Villa? DEAN SMITH i“\“‘*\fl\i\‘\.\i\“§‘

THE X FlLES

MISC

Miscellaneous

Derived from the Javanese for ‘to write in dots’, which five-letter word refers to the technique of cloth-dyeing in which patterned areas are covered with wax so that they will not receive the colour? The pattern usually consists of complex dots and lines, and is popular in Southeast Asian countries.

Named after a 9th-century founder of the nation, which country’s currency is known as the somoni? It was introduced in 2000, replacing the rouble.

What common 5-letter word is shared by the following : a military figure commonly-associated with Sir Gawain in Arthurian legend; a Lynn Riggs play upon which the musical `Oklahoma!’ is based; and a masked vigilante who is the alter-ego of Britt Reid, a young newspaper publisher?

Add Joseph Ratzinger’s ordinal number to that of a 1995 post-Apocalyptic movie starring Bruce Willis and Brad Pitt. Add this total to a cult novel published in 1969 in which the protagonist Billy Pilgrim journeys through a fire-bombed Dresden. What is the resulting number?

Which first name is shared by the scientist for whom the SI unit of capacitance is named, the writer of The Andromeda Strain’, and the fictional antagonist of the ‘Halloween’ series of horror films?

What is the name of the giraffe mascot of the US-based multinational toy retailer Toys “R” Us?

Adapted in 1971, the dalasi is the currency of which country in West Africa? The 20-dalasi note features Yahya Jammeh, its 2nd President who was defeated by Adama Barrow in an election in December 2016.

Which five-letter word, popularized by the 2008 book by Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein, is a concept in behavioural science which argues that indirect suggestions and positive reinforcements can be more effective in causing behavioural change than direct enforcement?

Which country uses the hryvnia as its national currency?

According to the nursery rhyme, who ‘has lost her sheep, and doesn’t know where to find them’?

In the Chinese calendar, 2015 is the year of the goat/ sheep. Of which animal will 2016 be?

Which country’s national currency is named after the beautiful creature shown in this picture?

Which military helicopter with two horizontal rotor assemblies shares its name with a dry, warm, down-slope wind in the interior West of North America?

Which five-letter word can mean ‘the property of a sound depending on the frequency of its waves’, ‘a playing field for sports such as cricket’ and ‘an attempt to persuade someone to make a purchase’?

The precious stones sapphire and lapis lazuli are usually of which colour?

Which six-letter word links : a path in a 1900 novel by L.Frank Baum, a viral illness transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, and the nickname given to the Spanish football (soccer) team Villareal CF?

In investing terminology, a bull market denotes one in which prices are generally rising. What animal gives its name to the opposite trend, in which prices are on the decline?

In the NATO phonetic alphabet (e.g. Alpha, Bravo, Charlie etc), which is the only letter that is represented by the name of a capital city?

This is a collage showing the faces of three famous individuals – all of whom share the same first name (given name). What is that first name?

Which number links the following : the third of a trilogy of plays by Aeschylus about Oedipus; an autobiographical travel work by the Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer, and a 1957 Ingmar Bergman film featuring a medieval knight’s chess game with Death himself?

Which common 4-letter word links the following : an early 19th-century poem published as part of the collection ‘Prometheus Unbound’; a 16th-century novel by the Ming Dynasty writer Wu Cheng’en about the voyage of Xuanzang (or Tripitaka); and a political drama TV which premiered in 1999 starring Martin Sheen and John Spencer?

The dinar is a currency unit used in nine countries in the world today, of which three are in Africa. Name two of these three African countries.

Which symbol of the Zodiac is represented by a set of scales?

What short noun links the following : a 1959 play about the Younger family’s experiences in the Washington Park Subdivision of Chicago’s Woodlawn neighbourhood; a 1926 novel featuring the ‘Lost Generation’ of US/UK expatriates & their experience at the running of the bulls at Pamplona; and a 1964 hit rendition of a folk song that warns of a life that’s gone wrong ‘down in New Orleans’?
Before being replaced by the euro, the guilder was the currency of which EU member state?

Which olive-green gemstone, also known as precious olivine, is a magnesium iron silicate and is the birthstone for the month of August?

What common word links the following – the writer whose Barsoom series of stories inspired the 2012 Disney sci-fi movie ‘John Carter’; George W. Bush’s National Security Adviser from 2001-2005; and the British lyricist best known for his collaboration with Andrew Lloyd Webber on works such as ‘Evita’ and ‘Jesus Christ Superstar’?

The pop group ABBA, automobile maker Volvo and tennis legend Bjorn Borg all originated from which country?

Add the following : the number of stars that make up the asterism known as Orion’s Belt; the number of theses that Martin Luther posted on the doors of All Saints’ Church in Wittenberg; and the age at which the patriarch Methuselah (the longest-lived man according to the Old Testament) died. What number do you get?

Which common word is created if you take in sequence : the chemical symbol of the element whose chief ore is cassiterite + the alphabet that is the scarlet letter in the novel of the same name by Nathaniel Hawthorne + the abbreviated surname of the protagonist in the 1925 novel ‘The Trial’ + the mathematical constant that approximates 2.71828?

In the nursery rhyme ‘Hey Diddle Diddle’, which animal jumped over the moon?

In both the British and US armies, which officer rank comes between that of Lieutenant and Major?

Which first (given) name links the following : the queens of Kings Edward I and Henry II of England; the heroine in a 19th-century novel who falls in love with Edward Ferrars; and the First Lady to the 32nd President of the U.S.A? (N.B. The spellings of their names may differ slightly)

What does the ‘E’ in the acronym CEO stand for, as in the boss of a company?

Add the following : the number of stars on the flag of the European Union, the number of human figures in Edward Hopper’s classic painting ‘Nighthawks’, and the number in the title of the 1953 novel whose central character is the fireman Guy Montag. What is the total number?

As the saying goes, ‘Do not look a gift horse in the _________?

Which first name (given name) links the following : the US President nicknamed the ‘Little Magician’, the philosopher known for exploring the concept of ‘Dasein’ (‘being’) in his work ‘Being and Time’, and the director whose works include ‘Cape Fear’ and ‘Alice Doesn’t Live Here Anymore’?

. A ‘pride’ is the collective term for a group of what animals?

What animal links the following : the warrior Wu Song from the 14th-century Chinese classic ‘The Water Margin’, the 1968 short children’s story written and illustrated by Judith Kerr, and the theme song to the movie ‘Rocky III’ performed by the rock band Survivor?
The adjective ‘porcine’ generally refers to which animal?

Which first name (given name) links the following : a player named by the IFFHS as the second-best goalkeeper of the 20th century, the original first-name of the singer who produced solo albums named ‘…. Nothing Like The Sun’ and ‘Mercury Falling’, and the character in a 1987 movie whose catchphrase was ‘Greed is good’?

Add the following : the total number of main characters (i.e. the friends) in the US TV sitcom ‘Friends’; Michael Jordan’s jersey number retired by the Chicago Bulls in 1994; and the Dunbar number (a suggested theoretical limit to the number of people with whom one can maintain stable social relationships). What number results?

In the nursery rhyme ‘Baa Baa Black Sheep’, how many bags full of wool does the sheep have?

Two of Turkey’s neighboring countries have currencies that are anagrams of the Turkish currency. One of them is Iran, which is the other one?

Which name links the following : the brightest star in the constellation of Lyra, the claw-wielding character from ‘Street Fighter’ known as ‘Balrog’ in Japan, and the American singer known for hits such as ‘Tom’s Diner’ and ‘Luka’?

This show a model of an iconic long-range reconnaissance aircraft, given what popular avian nickname?

Which letter of the alphabet links the following : a 1966 novel by Vassilis Vassilikos on the assassination of the Greek politician Grigoris Lambraskis; a classification system for the works of the English composer Henry Purcell; and a neutral elementary particle which mediates the weak nuclear interaction?

Described in the Scottish explorer Mungo Park’s travel journal ‘Travels in the Interior of Africa’ (1795), which two-word phrase (now commonly used in a derogative manner) probably originated from the Mandingo name for a masked dancer who took part in religious ceremonies as well as mediated domestic disputes?

Literally meaning ‘wave man’, what name is given to a samurai with no lord or master, as in the title of a 2013 film starring Keanu Reeves?

. ‘La Marseillaise’ is the national anthem of which European country?

What number results when you add a score to a Baker’s dozen?

What common 5-letter word is shared by the following : a military figure commonly-associated with Sir Gawain in Arthurian legend; a Lynn Riggs play upon which the musical ‘Oklahoma!’ is based; and a masked vigilante who is the alter-ego of Britt Reid, a young newspaper publisher?

Which first name (given name) links the following : the Old Testament figure whose wife was Elisheba and whose sons included Nahab and Abihu; the American politician who was the 3rd Vice-President of the United States, and the composer noted for his ballet ‘Billy the Kid’ and ‘Fanfare for the Common Man’?

According to the nursery rhyme, which ‘merry old soul… called for his pipe, and he called for his bowl, and he called for his fiddlers three’?

Add the following : the title of a 2006 war film on the Battle of Thermopylae starring Gerard Butler; in volleyball, the number of points needed to win a set (by a two-point margin at least) except the final set; and the regnal number of the King of Sweden who in 1700 led a triple alliance against Peter I’s Russia in the Great Northern War. What number results?

If a beaver lives in a lodge, which animal lives in a holt?

Which short word links the following : a 1764 portrait by Joshua Reynolds featuring Thomas Lister; the American vocal group whose members include A.J. McLean, Brian Littrell & Kevin Richardson; and a 1998 novel by Nick Hornby subsequently made into a movie starring Hugh Grant?

In the story ‘The Ugly Duckling’, what beautiful creature did the Ugly Duckling finally grow to become?

The national currencies of Albania, Romania and Bulgaria all begin which letter of the alphabet?

According to the saying, ‘All roads lead to’ which European capital city?

What name is given to the letters of the alphabet that are not vowels?

Which word starting with the letter ‘P’ is a general term for domesticated birds kept by humans for their eggs, meat or feathers? Examples include chicken, ducks and geese.
In the nursery rhyme, what sort of creature is Incy Wincy (or Itsy Bitsy)?

The term ‘lupine’ refers to which carnivorous animal?

Coined by Mike Masnick of the Techdirt web blog, which celebrity gives her name to the effect whereby attempts to hide or censor information leads to the unintended consequence of publicizing it more widely? In this case, the celebrity’s 2003 attempt to suppress photographs of her residence in Malibu, Californuia inadvertently drew further public attention to it.

As in the specialized police units, what does the ‘W’ in ‘SWAT’ stand for?

What type of creatures would you expect to find in an apiary?

According to the popular saying, curiosity killed which animal?

Azure, Klein and ultramarine are shades of what colour?

Which five-letter name is shared by the following : the small African antelope also known as the Dorcas gazelle, a character in a 1610-11 Shakespearean play who was trapped by Sycorax the witch, and a 1962 poem which begins with ‘Stasis in darkness’ and ends with  ‘Eye, the cauldron of morning’?

In English language, what coloured sheep is an idiom for a disreputable member of a group or family?

Which first name is shared by the following : the winner of the 1999 Best Actress Oscar for her role in ‘Boys Don’t Cry’, the novelist whose final installment in her Thomas Cromwell trilogy is entitled ‘The Mirror and the Light’, and the then-UK Shadow Foreign Secretary who made a remarkable speech in support of air-strikes in Syria, in direct opposition to the stand taken by his leader Jeremy Corbyn?

In Roman numerals, what number is represented by the letter V?

Which symbol of the Zodiac is also known as the ‘Water-Bearer’?      

One of the official languages of South Africa, Afrikaans is primarily derived from which European language?    

U2’s fourth studio album (between ‘War’ and ‘The Joshua Tree’), a 1984 film starring Drew Barrymore as Charlie McGee and the second novel in the series featuring Mikael Blomkvist and Lisbeth Salander – all feature with common four-letter word in their titles?    

As in the chip found in your cell phone, for what does the ‘I’ in SIM card stand?

Also known as the Day of Atonement, which Jewish holiday is considered the holiest day of the year in Judaism?    

In the nursery rhyme, who ‘runs through the town, up stairs and down stairs in his nightgown’?

Which European country is known in its native language as Suomi?     

Which French designer born in 1964 is now best known for his trademark footwear with red-lacquered soles?    

Used by Raphael of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, what is the name of this weapon? Traditionally used in Okinawa, it consists of a pointed metal baton with two curved prongs (yoku) projecting from a handle (tsuka).     

What was the currency of Italy before it was replaced by the euro?   

In the common lyrics of the nursery rhyme ‘Hey Diddle Diddle’, the dish ran away with which utensil?   

Developed and named after two British diplomats in the mid-19th century, the Wade-Giles is a Romanization for which major world language? It was the system of transcription in the English-speaking world for most of the 20th century.

Popular belief suggesting that its name derives from a species of small Mekong River fish, the riel is the currency of which Southeast Asian nation?     

What eight-letter name connects the following? (A) A daring and charismatic Italian seaman engaged in clandestine silver smuggling in the fictional country of Costaguana, and (B) a modified Lockmart CM-88B Bison M-class starfreighter commanded by Captain Arthur Dallas?

Literally meaning ‘tray-planting’, which six-letter term refers to the Japanese art form of cultivating miniature trees (in containers) which mimic the shape and form of full-sized trees?            

Literally translating as ‘ear-flap hat’, what name is given to the Russian fur cap with ear flaps that can either be tied up or fastened at the chin to protect the ears?

The term ‘Ivy League’ traditionally refers to eight private universities in the Northeastern United States. Which of these eight universities is the only one located in the state of Connecticut?    

From the Swahili for ‘journey’, which word for an overland journey by tourists in Africa usually to observe wildlife is also the name of the default web browser on Apple devices?                  

Kanji, hiragana and katakana are the three main components that make up the writing system of the language of which Asian country?      

From the Cantonese term meaning ‘three planks’ that refers to the hull design, which word refers to a flat-bottomed Chinese wooden boat used generally as means of transport or fishing in coastal areas, and still common in Southeast Asian countries?                

Capable of operating speed of 320 km/hr, what name meaning ‘new trunk line’ is given to the network of high-speed bullet trains run by Japanese Railway Group companies?       

Derived from a Greenlandic word and sometime used interchangeably with ‘parka’, which word for a fur coat with a hood is also used as a slang term to refer a person with a strong (even obsessive) interest in niche subjects (e.g. quizzing)?        

Which four-letter name is given to a one or two-masted Arab sailing vessel commonly found in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean, usually with lateen rigging (slanting, triangular sails)?    

Which six-letter word is shared by :
A chess-like computer game published by Electronic Arts in 1983 (Fig)
A genus of Palearctic swallowtail butterflies in the genus Parnassiinae
A chief magistrate of Ancient Greek city-states
In Gnosticism, a kind of supernatual being that stood between humans and a transcendent God?        
As of March 2018, the United States is the nation that has won the Miss Universe title the most times (with 8 wins). Amongst European countries, which country has the most wins with 3? Its last win came in 1984.    

       The ‘!K’ in their name characteristic of the clicking consonant sounds used extensively in their language, the !Kung are a nomadic San tribe who live almost exclusively within which world desert?

Two countries that neighbour each other use the following currencies respectively: the birr (literally meaning ‘silver’) and the nakfa (named after a town in the Northern Red Sea region). Which two countries are they?    

Worn famously by the late Yasser Arafat, what K is a traditional Middle Eastern headdress fashioned from a square scarf, usually made of cotton. It is typically worn by Arabs, as well as by some Mizrahi Jews and Kurds, and is known by a variety of other names.    

Founded in 1885 by a former Governor of California and US senator in memory of his only child (who had died of typhoid at the age of 15), which research university and its graduates have contributed immensely to the development of Silicon Valley?    

From the Persian word meaning ‘court’, which language is a continuation of Middle Persian, the official language of the Sassanian Empire? It is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan, together with Pashto.    

One of the twenty-two scheduled languages of India, Malayalam is predominantly spoken in which southern Indian state on the Malabar Coast? Belonging to the Dravidian family, it was developed to the current form mainly by the influence of the poet Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan in the 16th century.     

Translating as ‘the language of the district’, which Sino-Tibetan language is the sole official and national language of the Kingdom of Bhutan?         

Created during the 15th-century Joseon Dynasty under King Sejong the Great, what is the name given to the modern Korean alphabet, which consists of 19 consonants and 21 vowels?    

Usually worn in Central Asia and often adorned with intricate threading, which coat that is worn over clothes has a name that means ‘sewn together’ from Turkish? The former Afghan president Hamid Karzai was often seen wearing one of these.          

Introduced in 1975 and derived from the Kuanua language of the Tolai region, referring to a callable pearl shell used widely for trading in both the Coastal and Highlands areas of the country, the kina is the currency of which nation? It circulated together with the Australian dollar until 1st January 1976 when the latter ceased to become legal tender.    

Created in the 1940s by Sung Jin Pai and brought to the United States in the 1970s. which abacus-like finger-counting method used to perform basic calculations is able to represent numbers from 0 to 99 using two hands?    

From an Algonquian word meaning ‘war leader’ or ‘important person’, which term was originally used in politics to refer to political activists who left the Republican Party and switched allegiance to the Democrat Grover Cleveland in the 1884 US Presidential Election? It has come to refer to someone who remains aloof from party politics, with a derogatory implication of self-righteous moral superiority.      

Often considered to be descended from the Jomon people, which indigenous people of Hokkaido, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands were culturally and physically distinct from their Japanese counterparts until the later parts of the 20th century?        

Designed by the luxury-good manufacturer Hermes, with which celebrity would you associate this particular type of leather handbag? She had apparently fallen in love with it after using it as an accessory when filming the Hitchcock movie ‘To Catch a Thief’.        

Developed by Mikao Usui in 1922, which form of spiritual healing and complementary therapy involving the transfer of ‘universal energy’ from the palms of the healer to the patient has a name which in Japanese is the combination of ‘soul’ and ‘vital energy’?

Its name literally meaning ‘bathing cloth’, which Japanese garment (a casual version of kimono), usually made of cotton or synthetic fabric, is usually won at outdoor summer events or in ryokan (inns), especially after bathing in hot springs (onsen)?        

Under a Currency Interchangeability Agreement in 1967, the currency of which ASEAN country is interchangeable with the Singapore dollar at par? It is accepted as ‘customary tender’ in Singapore, though not legal tender.

Falling on the 29th of July when the Løgting (the local parliament) opens its session, the summer festival known as the Ólavsøka is generally considered the national holiday of which archipelago in the North Atlantic Ocean?

Literally meaning ‘rain’ due to its scarcity, the pula is the national currency of which African country? The 50-pula banknote depicts Seretse Khama, its first president after gaining independence from the UK in 1966.
Historically divided into 100 att, what three-letter word is the name of the currency of Laos since 1952? The same word also refers to a US customary unit of force equivalent to 1000 pounds-force, as well as the first three letters of the surname of a Nobel laureate born in 1865 in present-day Mumbai.      

Named after a Native American people, which city in Illinois is widely seen as an example of archetypal middle American culture, perhaps due to its representative demographics? The phrase ‘Will it play in _________?’ is traditionally used to ask whether a given product, person, theme, or event will appeal to mainstream America.    

The 1868 novel that features Rachel Verinder as its heroine, the 1979 film that has Hugo Drax as its main villain, and the individual shown in this photograph – all share which four-letter word in their names/ titles?      

As in the type of matrix barcode that can be read by a smartphone and now common in consumer advertising, for what do the ‘QR’ in QR code stand?

Which three-letter word is shared by the following :
an arboreal mammal with the binomial name Ailurus fulgens
a fictional character played on screen by Carice van Houten
a band with UK No.1 albums such as ‘A New Flame’ and ‘Stars’

Likely derived from the Javanese for ‘to write in dots’, which method of dyeing in which patterned areas are covered in wax so they do not receive the colour was widely-practised in Southeast Asia? The Indonesian version has been designated a UNESCO Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage.    

Depicting the Palace of the Shirvanshahs and the Icheri Sheher walls on some of its banknote denominations, the manat is the currency of which previous republic of the Soviet Union? A manat is divided into 100 qapiks.         

From the Quechua for ‘knot’, what term denotes the recording devices fashioned from strings historically used by a number of cultures in the region of Andean South America for collecting data and keeping records?           

What name is shared by the following :
(1) In Greek myth, one of the Titans who was the husband of Styx and father of Nike and Kratos.
(2) Otocolobus manul, a small wild cat native to the grasslands and steppes of Central Asia
(3) The astronomical body discovered by Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers in 1802.          

A 1935 novel by William Faulkner about barnstormer stunt pilots, a Protoss structure that enables the warping-in of other buildings in the game ‘Starcraft’ and in architecture the gateway to the inner part of an Ancient Egyptian temple or Christian cathedral – all share what common 5-letter name/ title?      

Answers

Batik
Tajikistan
Green (Green Knight/ ‘Green Grow the Lilacs’/ Green Hornet)
33 (Benedict XVI, ’12 Monkeys’, ‘Slaughterhouse-Five’)
Michael (Faraday/ Crichton/ Myers)
Geoffrey
The Gambia
Nudge
Ukraine
Little Bo Peep
Monkey
Guatemala (the quetzal)
Chinook
Pitch
Blue
Yellow (The yellow brick road, yellow fever, the Yellow Submarines)
Bear
L (Lima)
Andrew (Andrew Jackson/ Andrew Carneige/ Andrew Lloyd-Webber)
Seven (‘Seven Against Thebes’, ‘Seven Years in Tibet’, ‘The Seventh Seal’)
WEST (‘Ode to the West Wind’, ‘Journey to the West’, ‘The West Wing’)
Algeria/ Libya/ Tunisia
Libra
SUN (‘A Raisin in the Sun’ by Lorraine Hansberry, ‘The Sun Also Rises’ by Ernest Hemingway and ‘House of the Rising Sun’ by the Animals)
The Netherlands
Peridot
RICE (Edgar Rice Burroughs/ Condoleeza Rice/ Tim Rice)
Sweden
1067 (3 + 95 + 969)
SNAKE (Sn for tin + A + K + e)
Cow
Captain
Eleanor/ Elinor (Eleanor of Castile/ Eleanor of Aquitaine/ Elinor Dashwood/ Eleanor Roosevelt)
Executive (Chief Executive Officer)
467 (12 + 4 + 451)
Mouth
Martin (Van Buren/ Heidegger/ Scorsese)
Lions
Tiger (‘The Tiger Who Came to Tea’/ ‘Eye of the Tiger’)
Pig
Gordon (Gordon Banks/ Gordon Sumner (Sting)/ Gordon Gekko)
179 (6 + 23 + 150)
Three
Georgia (lari), Iran’s currency is the rial and Turkey’s the lira
Vega
Blackbird (the Lockheed SR-71)
Z (‘Z’/ Zimmerman classification/ Z-boson)
Mumbo jumbo
Ronin
France
33 (13 + 20)
Green (The Green Knight/ ‘Green Grow the Lilacs’/ Green Hornet)
Aaron (Aaron/ Aaron Burr/ Aaron Copland)
Old King Cole
337 (300 + 25 + 12)
Otter
Boy (‘The Brown Boy’/ Backstreet Boys/ ‘About a Boy’)
Swan
L (Lek/ Leu/ Lev)
Rome
Consonants
Poultry
Spider
Wolf
Barbara Streisand
Weapons (Special Weapons And Tactics)
Bees
Cat
Blue
Ariel (The Ariel antelope, the spirit Ariel in ‘The Tempest’ and Sylvia Plath’s poem)
Black
Hilary (Hilary Swank/ Hilary Mantel/ Hilary Benn)
Five
Aquarius
Dutch
Fire (‘The Unforgettable Fire’/ ‘The Firestarter’/ ‘The Girl Who Played With Fire’
Identification/ Identity (Subscriber Identification Module)
Yom Kippur
Wee Willie Winkie
Finland
Christian Louboutin
Sai
Lira
Spoon
(Mandarin) Chinese
Cambodia
Nostromo
Bonsai
Ushanka
Yale
Safari
Japan
Sampan
Shinkansen
Anorak
Dhow
Archon
Sweden
Kalahari Desert
Ethiopia and Eritrea
Keffiyeh/ Kufiya
Stanford
Dari
Kerala
Dzongkha
Hangul (Choson gul in North Korea)
Chapan
Papua New Guinea
Chisanbop
Mugwump
Ainu
Grace Kelly (the Kelly bag)
Reiki
Yukata
Brunei
Faroe Islands  
Botswana
Kip (clue is Rudyard Kipling)
Peoria
Moon (‘The Moonstone’ by Wilkie Collins/ ‘Moonraker’/ Moon Jae-in, South Korean President)
Quick Response
Red (Red panda/ Melisandre (the Red Priestess) in ‘Game of Thrones’/ Simply Red)
Batik
Azerbaijan
Quipu
Pallas
Pylon

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Comics & Graphic Novels

In ‘Peanuts’, what is the name of the character usually portrayed as sucking his thumb and holding on to his security blanket?

What is the name of this character in the English version of the comic strip Asterix’? The village fishmonger, he is often seen quarrelling with the blacksmith Fulliautomatix about the state of his fish. It may help you to know his wife is named Bacteria!

Played by Chris Pratt in the 2014 movie `Guardians of the Galaxy’, what is the name of the Marvel superhero who was abducted from Missouri as a child in 1988 and raised by a group of alien smugglers called the Ravagers?  

Which American cartoonist created ‘Maus’, a graphic novel serialized from 1980 to 1991? Recounting the experiences of his father during the Holocaust, it portrays the Jews as mice and other Poles and Germans as pigs and cats.

In the works of the American author Robert E. Howard, what is the name of the homeland of Conan the Barbarian? Located on the main Thurian continent, it is bounded by other lands such as Vanaheim, Aesgaard and Hyperborea.

Born on the alien Shi’ar throneworld after his parents were abducted, which supervillain in the X-Men universe was born Gabriel Summers? The younger brother of Cyclops and Havok, he shares their ability to manipulate vast amounts of energy, in his case also including magical energy. He shares his name with a Roman deity.

Inspired by a co-worker of Scott Adams at Pacific Bell, what is the name of this character in his “Dilbert’ comic strip? Characterized as someone so jaded that he spends all his time gaming the system, he is never seen without his trademark coffee cup, and is described as ‘the shell of a long-gone great programmer’.

In the Tokemon Go’ game, which character is only available to players in the Australasia region? A female-only species, it is a large, bipedal creature with a thick tail and brown hide. It carries a purple-colored baby in a pouch on its belly.

Which cartoonist created the popular cartoon shown here?

Name this character. P.S : I need her name, not that of the group she belongs to.

Which American cartoonist and inventor is famous for his work that depicts elaborate contraptions and devices that are over-engineered to perform simple tasks in a convoluted manner?

Created by Masamune Shirow, which seinen manga series derived its title from a 1967 book on philosophical psychology by Arthur Koestler? An upcoming 2017 film adaptation stars Scarlett Johansson as Major Motoko Kusanagi, the cyborg protagonist.

Named after the mother of its founder, which fictional psychiatric hospital located on the outskirts of Gotham City appear in DC comics mainly featuring Batman? Infamous inmates include the Joker, the Riddler, Two-Face and Mr. Freeze?

Portrayed by Jennifer Garner and Elodie Yung on film and TV, which Marvel Comics character is a highly-trained assassin who wields a pair of trademark sai blades? A love-interest of Daredevil, she shares her name with a tragic character in Greek myth.

What is the name of this teddy bear?

Born 1928 in Osaka, which manga artist and  cartoonist is best remembered for being the creator of the manga series ‘Astro Boy’, about an android boy created by a renowned roboticist in an attempt to replace his son who had died in a car accident?

Created by Alan Moore, Steve Bissette and John Totleben, the fictional occult detective and con-man John Constantine, who first appeared in ‘The Saga of the Swamp Thing’, was based on the appearance of which pop star (Bissette and Totleben were his fans)?

Created by Philip Francis Nowland in the novella ‘Armageddon 2419 AD’, which fictional character fell into a state of suspended animation for 492 years after having been exposed to radioactive gases released from a cave-in at a coal mine?

Passing away at the age of 89 in February 2017, which Dutch author & illustrator created the beloved cartoon rabbit Miffy (Nijntje) in 1955?

Who is the creator of this comic strip?

Who was was born ‘one bright spring morning at the Daisy Hill Puppy Farm … one of eight puppies.’?

Name this comic character.

The character shown here first appeared in an acclaimed 1986 graphic novel series created by which English writer?

What is the collective name of the three characters shown here?

Alan Scott, Hal Jordan and Kyle Rayner are amongst characters to have assumed alter egos as which fictional comic superhero?

What is the name of the fictional dog shown here?

Which comic strip by Bill Watterson features a boy and his stuffed-toy tiger, and takes its name from a 16th-century theologian and a 17th-century philosopher?

In which popular cartoon series will you see the vehicle shown here?

In the comic strip ‘Peanuts’, which character (a boy with short blond hair who usually wears a striped shirt), is distinguished by his skills at playing his toy piano, and is the object of Lucy’s infatuation?

The two cartoon characters shown are archenemies of which other character?

Which popular Disney character was created by the woodcarver Gepetto, and brought to life by the Blue Fairy?

Identify the cartoon character who is highlighted by the box here.

The 80s pop group Thompson Twins took their name from a pair of characters in which popular comic series?

Of the three animated singing Chipmunks, who is the one that wears glasses?

What is the name of the character highlighted by the rectangular box here?

What is the name of the character on the left (highlighted by the box)?

Which Marvel superhero was originally a young astronomer named Norrin Radd on the planet Zenn-La?  In order to save his homeworld from the planet devourer Galactus, he agreed to serve as the latter’s herald, roaming the universe to look for planets for it to consume.

The talking cat Salem is the pet/ companion of which teenage witch from Archie Comics?

First appearing in a September 1969 episode entitled ‘What A Night for a Knight’, which cartoon character got his name from a nonsense vocal line in Frank Sinatra’s 1967 hit song, ‘Strangers In The Night’? He was voiced by Don Messick from 1969 until the latter’s death in 1997.     

What is the name of Donald Duck’s girlfriend?   

The character shown here is the nemesis of which fictional hero?               

Created by the English writer and illustrator Lauren Child in 2000, what is the name of the fictional character highlighted by the yellow circle here?

At the beginning of each volume of which serialized comic would you find this line, ‘And life is not easy for the Roman legionaries who garrison the fortified camps of Totorum, Aquarium, Laudanum and Compendium….”?

First appearing in 1966, Black Panther was the first black superhero in mainstream American comics, and is the alter ego of T’Challa – the ruler of which fictitious nation located in northeast Africa at the northern end of Lake Turkhana?

Set in Camp Swampy and featuring the eponymous army private, his nemesis Sergeant Snorkel and the inept General Halftrack, the comic strip ‘Beetle Bailey’ was created by which American cartoonist in 1950?        

Indestructible and able to penetrate most materials with minimal force, which fictional substance in the Marvel universe first appeared in the ‘Avengers #66’ in July 1969? It can be found in Captain America’s shield, Ultron’s outer shell and Wolverine’s claws and skeleton.     

Born Pierre Culliford, the Belgian cartoonist who created the comic strip ‘The Smurfs’ in the 1950s is better known by what four-letter pseudonym?

Same as the middle name of a former US president, what is the first/ given name of the character seen in this picture? He is Bart Simpson’s best friend in their 4th-grade class at Springfield Elementary School, and often led into trouble by Bart due to his naivete.   

The third best-selling in history, which manga series by Masashi Kishimoto features its titular protagonist – an adolescent ninja who harbors a powerful Nine-Tails fox within his body? It has spun off a film series with titles such as ‘The Will of Fire’, ‘The Lost Tower’ and ‘Blood Prison’.   

Other than Scooby-Doo and Shaggy, give the first name of ANY ONE of the remaining three main characters of the popular animated cartoon franchise.

Passing away in 2007 at the age of 76, the American cartoonist John Hart is best known as the creator of  ‘Wizard of Id’ and which other comic strip that features a group of cavemen and anthropomorphic animals from a whole range of geological eras?    

Known as Bonnemine in French, what is the name of the matriarchal wife of the chief Vitalstatistix in the ‘Asterix’ comic series? Usually presented as a nag to her embarrassed husband, her name derives either from the Latin military term meaning ‘baggage’ or the English term for ‘hindrance’.             

Created by C.C. Beck and Bill Parker in 1939, which superhero in the DC Comics universe is a boy named Billy Batson, who transforms himself into an adult with superhuman powers by uttering the magic word ‘SHAZAM’ – an acronym of six immortal elders including Hercules and Zeus?    

Known as Professor Tryphon Tournesol in French, the comic character shown here shares his English name with which branch of mathematics that is subdivided into differential and integral?    

Created by the Japanese illustrator and designer Aki Kondo when she was working at the stationery company San-X, which character (whose name translates as ‘relax bear’) is a soft-toy bear who mysteriously appeared in the apartment shared by the office-lady Kaoru and her pet chick Kiiroitori?  

Always depicted in an orange parka that obscures his face and muffles his speech, which major character in the ‘South Park’ animated sitcom is noted for dying in almost every episode during the early part of the series, usually in gruesome and absurd fashions?

Published in 1986 and featuring an aged Bruce Wayne coming out of retirement to fight crime, the four-volume comic- book mini-series ‘The Dark Knight Returns’ was the work of which American writer? His other noted works include ‘300’ and ‘Sin City’.      

Originally serialized in the ‘Nakayoshi’ magazine from 1991 to 1997, which Japanese shojo manga by Naoko Takeuchi follows the schoolgirl Usagi Tsukino leading a group of comrades in search of the magical artifact – the Phantom Silver Crystal?

Originally organized by Doctor Octopus, the group of supervillains known as Sinister Six were the main enemies of which superhero?       

Voiced by Harry Shearer, what is the LAST NAME of this recurring character from ‘The Simpsons’? He is the evil and greedy owner of the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant and Homer Simpson’s boss.     

One of the best-selling manga series of all time, which work written and illustrated by Takao Saito follows the title character, a professional assassin for hire and whose name is that of a biblical reference?    ‘

Written and illustrated by Gosho Aoyama, the manga series known in the West as ‘Case Closed’ has the alternate title ‘Detective ________’? It tells the story of an amateur high-school detective Shinichi Kudo, who was forced to ingest an experimental poison that transformed him into a child while he was investigating a mysterious organization.

Originally published in 2000, which autobiographical graphic novel by Marjane Satrapi depicts her childhood and early adult years in post-revolutionay Iran?

Created by the marine biologist and animator Stephen Hillenburg, what is the name of this character from the ‘SpongeBob SquarePants’ universe? Despite his name and the fact that he has six arms, he is actually an octopus who lives in a moai between the houses of SpongeBob and Patrick.   

Created by the Argentinian cartoonist Joaquin Salvador Lavado (better known as Quino), what is the name of this six-year old girl who made her debut in 1964? She has a great concern about humanity, asks her parents difficult questions and simply hates soup.        

Having sold over 416 million copies worldwide (as of April 2017) and hence the best-selling in history, which manga series by Eiichiro Oda features Monkey D. Luffy, a young man whose body gained the properties of rubber after unintentionally eating a Devil Fruit, and his quest to become the Pirate King?                     

The American cartoonist Chester Gould is best known for being the creator of which comic strip, which he drew from 1931 to 1977? A movie adaptation in 1990 included Al Pacino and Dustin Hoffman amongst the stars.        

Created in 2006 by Momo Wang (an undergraduate at the Beijing Broadcasting Institute), what is the name of this illustrated bunny that has since become a popular emoticon?              

Born 1957 in Maryland, which American comic-book writer is best known for works such as ‘Sin City’, ‘The Dark Knight Returns’ and ‘300’?  

Which superhero character from DC Comics has appeared in several incarnations, first as an identity assumed by Superman when stranded on the Kryptonian city of Kandor, and later adopted by Dick Grayson when he reinvented himself from his role as Batman’s vigilante partner Robin?    

Making his film debut in ‘Spider-Man : Homecoming’ where he was portrayed by Michael Keaton, which comic supervillain is the alter-ego of Adrian Toomes, who uses Chitauri technology to create a suit with turbine-driven mechanical wings?       

His name deriving from the Chinese/ Japanese characters for ‘thunder’ and ‘electricity’, which major character in the ‘Mortal Kombat’ fighting game series is portrayed as a thunder-god and protector of Earth. With powers including teleportation and casting lightning bolts, he is one of the most powerful characters in the game series.

Making her screen debut in the the 5-episode series ‘The Power of Four’, what is the name of the newest member of the Powerpuff Girls? The elder sister of Blossom, Bubbles and Buttercup, she was the first living creation of Professor Utonium, but the Chemical W he infused her with made it difficult for her to control her powers.    

Born 1894 in Illinois, Elsie Crisler Segar is best known for his creation of which popular character, who first appeared in his ‘Thimble Theatre’ comic strip in 1929, hired on a voyage to a casino on Dice Island?    

 Created by the comic-book artist Jim Lee, what is the name of the secretive team of superheroes who tackle dangerous missions while remaining largely unknown? Overseen by its director known as the Weatherman, its founding members include Hellstrike, Battalion, Fuji and Winter.
Which Malaysian-born comic artist, now based on Singapore, won three Eisner Awards in 2017, primarily for his graphic novel ‘The Art of Charlie Chan Hock Chye’?

Making her first appearance in December 1980, which comic-strip character is Garfield’s on-off girlfriend who loves to make snide remarks at him, especially about his overinflated ego?    

Created by the artist Akira Toriyama and featuring the protagonist Goku in his quest around the world for seven magical orbs that can summon a wish-granting dragon when assembled, the popular Japanese manga ‘Dragon Ball’ was initially inspired by which of the four Great Classic Novels of Chinese Literature?        

Created by the Singaporean artist Johnny Lau, the comic character ‘Mr. _________’ is seen as a personification of the Singaporean society especially in the 1990s. His name comes from the Hokkien dialect word which translates as ‘afraid to lose out’.    

Starring Rosa Salazar in the title role as an amnesic cyborg seeking to learn about her destiny, the 2019 cyberpunk action thriller ‘Alita : Battle Angel’ is based on a 1990s Japanese manga series by which artist and illustrator?          

The 10-year old lazy schoolboy Nobita Nobi, who is secretly in love with the pretty Shizuka but always bullied by Takeshi and Suneo, is the central protagonist of which timeless manga series?  
Created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby, which overlord of the fictional nation of Latveria is usually portrayed as the archenemy of the Fantastic Four superhero team?        

His works including ‘Baltimore’ and ‘Joe Golem’ as well as film works such ‘Bram Stoker’s Dracula’ and ‘Blade II’, which American comics artist and writer is nonetheless best known for creating the Hellboy character which has since been adapted into a film franchise starring Ron Perlman in the title role?     

Depicted as a deadly monster genetically-engineered from the depths of prehistoric Krypton, which DC Comics supervillain is best known as the only character to defeat and kill Superman in combat in     ‘The Death of Superman’ story arc?

Subsequently adapted into feature films, TV series and video games, which Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Masamune Shirow takes place in a 22nd-century world decimated by the Third World War, and features former SWAT members Deunan Knute and Briareos Hecatonchires?         

Crong the Herrerasaurus, Eddy the fennec fox and Loopy the pink beaver are all main characters in a South Korean animated television series that features which goggle-wearing penguin as its main protagonist?      

The pop stars Katy Perry and Demi Lovato and the voice-actress Melissa Sturm have all been the voice for which popular comic character in various feature films? They all pale in comparison to Lucille Bliss, who voiced the same character in 219 cartoon episodes.   

     Portrayed by the actor Billy Crudup in the 2009 film adaptation, which character from the ‘Watchmen’ graphic-novel series was originally Jonathan Osterman – a nuclear physicist who acquired superpowers after being surviving incineration in an Intrinsic Field Subtractor? He appears completely blue, with the stylized symbol of a hydrogen atom etched on his forehead.        

To be portrayed by the actress Anya Taylor-Joy in the upcoming movie ‘The New Mutants’, which character in the X-Men universe was born Illyana Nikolievna Rasputina, the younger sister of Colossus? A capable sorceress, her natural mutant power is the ability to teleport.        

This villain of the Transformers animated film resurrected Megatron as Galvatron. He was destroyed by Hot Rod and the Autobots after he ate both of Cybertron’s moons.         

Named after a high-school friend of Charles Schulz, which early character from the ‘Peanuts’ comic had the first lines of dialogue (ending with ‘Good ol’ Charlie Brown, how I hate him!’) when the strip made its debut in 1950? Initially portrayed as Charlie Brown’s superior in many aspects, their relationship became friendlier before the character faded into obscurity due to the introduction of more popular characters.    

Described by Tfwiki.net as ‘mean-spirited, nasty and disturbingly violent to the point where it really is a wonder that he is not a Decepticon’, which member of the Dinobots is the faction’s second-in-command behind Grimlock, and transforms into a Triceratops in battle?   

Portrayed by actors such as Scott Paulin, Ross Marquand and Hugo Weaving, the Marvel Comics supervillain Red Skull is the archenemy of which superhero?

Originally serialized as a comic strip in the German newspaper Die Zeit from 2002 until 2004, which work by the American cartoonist Art Spiegelman is about his reaction to the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center?     

Portrayed in films by Dolph Lundgren, Thomas Jane and Ray Stevenson, which Marvel Comics character is the alter-ego of Francis “Frank” Castle (born Castiglione)- a vigilante driven by the murder of his family into a one-man war on crime?         

  Portrayed by Katie Cassidy and Juliana Harkavy in the television series ‘Arrow’ and by Jurnee Smollett-Bell in the movie ‘Birds of Prey’, which DC Comics superheroine was the alter ego of Dinah Drake? Paired professionally and romantically with Green Arrow, she is a world-class martial artist with a high-powered sonic scream which could shatter objects and incapacitate and even kill powerful foes.

Portrayed by Ed Skrein in the 2016 film ‘Deadpool’, which comic villain (the alter-ego of Francis ‘Fanny’ Freeman) was a government operative that underwent cybernetic enhancement by Doctor Killebrew in Canada’s Weapon X program? He shares his name with a figure in Greek myth.         

Answers

Linus
Unhygenix
Star-Lord
Art Spiegelman
Cimmeria
Vulcan
Wally
Kangaskhan
Peyo (Pierre Culliford)
Buttercup (Powerpuff Girls)
Rube Goldberg
‘Ghost in the Shell’/ ‘Mobile Armored Riot Police’ or ‘Kokatu Kidotai’
Arkham Asylum
Elektra
Pookie (Garfield’s teddy bear)
Osama Tezuka
Sting
Buck Rogers
Dick Bruna
Jim Toomey (Sherman’s Lagoon)
Snoopy
Odie (from ‘Garfield’)
Alan Moore (the character is Rorschach from ‘Watchmen’)
Powerpuff Girls (Bubbles, Blossom and Buttercup)
Green Lantern
Snowy (from Tin Tin)/ Milou in French
‘Calvin & Hobbes’ (John Calvin and Thomas Hobbes)
‘Scooby-Doo’
Schroeder
Bugs Bunny (They are Elmer Fudd and Yosemite Sam)
Pinocchio
Pebbles (Flintstone)
‘(The Adventures of) Tintin’
Simon
Boots (the monkey)
Hobbes (from ‘Calvin & Hobbes’)
Silver Surfer
Sabrina
Scooby Doo
Daisy Duck
He-Man (Skeletor is shown)
Lola (‘Charlie and Lola’)
‘Asterix’
Wakanda
Mort Walker
Adamantium
Peyo
Milhouse (Van Houten)
‘Naruto’
FRED Jones/ DAPHNE Blake/ VELMA Dinkley
‘B.C’    
Impedimenta
Captain Marvel
Calculus (Professor Cuthbert Calculus from the Tintin universe)
Rilakkuma
KENNY McCormick
Frank Miller
‘Sailor Moon’
Spider-Man
Mr. Charles Montgomery BURNS
‘Golgo 13’
Conan
‘Persepolis’
Squidward Tentacles
Mafalda
‘One Piece’
Dick Tracy
Tuzki
Frank Miller
Night wing
Vulture
Raiden
Bliss/ Blisstina
Popeye
Stormwatch
Sonny LIEW
Arlene
‘Journey to the West’
Kiasu
Yukito Kishiro
‘Doraemon’
Doctor Doom/ Victor Von Doom
Mike Mignola
Doomsday   
 ‘Appleseed’
Pororo
Smurfette
Doctor Manhattan
Magik
Unicron
Shermy
Slag
Captain America
‘In The Shadow of No Towers’
The Punisher
Black Canary
Ajax

Products & Brands

China (Huawei)
Brazil
Honda (the Acura)
Reebok
Saab
Novartis
Waze
Evernote
LinkedIn (Reid Hofmann)
Guinness/ St. James’ Gate Brewery
Alexa (Library of Alexandria)
Facebook Inc

The name of which company is derived from the last line of a Song Dynasty classical poem ‘Green Jade Table in The Lantern Festival’: `Having searched thousands of times in the crowd, suddenly turning back, She is there in the dimmest candlelight’?  The logo, ostensibly a bear’s claw, was mistaken as a dog’s paw by Google’s Sergey Brin, leading to some red faces all around.   Baidu

Founded in 1943, which company derives its name from that of its founder, combined with that of his hometown and the farm in which he grew up; four out of its five largest stores are currently located in China?

IKEA (Ingvar Kamprad, Elmtaryd, Agunnaryd)

Which ‘unicorn’ company was founded by Drew Houston and Arash Ferdowski in June 2007? It was conceived after Houston repeatedly forgot to bring along his USB flash drive while he was studying at MIT.   Dropbox

Established in 1994 as a spin-out from Carnegie Mellon University, which Internet company takes its name from the family of  a spider ? Robust and agile hunters, they are known for their excellent eyesight and usually hunt alone, despite what their name may suggest. 

Lycos (from Lycosidae or ‘wolf spider’)

Founded by Gary Burrell and Min Kao in 1989, which multinational technology company had revenue of $2.82 billion in 2015? In 1991, the US army became their first customer.   Garmin

Based in Shiga Prefecture in Japan, which automotive parts manufacturer in 2013 was embroiled in cases of defective exploding air-bags that had led to a number of deaths worldwide?    Takata

Created and launched in 2009 by Dennis Crowley and Naveen Selvadurai, which local search-and-discovery mobile app is noted for its `check in’ function, that enables users to share when they are at a particular location?   Foursquare

The third largest airplane manufacturer in the world after Boeing and Airbus (by 2014 revenue), in which country is Embraer headquartered?

Launched in 1986, the logo shown here belongs to the luxury car marque of which automobile manufacturer?

Tracing its origins to the 19th-century Englishman Joseph William Foster, which global athletic footwear and apparel company derives its name from the Afrikaans for a small antelope found in the high-altitude grasslands of Southern Africa?

The logo of which car manufacturer is shown here?

Formed by the merger of Ciba-Geigy with Sandoz in 1996, which multinational pharmaceutical company based in Basel manufactures drugs such as Diovan (blood pressure), Ritalin (ADHD) and Gleevec (oncology)?

Founded in 2006 by Ehud Shabtai as FreeMap Israel, which GPS-based navigation app provides turn-by-turn information and user-submitted travel times and route details? It was acquired by Google in June 2013.

Founded by the Azeri Stepan Pachikov in 2008, which cross-platform freemium app is specially designed for note-taking, organizing and archiving?

The individual shown here is the founder of which major social networking service?

Now the world’s largest producer of spirits and one of the largest producers of beer, the beverage company Diageo was formed in 1997 from the merger between Grand Metropolitan and which British brewery?

Similar to Apple’s Siri, Google’s Assistant and IBM’s Cortana, what name (apparently derived from an ancient repository of knowledge) does Amazon give to its intelligent personal assistant made popular by its Echo smart speaker?

In February 2014, which company paid US$19 billion to acquire Whatsapp, the instant messaging app?

IKEA, the international furniture/ home accessory retail group, was founded in which country in 1943?

HSBC is a British multinational banking and financial service institution. For what do the letters ‘HS’ in its name stand?

The logo of which athletic apparel company is known as the ‘swoosh’?

When used in relation to the US automobile industry, the term ‘Big Three’ refers to Ford, General Motors and which other company, which merged with Fiat in 2014?

The Dassler brothers were famous for having founded different sportswear companies in the first half of the 20th century. Adi Dassler founded Adidas; which company did his brother Rudolf found?

Which luxury car, owned by the Volkswagen Group, has a logo consisting of four interlinked rings?

The Golden Arches are a trademark of which fast-food chain, founded in 1940 in California?

Founded in 1920, Qantas is the national airline of which country?

The logo shown in Picture A is that of which luxury carmaker?

Which animal gives its name to the type of toughened alkali-aluminosilicate sheet glass, trademarked by Corning and used primarily as cover glass for portable electronic devices due to its property of thinness, lightness and scratch-resistance?

According to its official website, the name of which company is derived from that of an ancient West Asian deity as well as the name of the company’s founder? Began life in 1920, it produced machine tools before switching to its current products in 1931.

This is the logo of which automobile company?

Founded in 1889, its early ventures include selling playing cards and running a taxi company & love hotels, before moving into its current industry in the 1970s. Its name meaning ‘leaving luck to the will of Heaven’, which company was in the news recently when its President and CEO passed away from bile duct cancer in July 2015?

Nokia is a telecommunications company founded and based in which country?

This shows the logo of which company?

In business, what alliterative two-word term is commonly used to refer a shareholders’ rights plan which companies employ as a defensive tactic to protect themselves against potentially hostile takeovers? It typically gives all shareholders the right to buy more shares at a discount in the event any one has accumulated a certain percentage of shares, thereby massively diluting the bidder’s interest and raising the cost of his bid.

What does the letter ‘M’ stand for in the name of the company IBM?

This shows a chart listing the world’s automobile makers in order of number of vehicles sold in 2014. The name of which car company has been blanked out and replaced with the question mark?

Which company was founded on Valentine’s Day, 2005 by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen and Jawed Karim? It was acquired by Google in 2006 for US$1.65b.

Jeff Bezos is the boss of which company named after a major river?

This shows the logo of which multinational technology company?

With regards to the social networking site Twitter, what is the maximum number of characters permitted in a single tweet?

Which term, referring to a mythical creature, is given in the venture capital industry to start-up companies whose valuation has exceeded USD $1 billion (e.g. Uber and Dropbox)?

This is the logo of which social networking service?

The Jetta (sedan), Touareg (SUV) and Scirocco (sports compact) are amongst the models from which automobile manufacturer?

Which company founded in 1995 shares its name with a race of fictional beings with uncouth and filthy habits in Jonathan Swift’s novel ‘Gulliver’s Travels’?

The individual shown here is the current CEO of which company, which he co-founded in 1997 in Scotts Valley, California?          

Founded in 1948 by Shin Kyuk-ho, which South Korean conglomerate with diverse interests such as electronics, beverages, hotels and financials was named after a character in Goethe’s ‘The Sorrows of Young Werther’? It has been embroiled in a corruption scandal in recent months.

Which tech company was founded in 2009 by Jan Koum and Brian Acton, two former Yahoo! employees who were once rejected by Facebook when they applied for jobs there?    

The Kindle is a series of e-book reader designed and marketed by which e-commerce and cloud-computing company? A related tablet known as the Fire was released in 2011.    

Founded in 1945 by Mohamed Premji as a manufacturer of vegetable and palm refined oils, which company shifted its focus to opportunities in the IT industry in the 1970s? Now based in Bangalore, it is one of the world’s leading provider of comprehensive IT and computing services, with gross revenue of close to USD 8 billion in 2016.    

This the logo of which sports clothing and accessory company founded in 1996? Its founder Kevin Plank was then a 23 year-old captain of the University of Maryland football team who got tired of having to change out of the sweat-soaked T-shirts worn under his jersey after training.              

Its name literally translating as ‘searching/ sieving for treasure’, which Chinese online shopping website owned by the Alibaba Group was launched in 2003?

Since 1999, the Japanese car-maker Nissan  has been part of an alliance/ partnership with which other automobile company? The Brazilian Carlos Ghosn served as the CEO of both companies before his arrest by Japanese authorities in 2018.       

Caught in an embarrassing video recording showing him in an argument with an ‘employee’, Travis Kalanick is the co-founder and former CEO of which company?

With a net worth of around $73 billion, the Spaniard Amancio Ortega is currently the riches man in Europe and second richest globally. He is the founder of Inditex group, best known for which chain of fast-fashion retailer in clothing and accessories?      

This is the logo of WHICH COMPANY founded in 1993 by Jen-Hsun Huang (the current CEO), Chris Malachowsky and Curtis Priem (the latter two were previously engineers at Sun Microsystems)? It is named after the Roman counterpart to Nemesis (the Greek goddess of retribution).  

According to Michael Zakkour at Tompkins, a supply chain consultancy, ‘If globalisation got pregnant and had twin boys, they would be named Jeff Bezos (the Amazon founder) and _______ ________. They are the perfect manifestation of globalisation 2.0.” Who is the second person he was talking about, who once (according to himself) applied for 30 jobs and was rejected by all?

Headquartered in Kobe, which Japanese multinational athletic equipment company has a name that is an acronym for a Latin phrase meaning ‘a healthy soul in a healthy body’? It is noted for products such as the Gel series of running shoes.        

Founded in 1961 by Leonardo Del Vecchio, which is the world’s largest eyewear company with brands such as Ray-Ban, Persol and Oakley? In 2017 it proposed to merge with the French lenses company Essilor.   

  Founded in 1974, PETRONAS (Petroliam Nasional Berhad) is the national oil and gas company of WHICH ASIAN COUNTRY, made famous by its namesake twin-tower headquarters in its capital city.

Founded by Shawn Fanning in 1999, which pioneering peer-to-peer (P2P) file-sharing service (especially for audio files) was sued for copyright infringement and eventually acquired by Rhapsody?         

Accounting for every 7 out of 10 soundcards sold in the mid-1990s, the Sound Blaster was developed by Creative Technology – a global consumer electronics company first started by Sim Wong Hoo in which Asian country?     

Founded in 1910 by the Colorado-born luggage salesman Jesse Shwayder, which American retailer is named after a biblical figure known for his immense strength?

In January 2012, Ginni Rometty became the first female chairman, president and CEO of which multinational company listed on the Dow Jones Industrial Average, when she succeeded Sam Palmisano?     

Founded in Berlin in August 2007 by the Swedish sound-designer Alexander Ljung and artist Eric Wahlforss, which online audio distribution platform allows users to upload, record, promote and share their created soundfiles?

Founded in 2009 and subsequently spun out of Alphabet Inc. (Google’s parent firm), which autonomous car development company takes its name from its mission : ‘a new way forward in mobility’?          

Founded in 2007 by CEO Lei Jun, which Chinese electronics company headquartered in Beijing has a name that translates as ‘Little Rice/ Millet’? As of 2017 it had risen to become one of the world’s largest smartphone companies.       

Founded by the American rock-climber and environmentalist Yvon Chouinard, the logo of which outdoor-clothing company features the 3405m Cerro Fitz Roy, which he climbed in 1968?   

Developed by UK-based Canonical Ltd, which open-source Linux-distribution operating system, popular especially on clouds systems, shares its name with a southern African philosophy meaning ‘humanity towards others’?    

It’s name deriving from the Japanese for ‘optimism’ and founded in 1997 by Hiroshi Mikitani, which e-commerce and internet company is often referred to as the ‘Amazon of Japan’? Amongst the world’s largest e-commerce site by sales, it is also the sponsor of FC Barcelona as well as the NBA’s Golden State Warriors.        

Now present in over 130 markets with sales of $21.9 billion in 2016, which Paris-based company has the slogan ‘One Planet, One Health’? Founded in 1919 by Isaac Carasso (a yogurt manufacturer in Barcelona), the company is named after his young son, who took over the business in 1939.

Co-founded by the Russian-Canadian programmer Vitalik Buterin and going live in July 2015, which open-source blockchain-based distributing platform and operation system is second only to Bitcoin in terms of the market share of its cryptocurrency? It takes its name from a substance mentioned by Plato in his 360 BC work ‘Timaeus’.        

This is the logo of which company, founded in 1526 on the banks of the Mella River in Lombardy? Its inaugural product was arquebus barrels which equipped the Venetian fleet at the Battle of Lepanto in 1571.          

Founded in 2004 by former PayPal employees Jeremy Stoppelman and Russel Simmons, which Internet website provides a platform for publishing reviews about local businesses using a star-based rating system, as well as providing online reservation services?          

Its name an acronym in Spanish that translates as ‘Airway of the American Continent’, Avianca has been the national airline and flag carrier of which country since December 1919, making it the world’s second oldest airline (still in operation) after KLM of the Netherlands?    

Founded in 1902, which automobile brand is named after a French explorer who founded the city of Detroit in 1701? The brand’s logo is said to be based on his coat of arms.        

This is the logo of which music streaming service founded by Daniel Ek and Martin Lorentzon and launched in 2008?        

Developed from the Bada project, the mobile operating system known as Tizen currently runs a wide range of devices (e.g. smartphones, tablets, smart TVs and home appliances) produced by which multinational corporation?     

Tracing its roots to the Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company founded in 1866, which transnational food & drink company currently headquartered on the shores of Lake Geneva carries products/ brands such as Milo, Kit Kat and Gerber?           

From the Korean meaning ‘modernity’, which automobile manufacturer was the world’s third largest in 2016 (behind Toyota and Volkswagen), and produces models such as the Sonata sedan and the Santa Fe SUV?       

Depicting a red-crowned crane with its wings extended in full flight, this has been the logo of which country’s flag carrier since its design in 1958?

Founded in 1910 by the electrical engineer Namihei Odaira in Ibaraki Prefecture, which highly-diversified Japanese multinational conglomerate has a toponymic name formed by superimposing the kanji characters for ‘Sun’ and ‘Rise’?

Launched in 2008 by Anthony Wood, which digital media player allows customers to access internet streamed video or audio over-the-top (OTC) content in the form of channels? Its name comes from the Japanese word for ‘Six’ because it was the sixth company that Wood started.               

Founded in 1997 in Dormancy, France, which sports brand dealing with hiking and mountaineering equipment and apparel takes its name from an indigenous language of Andean South America that was the main language family of the Inca Empire?        

Developed by Kayvon Beykpour and Joe Bernstei when the former was unable to see the 2013 Taksim Square protests (in Turkey) in real time on Twitter, which live video streaming app was named iPhone App of the Year for 2015, and has since been acquired by Twitter?

Marketed by Merck & Co. to treat osteoarthritis and acute pain syndromes, what is the brand name of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug Rofecoxib that was subsequently withdrawn in 2004 due to concerns about increased risks of heart attacks and strokes with long-term use? As a result, Merck had to set aside up to $4.85 billion for legal claims from US citizens.     

Founded by Gary Wang and Marc van der Chijs in 2005, which video-sharing website headquartered in Shanghai has a name that is the Chinese pinyin for ‘potato’? It was acquired by its rival Youkou in March 2012.          

Named after its founder (a Nigerian business magnate and investor), which multinational industrial conglomerate is the largest in West Africa and one of the largest on the African continent? With revenue in excess of $3b in 2017, its main subsidiaries deal with the production of cement and refining of sugar.    

Founded by the husband-and-wife team of Douglas and Susie Tompkins in 1966, which American outdoor-product company derives its name from the part of a mountain that is generally the coldest, iciest and most formidable route to climb?    

Founded in 2003 and based in Xi’an, BYD Auto was the world’s top selling plug-in electric car manufacturer with over 100,000 units delivered in 2016, followed by Tesla Motors. Noted for Warren Buffett spending $230 million to acquire a 10% stake in 2008, for what do the letters ‘BYD’ stand?    

Founded by Sydney de Kantzow and Roy Farrell in 1946, the figure shows the logo of which airline, the flag carrier of Hong Kong? Part of its two-word name refers to the ancient name given to China.

Established in 1993, the high-fashion women’s clothing and accessory brand Miu Miu is a subsidiary of which luxury fashion company? It takes its name from the nickname of its founder, who is also the lead designer at the parent company.    

Valued at $11.6 billion as of April 2017, the electronic commerce company Flipkart is based in which Asian country? The two founders had both worked for Amazon before starting their entrepreneurial venture.     

The acronym BAT has been given to China’s three biggest Internet and e-commerce companies, and stands for Baidu, Alibaba and _________? Founded in 1998, its many services include social network, web portals, e-commerce, mobile games and multiplayer online game, as well as the instant-messaging service QQ, whose penguin mascot is shown here.        

Launched in June 1999, the popular web portal Naver was founded and is currently headquartered in which country? Its Japanese subsidiary operates the LINE instant-messaging app, which reported 560 million registered users worldwide in 2014.        
Founded by David Karp in 2007, which microblogging and social networking website was acquired by Yahoo! in 2013 for $1.1 billion? It allows its users to manage their content using its dashboard.     

Founded in 1990, which Chinese company that specializes in making sporting goods and athletic shoes is named after its founder – a gymnast who won six medals (three of them gold) at the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics?

The name of which automobile manufacturer (logo shown) is that of the Pleiades star cluster in the native language? According to tradition, one of the seven stars is invisible – hence only six stars are shown in the logo.    

Founded by Bhavish Aggarwal in 2010 as an online cab aggregator in Mumbai, which transport network company has been dubbed India’s Uber, and is valued at over US$6 billion as of May 2019?

Founded by Marcello Danieli in 1948, which Italian sports clothing and accessory company  takes its name after that which was given to the Dalmatian town of Zadar by the Byzantine Greeks?               

Which company was founded in the late 1960s when law-graduate Larry Hillblom brought in his friends Adrian Dalsey and Robert Lynn? In its early days the founders would drive around San Francisco in a Plymouth Duster, picking up documents to be carried between Oakland and Los Angeles.        

Launched in September 2016, which music video platform and social network is also known as ‘Douyin’ (meaning ‘vibrating sound’) in China? Allowing users to create their own music clips, edit and add special effects to them, it became one of the fastest growing apps worldwide in early 2018.

Founded in 1989, EVA Air (short for Evergreen Airways) is the second biggest airline based in which Asian state, operating out of the Taoyuan International Airport?        

Established in 2003 and now operating an extensive doemstic as well as regional and international network, Jetstar Airways is a low-cost/ budget carrier that is wholly owned by which international airline?    

Which Chinese automobile company, whose name means ‘lucky’ or ‘auspicious’, has owned the Swedish carmaker Volvo since acquiring it from Ford in 2010?    

Born in 1944, the Taiwanese electronic engineer Stan Shih founded which hardware & electronics multinational corporation in 1976? Originally named Multitech, it changed to its current name in 1987.    

Founded in 1898, which US manufacturer of athletic shoes takes its name from a creek in Kutztown, Pennsylvania, and means ‘place of outlet’ in Native American language? Its logo represents the constant flow of the creek, and the pebbles on its bed.        

Founded in 2013 by Will Shu and Greg Orlowski, which British online food-delivery company currently operates in over 80 cities worldwide?     

Founded in 2005 by Tan Min-Liang and Robert Krakoff, which Singapore company specializes in computer hardware marketed specially for gamers, such as the Boomslang and DeathAdder gaming mice?

Headquartered in Munich but with operations in over 100 countries globally, which multinational lighting manufacturer derives its name from the  two elements commonly used for lighting filaments at the time of its founding (in 1919)?    

Acquired from General Motors by the French PSA Group in 2017, which automobile manufacturer produces models such as the Zafira MPV, the Mokka X SUV (pictured) and the Insignia and Astra hatchbacks?        

Founded in 2010 and named after a common local unlicensed motorcycle taxi service, the transport and logistics startup company GO-JEK is based in which Southeast Asian country?            

Formerly known as Tradewinds, which wholly-owned subsidiary of Singapore Airlines is also its regional wing, serving short-haul destinations to countries in Asia as well as Australia?        

This diagram is part of the logo (without the company name) of which American multinational company? It was founded in 1898 by Frank Seiberling, but named after an individual without whom the company would not exist.            

Established in 1914, the business and management school at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) was renamed in 1964 after which businessman and philanthropist? As President, Chairman and CEO of General Motors, he led it from the 1920s through the 1950s in its growth into the world’s largest corporation.        

Founded by Leah Busque in 2008 when she had no time to buy dog food, which online and mobile marketplace matches freelance labour with demand, especially with everyday tasks such as cleaning, delivery and everyday work?

Founded in 1988, the multinational cybersecurity software company Avast Software was established and currently headquartered in which EU member nation? The name comes from an old nautical term meaning ‘to stop or pause in any exercise or operation.’    

Having its roots in an ice-cream parlour started in Quezon City in 1978 by Tony Tan Caktiong, which Filipino multinational fast-food chain now has over 3000 stores worldwide? Dubbed as ‘Asia’s answer to McDonald’s’, it specializes in its brand of Chickenjoy fried chicken, burgers and some local Filipino dishes.        

The subject of a trade row with the US aerospace giant Boeing, the aircraft manufacturer Bombardier is currently headquartered in which G7 country? It was founded by Joseph-Armand Bombardier – a mechanic that dreamt of building a vehicle that could ‘float on snow’ – in 1942.     

 Initially known as ‘Tote’m Stores’, which international chain changed its name in 1946 to the current one in order to reflect its new extended hours of operation?

One of the main sponsors of football’s UEFA Champions League, the lager beer company Heineken was founded in the late 19th century in which European country?      

Formed from the merging of various entities such as Bian Chiang Bank, Ban Hin Lee Bank and Bank Niaga, the CIMB (Commerce International Merchant Bankers) is a universal bank currently headquartered in which Asian capital city?    

Described as China’s ‘app to everything’ because of its wide range of functions such as messaging and payment, which multiple-purpose social media app developed by Tencent Holdings has over 1 billion active users by 2018?       

Equivalent to Singapore’s Grab and Indonesia’s Go-Jek, Pathao is a transportation network company operating in which Asian country?     

With a name that translates literally as ‘field of water’, which manufacturer of sports equipment and sportswear has sponsored athletes such as Carl Lewis, Nick Faldo, Joe Montana and the All Blacks rugby team?         

The most profitable company in the world according to Bloomberg News, which Saudi Arabian national petroleum & natural gas company is valued at around $1.2 trillion?    

Ranked the largest chemical producer in the world by 2017 sales, the name of the German company BASF is an abbreviation that contains the names of two products essential for the manufacturing of dyes during its early days. Name EITHER ONE of these products.     

Founded by the technopreuner Gabriel Weinberg in 2008 and taking its name from a traditional children’s game, which Internet search engine distinguishes itself from others by not profiling its users and by deliberately showing all users the same search results for a given search term? As of August 2017, it had over 16 million enquiries per day.      

Founded by tech entrepreneur Stewart Butterfield (who also co-founded the photo-sharing website Flickr) and launched in 2013, which American cloud-based team-collaboration tools and services has a five-letter acronym name?    

Begun in 2008 as Project Red Dog, what is the name of Microsoft’s cloud-computing service that competes with the Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Google Cloud Platform? As of 2018 it has a 14% market share compared to AWS’s 32%.   

Meaning ‘sometimes’, which Japanese-inspired lifestyle brand created in 2005 by Italian artist Simone Legno produces apparel, footwear, accessories and other products using cartoon characters such as Cactus Friends, Donutella and Her Sweet Friends, Unicorno, Moofia and Mermicorno?           

Founded by David Karp in 2007, which microblogging and social networking website, noted for its dashboard-like interface, has been owned by Yahoo! since 2013?      

Meaning ‘lord who gazes down (at the world)’, the bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara embodies compassion. Known as Guan Yin in Chinese, it gives its name (in another language) to which corporation founded in 1937 by Goro Yoshida, Saburo Uchida and Takeo Maeda?    

Founded in 1980 by Carlo Crocco, a scion of the Italian Binda Group dynasty, which Swiss luxury watchmaker is known for its Fusion concept, and has a name that translates as ‘porthole’ in French?       

Answers

Sweden
Hongkong & Shanghai
Nike
Chrysler
Puma
Audi
McDonald’s
Australia (Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services)
Ferrari
Gorilla (gorilla glass)
Mazda (Ahura Mazda, Zoroastrian god of light; Jujiro Matsuda)
Toyota
Nintendo
Finland
Starbucks
Poison Pill
Machines (International Business Machines)
Honda
YouTube
Amazon
Microsoft
280
Unicorns
Twitter
Volkswagen
Yahoo!
Netflix/ Reed Hastings
Lotte (after Charlotte)
WhatsApp
Amazon
Wipro (Western India Palm Refined Oil Ltd)
Under Armour
Taobao
Renault
Uber
Zara
Nvidia (Invidia)
Jack Ma
ASICS (anima sana in corpore sano)
Luxottica
Malaysia
Napster  
Singapore
Samsonite
IBM
Soundcloud
Waymo
Xiaomi
Patagonia
Ubuntu
Rakuten
Danone
Ethereum
Beretta
Yelp
Colombia
Cadillac (Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac)
Spotify
Samsung
Nestle
Hyundai
Japan
Hitachi
Roku
Quechua
Periscope
Vioxx
Tudou
Dangote
The North Face
Build Your Dreams
Cathay Pacific
Prada (Miuccia Prada)
India
Tencent
South Korea
Tumblr
Li Ning
Subaru
Ola/ Ola Cabs
Diadora
DHL
TikTok
Taiwan
Qantas
Geely (or Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co. Ltd)
Acer
Saucony
Deliveroo
Razer
OSRAM (Osmium and Tungsten/ Wolfram)
Opel
Indonesia
SilkAir
Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company
Alfred P. Sloan
TaskRabbit
Czech Republic
Jollibee
Canada
7-Eleven
The Netherlands
Kuala Lumpur
WeChat
Bangladesh
Mizuno
(Saudi) Aramco
Anilin and Soda (Badische Anilin und Soda Fabrik)
DuckDuckGo
Slack (Searchable Log of All Conversation and Knowledge)
Azure
Tokodoki
Tumblr
Canon (Japanese name is Kannon)
Hublot

 
 

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Beethoven’s ‘Piano Sonata No. 14 in C-sharp minor’ is better known by what more romantic name?

The prince is melancholic from reading too much tragic poetry. Told that he can only be cured by laughter, his father, the King of Clubs and the adviser Pantalone arranges a grand entertainment. All efforts to elicit laughter from him fail, until the witch Fata Morgana accidentally trips and falls. Humiliated, she curses him – thus begins a 1921 satirical opera by which composer?

Premiering in 1841, which romantic ballet by Adolphe Adam features the eponymous character – a peasant girl who died of an unrequited love, and was summoned from the grave by a group of supernatural women known as the Wilis?

A famous example being that in Strauss’s ‘Die Fledermaus’, the czardas is the national folk dance of which European country?

Which Verdi opera is based on the 1852 novel ‘The Lady of the Camellias’ by Alexandre Dumas, fils? The opera was originally titled ‘Violetta’, after its main character.

Described as ‘opera’s Everyman’, which character in Mozart’s ‘The Magic Flute’ is an earthy birdcatcher who accompanies the protagonist Tamino through various trials to win the hand of  the princess Pamina?          

King Ludwig II of Bavaria was an enthusiastic patron of which composer? He also contributed generously to the building of the theatre at Bayreuth.   

Born 1866, which French composer is noted for his austere piano pieces including the ‘Gymnopedies’ and the ‘Gnossiennes’ ?        

Born 1947 in Massachusetts, who composed the orchestral work ‘On The Transmigration of Souls’ shortly after the 9/11 terrorist attacks? He is probably most noted for his operas – ‘Doctor Atomic’, ‘The Death of Klinghoffer’ and ‘Nixon in China’.    

What is the nationality of the composer Jean Sibelius?        

What name (literally meaning ‘three strings’) is given to the Japanese musical instrument shown here? Played with the aid of a plectrum called a bachi, it can be played solo or in accompaniment to drama forms such as kabuki or bunraku.

Born to Swiss parents in Le Havre in 1892, which composer associated with the modern movement was a member of the group Les Six? He is known for the oratorios ‘King David’ and ‘Joan of Arc at the Stake’, as well as the orchestral work ‘Pacific 231’, inspired by the sound of a locomotive train.        

Which Italian composer wrote 39 operas, including ‘The Barber of Seville’ and ‘William Tell’?

‘The Abduction of the Bride : Ingrid’s Lament’, ‘The Death of Ase’ and ‘In the Hall of the Mountain King’ are songs/ movements in a collection of incidental music by which composer?

First performed in Vienna in 1848, which celebratory march by Johann Strauss Sr. was named in honor of the Austrian field marshal for his victory over the Sardinians at the Battle of Custoza?    

After his death in 1864, the reputation of which German opera composer of Jewish birth was attacked by Richard Wagner although he had supported Wagner at the beginning of the latter’s career? Only performed infrequently nowadays, his noted works include ‘Robert le diable’ (‘Robert the Devil’), ‘L’Africaine’ (‘The African Woman’) and ‘Les Huguenots’.         

Composed between 1961-62, Benjamin Britten’s ‘War Requiem’ consists of traditional Latin Mass for the Dead interwoven with nine poems by which English poet?

Composed by George Frideric Handel for the coronation of King George II in 1727, ‘Zadok the Priest’ is an anthem that would also be familiar to a surprisingly younger audience group, and can be heard commonly on certain Tuesdays and Wednesdays. Explain.

Which American avant-garde composer is noted for his use of unusual timbres and alternative forms of notation, such as in his 1971 work ‘Black Angels : Thirteen Images from the Dark Land’? He won the 1968 Pulitzer Prize for Music for his orchestral work ‘Echoes of Time and the River’.    

Written between 1896-97, which piece of classical music is subtitled ‘Scherzo after a ballad by Goethe’? It became widely-known to audiences outside the concert hall after because of an animated film almost half a century later.    

Born 1865 in St. Petersburg, which composer and teacher was a child prodigy who impressed the likes of Rimsky-Korsakov and Balakirev? Noted for his ballets ‘The Seasons’ and ‘Raymonda’, he was a key mentor to the young Dmitri Shostakovich.

In each of its three movements, a soprano sings texts taken from separate sources. The first is a 15th-century Polish lament of Mary, mother of Jesus; the second a message written on the wall of a Gestapo cell during World War II, and the third a folk song of a mother searching for her son killed by the Germans in the Silesian uprisings. Who is the composer of this symphony?

Best known as the theme music for the television program ‘Alfred Hitchcock Presents’, ‘The Funeral March of a Marionette’ was a short piece of music written in 1872 by which French composer?

Premiering in 1991, John Adams’ opera ‘The Death of Klinghoffer’ is based on WHICH REAL-LIFE HISTORICAL EVENT that unfolded over four days in October 1985?   

One of the first significant figures of the Romantic school, WHICH GERMAN COMPOSER’s opera ‘Oberon: The Elf King’s Oath’ probably influenced Mendelssohn’s ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream’, while his ‘Euryanthe’ developed the Leitmotif technique to a high degree? He died of tuberculosis in 1826, at the age of only 39.

Based on one of Alexander Pushkin’s collection of short plays known as the ‘Little Tragedies’, ‘The Stone Guest’ is an opera in three acts by which 19th-century Russian composer who is widely regarded as bridging the gap in Russian composition between Glinka and The Mighty Handful & Tchaikovsky? His other noted works include ‘Esmeralda’ and ‘Rusalka’.

Topping a 2011 BBC poll of its listeners to choose their favourite ‘Desert Island Disc’, which musical work by Ralph Vaughan Williams is based on a 1881 poem by George Meredith?    

Written between 1797 and 1798, ‘Die Schopfung’ (‘The Creation’) is an oratorio considered to be the masterpiece of which Classical composer? It is referred to as Hob. XXI:2 under the Hoboken system of cataloging his work.       

Born to musician parents in New York City in 1892, which composer, arranger and pianist is perhaps best noted for orchestrating Gershwin’s ‘Rhapsody in Blue’?  He also composed orchestral works such as the ‘Mississippi Suite’, ‘Death Valley Suite’ and ‘Grand Canyon Suite’.         

Completed in 1911, which ballet composed by Igor Stravinsky and choreographed by Michel Fokine is based upon the loves and jealousies of three puppets performing during the Shrovetide Fair in St. Petersburg?   

Born 1879, which composer studied under Dvorak at the Prague Conservatory in his early years but was expelled for performing without permission? He moved to the United States, where he found success on Broadway with operatta-style musicals such as ‘Rose-Marie’ and ‘The Vagabond King’.  

Considered one of his finest compositions, which work in eight movements for solo piano by Robert Schumann takes its title from a fictional composing genius from the novels of E.T.A. Hoffmann? Schumann dedicated it to Frederic Chopin, who reportedly was not too impressed by it.      

Characterized by clicking heels and stamping feet, the lively mazurka is a traditional folk dance from which European country?        

Which composer’s symphonies are given the following (nick)names : No.1 (Titan), No.2 (Resurrection), No.7 (Song of the Night) and No.8 (Symphony of a Thousand)? His 10th symphony was left uncompleted at his death in 1911.          

Born 1890 in Bohemia, which neoclassicist composer is known for his signature use of the piano obbligato? Compared with Prokofiev and Bartok for his use of Central European ethnomusicology in his works, his popular works include the choral ‘The Epic of Gilgamesh’ (1955) and his operas ‘Julietta’ (1938) and ‘The Greek Passion’ (1961).       

Named after the mythical underwater treasure in ‘The Nibelungenlied’, what is the title of the first of four epic music dramas that make up Richard Wagner’s ‘The Ring of the Nibelung’ cycle?    

Voted by a BBC audience in 2004 as the ‘saddest classical work ever’ and played at the funerals of Albert Einstein, Princess Grace of Monaco and Lee Kuan Yew, ‘Adagio for Strings’ is a 1936 work by which American composer?     

Used repeatedly in the 2004 German movie ‘Downfall’ especially as the end of Hitler’s Third Reich culminates, the aria known popularly as ‘Dido’s Lament’ is taken from the opera ‘Dido and Aeneas’ by which English composer?     

A photo showing a Vietnamese mother leaving her child at a departure gate at Tan Son Nhut Air Base served as the inspiration for which musical by Claude-Michel Schonberg and Alain Boublil?  

First performed at the Rockefeller Center in 1951, which opera by Gian Carlo Menotti is set in Bethlehem during the birth of Christ, and features a disabled boy whose house the Three Kings visited on their way to see the Child?    

Relatively unknown to the wider audience until 1995 when his saxophone concertante work ‘Panic’ was premiered in the second half of ‘The Last Night of the Proms’ live on BBC, which British composer’s works include the operas ‘Gawain’, ‘The Mask of Orpheus’, ‘The Minotaur’ and the orchestral works ‘The Triumph of Time’ and ‘Silbury Air’?    

Based on stories by Theodore Pavie and Pierre Loti, which opera first performed in 1883 features the title character who is a daughter of the Brahmin priest Nilakantha, and includes the popular Flower Duet and Bell Song?    

Born 1856 in the town of Kongsberg, which Norwegian composer is best known today for his lyrical work for piano, ‘Fruhlingsrauschen’ (‘Rustle of Spring’)? He has often been compared to his compatriot Edvard Grieg, and regarded by many as Grieg’s successor.         

From the Italian meaning ‘at ease’, which term is a tempo marking indicating that music is to be played slowly, and is found in the titles of works by John Murphy, Tomaso Albinoni and Samuel Barber?    

A manuscript of 254 poems and dramatic texts (mainly from the 11th and 12th centuries) found in the monastery at Benediktbeuern, Bavaria served as the inspiration for WHICH COMPOSER to produce (in the 1930s) the work widely considered to be his magnum opus?

The title character of which late 19th-century opera was stabbed to death in Act 4 by the jealous soldier Don Jose, after he learnt of her love for the glamorous matador Escamillo?        

Named after the brothers who specialized in the making of intricate wooden clocks, the Bily Clocks Museum in Spillville, Iowa is also a noted landmark in the history of classical music – it was here in the summer of 1893 that     WHICH NOTED COMPOSER completed the symphony that he would be best known for?     

Premiering in 1805, in which opera does Leonore, disguised as a prison guard, rescues her husband Florestan from death in a political prison?    

Featuring the titular peasant girl who died of a broken heart from unrequited love and subsequently summoned by the supernatural spirits known as the Wilis, the romantic opera ‘Giselle’ is the best-known work of which composer born 1803 in Paris?      

Based on a 1861 comedy by Henri Meilhac, the operetta ‘The Merry Widow’ is one of the best-known works of which Austro-Hungarian composer?

Known for his works ‘Fratres’ (1977), ‘Spiegel im Spiegel’ (1978) and ‘Fur Alina’ (1976), what is the nationality of the composer Arvo Pärt? A devout Orthodox Christian who invented the technique of tintinnabuli, he has been declared ‘the most performed living composer in the world’ for seven years running by the database Bachtrack.    

Completed on St. John’s eve in 1867, which series of compositions by Modest Mussorgsky was inspired by Russian literary works and legend on the theme of a witches sabbath?     

Best known for his collaboration with lyricist Alain Boublil, which French musical theatre composer is best known for works such as ‘Les Miserables’ (1980), ‘Miss Saigon’ (1989) and ‘Marguerite’ (2008)?       

Sometimes called the Chinese lute, which four-stringed instrument with a pear-shaped body has been played for over two thousand years? It shares its four-letter name with the loquat, a species of flowering plant grown for its soft orange fruit with a mixed flavor resembling mango and peach.         

Literally meaning ‘face-changing’, the ancient dramatic art known as bian-lian, that involves rapid, almost-instantaneous changing of the vividly-colored face masks worn by the performers, is a part of opera from which Chinese province?         

Premiering in 1924, a comic opera by which composer was adapted from a serialized daily comic by Rudolf Tesnohlidek and Stanislav Lolek? Its principal roles/ characters include Zlatohrbitek (Gold-Spur, the Fox), the Forester (Revimik) and the title character Bystrouska (Sharp-Ears).    

Completed in 1906 and named after the Angel of Death in the Old Testament, Josef Suk’s ‘Asrael Symhony’ was composed in memory of his mentor & father-in-law, as well as Suk’s wife Otilie, who had both died in the preceding two years. Who was his father-in-law?           

Acknowledged by the composer to be the work that established his reputation, which opera premiering at La Scala in 1842 recollects the stories of Jewish exiles in Babylon after the loss of the First Temple in Jerusalem, and contains the famous ‘Chorus of the Hebrew Slaves’?      

Based on a drama by the German playwright Georg Buchner, ‘Wozzeck’ (1925) is the first opera by which Austrian composer, probably the most widely performed composer of the Second Viennese School? His other works include ‘Three Pieces for Orchestra’ (dedicated to his mentor Arnold Schoenberg) and the opera ‘Lulu’.    

Based on a 1731 novel by Antoine François Prévost, which opera comique by Jules Massenet feature the title character – a young Frenchwoman caught between two suitors (Des Grieux and de Bretigny)?  

Translating as ‘mad words’ or ‘wild speech’ and sometimes compared to the Italian commedia dell’arte, which term in Japanese theatre denotes a brief farce or comic interlude that is played during the intermission of a Noh drama?    

Which Russian composer, a member of the Mighty Handful, was also an acclaimed chemist and physician? He is best known for works such as ‘In the Steppes of Central Asia’ and ‘Prince Igor’.        

Premiering in 1790 at the Burgtheater in Vienna, which opera buffa in two acts, also known as K. 588, has a title that translates literally as ‘Thus do all women’, or ‘Thus do they all’?        

Born 1908 in St. Petersburg and one of the leading figures in the setting up of the Union of Sovier Composers, which Russian composer is probably best known in the West for the ‘Comedians’ Galop’ from his ‘Comedians Suite, Op 26’?         

Premiering in 1781, the title character of which Mozart opera is a king of Crete whose son falls in love with Ilia, the daughter of King Priam of Troy?    

Born 1875 in Kiev, which Russian composer of German-Polish ancestry counts amongst his students Sergei Prokofiev and Aram Khachaturian? He is perhaps best known in the west for his ballet ‘The Red Poppy’ (1927), usually regarded as the first Soviet ballet with a revolutionary theme.        

The Chinese guzheng, Japanese koto, Korean gayageum and Vietnamese dan tranh are all varieties of which class of stringed instruments?           

Born in Bologna in 1879, which Italian violinist and composer is best known for his ‘Roman trilogy’ of tone poems for orchestra – ‘Fountains of Rome’, ‘Pines of Rome’ and ‘Roman Festivals’?    

Rarely seen in his human form and more frequently as a giant owl, which manipulative and powerful sorcerer is the main antagonist in Tchaikovsky’s ballet ‘Swan Lake’? He was responsible for casting the spell that transformed Princess Odette into a swan every day.         

Performed by the Westminster Abbey Choir at the funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales as her cortege departed for private burial, ‘Song for Athene’ is a piece by which British composer noted for his extensive output of religious works, including ‘The Lamb’ and ‘The Protective Veil’? He died in 2013 at the age of 69.       

Born in 1887, which American-Hungarian composer is best known for his musicals and operettas, such as ‘Blossom Time’ (1921) that is based on the life of Franz Schubert? His other noted works include ‘The Student Prince’ (1924), ‘The Desert Song’ (1926) and ‘The New Moon’ (1928).  

Composed in 1801, by what more popular name is Beethoven’s ‘Piano Sonata No.14 in C-sharp Minor, Op 27, No. 2: Sonata quasi una fantasia’ better known? This name comes from remarks from the poet Ludwig Rellstab who likened the effect of its first movement to that of the the astronomical effect on Lake Lucerne at night.      

Premiering in 1890 and frequently staged with Leoncavallo’s ‘Pagliacci’ as a double-bill known as the ‘Cav and Pag’, the one-act opera ‘Cavalleria rusticana’ is a work by which Italian composer?         

In 2002, Adrien Brody became the youngest man to win the Best Actor Oscar with his portrayal of which Polish-Jewish musician in the Roman Polanski-directed film ‘The Pianist’?

Giving his name to a method of musical education, which Hungarian composer and ethnomusicologist, a contemporary of Béla Bartók, spent 15 years of his life collecting folk songs and music from across the country? His choral work ‘Psalmus Hungaricus’ premiered in 1923, ok the 50th anniversary of the reunification of Buda, Pest and Óbuda.

Taking place in Paris in the early 1750s, the Querelle des Bouffons was a battle of rival musical philosophies regarding the relative merits of Italian and French opera. It was sparked by a performance of the short intermezzo ‘The Servant Turned Mistress’ by which Italian composer, best known for his ‘Stabat Mater’ composed in the final weeks of his life?

Born 1852 in Villarreal, which Spanish composer and classical guitarist composed works such as ‘Memories of the Alhambra’, ‘Teardrop’ and especially ‘Grand Vals’, from which the iconic Nokia ringtone is taken?        

Premiering in 1938, the opera ‘Mathis der Maler’ (‘Matthias the Painter’) about the German Renaissance painter Matthias Grünewald is the work of which composer also noted for his ‘Symphonic Metamorphosis of Themes by Carl Maria von Weber’?       

Born in New York City in 1910, which American composer and author studied music with Aaron Copland & Virgil Thomson and produced scores for works by Tennessee Williams and Orson Welles, but is better known for his 52-year association with Tangiers and his novel ‘The Sheltering Sky’?          

Banned by the Nazis because it depicted a European hero in love with an Indian princess, the opera ‘Jessonda’ (1822) was the work of which Braunschweig-born composer, violinist and conductor who was also the inventor of both the violin chinrest and the orchestral rehearsal mark?   

  This composer’s opus 11, like Chopin’s opus 28, was a set of preludes in every key, but he is better known for his ‘Prometheus: The Poem of Fire’, his theosophical views, and his ambition to end the world with his unfinished ‘Mysterium’.

This composer, better known for his film music and work as a conductor, has written the operas ‘A streetcar Named Desire’ and ‘Brief Encounter’.          

Two Russian brothers born in the mid-19th century : one a physicist known for his development of the stability theory of a dynamical system, the other a composer noted for completing the set of 24 ‘Transcendental Etudes’ started by Franz Liszt. What is their surname?

The arrival of King Henry I the Fowler of East Francia into Brabant, where the noblewoman Elsa is being accused by Count Friedrich von Telramund of murdering her brother the child-Duke Gottfried – forms the beginning of which three-act opera first premiered in 1850?      

The basis for Chopin’s Prelude No.27 and Cesare Pugni’s ballet ‘Le Violon du diable’, the ‘Violin Sonata in G minor, B.g5’, more familiarly known as the ‘Devil’s Trill Sonata’, is the work of which Italian Baroque composer? Legend has it that the Devil appeared in his dream in 1713 and taught him this piece.    

Featuring the flashbacks of his life as a poisoned duke lays dying, the opera ‘Bomarzo’ is considered the masterpiece of which composer born in Buenos Aires in 1916? Many of his works were inspired by the Gauchesco (landless native horseman of the plains) tradition.       

Directed by Orson Welles, which 1937 musical play by Marc Blitzstein was a Brechtian allegory of corruption and corporate greed set in Steeltown, USA? It won national attention when the Works Progress Administration (WPA) shut it down a few days before its Broadway opening.

Devoting periods of his life to studying music from India, Japan and Armenia, which prolific American composer’s biggest breakthrough came in 1955, when his ‘Symphony No. 2, Mysterious Mountain’ was premiered by Leopold Stokowski in his debut with the Houston Symphony?   

Based on the words of George III, the 1969 monodrama ‘Eight Songs for a Mad King’ was the work of which English composer/ conductor and Master of the Queen’s Music from 2004 to 2014? His other works include the operas ‘The Martyrdom of St Magnus’ and ‘The Doctor of Myddfai’ as well as the ‘Naxos Quartets’ for string.      

Created by the choreographer Sir Frederick Ashton and composer Hans Werner Henze for the Royal Ballet in 1958, which three-act ballet is based on a 1811 novella by Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué, and tells the tale of a water nymph who is the object of desire of a young prince named Palemon?    

Featuring in Stanley Kubrick’s ‘2001 : A Space Odyssey’, the musical works ‘Atmosphere’ (1961), ‘Requiem’ (1963-65) and ‘Lux Aeterna’ (1966) were composed by which Hungarian-Austrian musician born in Transylvania in 1923? His only opera was ‘Le Grande Macabre’ which premiered in Stockholm in 1978.        

Based on Raymond Brigg’s picture book, the 1982 animated film ‘The Snowman’ that aired on Channel 4 featured music (including the central song ‘Walking in the Air’) by which composer and pianist? His fifty-year career produced over 650 works, including many film scores (e.g. ‘The Duellists’, ‘Flash Gordon’ and ‘A Month in the Country’).     

Divided into three sections including ‘Pilgrim of Sorrow’ and ‘Take Me to the Water’ and performed at the 1968 Mexico City Olympics as well as the inaugurations of Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton, ‘Revelations’ is the best-known work of which African-American choreographer born in Texas in 1931?         

Born 1766, which Austrian composer and former student of Salieri is now known primarily for completing Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s unfinished ‘Requiem’? In this lithograph, Mozart is seen giving him last-minute instructions.  

 


Completed between 1892 and 1905, which composer’s only three completed operas are ‘Aleko’, ‘The Miserly Knight’ and ‘Francesca da Rimini’? The first two were based on literary works by a famous compatriot of the composer, while the third was based on a story in Dante’s epic poem The Inferno.     

  Its name supposedly derived from the Balinese meaning ‘incomplete tone’, which Indonesian musical instrument is made of a varying number of bamboo tubes attached to a bamboo frame, which are carved to have a resonant pitch when struck?

Answers

Franz Schubert
Gaetano Donizetti
‘Lohengrin’
Robert Schumann
‘Moonlight Sonata’
Sergei Prokofiev/ ‘The Love For Three Oranges’
‘Giselle’
Hungary
‘La Traviata’
Papageno
Richard Wagner
Erik Satie
John Adams
Finnish
Shamisen/ Samisen
Arthur Honegger
Gioachino Rossini
Edvard Grieg (‘Peer Gynt’)
‘Radetzky March’
Giacomo Meyerbeer
Wilfred Owen
Forms the basis for the UEFA Champions League anthem
George Crumb
‘The Sorcerer’s Apprentice’ by Paul Dukas
Alexander Glazunov
Henryk Gorecki (‘Symphony of Sorrowful Songs’)
Charles Gounod
Hijacking of the Achille Lauro
Carl Maria von Weber
Alexander Dargomyzhsky
‘The Lark Ascending’
Joseph Haydn
Ferde Grofe
‘Petrushka’
Rudolf Friml
‘Kreisleriana’
Poland
Gustav Mahler
Bohuslav Martinu
‘Das Rheingold’
Samuel Barber
Henry Purcell
‘Miss Saigon’
‘Amahl and the Night Visitors’
Harrison Birtwistle
‘Lakme’ by Leo Delibes
Christian Sinding
Adagio
Carl Orff/ ‘Carmina Burana’
‘Carmen’
Antonin Dvorak (Symphony No.9 in E Minor, ‘From the New World’)
‘Fidelio’
Adolphe Adam
Franz Lehar   
Estonian
‘Night on Bare/ Bold Mountain’
Claude-Michel Schonberg
Pipa
Sichuan
Leos Janacek/ ‘The Cunning Little Vixen)
Antonin Dvorak
‘Nabucco’ by Giuseppe Verdi
Alban Berg
Manon
Kyogen
Alexander Borodin
‘Cosi fan tutte’
Dmitry Kabalevsky    
‘Idomeneo’
Reinhold Gliere
Zither
Ottorino Respighi
Baron Von Rothbart
John Tavener
Sigmund Romberg
Moonlight Sonata
Pietro Mascagni
Wladyslaw Szpilman
Zoltán Kodály
Giovani Battista Pergolesi
Francisco Tarrega
Paul Hindemith
Paul Bowles
Louis Spohr
Alexander Scriabin
Andre Previn
Lyapunov (Aleksandr and Sergei)
‘Lohengrin’ by Richard Wagner
Giuseppe Tartini
Alberto Ginastera
‘The Cradle Will Rock’
Alan Hovhaness
Peter Maxwell Davies
‘Ondine’
György Ligeti
Howard Blake
Alvin Ailey
Franz Xavier Sussmayr
Sergei Rachmaninoff
Angklung

 


ART AND ARCH

Born 1827 in Basel, which symbolist painter is best known for his ‘Isle of the Dead’, of which he produced a series of at least five different versions?

This is the self-portrait of which famous artist?

Born 1771 in Paris, which neoclassicist painter trained under Jacques-Louis David at the age of 14, and subsequently became Napoleon’s inspecteur aux revues? He is known for a series of historical paintings depicting the military career of Napoleon, such as the 1796 `Bonaparte at the pont d’Arcole’?

Born 1738 in Boston, which artist was active in both colonial America as well as England? Painted around 1785, a well-known work shows England’s Charles I going to Parliament to demand the arrest of five members for alleged treason.

This is a cropped section of a famous painting. Name the artist.

The bronze doors shown here is the creation of which Early Renaissance artist?

Developed by Mikhail Larionov and Natalia Goncharova after hearing lectures about Futurism by Marinetti, which short-lived art style derived its name from the use of beams of contrasting colour to represent lines of reflected light?

Which American photographer was instrumental in making photography into an accepted art form over his 50-year career, through the Photo-Secession movement (1902) and ‘Camera Work’ journal (1903-1917)? He was also married to the artist Georgia O’Keeffe.

What is the title of this 18th-century painting?

Now in the Uffizi Gallery, the Pontinari Altarpiece is a triptych by which Flemish painter, born in Ghent around 1430?

`I wanted to make an object that would be a focus of hope at a painful time of transition for the people of the north-east, abandoned in the gap between the industrial and the information ages….’ The artist shown here is talking about which of his  creations, completed in 1998?

Which artist is known for a series of paintings of the same theme, one of which is shown here?

Painted between 1497-98, ‘The Legend of St. Ursula’ is a series of large wall paintings on canvas by which artist of the Venetian school?

Noted for his series of paintings on St. Mark as well as his masterpiece —the vast ‘Paradise’ now in the Louvre , which Renaissance painter was named ‘Il Furioso’ because of the phenomenal energy he invested into his paintings?

What is the title of this early 20th-century painting?

Published in Milan in 1909, the ‘Manifesto of Futurism’ is written by which poet and art theorist? It expresses a philosophy that was a rejection of the past, and a celebration of speed, machinery, violence, youth and industry.

Who is the painter of this piece of artwork?

Born 1921 in Germany, which sculptor and performance artist was closely associated with the international proto-conceptual movement known as Fluxus? His noted works include ‘How To Explain Pictures To A Dead Hare’ as well as ‘I Like America and America Likes Me’ (in which he shared a room with a coyote for three days).

In Henri Rousseau’s painting ‘The Sleeping Gypsy’, what animal is musing over the sleeping gypsy on a moonlit night?   

Can you name the painter of this famous painting?

 


How many people are depicted in da Vinci painting ‘The Last Supper’?

The painting style known as tenebrism, with violent contrasts between light and dark, is generally credited as the invention of which painter born in Milan in 1571?

The painters Salvador Dali and Rene Magritte are most associated with which artistic style, whose name was first coined by the art critic Guillaume Apollinaire in 1917?

What is the nationality of the 19th-century artist Vincent van Gogh?

This is a small portion of an early 20th-century painting, showing the characteristic artistic style of the painter. Can you name him?

Which French sculptor produced famous pieces of works such as ‘The Kiss’ and ‘The Thinker’?

The early works of which famous artist were divided into periods known as Rose, Blue and African?

Which Renaissance architect and engineer is credited with the construction of the magnificent dome shown here, an undertaking that occupied his entire lifetime?

Picture shows a famous 17th-century painting. Can you identify its painter?

Who is the creator of this magnificent piece of art shown here?

In the 1997 movie ‘Bean’, the title character accidentally defaced this famous painting – by which artist?

The painting ‘The Birth of Venus’ (c 1486) is the work of which Early Renaissance painter?    

The 18th-19th century English painters J.M.W. Turner and John Constable are chiefly noted for what type of painting?

Which artist, who coined the term ‘neoplasticism’ for a new style which advocated pure abstraction and universality by a reduction to the essentials of form and colour, is noted for works such as ‘Composition II in Red, Blue and Yellow’ and ‘Tableau I’?

This famous painting depicts a European city to which the painter had moved in 1577, and stayed there for the next 37 years until his death. Which city is it?

Conducted from November 15th to December 21st 1864, William Tecumseh Sherman’s March to the Sea during the American Civil War was a military campaign which took place primarily in which southeastern state of the USA?

This is a cropped section of a painting that dates all the way back to the late 15th and early 16th centuries. Who is the painter?

In architecture, a caryatid is sculpted female figure serving as an architectural support taking the place of a column or a pillar supporting an entablature on her head. Its male counterpart is either known as an atlas (after the Titan who held up the celestial spheres), or which T, after an Argonaut companion of Jason and the father of Ajax the Great?

This is a famous work of art. In which museum in Paris would you be able to see it?

This is a cropped image of a famous work of Renaissance art. You need to name the artist who produced it.

This is a sculpture depicting two figures in classical Greek mythology. Can you name the figure on the right, highlighted by the rectangular box?

Also a name for a position in ballet, which eight-letter word is a style of decoration characterized by intertwining plants and abstract curvilinear motifs? Adapted by Muslim artisans around 1000 AD, the style can also be seen in paintings executed by Giulio Romano and other pupils of Raphael.

This is a cropped image from a famous painting. Who is the painter?

Who painted ‘The Last Supper’, now in the Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan?

This shows a painting with the name of a mythological figure in its title. Who is this figure?

W. Somerset Maugham’s novel ‘The Moon and Sixpence’, Mario Vargas Llosa’s ‘The Way to Paradise’, the Danish film ‘Oviri’ and the art movements Les Nabis and the Pont-Aven School were all inspired by which artist, who died in 1903?

This is a cropped version a famous 19th-century painting – can you name the painter?

The works of which English painter, exhibited at the Salon de Paris in 1824, inspired the art movement known as the Barbizon School? Its members included Theordore Rousseau and Jean-Francois Millet.

Coined by the French poet Guillaume Apollinaire in 1912, which term (deriving from the name of a figure in Greek myth) refers to the artistic movement that was an offshoot of Cubism which focused on pure abstraction and bright colours? Prominent proponents of this style include Frantisek Kupka and Robert Delaunay.

Painted in 1872, the piece of work shown here gave its name to which 19th-century art movement?

Derived from the Japanese for ‘blur’ or ‘haze’, which word (popularized by the 1997 ‘Photo Techniques’ magazine) refers to the aesthetic quality of the blur produced in the out-of-focus parts of an image produced by a lens?

This depicts a classic 1609 painting by which artist, showing his characteristic use of dramatic lighting effects?

Which artist produced the iconic images shown here?

Painted between 1819 and 1823, the series of fourteen murals known as the ‘Black Paintings’ (‘Pintura Negras’) was the work of which artist, who created them in a two-storey house outside Madrid known as Deaf Man’s Villa?

Located at the Unterlinden Museum in Alsace, the magnificent piece of art shown here celebrated its 500th anniversary in 2012. Can you name either the painter or the sculptor who created it?

This is a cropped version of a famous 20th century painting, by which artist?

What is the nationality of the 17th-century painter Rembrandt?

Starting in Amsterdam in 2007, the 38 year-old Dutch artist Florentjin Hoffman embarked on his tour named ‘Spreading Joy Around the World’.  Since then it has been to locations such as Baku, Pittsburgh, Sao Paulo and Hong Kong. Of what iconic form do his creations take?

What is the name given to the technique of painting as shown here, developed by Seurat and Signac in the late 19th century?

Its members including Robert Henri, John Sloan and George Luks, the Ashcan School was an early 20th-century art movement best known for works portraying scenes of daily life (often in the poorer neighbourhoods) of which city? Prostitutes (Sloan’s ‘The Haymarket’), street kids (Henri’s ‘Willie Gee’) and alcoholics (Luks’ ‘The Old Ducchess’) were common subject matter.

The 1919 work ‘L.H.O.O.Q.’ by Marcel Duchamp was a parody of which classic painting?

Which Romanian sculptor’s work ‘Bird in Space’ caused a controversy in 1926 when the United States custom rejected it as a work of art, and considered it an industrial item instead?

Which English landscape artist painted ‘The Hay Wain’ in 1821, featuring a scene on the River Stour?

The 1533 painting ‘The Ambassadors’ by Holbein features, in its bottom center, what object rendered in anamorphic perspective? You can only see it clearly if you approach the painting nearly from high on the right side, or low on the left side.

Which Florentine painter is especially noted for his ‘Birth of Venus’?   

Which Flemish artist is most famous for his portraits of Charles I of England and his family and court? He also has a style of beard named after him.   

One of the major turning points of 19th-century art, the 10 by 22 feet ‘A Burial at Ornans’ was the work of which leading figure of the Realist movement?         

Featured in Dan Brown’s ‘Angels and Demons’, Gian Lorenzo Bernini’s famous ‘Fountain of Four Rivers’ in Rome depicts four great rivers – the Nile (Africa), Danube (Europe), Rio de la Plata (S. America) and which other river?       

Extremely controversial when first exhibited due to its realistic depiction of the subject, ‘Christ In The House of His Parents’ is an 1849-50 work by which English artist? It shows a young Jesus assisting Joseph in his carpentry workshop and accidentally cutting his hand on an exposed nail.        

The Clore Gallery, the extension to the Tate Britain, was built to hold the works of which British artist?     

Edouard Manet’s controversial painting ‘Olympia’ is modeled after the 1538 ‘Venus of Urbino’, by which Venetian painter?

In the later years of his life, which Impressionist painter left rural Eragny to return to Paris in 1897? Confined to his room in the Grand Hotel de Russie by frail health and poor eyesight, he proceeded to produce a series of fourteen paintings of the boulevard Montmartre as its busy street life unfolded below him.    

A series of twenty huge paintings depicting the history of the Czech and the Slavic people in general and known collectively as ‘The Slav Epic’, it is the masterpiece of which Art Nouveau painter born in Moravia in 1860?

In Delacriox’s famous painting ‘Liberty Leading the People’, the woman at the centre of the picture, personifying the concept of Liberty, is holding what object in her left hand?    

The Metabolism was a post-war architectural movement in which country, that fused ideas about megastructures with organic biological growth? Its manifesto, published during the 1960 World Design Conference in its capital city, was a series of four essays with titles including ‘Ocean City’, ‘Space City’ and ‘Material and Man’.    

Born 1882, which painter (who is best known for one of his paintings) also produced works with titles such as ‘August in the City’, ‘The House by the Railroad’ and ‘The Wine Shop’?    

This shows a 1910 painting by which post-impressionist artist, known for his jungle scenes (which are sometimes surrealistic)?   

In which Italian city is the 16th-century Uffizi Gallery located?  

Which Austrian painter, a protégé of Gustav Klimt, is noted for the intense and raw sexuality of his work, characterized by their twisted body shapes and expressive line? He died in the 1918 Spanish flu epidemic, at the age of 28.

This shows a 1964 painting (supposedly a self-portrait) by which surrealist painter?

The painting ‘Charing Cross Bridge, London’ (1906) by which French painter and sculptor, generally regarded as one of the co-founders of the Fauvism movement together with Matisse and Vlamnick?      

The iconic sculpture shown here is the creation of which contemporary artist?    

Which artist painted ‘Girl With A Pearl Earring’ (1665), which has inspired a Tracy Chevalier novel and its film adaptation starring Scarlett Johansson?     

Which artist was born Michelangelo Merisi in 1571 in Milan? The name he is now known by is that of a small town near Bergamo, where his father Fermo worked as the architect-director for the Marchese.    

First artist ever to win the Turner Prize with a purely aural work, which Glasgow-born artist creates sound installations using her own voice which are played at specific geographic sites? Her winning entry ‘Lowlands’ was three versions of a 16th-century lament that was played under three bridges over the River Clyde.    

What was the surname of the US artist who was nicknamed ‘Jack the Dripper’?

This shows a still from an episode of ‘The Simpsons’, parodying a famous 1863 painting by WHICH ARTIST?

What is the predominant colour of the dress worn by the female figure in Jan van Eyck’s 1434 painting ‘The Arnolfini Portrait’?      

This is a cropped section of a 18th-century painting by which artist?      

Born 1444 near Urbino, which Italian architect was primarily responsible for the introduction of the High Renaissance style into architecture? Under Pope Julius II, he was the principal planner for the rebuilding of Rome, where his plan for St. Peter’s Basilica formed the basis of design executed subsequently by Michelangelo.

Meaning ‘pictures of a floating world’, which term refers to the genre of art popular in Japan from the 17th to the 19th centuries? It consists of woodwork prints and paintings of female beauties, sumo wrestlers, travel scenes and landscapes. A classic example is Hokusai’s ‘The Great Wave off Kanagawa’.    

Noted for works such as his 1912 portrait of Picasso and the 1918 ‘Man from Touraine’, which Spanish painter & sculptor and a leading exponent of the ‘Crystal Cubism’ style is commonly called ‘the Third Cubist’, after Picasso and Braque?

The reflected image of which monarch, together with his queen Mariana of Austria, can be seen in Diego Velazquez’s masterpiece ‘Las Meninas’? He is remembered both for his patronage of the arts as well as his rule over Spain during most of the Thirty Year’s War. Please give both his name and regnal number.    

Flourishing in the late 19th century, which post-impressionist style (after the French for ‘partition’) is characterized by a two-dimensional pattern, featuring large patches of bright colour enclosed within thick black outlines? The painting shown here is widely considered a quintessential work of this style.

In WHICH CAPITAL CITY would you find the Bardo Museum, one of the largest on the continent? Housing exhibits such as the Blue Koran of Kairouan, it suffered a terrorist attack in March 2015 in which 24 people died.        

Except for a few years when he travelled to Italy and the Netherlands, the German Renaissance artist Albrecht Durer spent most of his life in WHICH CITY, where he was born in May 1471?

Selling for around $65.5 million in 2011, ‘Eagle Standing on Pine Tree’ is the most expensive painting sold at auction by a Chinese painter, and is the work of which painter born during the Qing Dynasty and noted for his whimsical works in watercolor? (NB : doubts have since surfaced about its authenticity)    

One of his first ‘drip paintings’, Jackson Pollock’s 1947 work ‘Full Fathom Five’ takes its title from which play by Shakespeare? The passage begins, ‘Full fathom five thy father lies; Of his bones are coral made; Those are pearls that were his eyes: Nothing of him that doth fade’.   

What is the two-word title of the sculpture by the Turner Prize-winning artist Mark Wallinger, the first to occupy the empty fourth plinth in Trafalgar Square? It is a life-sized statue of a Christ figure wearing a crown of barbed wire, naked apart from a loin cloth, and with his hands bound behind his back.  

First achieving fame in the late 1970s as part of the graffiti duo SAMO, which American artist of mixed Haitian-Puerto Rican descent became known for his neo-expressionist paintings (such as ‘Scull’)? A longtime collaborator of Andy Warhol, he died of a heroin overdose in 1988 at the age of 27.    

Widely considered to be his masterpiece, ‘The School of Athens’ is a fresco by which Italian High Renaissance painter?   

From the Italian for ‘engrave’ or ‘cut’, which term in printmaking refers to the technique in which the image is incised into a surface and the incised line or sunken area holds the ink? Albrecht Durer is one of the most famous artist who employed this technique.    

Inspired by a Mikhail Lermontov poem, ‘The Demon Seated’ is a 1890 painting by which Russian Symbolist artist? His works attracting much controversy during his lifetime, his last years were plagued by mental illnesses before his death in 1910.

What name is given to the life-sized sculpture of the fashion model Kate Moss in a yoga position by the British sculptor Marc Quinn? In 2008, the British Museum commissioned Quinn to make a similar sculpture of cast gold, which was named ‘Siren’.    

The physicist Niels Bohr had the painting (‘La Femme au Cheval’/ ‘Woman with Horse’) displayed prominently in his office, as it supposedly illustrated the quantum concept of complementarity. Who was its painter, a major 20th-century French painter and theorist perhaps better known for Du ‘Cubisme’, the first major text on Cubism which he co-wrote with Albert Gleizes in 1912.    

One of the world’s most recognizable paintings, Leonardo da Vinci’s ‘The Last Supper’ covers an endwall of the dining hall at the monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie in which Italian city?

What is the title of this painting, completed in April 1885? The painter deliberately chose coarse peasants as the subjects, and considered it to be his most successful work in a letter to his sister Willemina two years later.

This small extract shows part of a piece of work by which artist?       

The last-developed and the most ornate, which of the three classical Greek orders of architecture is characterized by slender fluted columns with elaborate capitals usually decorated with scrolls and acantus leaves?   

The first woman to win the Pritzker Prize (in 2004), in which country was architect Zaha Hadid born? Her noted works include the Guangzhou Opera House and London Olympics Aquatics Centre.

Born 1958 in Pennsylvania, which artist and designer began his career drawing graffiti in New York City’s subways in the early 1980s, popularizing themes such as the radiant baby and dancing dogs? He died of AIDS-related complications at the age of 31.

Painted around 1425 as part of a series of frescoes on the walls of the Brancacci Chapel in Florence, ‘The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden’ is a noted work by which Italian painter? Considered the finest of the Quattrocento period of the Renaissance by Vasari, his death at the early age of 26 has been attributed to poisoning by jealous rivals.      

 Currently in display at the Tate Gallery, the painting shown here includes the name of which figure of antiquity in its title?    

Painted in 2010 and utilizing a classical Fauvist color palette, ‘La Danse’ is the work of which French artist born in 1869?     

Painted circa 1650, ‘The Temptation of St. Anthony’ is a work by which Flemish artist and baker, who played an important role in the development of genre-painting in the mid-17th century with his tavern scenes and less-than-flattering portraits?        

Born in the Republic of Venice c. 1488, which Italian painter was regarded by his peers as the ‘Sun amidst small stars’ for his virtuosity and versatility across diverse styles such as portraits, landscapes, mythological and religious subjects, e.g. ‘Diana and Actaeon’ (1556-59)?         

Located at the stairwell of the National Palace in Mexico City, ‘The History of Mexico’ is a noted work by which mural specialist and husband of Frida Kahlo?          

This picture is a spoof of a noted 1632 oil painting by which artist?       

Another cropped painting – NAME THE PAINTER of this famous 1931 painting, of which the upper right corner is shown here.          

In this 1964 painting by the pop artist Roy Lichtenstein, which male name has been removed from the speech bubble?        

This picture is a spoof of a noted 17th-century painting – by which artist?    

Considered a precursor to Expressionism, the painting ‘Christ’s Entry Into Brussels in 1889’ is a work by which Belgian painter and printmaker, who lived in Ostend for almost his entire life and was closely associated with the artistic group Les XX?         

Who is the painter of this mid-15th century artwork, a cropped version of which is shown?    

Taking its title from a psychiatric textbook, the 1927 painting ‘Mama, Papa is Wounded!’ is the work of which French surrealist artist noted for his application of the principles of automatism into his paintings? He became a US citizen and died in Connecticut in 1955.

Featuring key Reformation figures such as John Calvin and John Knox, this monument in Geneva is the work of the French sculptor Paul Landowski, who is probably best known for which other of his project (a collaboration with Heitor da Silva Costa and Gheorghe Leonida)?        

Announced in 1914 in the first issue of the magazine BLAST and given its name by the poet Ezra Pound, which artistic movement began with the Rebel Art Centre which Wyndham Lewis and others established after disagreeing with Omega Workshops founder Roger Fry?   

     Presented to the United Nations in New York as a memorial to its 2nd Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold who had been killed in an air-crash 3 years earlier, this vibrant stained-glass window entitled ‘Peace’ was the work of which Belorussian-French artist?        

First exhibited in 1865, the controversial painting ‘Olympia’ was the work of which French artist?        

Painted around 1917, this triptych by the German expressionist painter Max Pechstein is named after which island in Micronesia, to which he had travelled in 1914 to seek artistic inspiration?           

Born 1844 in Laval, which French post-impressionist painter was also known as Le Douanier – a humorous reference of his occupation as a tax & toll collector? He only started painting seriously in his early forties, and received his first serious review in 1891 for his painting ‘Tiger in a Tropical Storm’.    

A cropped version of a famous painting is shown – who is its painter?     

Painted in the 1460s in the Palazzo della Residenza in the town of Sansepolcro, Tuscany, Italy, ‘The Resurrection’ was described by Aldous Huxley was ‘the greatest painting in the world’. It escaped destruction during WWII when a British artillery officer (remembering Huxley’s words) defied orders and held his forces back from shelling the town. Who was its painter?    

First exhibited in 1859 when it caused a sensation, the large (3m by 1.7m) oil painting ‘The Heart of the Andes’ is by which American artist? A student of Thomas Cole (who founded the Hudson River School), he undertook two trips to South America in the 1850s, from which he was inspired to produce this as well as works such as ‘Cayambe’ and ‘Cotopaxi’.  

This image of a painting can be found in an 1871 work by which artist?     

This picture is a Playmobil re-enactment of a famous 17th-century painting by which renowned artist?    

Painted from 1870-73, the oil canvas work ‘Barge Haulers on the Volga’ was a noted painting by which Russian realist painter, whose renown in 19th-century art rivals that of Tolstoy in literature? Skeptical towards the October Revolution, he spent the last decades of his life in Finland.              

Which river is portrayed in this famous landscape artwork painted at the end of the 16th century?       

Located between Rotterdam and The Hague, which city in the Netherlands is the birthplace of the 17th-century painter Johannes Vermeer where he spent his entire life?        

As of November 2014, which sculptor occupies the top three positions on a list of the most expensive sculptures sold at auction? ‘L’Homme au doigt’ (‘The Pointing Man’) was top at US$141.3 million, followed by ‘L’Homme qui marche I’ (‘The Marching Man I’) and ‘Chariot’.   

Another cartoon representation of famous paintings – name the artist who painted this one in 1884?           

 


Inspired by Cubism and Futurism and itself influencing the Bauhaus and De Stijl movements, the artistic and architectural philosophy known as Constructivism originated in which country around 1913?     

In July 2012, this Google doodle commemorated the 150th anniversary of which Viennese-born famous painter?

Another Playmobil enactment of a famous painting – who is the painter?    

I’ve grown rather fond of cartoon parodies of great paintings, and I hope you have to. Here’s another one – this is a Smurf-ish parody of an 1830 painting by which artist?    

Depicting a group of figures from classical mythology in a garden, the late 15th-century tempera painting ‘Primavera’ is a famous work by which artist of the Early Renaissance?

Coined by the art critic Louis Vauxcelles in 1911, the term ‘tubism’ refers to the style of which French artist, whose idiosyncratic interpretation of Cubism emphasizes cylindrical shapes, such as in ‘The Card Players’ (pictured) and ‘Nudes in the Forest’?

Both executed in the year 1889 in Pont-Aven, Brittany, the paintings ‘The Yellow Christ’ and ‘The Green Christ’ were considered key works of Symbolism in art, and were the creation of which artist?          

The 2005 studio album ‘You Could Have It So Much Better’ by the Scottish indie rock band Franz Ferdinand modelled its cover design on a  1924 portrait of the socialite Lilya Brik by which Russian artist? A dedicated leader of the Constructivist movement, he is noted for his 1918 series of black-on-black geometric paintings in response to the famous ‘White on White’ painting of his Suprematist rival, Kazimir Malevich.

Apparently once used by the artist to pay for a car repair bill, ‘Eclipse of the Sun’ (valued at  $19,000,000 in 2006) is a work by which prominent member of the Berlin Dada and New Objectivity group during the Weimar Republic also noted for ‘The Funeral (Dedicated to Oskar Panizza)’?

Holding the largest collection of Rodin sculptures outside France, the Museo Soumaya is a private museum located in which capital city? Named in memory of the late wife of its founder, it relocated to a new building designed by his son-in law Fernando Romero in 2011.      

Born 1891 in Thuringia, which German painter and engraver is considered one of the foremost artists of the Neue Sachlichkeit movement of the 1920s? Noted for works such as his 1924 ‘Der Krieg’ series of fifty etchings depicting the horrors of war, he was arrested in 1939 of trumped-up charges of involvement in a plot against Hitler, but later released.     

The actor Donald Sutherland and his son Kiefer both played the role of a famous painter – the former in the 1986 film ‘The Wolf at the Door’ and the latter in the 2003 movie ‘Paradise Found’. Which painter did they both portray?

This excerpt is taken from which 16th-century painting?

Widely thought to be missing until it was spotted as a prop on the movie ‘Stuart Little’ by an art historian, ‘Sleeping Lady with Black Vase’ is a painting by which avant-garde Hungarian artist credited with introducing cubism and expressionism to Hungarian art before WWI?    

In 2008, Michael Baum, a professor of surgery at University College London, suggested that the subject of this 1513 portrait suffered from Paget’s disease, where pathological bone remodeling leads to deformities. Who is the artist who painted this portrait?    

Completed in 1824, this painting depicts an attack on an island in the Aegean Sea by Ottoman forces during the Greek War of Independence that took place two years earlier. Who is the painter?          

When he passed away in Genoa at the age of 71 in 2009, the architect Gianfranco Franchini was still best known for a project he undertook more than three decades previously with two colleagues (Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers) who had since gone on to international renown.  Which iconic project was this?    

Born in the village of Mirzani in 1862, which Georgian primitivist painter suffered poverty and hardship during his lifetime, but found posthumous fame when interest in his work increased in the ‘50s Europe and USSR? He is shown here on the 1 lari banknote.             

 


Nicknamed ‘The Green Lady’ due to the unusual blue-green color of her face, ‘The Chinese Girl’ is a 1952 painting by which Russian-born artist? It became one of the world’s most popular paintings when made into prints in the 1950s and 1960s, and is one of the world’s best-selling art reproductions of the twentieth century.        

Completed towards the end of around 450 BC, the sculpture known as the Discobolus (of which the original is lost but many later Roman copies survive) was the work of which Athenian sculptor born in Eleutherae, on the borders between Attica and Boeotia?    

Designed by Frank Gehry and now the home of the Los Angeles Philharmonic orchestra, after which famous individual is this iconic concert hall named? It opened in 2003, around 36 years after his death, and received a $50 million initial contribution to its construction from his widow Lillian.           

In his 1984 work ‘Boulevard of Broken Dreams’, the Austrian-Irish visual artist Gottfried Helnwein replaced the people IN WHICH FAMOUS PAINTING with pop icons such as Marilyn Monroe, James Dean, Elvis Presley and Humphrey Bogart?    

Which term, from the Italian meaning ‘dough’, refers to the artistic technique in which paint is laid thickly on a surface, so much so that the brush or painting-knife strokes are still visible?             

Who is the artist of the painting from which this cropped image is taken?

 


This is a cartoon ‘interpretation’ of a 1818 painting by which Romantic artist?     

Now in Seville’s Museum of Fine Arts, the 1631 altarpiece ‘The Apotheosis of St. Thomas Aquinas’ is the work of which Spanish artist nicknamed ‘The Spanish Caravaggio’ for his mastery of the chiaroscuro technique?           

Painted around 1603, ‘Sacred Love and Profane Love’ is the best-known work of which Italian Late Mannerist and Early Baroque painter? It was a direct response to Caravaggio’s ‘Love Conquers All’, leading to the latter accusing him of plagiarism.    

Housing monumental displays such as Babylon’s Ishtar Gate and Miletus’ Market Gate, in which world capital is the Pergamon Museum located?

Winner of the Turner Prize in 2004, which London-born conceptual, video and installation artist is noted for his 2001 re-staging of the Battle of Orgreave – a violent confrontation between police and strikers during the UK miners’ strikes in 1984-85?

Heavily influenced by his compatriot Hokusai, which Japanese ukiyo-e artist of the Edo period is known for his poetic and ambient landscape depictions, such as ‘The Fifty-Three Stations of the Tokaido’?            

Created for the 1937 World’s Fair in Paris, the 24.5 m-high stainless steel sculpture named ‘Worker and Kolkhoz Woman’ is probably the most celebrated work of which Soviet female artist born in Riga in 1889?

The artistic group known as the Captain Boomer collective, which creates location-based displays such as the artificial beached sperm whale along the River Seine shown here, takes its name from a fictional character in which 19th-century novel?        

Sold by the David Geffen Foundation to the hedge-fund honcho Kenneth C. Griffin for $300 million in September 2015, whose 1955 abstract painting ‘Interchange’ was the highest paid for a painting at that time?       

An icon of the post-World War I movement, the oil painting ‘The Night’ is the work of which German artist commonly associated with the New Objectivity movement? His other noted works include ‘Scene from the Destruction of Messina’ and ‘Bird’s Hell’.    

Born 1962 in Heilongjiang, which contemporary Chinese artist, part of the ‘Cynical Realist’ movement that began since 1989, is known for depicting himself in various settings and frozen in laughter?

Characterized by a fusion of ideas about megastructures with organic biological growth, the Metabolist School is a post-World War II architectural movement that flourished in which country? The movement first came to prominence in the 1960 World Design Conference held in its capital city.

Coined by an art critic in a review of the works of Arthur Streeton and Walter Withers, the ‘Heidelberg School’ was a late 19th-century Impressionistic art movement that began in which country?        

From medieval Latin meaning ‘horse’s leg’, what name is given to the type of roof that is symmetrical with two slopes on each side, with the lower slope steeper than the upper one? It was previously known as the ‘Dutch roof’ in 18th-century English and North American architecture.    

Depicted in paintings by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres and Jules Joseph Lefebvre, what term of Turkish origin refers to a chambermaid or female attendant who worked in the household of the Ottoman sultan?    

This is a cartoon parody of a famous 19th-century painting by which artist?    

From the French for ‘to rub’, the technique known as frottage whereby an impression of the surface texture of a material, such as wood, is obtained by placing a piece of paper over it and rubbing it with a soft pencil or crayon, was developed in 1925 by which surrealist artist?    

An iconic image evoking the despair and devastation of the Great Depression era, the 1936 photograph ‘Migrant Mother’ was the work of which US documentary photojournalist?    

The work of the US artist Jim Sanborn, ‘Kryptos’ is a sculpture bearing four encrypted messages (of which three have been solved). In WHICH US STATE is this sculpture located?        

Completed between 1569-70, ‘The Four Elements’ is a series of four paintings by which Flemish painter who specialized in market and kitchen scenes that usually incorporates biblical themes or episodes within them? He was a major influence in the development of still-life art in Northern Europe and Italy.    

Completed in 1963, the artwork ‘Tracer’ is an example of a combine painting by which US graphic artist? Works in this genre typically incorporate objects (such as photographs, newspaper clippings or clothing) into a painted surface, thus a painting-sculpture hybrid.       

This cartoon parody is of a late 18th-century painting by WHICH FRENCH ROCOCO PAINTER?    

This a parody (with Playmobil figurines) of a famous 1882 painting by WHICH FRENCH MODERNIST PAINTER?      

This is a cropped version of a famous mid-17th century painting. Name the artist.        

This is a parody of a famous painting by which American painter?    

Born in 1926, which Argentine-American architect designed some of the world’s tallest buildings and major urban landmarks, such as the National Museum of Art in Osaka, the World Financial Center in New York City, as well as the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur?     

Completed in 1958 and adoring the external façade of Coventry Cathedral, the sculpture ‘St. Michael and the Devil’ is a work by which American-British pioneering modern sculptor best known for his bronze works cast from modeled clay?    

Born in Shandong in 1973, which Chinese artist has received international recognition for his ‘Hiding in the City’ series? Inspired to create it after the demolition of the Suo Jia Cun artist village in 2005, he uses the city around him as a backdrop, painting himself to blend in with a landscape that is in constant flux.

Referenced in works by Octavio Paz, Alan Moore, Terry Pratchett and Queen, the painting ‘The Fairy Feller’s Master Stroke’ (1855-64) now in Tate Britain was the work of which    English artist, who spent more than 20 years of his later life in Bethlem and Broadmoor hospitals for mental illness (likely paranoid schizophrenia)?

Referencing the poet William Carlos Williams’ work ‘The Great Figure’ (which described a fire-engine speeding through the rain-soaked city streets at night), the painting ‘I Saw The Figure 5 in Gold’ is a 1928 work by which US artist, a pioneer in the Precision art movement that greatly influenced subsequent Pop artists?         

Which US contemporary minimalist artist, born in Massachusetts in 1935, is known for his grid-format style involving objects such as bricks, blocks and metal plates arranged directly on the floor? His works include ‘144 Lead Square’, ‘Twenty-fifth Steel Cardinal’ and ‘Stone Field Sculpture’.         

Dated to between 35000 to 40000 years old, this lion-headed figurine is the oldest-known zoomorphic (animal-shaped) sculpture in the world, and the oldest-known uncontested example of figurative art. Mentioned at the opening of Yuval Noah Hariri’s book ‘Sapiens’ as well as Neil MacGregor’s BBC radio series ‘Living with the Gods’, in which country was it discovered in 1939?       

Born 1839 to affluent British parents, which French Impressionist painter was the most consistent of the Impressionists in his dedication to painting landscape en plein air (i.e., outdoors), and only rarely ventured into figure painting? He is best known for his works depicting the River Thames especially around Hampton Court.

Born Antonio Allegri in 1489, which Renaissance artist is better known today by the name of the small town in the Po valley where he grew up? The foremost exponent of the Parma school, he was responsible for some of the most vigorous and sensuous works of the 16th century – including ‘The Martyrdom of the Four Saints’, ‘The Mystic Marriage of St. Catherine’ and a series of paintings based on Ovid’s ‘Metamorphoses’.          

A trademark of the BBC television series ‘Monty Python’s Flying Circus’ where it is seen dropping down on the title and everything around, The Foot of Cupid is based on the 1545 painting ‘Venus, Cupid, Folly and Time’ by which Florentine Mannerist painter, known by the sobriquet that probably refers to his dark complexion or reddish hair?    

Completed the 1488, ‘The Torment of St. Anthony’ is widely considered the earliest known painting by Michelangelo. It is a close copy of a famous engraving (c. 1470-75) by which painter and printmaker nicknamed ‘Beautiful Martin’ and regarded as the finest German engraver before Albrecht Durer?          

Born 1720 in Veneto, which Italian artist is best known today for his exquisite etchings of various sites in Italy (e.g. the Colosseum and the Arch of Trajan)? He is also noted for the ‘Le Carceri d’Invenzione’ – a series of works depicting fictitious and atmospheric prisons.             

The 1770 portrait ‘The Blue Boy’ is an iconic work by the English painter Thomas Gainsborough. A boy dressed very similarly (in blue as well) featured prominently in another 1878 painting – by which artist?         
Located on the campus of Columbia University in Manhattan, the sculpture ‘Bellerophon Taming Pegasus’ is the last work of which Cubist sculptor, also noted for ‘Prometheus Strangling the Vulture’?    

Beginning with ‘The Savage State’ and ending with ‘Desolation’, what name is given to a series of five paintings created by Thomas Cole in the years 1833–1836 that depicted the growth and fall of an imaginary city, situated on the lower end of a river valley?

The painting ‘Counter composition XIII’ is the work of which artist, a close friend of Mondrian’s until they split in the mid-1920s (one of their disagreements apparently was over the use of diagonals, which Mondrian strongly objected to)? This painter is regarded as the founder and leader of the ‘De Stijl’ movement.          

Arguably the most influential Netherlandish painting of Christ’s crucifixion, depicting Christ lowered from the cross and his lifeless body held by Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus, ‘The Descent from the Cross’ is a 1435 work by which artist?         
Sometimes called the “Sistine Chapel of the early Renaissance’, the Brancacci Chapel in the Church of Santa Maria del Carmine in Florence is noted for housing most of the known works of which painter, who began by assisting his senior associate Masolino da Panicale in painting the chapel but ended up doing most of it himself? He left for Rome before completing the work, and died in 1428 at the age of 26.     

 Painted around 300 years after the actual event and with several discrepancies compared to actual historical facts, this painting depicts the execution of which figure? Who was the artist?

An example being Michelangelo’s ‘David’, which term in art refers to the sculptural scheme, originated by the ancient Greeks, in which the standing human figure is poised such that the weight rests on one leg, freeing the other leg, which is bent at the knee?

From the Maya for ‘thundering paw’, what term refers to a particular form of pre-Columbian Mesoamerican sculpture depicting a reclining figure with its head facing 90 degrees from the front, supporting itself on its elbows and supporting a bowl or a disk upon its stomach? It is supposed to symbolize a slain warrior carrying offerings to the gods.

Produced in 1830–1833 on the subject of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, the large painting ‘The Last Day of Pompeii’ is the work of which Russian painter? Nicknamed ‘Karl the Great’ by his contemporaries, he is regarded as a key figure in transition from the Russian neoclassicism to romanticism.      

Attributed with writing the apocryphal 15th book of Euclid’s ‘Elements’, the architect and mathematician Isidore of Miletus is best known for designing which major architectural wonder, together with Anthemius of Tralles?        
Employed by Philip, Duke of Burgundy, this Dutch sculptor completed his famous ‘Well of Moses’ in 1405. It consists of a tall slender cross surmounting a hexagonal base, which was surrounded by the figures of the six prophets who had foreseen the death of Christ on the Cross.        

Depicting the victorious Bolsheviks defeating the White movement, the 1919 lithographic propaganda poster ‘Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge’ is the work of which artist and designer? A protégé of Kazimir Malevich, he developed a suprematist style of his own which he named ‘Proun’.        

Works attributed to him include ‘Horses of St. Mark’, ‘Apoxyomenos’ and ‘Eros Stringing the Bow’, which Greek sculptor of the 4th century BC is considered one of the three great sculptors of the Classical Greek era (together with Scopas and Praxiteles)? He was Alexander the Great’s personal sculptor, and his student Chares of Lindos constructed the Colossus of Rhodes.    

Now in the Tate Modern, the 1949 fresco ‘Questioning Children’ caused controversy and was covered up for ten years when it was exhibited in Amsterdam City Hall. It was the work of which painter/ sculptor, a founding member of the avant-garde COBRA movement?   

From the Maya for ‘hill’, which four-letter term can refer either to a range of hills in the Mexican state of Yucatán, or to the architectural style associated with this region? Characteristics include facings of thin squares of limestone veneer over a cement-and-rubble core as well as lavish use of stone mosaics in upper facades.       

Born 1924 in New York, which American artist associated with the Pop Art movement is noted for his sculptures that consist of monochromatic cast plaster figures often situated in mundane environments? Notable works include The Truck (1966), The Laundromat (1966–67), and Hot Dog Stand (1978).

Located in the Swiss town of St. Moritz is this museum dedicated to which Italian landscape artist of the late 19th century? Here visitors can view his masterpiece – the ‘Alpine Triptych’ consisting of ‘Life’, ‘Death’ and ‘Nature’ – the last of which he just finished before dying of peritonitis in 1899.           

Begun in 1950 and continued until his death in 1976, ‘Homage to the Square’ – a series of paintings of coloured squares superimposed onto each other such that each square optically alters the sizes, hues, and spatial relationships of the others – was the work of which German-born US artist who left Germany when the Nazis closed down Bauhaus?         

First awarded in 1921 after the receipt of a bequest from the editor of ‘The Bulletin’, the Archibald Prize was the first major prize for portraiture in which country? Recent winners include Nigel Milsom, Louise Hearman and Yvette Coppersmith.      

The Goldman and Salatsch Building in Vienna is the work of which Austrian architect who exerted a strong influence on European Modernist architects after World War I? His noted essay ‘Ornament and Crime’ (1910) was strongly critical of the Art Nouveau movement.         

Revolutionary in the use of the materials (bent tubular steel and eisengarn) and methods of manufacturing, this iconic chair (designed by Marcel Breuer in 1925-1926 while he at the Bauhaus) is named after which artist?

‘GO TO HELL WITH YOUR MONEY BASTARD—STOP—REFUSE PRICE (sic) —STOP—NEVER ASKED FOR IT—STOP—AGAINST ALL DECENSY (sic)’ – which artist sent this telegram to the Guggenheim Foundation in 1964 to decline an award? Born in Jutland in 1914, he was a founding member of the avant-garde movement COBRA, and is noted for his masterpiece oil painting ‘Stalingrad’.     

Translating a portrait of John F. Kennedy from a campaign poster onto a towering display, the 1961 work ‘President Elect’ is by which American pop art proponent who also produced ‘F-111’ (1965) – an 83-feet long depiction of an F-111 fighter-bomber enveloped by oversize images from photographs and printed advertisements?     

This permanent installation in Frogner Park in Oslo is named after which sculptor born in 1869? He was also the designer of the Nobel Peace Prize medal.     

Born 1953 in Brooklyn, which painter and sculptor achieved fame in the 1980s for his “Men in the Cities” series, which depicted sharply dressed people writhing in contorted emotion? He also directed the 1995 cyberpunk thriller ‘Johnny Mnemonic’ starring Keanu Reeves and Dolph Lundgren.     

Forced to flee to Norway then England after his work was declared decadent by the Nazis, which German Dada artist is best known for his series of ‘Merz pictures’ – a nonsense word derived from the second syllable of the word Kommerz? The pictures are collages assembled from various everyday objects (train tickets, newspaper, cigarettes and postage stamp).       

Published in 2000, Derek Walcott’s book-length narrative poem entitled ‘________’s Hound’ (about the painter and fellow Caribbean Camille Pissaro) has the name of which Venetian family of artists in the title? Noted works by the father include ‘Madonna of Carmelo and the Souls of Purgatory’ (c 1720) and that by the son include ‘The Procession of the Trojan Horse into Troy’ (1760).     

Announced in July 2019, an upcoming biopic stars Benedict Cumberbatch as which English artist born in London in 1860?  Best known for his drawings, which consistently featured anthropomorphized large-eyed cats and kittens, he suffered from mental illnesses in his later years which may have been precipitated by Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite which is excreted in cats feces.            

Held in the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York, and among its most popular exhibits, ‘Leda and the Swan’ is the work of which artist born in Virginia in 1928? He is noted for large-scale, freely-scribbled, calligraphic and graffiti-like works with themes from myths and allegories.      

    

Answers

Arnold Bocklin
Albrecht Durer
Antoine-Jean Gros
John Singleton Copley
Jacques-Louis David/ ‘The Death of Marat’
Lorenzo Ghiberti (Gates of Paradise at the Florence Baptistery)
Rayonism
Alfred Stieglitz
‘Oath of the Horatii’/ ‘Le Serment des Horaces’ by Jacques-Louis David
Hugo van der Goes
Angel of the North/ Antony Gormley
Cassius Marcellus Coolidge
Vittore Carpaccio
Tintoretto
‘I and the Village’/ Marc Chagall
Filippo Tommaso Marinetti
Caspar David Friedrich (‘The Tree of Crows’)
Joseph Beuys
Lion
Edvard Munch
Thirteen (Jesus and his twelve disciples)
Caravaggio
Surrealism
Dutch
L.S. Lowry (from ‘Going to the Match’)
Auguste Rodin
Pablo Picasso
Filippo Brunelleschi (The Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence)
Rembrandt van Rijn (‘The Night Watch’)
Michelangelo (‘David’)
James Whistler (‘Arrangement in Grey and Black No.1’, famous under its colloquial name ‘Whistler’s Mother’)
Sandro Botticelli
Landscape
Piet Mondrian
Toledo (‘View of Toledo’ by El Greco)
Georgia
Hieronymous Bosch (‘The Garden of Earthly Delights’)
Telamon
The Louvre
Benvenuto Cellini (from ‘Perseus with the Head of Medusa’)
Orpheus (with Eurydice)
Arabesque
Jan Van Eyck (‘The Arnolfini Wedding/ Portrait’)
Leonardo da Vinci
Icarus (‘Landscape with the Fall of Icarus’/ Pieter Bruegel)
Paul Gauguin
Eugene Delacroix (‘Liberty Leading the People’)
John Constable
Orphism
Impressionism (Claude Monet’s ‘Impression, Sunrise’)
Bokeh
Caravaggio
Andy Warhol
Francisco Goya
Matthias Grunewald/ Niclaus of Haguenau (The Isenheim Altarpiece)
Pablo Picasso (‘Guernica’)
Dutch
Giant Yellow Rubber Duck
Pointillism
New York City
‘Mona Lisa’
Constantin Brancusi
John Constable
A Skull
Sandro Botticelli
Anthony van Dyck
Gustave Courbet
Ganges
John Everett Millais
J.M.W. Turner
Titian
Camille Pissarro
Alphonse Mucha/ ‘Slavs In Their Original Homeland’
Bayoneted musket
Japan
Edward Hopper
Henri Rousseau/ ‘The Dream’
Florence
Egon Schiele
Rene Magritte/ ‘The Son of Man’
Andre Derain
Antony Gormley/ ‘Angel of the North’
Johannes Vermeer
Caravaggio
Susan Philipsz
Pollock
Edouard Manet (‘Le Dejeuner sur l’herbe’/ ‘Luncheon on the Grass’)
Green
Henry Fuseli (‘The Nightmare’)
Donato Bramante
Ukiyo-e
Juan Gris
Philip IV
Cloisonnism (‘The Yellow Christ’ by Paul Gauguin)
Tunis
Nuremberg
Qi Baishi
‘The Tempest’
‘Ecce Homo’
Jean-Michel Basquiat
Raphael/ Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino
Intaglio
Mikhail Vrubel
‘Sphinx’
Jean Metzinger
Milan
‘The Potato Eaters’/ Vincent Van Gogh
Francisco Goya/ ‘The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters’
Corinthian
Iraq
Keith Haring
Masaccio
Hannibal (‘Hannibal Crossing the Alps’ by J.M.W. Turner)
Henri Matisse
Joos van Craesbeeck
Titian/ Tiziano Vercelli
Diego Rivera
Rembrandt van Rijn (‘The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp’)
Salvador Dali (‘The Persistence of Memory’)
Jeff
Diego Velazquez (‘Las Meninas’)
James Ensor
Sandro Botticelli (‘The Birth of Venus’)
Yves Tanguy
Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro
Vorticism
Marc Chagall    
Edouard Manet
Palau
Henri Rousseau
Andrew Wyeth (‘Christina’s World’)
Piero della Francesca
Frederic Edwin Church
James McNeill Whistler (‘Arrangement in Grey and Black No.1) or ‘Whistler’s Mother’)
Rembrandt van Rijn (‘The Night Watch’)
Ilya Repin
Targus (El Greco’s ‘View of Toledo’)
Delft
Alberto Giacometti
Georges Seurat/ ‘A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte’
Russia
Gustav Klimt
Goya (‘The Third of May 1808’)
Eugene Delacroix (‘Liberty Leading the People’
Sandro Botticelli
Fernand Leger
Paul Gauguin
Aleksandr Rodchenko
George Grosz
Mexico City
Otto Dix
Paul Gauguin
‘The Ambassadors’ by Hans Holbein the Younger
Robert Bereny
Quentin Matsys (‘The Ugly Duchess’)
Eugene Delacroix/ ‘The Massacre at Chios’
Pompidou Centre
Niko Pirosmani
Vladimir Tretchikoff
Myron
Walt Disney
Edward Hopper’s ‘Nighthawks’
Impasto
Jean-Antoine Watteau (‘Embarkation for Cythera’)
Caspar David Friedrich (‘Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog’)
Francisco de Zurbarán
Giovanni Baglione
Berlin, Germany
Jeremy Deller
Utagawa (Ando) Hiroshige
Vera Mukhina  
‘Moby Dick’
Willem de Kooning
Max Beckmann
YUE Minjun
Japan
Australia
Gambrel roof
Odalisque
Jean-Francois Millet (‘The Gleaners’)
Max Ernst
Dorothea Lange
Virginia (on the grounds of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in Langley)
Joachim Beuckelaer
Robert Rauschenberg
Jean-Honore Fragonard (‘The Swing’)
Edouard Manet (‘A Bar at the Folies-Bergere’)
Diego Velazquez (‘The Rokeby Venus’)
Grant Wood (‘American Gothic’)
Cesar Pelli
Jacob Epstein
LIU Bolin
Richard Dadd
Charles Demuth
Carl Andre
Germany ( The Löwenmensch figurine or Lion-man of the Hohlenstein-Stadel )
Alfred Sisley
Correggio
Agnolo di Cosimo/ Bronzino
Martin Schongauer
Giovanni Battista Piranesi
William Frederick Yeames (‘And When Did You Last See Your Father?’)
Jacques Lipchitz
‘The Course of Empire’
Theo van Doesburg
Rogier van der Weyden
Masaccio
Lady Jane Grey/ Paul Delaroche
Contrapposto
Chacmool
Karl Bryullov
Hagia Sophia
Claus Sluter
Lazar ‘El’ Lissitzky
Lyssipos
Karel Appel
Puuc
George Segal
Giovanni Segantni
Josef Albers
Australia
Adolf Loos
Wassily Kandinsky
Asger Jorn
James Rosenquist
Gustav Vigeland
Robert Longo
Kurt Schwitters
Tiepolo (Giovanni Battista and Giovanni Domenico)
Louis Wain
Cy Twombly

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.

Games

The map shown below is the setting of which popular massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG)?

Played by Milla Jovovich, the character Alice is the main protagonist in a film series inspired by (and sharing the name with) which popular video game series?

Which major character in `Warcraft’ series of real-time strategy games was an idealistic prince of Lordaeron, who fell prey to the evil powers of the cursed blade Frostmourne, ultimately becoming the undead Lich King?

In a standard deck of playing cards, which is the only one-eyed king?

The genre of strategy-based video and board games known as ‘4X’ refers to ‘eXplore, eXpand, _____ and eXterminate’? The term was first coined by Alan Emrich in his September 1993 preview of ‘Master of Orion’ in the `Computer Gaming World’ magazine.

This is a screen-capture of which 1989 computer game, since adapted into a 2010 film version?

This is the cover graphics of the sixth title in which popular computer game series? The first in the series was published by Microprose in 1991 and created by Sid Meier & Bruce Shelley.

Created by the Japanese company Epoch in 1985, which two-letter name is that of a line of collectible anthropomorphic plastic animal figurines? The first word means ‘of the forest/ woodlands’ in Latin.

Created by the Russian company ZeptoLab and first released in 2010, which series of physics-based puzzle video games requires the player to manipulate a series of objects in order to achieve the objective of feeding candy to a little green creature named Om Nom?

At the beginning of a game of chess, the positions marked by the four stars are occupied by which piece?

In a game of poker, which hand comes between a straight flush and a full house?

Epitomized by games such as `Command and Conquer’, ‘Warcraft’ and ‘Age of Empires’, the genre abbreviated as RTS is characterized by continuous rather than turn-based game action. For what does the ‘R.’ in RTS stand?

Named after a real-life astronaut, the character shown here is the main protagonist in which video game series?

Created by Jane Jensen and first released in 1993 by Sierra On-Line, ‘Sins of the Fathers’ was the first title in a series of point-and-click adventure games featuring which New Orleans bookstore owner who discovers his family heritage as a line of Schattenjager (Shadow Hunters)?

Known as ‘The Betrayer’, which character from the Warcraft universe is a night-elf Demon Hunter whose pursuit power led him to ally with the Burning Legion and become a partial demon himself? He wields the fearsome Twin Blades of Azzinoth.

Born 1963 in Philadelphia, Richard Garfield is a game designer best known for his creation in 1993 of which popular game published by Wizards of the Coast?

Who was the inventor of this popular video game?

From the Arabic meaning ‘to move’, which seven-letter word is a generic name for a family of 2-player turn-based strategy board games played with small stones or seeds and rows of holes or pits in the board? Examples include the Kalah (popular in the West) and the Congkak (in South Asia).

 


In a game of blackjack, you would be ‘bust’ if the total points on your cards exceed what number?

The company that produced the popular franchise (as depicted here) is based in which country?

In the video game series by Sega, what type of animal is Sonic, who is able to run at supersonic speeds and curl into a ball to attack his enemies?

Which Italian island gives its name to a popular opening in chess characterized by the move : 1. e4 c5? It is estimated that almost a quarter of all games use it.

In which computer games series, which began in 1998, will you find the three races known as the Terrans, Protoss and Zergs?

In the standard English version of ‘Scrabble’, only one letter is worth 5 points. Which letter is that?

Meaning ‘single number’ in Japanese, what name is given to the type of logic-based number puzzle as shown here?

In a suit of playing cards, which card comes between ‘10’ and ‘Queen’?

In chess, the move known as ‘castling’ involves the king and which other piece?

Which game designer and developer is best- remembered for ‘Civilization’, his groundbreaking turn-based strategy game series?   

In the abbreviation of the computer game genre, what does the ‘R’ in RPG stand for?

The series of racing video games ‘Need for Speed’ derives its title from a quote by a character from which 1980s movie?

What is the nationality of the inventor who created the puzzle shown here?

First mentioned in English in a 1905 issue of ‘Lasker’s Chess Magazine’, which term (derived from the German for ‘compelled to move’) denotes a situation where a player is put at a disadvantage because he must make a move even though he would prefer not to? Famous examples include Samisch vs Nimzowitsch (1923) and Fischer vs Taimanov (1971).

How many players are required to play a traditional game of mahjong?

Which Indian lost his world chess title to the Norwegian Magnus Carlsen in November 2013?    

Developed by Ion Storm and released in 2000, which cyberpunk action RPG has the player assume the role of JC Denton, a nanotechnologically-augmented agent from UNATCO (United Nations Anti-Terrorist Coalition)?     

In a game of chess, which piece stands between the Castle and the Bishop at the start of the game?

Best known for its popular game ‘Farmville’, which developer of online social games is named after the deceased bulldog of its co-founder Mark Pincus?    

Which fighting video game franchise, created and published by Namco for the first time in 1994, features events documenting the King of the Iron Fist tournament, especially that surrounding the Mishima clan curse?

This shows a screenshot from which classic video game first released by Blizzard Entertainment in 1996? Set in the fictional world of Sanctuary, the player controls a lone hero battling the title character, the Lord of Terror.   

 


‘Wings of Liberty’, ‘Heart of the Swarm’ and ‘Legacy of the Void’ are titles in which real-time strategy (RTS) computer game series?    

Which Russian became the youngest ever world chess champion at the age of 22 in 1985?

Designed by Ananda Gupta and Jason Matthews and published by GMT Games, which two-person card-driven strategy game derives its two-word title from John F. Kennedy’s inaugural address?                  

This shows which logic puzzle that is only second to Sudoku in terms of its popularity in Japan? Often referred to as the mathematical transliteration of the crossword puzzle, its name is an abbreviation of the Japanese for ‘abbreviation cross’.

 


Released by Westwood Studios in 1994, which alliteratively-titled video game, one of the earliest in the real-time strategy (RTS) genre, features a contest for global dominance between the Global Defense Initiative (GDI) and the Brotherhood of Nod? Later sequels and spin-offs include ‘Red Alert’ (1996) and ‘Tiberian Sun’ (1999).
Currently published by Ubisoft, which series of tactical first-person shooter (FPS) video game was adapted from a 1998 Tom Clancy techno-thriller novel featuring a team of elite counter-terrorist specialists with members from various NATO countries? The title (of both the novel and the game franchise) derives from a number of color-coded war plans developed by the US military in the 1920s and ‘30s that outlined strategies for dealing with potential conflicts between coalitions of countries.    

  The popular multiplayer online battle arena game known as ‘DotA’ is short for ‘Defense of the _____________’?    

Born in Krasnodar Krai in 1975, which Russian Grandmaster became the first undisputed world chess champion in 2006 when he held both the FIDE and Classical titles? His lost the title to Viswanathan Anand in 2007.          

Its first game was ‘Arena’ released in 1994, which series of action role-playing open world fantasy video games developed by Bethesda Game Studios primarily take place on the continent of Tamriel, located on the world of Nim? Its other installments include ‘Daggerfall’, ‘Morrowind’ and ‘Skyrim’.      

Founded by programmer Markus Persson and acquired by Microsoft in 2014 for $2.5 billion, the Swedish developer and publisher Mojang is best known for which popular video game released in 2011?     

     Known as the General’s Game, WHAT FIVE-LETTER name is given to this two-player strategy board game popular in Japan? Broadly similar to chess but possessing a greater game tree complexity, it features pieces named ‘Dragon King’, ‘Jeweled General’ and ‘Incense Chariot’.

Best known for its ‘Witcher’ franchise of fantasy role-playing video games, the game publisher, developer and distributor CD Projekt was founded (in 1994) and based in which European country? According to one of its founders, his love for computer games was kindled due to their scarcity in his growing-up years due to Soviet influence over his nation.

Created by Rick Priestley in 1987, the tabletop miniature wargame known as ‘___________ 40000’ is set in a fantasy future during the 41st millennium, which sees factions such as the Imperium of Man, Orks, Eldar and Daemon vying for power. It has also been adapted into video games, card games and fiction books.    

 


Developed by Westwood Studios and released in 1995, which pioneering real-time strategy (RTS) video game features the battle between the Global Defense Initiative (GDI) and the Brotherhood of Nod for the mysterious resource known as Tiberium? It spawned sequels such as ‘Tiberian Sun’ and spin-off series such as ‘Red Alert’.    

Released in 1998, which science-fiction first-person-shooter (FPS) video game developed by Valve features the physicist Gordon Freeman, who was caught in the aftermath of a failed experiment at the Black Mesa Research Facility, resulting in aliens from the dimension of Xen entering the human world?

Represented by games such as ‘Defense of the Ancients’ and ‘League of Legends’, MOBA is a sub-genre of video strategy games in which the player controls a character in one of two teams, with the aim of destroying the opponents’ main structure with the help of periodically-spawned computer units. For what do the ‘BA’ in MOBA stand?

First released in November 2007, which action adventure third-person shooter game franchise for Playstation consoles features the protagonist Nathan Drake, a charismatic treasure hunter who journeys across the world to uncover various historical mysteries? An upcoming film adaptation is supposed to star Tom Holland as Drake.    

The Capellan Confederation, Draconis Combine, Federated Suns, Free Worlds League and Lyran Alliance are the various factions (or Great Houses) that vie for power in the universe of which military sci-fi and wargaming franchise, launched in 1984 by the game publisher FASA Corporation?        

The basis of the US version of the boardgame Monopoly, in which US state is Atlantic City located?    

Designed by Minh Le and Jess Cliffe, the multiplayer first-person shooter game ‘Counter-Strike’ was first released in 2000 as a mod for WHICH OTHER FPS GAME developed by Valve Corporation, but became so popular that it spawned a new series of its own?    

Founded by five brothers of the Guillemot family in 1986, which French video-game publishing company is noted for several popularly-acclaimed franchises such as ‘Far Cry’, ‘Assassin’s Creed’ and the Tom Clancy series such as ‘Rainbow Six’ and ‘Splinter Cell’?          

Developed by Arkane Studios and published by Bethesda Works in 2012, which stealth action-adventure video game set in the fictional plague city of Dunwall features the protagonist Corvo Attano – a former imperial bodyguard framed for the murder of the Empress and forced to become an assassin to seek revenge on his enemies?     

 


Making his first appearance in the 1991 video game ‘Street Fighter II’, which playable character is depicted as a feral savage with green skin and orange hair – a result of the mutation he underwent after a plane crash in Brazil? His signature attack sees him crouching low before emitting an electrical current that shocks anything it touches.         

Released by Epic Games in 2017, which online shooter video game has two modules : ‘Save The World’ and ‘Battle Royale’ – the second of which is a battle in which up to 100 players fight in an increasingly smaller place to be the last person standing, and has become a phenomenal hit attracting more than 125 million players in less than a year?      

 ‘Hellfire’ (released in 1997), ‘Lord of Destruction’ (2001), ‘Reaper of Souls’ (2014) and ‘Rise of the Necromancer’ (2017) are titles of expansion packs for which action role-playing computer game series, first released by Blizzard in 1996?    

Manufactured by Hasbro and billed as ‘the game for your whole brain’, which party boardgame includes a wide variety of activities (e.g. Creative Cat, Data Head and Word Worm), which the players have to complete to win the game?        

Created by game designers and programmers such as John Carmack and John Romero, which 1993 first-person shooter (FPS) game released by id Software features an unnamed space marine fighting hordes of demons from Hell? It was a pioneer in the FPS genre as well as immersive 3D graphics and networked multiplayer gaming.        

Originally intended for children but now popular with adult collectors, which two-word brand of die-cast toy cars introduced by Mattel in 1968 was the primary competitor of Matchbox until 1997 (when the latter was bought by Mattel as well)?

Developed and published by Konami, for what does the ‘E’ in the football simulation video game ‘PES’ stand?            

Taking its name from a 1980 book by computer scientist Seymour Papert, which platform of programmable robots based on Lego building bricks has been through four versions including NXT and the latest EV3?      

Designed by Isaac Childres and released by Cephalofair Games in 2017, which multi-award winning fantasy campaign-based tactical boardgame incorporates cards and hex-tiles gameplay, and features 1-4 players working their way through a branching story that has up to 100 scenarios?

Majora’s Mask’, ‘The Wind Waker’, ‘Twilight Princess’ and ‘Breath of the Wild’ are titles of adventure video games from which long-running series that premiered in February 1986?    

Introduced in June 2011 as a spin-off of Justin.tv, which live-streaming platform focuses primarily on the streaming of live video games as well as broadcasting of eSports competitions? It has since been acquired by Amazon for US$970 million.    

In a traditional game of mahjong, the tiles are usually categorized into suit and honor tiles. The latter is further subdivided into the wind tiles (comprising ‘north’, ‘south’, ‘east’, ‘west’) and WHICH OTHER GROUP that consists of a red, green and white tile – sometimes also known as the ‘three element tiles’ or ‘arrow tiles’?     

 


Nominated for the 2006 Golden Geek Best Wargame, which light-medium science-fiction boardgame released by Avalon Hill consists of homebase hexes for the players as well as a central Monolith hex? It is set in a faraway moon in which the players attempt to mine the fictitious metal “rubium”.      

Zoya the Thief, Amadeus the Wizard and Pontius the Knight are the three playable characters in which side-scrolling, action platform-puzzle video game developed by Frozenbyte first released in 2009? Sequels were subtitled ‘The Artifacts of Power’ and ‘The Nightmare Prince’.      

Created by Nintendo and first released in 1986, which action-game franchise follows the space-faring bounty-hunter Samus Aran in his bid to protect the galaxy from the Space Pirates and their attempt to harness the power of the parasitic creatures after which the game is named? It is one of Nintendo’s most successful franchises, comprising thirteen games released on almost every Nintendo console.        

Founded in Providence, Rhode Island in 1923 by Herman, Hillel and Henry Hassenfeld, which multinational company began by selling textile remnants, pencil cases and school supplies, but has since grown to become the world’s largest company of its kind in terms of stock market value, with around $5b in revenue in 2016?    

Originally introduced in ‘Warcraft III : Reign of Chaos’, whch fictional character was once a High-Elf ranger-general of Silvermoon before she was killed and turned into a banshee by Arthas Menethil? She eventually regained her free will, and founded the Forsaken faction of the undead.         

The figure shows the best possible hand in which game, invented in the 17th century by the English poet John Suckling as a derivation of the game Noddy?        

Which British-born video-game developer is known for being the creator of ‘Ultima’, the open-world fantasy role-playing game series that premiered in 1981? He is better-known by his alter-ego ‘Lord British’, which is also the name given to the ruler of Britannia in the ‘Ultima’ game series.       

Its name deriving from the Japanese for ‘face’, which variation of Sudoku uses partially given smiley faces instead of digits? The smileys can have three possible shapes and three possible mouths, for a total of nine unique combinations.        

Consistently found on lists of top video game villains, which character from the role-playing game ‘Final Fantasy VII’ was designed as a direct physical opposite to the protagonist Cloud Strife? The result of an experiment by the megacorporation Shinra, in which they injected him with cells from the extraterrestrial lifeform Jenova when he was still a fetus, he wields the fearsome nodachi ‘Masamune’, named after a legendary late 13th-centuryJapanese swordsmith.       

First demonstrated in 2014, IBM’s intelligent personal assistant known as Cortana derives its name from a synthetic intelligence character in which popular first-person-shooter (FPS) video game franchise created by Bungie in 2001?    

In chess, which term (Italian for ‘little flank’) refers to the pattern of development wherein a bishop is developed to the second rank of the adjacent knight file, hence onto the longest diagonal of the board? Popular in hyper-modern openings, it allows the bishop to become more active.  

 


Through the New World Computing development studio that he launched in 1983 at the age of twenty, the American video-game producer Jon Van Caneghem is best known for creating which fantasy role-playing game (RPG) series? A screenshot from the first instalment is shown here.    

 


Manufactured by MGA Entertainment and first released in 2001, the line of fashion toy dolls known as Bratz reached great commercial success and led to the expected spin-offs. Name ANY ONE of the four original dolls shown here.       

Which four-letter word may refer (1) in video gaming, to a change to a game that reduces the power of a weapon or skill in order to maintain game balance, or (2) a brand of foam-based weaponry toys created by Parker Brothers famous for its advertising slogan, ‘It’s _____ or Nothing’?        

Also known as Gouki in Japan, which character from the Street Fighter series of games has a name that translates as ‘Devil’ in Japanese? The younger brother of Gouken (Ken and Ryu’s master), the kanji 天 — meaning “Heaven” — can be seen on his back when it appears during certain win animations.         

Released in 2017, ‘Arena of Valor’ is the international version of which massively popular multiplayer online battle arena (MOBA) developed by Tencent Games for the Chinese market? Modeled after ‘League of Legends’, it became the world’s most popular and highest-grossing mobile game. (You can give either its Chinese pin-yin name or English equivalent).

A major figure in the ‘Starcraft’ universe created by Blizzard Entertainment, which Protoss protagonist is a Nerazim (‘Dark One’) psionic warrior who ultimately sacrifices his life in order to save his race from destruction?

 


Based on a series of comic books with the same title by Shin Il-sook, which medieval massively-multiplayer online roleplaying game (MMORPG) was released in the USA in 1998 by the South Korean game developer NCsoft? Subsequent sequels and mobile versions are subtitled ‘Eternal’, ‘Red Knight’ and ‘Blood Oath’.    

Designed by Michel Lalet and Laurent Levi in 1981, which award-winning two-player strategy board game shares its name with marine molluscs belonging to the family Haliotidae? Similar to Chinese checkers but with an extra moat around the edge of the board, the aim of the game is to force your opponent’s pieces off the edge and into the moat.    

 


The malicious fictional artificial intelligence known as SHODAN (Sentient Hyper-Optimized Data Access Network) is the primary antagonist of which cyberpunk first-person roleplaying video game series? Set in 2072, it begins with the protagonist being caught while hacking and brought to the Citadel space station owned by the TriOptimum Corporation.    

Its name deriving from the Hindu for ‘twenty-five’ (the largest score that can be thrown with the cowrie shells used in the game), which ancient Indian cross-and-circle board game is played on a board shaped as a symmetrical cross, and has spawned modern western versions such as Sorry! and Ludo?

Created by the Wizards of the Coast company, which fictional subcontinent is the setting of the Dungeons and Dragons world of Forgotten Realms? With notable features such as the Sea of Fallen Stars, Icewind Dale, the metropolises Baldur’s Gate and Neverwinter, it is the setting for over 100 novels and several popular computer games.    

Developed by Ironhide Studios and first released in 2011, which multi-platform tower defense game set in a medieval fantasy world featured sequels subtitled ‘Frontiers’ (2013) and ‘Origins’ (2014)?

Created by Keiichiro Toyama and published by Konami, which Japanese survival horror video game franchise takes its two-word title from the fictitious foggy American town in which it is set? A 2006 film adaptation starred Sean Bean and Radha Mitchell.        

Started in 1954 by Charles S. Roberts, which gaming company with the initials A.H. specializes in wargames and strategic board games? It pioneered many concepts of modern wargaming (e.g. use of hexagonal grid, zones of control and odds-based combat results table), used in games such as ‘Panzer Blitz’ and ‘Squad Leader’.    

Released in 2012 by Rovio as a spin-off to its massively popular ‘Angry Birds’ series of mobile/ video games, what two-word name refers to the game in which the player helps the pigs to construct contraptions with the aim of stealing the eggs of the Angry Birds?        

Created by Ron Gilbert and published by LucasArts, which adventure video game series follows the misadventures of the hapless Guybrush Threepwood in his quest to defeat the undead pirate LeChuck to become the most notorious pirate in the Caribbean?        

A variation of the classic cup-and-ball game that probably made its way into Japan in the late 18th century through the port of Nagasaki, which toy (whose name translates as ‘sword and ball’) consists of three cups and a spike that fits into a hole in the ball?             

Which young Protoss hierarch is the central character in ‘Legacy of the Void’, the third and final part of the ‘StarCraft II’ computer game series? He united disparate factions and joined forces with the Terrans and Zergs in order to defeat the malevolent being known as Amon.     

Developed by the New Zealand-based Grinding Gears Games, which action roleplaying video game that borrows heavily from ‘Diablo’ was first released in 2013 and set on the dark fantasy world of Wraeclast? It has since been followed by expansions such as ‘Sacrifice of the Vaal’, ‘The Fall of Oriath’ and ‘The     War for the Atlas’.    

‘Ghost Recon’ – the series of popular military tactical shooter video games published by Ubisoft – features the name of which best-selling novelist in its titles, even though it is not based on any of his books?   

Formed after the merger of two Japanese video game publishers in 2003, which video game developer is known for its ‘Final Fantasy’, ‘Dragon Quest’ and ‘Kingdom Hearts’ role-playing video game franchises?

Created by Gearbox Software and published by 2K Games for multiple platforms, which action role-playing first-person shooter video game series takes place on the fictional planet of Pandora, with the players taking on the roles of hunters searching for its fabled Vault?   

From the Swedish for ‘gadget’, which Stockholm-based game developer founded in 2009 by Markus Persson is best known for creating ‘Minecraft’, the best-selling video game of all time?       

Winning the prestigious Spiel des Jahres award in 2011, which game designed by Susan McKinley Ross comes with 108 wooden tiles, each painted with one of six shapes in one of six colours? It shares characteristics with Scrabble and Rummikub.

Designed by Klaus Teuber and first published in 1995, ‘The Settlers of _____’ (where players represent settlers establishing colonies on the titular island) was one of the first German-style board games to achieve popularity outside Europe. It has led to expansions and extensions such as ‘Seafarers’ and ‘Starfarers’,   

Published by Rockstar Games, which controversial action-adventure video games series (with titles such as ‘Vice City’ and ‘San Andreas’) is set in an open world where the player can engage in activities such as carjacking and drive-by shooting? You can give me either its full or abbreviated three-letter title.

In computer gaming terms, the abbreviation ‘DPS’ is a metric which allows players (especially in role-playing games) to determine the offensive capability of a weapon, spell or the character itself. For what does the ‘D’ in this abbreviation stand?     

Created by the British video-game designer Charles Cecil, ‘The Shadow of the Templars’ was the first game in which adventure game franchise featuring the lawyer George Stobbart and French journalist Nico Collard? Subsequent games in the series include ‘The Sleeping Dragon’ and ‘The Serpent’s Curse’.    

 


First released in 2002 and since followed up with six installments with subtitles such as ‘Pandora Tomorrow’ and ‘Chaos Theory’, which series of stealth video games bearing the name of Tom Clancy features the protagonist Sam Fisher, a highly-trained black-ops agent from the ‘Third Echelon’ within the NSA?

Set in the Forgotten Realms, which series of real-time role-playing computer games was first released by BioWare in 1998? Beginning with the protagonist’s quest to search for the murderer of his foster-father Gorion, subsequent iterations include the expansion ‘Tales of the Sword Coast’ and sequel ‘Shadows of Amn’?    

Created by the indie game designer Derek Yu and initially released as a freeware for Microsoft Windows and subsequently remade for the Xbox and PlayStation platforms, which video game follows the adventures of a cave explorer who fights enemies, collect treasures and dodges traps? It is one of the first examples of the ‘rogue-like’ subgenre of role-playing games.        

Once a champion of the Pantheon, which titan in the ‘Warcraft’ universe later set out to destroy the worlds that he had sworn to protect? He created and led the Burning Legion – a vast army of demons and corrupted races, and impaled the world of Azeroth with his dark blade, causing immense destruction.      
From ‘The Ruins of Kunark’ in April 2000 up till ‘The Burning Lands’ (December 2018), which 3D fantasy massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) has had a total of 25 expansion packs? Set in the fictional world of Norrath, it includes races such as the Iksar (lizard people), the Vah Shir (cat people) and Drakkin (dragon people).         

Supposedly watched over by Macuilxochitl (the god of games) and played on a X-shaped board with 52 squares, which ancient game was played by a wide range of pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures, such as the Toltecs, Aztecs and Zapotecs?      

Originally intended to be named Syzygy, the founders of which company decided to change it after learning that Syzygy was already in use? The name they chose is a reference to a position similar to checkmate in the game of Go, which one of the founders (Nolan Bushnell) called his ‘favorite game of all time’.      

Designed by Uwe Rosenberg and released in 2007, which Euro-style boardgame with a focus on resource management has the players taking on the role of farmers and aiming to increase the size and prosperity of their household?      

Taking place in the Dungeons & Dragons Forgotten Realms world, which role-playing video game released by Black Isle Studios in 2000 is set in a sub-Arctic region along the northernmost part of the Sword Coast made famous by a fantasy novel trilogy by the writer R.A. Salvatore?       

In the ‘World of Warcraft’ universe, which character was one of the Nathrezim (dread-lords) sent to head up the plot to turn Prince Arthas to darkness, and make him the Lich King’s greatest champion?          

First released by Konami in 1986, which vampire-killing action-adventure game gives its name (together with another game) to form a portmanteau term that refers to games which are 2D-platformers based around exploration of a large interconnected world as well as character progression?

Developed by Moon Studios and published by Microsoft in 2015, which platform-adventure Metroidvania video game features adventures of the titular character (a small white guardian spirit) and Sein (the light and eyes of the Spirit Tree)?   

Developed by Turbine Entertainment Software for Microsoft, which fantasy MMORPG (massively multiplayer online role-playing game) spearheaded the new genre alongside EverQuest and Ultima Online? Set on the island continent of Dereth on the planet of Auberean, it remained online for over 17 years before finally closing in 2017.        

Its name deriving from an ASCII based 1980 game, which term denotes a subgenre of role-playing game characterized by a dungeon crawl through procedurally generated levels, turn-based gameplay, tile-based graphics, and permanent death of the player character? Examples include NetHack, Angband and Spelunky.       

Developed and published by the indie studio Hello Games, which 2016 action-adventure game features an open universe with over 18 quintillion planets? The player takes the role of an amnesiac Traveller who explores the unknown world and its alien species (the Gek, the Korvax, and the Vy’keen) as well as the Atlas, a mysterious entity at the center of the galaxy.       

Its name translating as ‘Great Strategy’, which series of war strategy video games by SystemSoft and SystemSoft Alpha debuted in Japan in 1985, and had since spawned over 70 sequel titles, including the 1996 ‘Iron Storm’ released for the Sega Saturn?        

A high templar holding the rank of executor in the Protoss military, which character in the ‘Starcraft’ universe was in charge of the expeditionary force that first made contact with the Terrans and the Zergs? Reluctant to sacrifice the humans in order to destroy the Zergs, he eventually gave his own life by crashing his ship into the Zerg Overmind.          

Winner of the 2010 Spiel des Jahres, which card game created by Jean-Louis Roubira sees players taking turns to be the ‘storyteller’ by utilizing a deck of cards illustrated with dreamy images? Its name comes from the Latin for ‘he/she/it said’.     

Developed by the independent studio Playdead and released in 2010, which 2D side-scrolling puzzle-platform video game has the player control an unnamed boy through a black-and-white environment full of danger and traps, as he searches for his lost sister?         

Founded by John Hanke in 2010 and named after a whaling vessel which came to San Francisco during the 1800s California Gold Rush, which US software company is best-known for its augmented-reality (AR) games such as ‘Ingress’ and ‘Pokémon Go’?    

   It’s name derived from a Czech word meaning ‘maverick’ or referring to objects sculpted from discarded material, which 2003 award-winning point-and-click adventure game developed by Amanita Design has the player control a small humanoid to solve puzzles so as to avert a collision between its home planet and a large incoming spaceship?

Released for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System in 1993, which side-scrolling platform game features the titular character who can launch any of his limbs at will to damage enemies? Set on the continent of Akrillic, he goes on a quest defeating villains such as the Bobbin Brothers, Womack Spider and the Flea Queen.     

Inspiring later games such as ‘EVE Online’ and ‘Wing Commander’, which 1984 space trading video game by David Braben and Ian Bell pioneered the use of open-ended game models and revolutionary 3D graphics?          

Beginning with ‘The Last Wish’ in 1993 and including subsequent titles such as ‘Blood of Elves’ (1994) and ‘The Tower of the Swallow’ (1997), this fantasy novel series by which Polish writer has been adapted into the successful ‘The Witcher’ role-playing video game series?      

Possessing great flowing, luminous wings and wielding his sword El’druin against the Burning Hells, which character in the ‘Diablo’ series of video games is the former Aspect of Justice and the first Heavenly being seen in the games?        

 


Based loosely on a biblical story, which 2011 indie roguelike video game sees the title character flee into the monster-filled basement of their home after his mother receives a message from God demanding the life of her son as proof of her faith?    

Nominated for multiple awards, which 2018 platform game created by Canadian video game developers Matt Thorson and Noel Berry sees the player control a girl named Madeline as she makes her way up a dangerous mountain with her companion Theo?

Garnering a Metacritic aggregate rating of 89 out of 100, which 2019 video game developed by American studio MegaCrit and published by Humble Bundle is a combination of roguelike-like gameplay with a deck-building card game? It drew inspiration from games such as ‘Dominion’ and ‘Netrunner’.        

Released in 1990, ‘Shadow Dragon and the Blade of Light’ was the first game in which fantasy tactical role-playing game franchise developed by Intelligent Systems and published by Nintendo? It was first introduced outside Japan when two of its characters, Marth and Roy, were included as playable characters in the 2001 fighting game ‘Super Smash Bros. Melee’.       

Based on Bill Willingham’s Fables comic book series, which 2013 episodic graphic adventure game by Telltale Games (with episodes such as ‘Smoke and Mirrors’ and ‘A Crooked Mile’) has the player control the protagonist, the sheriff of Fabletown who investigates the murder of a woman?       

Released for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System in 1995, which action role-playing game sees a boy and his shapeshifting pet dog as they are transported to a fantasy world where they must explore the realms of Prehistoria, Antiqua, Gothica and Omnitopia?       

Consistently voted one of the best video game weapons, the Lancer assault rifle with a chainsaw bayonet was designed by Professor Adam Jonathon Fenix during the first year of the Locust War – in which game series?       

Primarily inspired by the ‘Harvest Moon’ series, which 2016 simulation role-playing video game developed by Eric “ConcernedApe” Barone sees the player take the role of a character who takes over his deceased grandfather’s dilapidated farm in Pelican Town?

Developed by Respawn Entertainment (formerly behind the Call of Duty franchise), which 2014 multiplayer first-person shooter video game set in the war-torn outer space colonies of the Frontier sees the players control ‘Pilots’ who command mech-style robots in battle? The three robot classes are the Atlas, Ogre and Stryder.     

Developed and published by Messhof (Mark Essen) in 2014, which side-scrolling two-player fighting video game sees two players sword fight in a side-scrolling environment? The player to reach the end of their opponent’s side first wins – the reward is being eaten by the mythological creature that gives its name to the title of the game.           

Debuting in ‘The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time’, which fictional horse usually acts as the steed of Link, the series protagonist? It shares its name with the Gallic goddess of horses and the counterpart of the Welsh Rhiannon.     

Developed by Revolution Software, which 1994 cyberpunk science-fiction point-and-click adventure game is set in a dystopian future, with the player assuming the role of a young boy called Robert who is the sole survivor of a helicopter crash in “the Gap”?

Developed and published by LucasArts, which 1993 graphic adventure game is the sequel to the 1987 game ‘Maniac Mansion’? It follows the nerdy Bernard Bernoulli and his friends Hoagie and Laverne as they attempt to stop the evil sentient disembodied object in the title.    

 


Answers

World of Warcraft (WoW)
‘Resident Evil’
Arthas Menethil
King of Diamonds
eXploit
‘Prince of Persia’
‘Civilization’
Sylvanian Families
Cut The Rope
Knight
Four of a Kind
Real (Real-Time Strategy)
‘Mass Effect’ (Commander Shepherd)
Gabriel Knight
Illidan Stormrage
Magic : The Gathering
Alexey Pajitnov/ Tetris
Mancala
21
Finland (Rovio, who produced ‘Angry Birds’)
Hedgehog
Sicily (the Sicilian Defense)
‘Starcraft’
K
Sudoku
Jack (or Knave)
Rook
Sid Meier
Role (Role-Playing Game)
‘Top Gun’
Hungarian (Erno Rubik/ Rubik’s Cube)    
Zugzwang
Four
Viswanathan Anand
‘Deus Ex’
Knight
Zynga
‘Tekken’
‘Diablo’
‘Starcraft II’
Gary Kasparov
Twilight Struggle
Kakuro
‘Command & Conquer’
‘Rainbow Six’
Ancients
Vladimir Kramnik
‘The Elder Scrolls’
Minecraft
Shogi
Poland
Warhammer
‘Command and Conquer’
‘Half Life’
Battle Arena (Multiplayer Online Battle Arena)
‘Uncharted’
BattleTech
New Jersey
‘Half-Life’
Ubisoft
‘Dishonored’
Blanka
Fortnite
‘Diablo’
Cranium
‘Doom’
Hot Wheels
Evolution (‘Pro Evolution Soccer’
Mindstorms
‘Gloomhaven’
‘The Legend of Zelda’
Twitch
Dragon tiles
Nexus Ops
‘Trine’
‘Metroid’
Hasbro
Sylvanas Windrunner
Cribbage
Richard Garriot
Kaodoku
Sephiroth
‘Halo’
Fianchetto
Might and Magic
Yasmin/ Chloe/ Sasha/ Jade
Nerf
Akuma
‘Wangzhe Rongyao’ (‘王者荣耀’)/ ‘Honour of Kings’/ ‘Glory of Kings’)
Zeratul
Lineage
Abalone
‘System Shock’
Pachisi
Faerun
Kingdom Rush
‘Silent Hill’
Avalon Hill
‘Bad Piggies’
‘Monkey Island’
Kendama
Artanis
‘Path of Exile’
Tom Clancy
Square Enix   
‘Borderlands’
Mojang
Qwirkle
Catan
Grand Theft Auto (GTA)
Damage (Damage Per Second)
‘Broken Sword’
‘Splinter Cell’
‘Baldur’s Gate’
‘Spelunky’
Sargeras
‘EverQuest’
Patolli
Atari
Agricola
‘Icewind Dale’
Mal’Ganis
‘Castlevania’
‘Ori and the Blind Forest’
‘Asheron’s Call’
Roguelike
‘No Man’s Sky’
Daisenryaku
Tassadar
Dixit
Limbo
Niantic
Samarost
Plok
‘Elite’
Andrzej Sapkowski
Tyrael
‘Binding of Isaac’
‘Celeste’
‘Slay the Spire’
Fire Emblem
‘The Wolf Among Us’
‘Secret of Evermore’
‘Gears of War’
‘Stardew Valley’
‘Titanfall’
‘Nidhogg’
Epona
‘Beneath a Steel Sky’
‘Day of the Tentacle’

 


SPORT

Born 1935, which golf legend is the only non-American to have achieved a career Grand Slam (winning all 4 majors)? The other four individuals to have done so are : Gene Sarazen, Ben Hogan, Jack Niklaus and Tiger Woods.

The logo shown here belongs to a professional sports team based in which US city?

Which Formula One racing driver announced his retirement in December 2016, five days after winning his first World Championship title after beating Lewis Hamilton?

In 1997, the San Antonio Spurs picked which power-forward as their first draft? Forming a formidable front-court with David Robinson, they became known as the `Twin Towers’. He would spend his entire 19-year playing career at San Antonio, winning 5 NBA championships.

Which sporting trophy is this?

Reaching a career high (so far) of world No.3 in November 2016, which Canadian professional tennis player was the beaten finalist at the 2016 Wimbledon Championships, where he was defeated by Andy Murray?

The jerseys shown here belong to two football (soccer) teams that are based in which European city?

A 7-time World Cup winner and twice Olympic gold medallist, which French cross-country mountain biker born in 1980 is widely considered the greatest of all time in his discipline?

Winner of three NBA championships (the last of which was in 2004), which Eastern Conference Central Division team plays their home matches at The Palace of Auburn Hills?

The most decorated female athlete at the 2016 Rio Olympics with 4 golds and 1 silver, which American swimmer is the current world record holder in the women’s doom, Boom and 1500m freestyle?

Born 1982 in New Jersey, which US soccer player is a two-time Olympic gold medalist, FIFA Women’s World Cup Champion and FIFA Player of the Year for 2015 and 2016? She scored a hat-trick in the 2015 World Cup final, helping the US to beat Japan 5-2.

What is the nationality of the individual shown here?

Which team holds the current record for having won the UEFA Cup/ Europa League the most number of times since 1971? They have won the competition five times, including three straight titles from 2014-2016, beating Liverpool in the final to clinch their latest title.

Since its inauguration in 1938, the World Men’s Handball Championship has been dominated by European teams, with France winning a record six golds. Name one of the two  European countries that come next, each with four golds.

The sports team whose jersey is shown here is based in which city?

Named FINA Swimmer of the Year for 2014, 2015 and 2016, who is the first swimmer to hold all 5 world records in individual medley events (loom, 200M long and short course, doom long and short course) at the same time?

The 2007 Formula One espionage controversy also known as `Stepneygate’ (after a former Ferrari employee), involved allegations that the Ferrari team’s confidential technical information was passed to which of its  competitors?  

What is the nationality of the three sports personalities shown here?

In 1936, five players were the inaugural inductees into the US National Baseball Hall of Fame. Two of them were Ty Cobb and Babe Ruth. Name any of the other three.

In competitive gymnastics, other than floor exercise, which other event is common to both men and women?     

Which football club came back from 0-3 down to defeat AC Milan on penalties and win the 2005 UEFA Champions League Final in Istanbul?  

How many interlocking rings make up the symbol of the Olympic Games?

In which city did this memorable sporting incident take place?

 


In modern sports fencing, which of the three main weapons used is the only one in which the entire body is a legitimate target area?
Which of the four Grand Slam events in tennis is the first to be held in a chronological year, usually in January and/or February?

We all know that the leader of the Tour de France bicycle race wears the coveted yellow jersey, but what is the colour of the jersey awarded to the lead cyclist of its Italian equivalent, the Giro d’Italia?

In 1998, the position of libero was introduced into which international sport? The player in this position wears a different jersey from his team-mates, and is usually the best defensive player in the team.

Which English Premier League football (soccer) team is nicknamed the Gunners?

This photo shows a historic moment not only in sporting but also in political terms.  In which year did this event take place?

With which sport would you associate slam dunks and alley-oops?

In a men’s decathlon competition, which event is usually the last of the ten to take place?

To the nearest km, what is the distance of a standard marathon race?

The San Siro stadium is known for being the home-ground of two football (soccer) teams currently in their country’s top division. In which city would you find the San Siro?

In Olympic diving, competitors either dive off from a 3-meter springboard, or a platform of _______ meters?

In competitve swimming, competitors in which style (stroke) begin their race while in the water, as opposed to jumping off a starting block?

A traditional triathlon usually consists of swimming, running and which other activity?

In which competitive sport must the net be set at a height of 6 inches (or 15.25 cm) above the playing surface?

Luis Suarez, the brilliant but controversial player who transferred from Liverpool to Barcelona in 2014, plays his international football for which country?

The teams known as New Orleans Pelicans, Toronto Raptors and Memphis Grizzlies play which professional sport?

In golf, a shot that is one under par is known as a birdie, two under is an eagle, three under is an albatross. Which bird gives its name to four under par, an extremely extremely rare feat?

The premier football (soccer) league of which European nation is known as the Eredivisie?

Which NBA team did Michael Jordan lead to a total of six championship titles from 1991-1993 and then 1996-1998?

The US athlete Bob Beamon held the world record for which event for a total of 22 years, until it was broken by Mike Powell in 1991 (a record that still stands till today)?

Between May 2003 and October 2004, Arsenal Football Club set an English Premier League record of 49 consecutive games unbeaten. Which team finally beat Arsenal on 24th October, 2004 to bring this run to and end?

What is the nationality of the athlete shown here?

In order to make table-tennis (ping pong) a more attractive spectator sport, its ruling body the ITTF made several changes to its rules in 2000-2001. One of them involved changing the winning score for each game, from how many points, down to the current 11 points?

What is the nationality of the football (soccer) legend Pele?

This photo depicts a sensational but disappointing event in World Cup football. The player shown (one of the game’s all-time greats) was sent off in the 2006 Final after he head-butted the chest of which player from the opposing team?

In which sport is the annual Davis Cup the premier international team competition for men?

In June 2015, after US authorities began indicting several of its officials, Sepp Blatter announced his resignation as president of which international sporting body?

In a competitive game of water polo, opposing players usually wear caps of either blue or white colour, while the two goal-keepers both wear caps of the same colour – what colour is that?

In 1986, which football team became the first East European side to win the prestigious European Cup when they defeated mighty Barcelona 2-0 on penalties, with Marius Lacatus and Gabi Balint scoring the spot-kicks?

In December 2013, which former champion became the coach of the individual shown here?

Named after two English statisticians, the Duckworth-Lewis (or D/L) method is a mathematical formulation devised to calculate the target scores in which particular sport?

The ‘Golden Slam’ in tennis comprises winning all four Grand Slams plus the Olympic gold medal. Only one player has accomplished this feat in a single calendar year (1988) – who was that player?

This is the logo of which professional American football team? Established in 1898 in Chicago, they moved to St. Louis in 1960 before relocating to their current home state in 1988. Their only two NFL championship wins were in 1925 and 1947.

In tennis, what term denotes a legal serve that wins a point without the receiver touching the ball?

In which competitive sport is the main group of competitors known as the ‘peloton’?

Previously known as the Five Nations Championship, the annual international rugby union competition became the Six Nations Championship in 2000 after the addition of which country?

With which sport would you associate the phrase ‘March Madness’, referring to the intense interest generated by the collegiate championship tournaments that take place around this period of time?

The football superstar shown here represents which country in international competition?

At the start of a game of snooker, the fifteen red balls are initially placed in what shape/ formation on the table?

In a game of football (soccer), there are eleven players in each side. How many players are there in each side in a game of American football?

Which English Premier League football team previously played its home games at a stadium that is known by two interchangeable names? The first derives from the belief that one of King Henry VIII’s wives had stayed at the house which the ground had been part of (the ground is said to be haunted by one of her maids who died in childbirth); the second from the urban area of the East London borough of Newham where the stadium is located.

The All Blacks is the nickname of which country’s international rugby union team?

Translated as ‘the way of the harmonious spirit’, the techniques of which Japanese martial art focus on movements that redirect the momentum of an opponent’s attack?

If you scored a hat-trick in football (soccer), how many goals did you score?

What is the nationality of the tennis player Caroline Wozniacki, who spent 67 weeks as world No.1 from 2010-2012?

‘The Decision’ is a 2010 televised special in which the NBA star LeBron James announced his decision to join the Miami Heat, after he had spent the preceding seven seasons with which other NBA team with whom he reached the Finals in 2007 before being defeated by the San Antonio Spurs?

This shows the team crests (with helpful words removed) of four of the football clubs that play in which country?

The New York Yankees play which sport professionally?

What is the name of the position (No. 10) shown here?

In which sport would you encounter positions known as point guard, center and power forward?

Recognized as one of the greatest quarterbacks in the history of the NFL, Dan Marino spent his entire playing career (1983-1999) with which team/ franchise?

In 1984, when the Soviet Union led a boycott of the Los Angeles Summer Olympics in retaliation against the US-led Moscow Olympics boycott four years earlier, which country was the only Warsaw Pact member to break ranks and take part in the Games?

In the standard individual medley swimming competition, the swimmers compete by swimming all four strokes in sequence, beginning with which stroke?

In snooker, what coloured ball is usually the last to be potted at the end of a frame (provided that neither player concedes the frame)?

The Original Six is a term referring to the group of six teams that made up the National Hockey League (NHL) for the 25 seasons between the 1942–43 season and the 1967 NHL Expansion. Of these six teams, four are American and two Canadian. One of the Canadian team is the Montreal Canadiens – name the other. (Full name please)

This depicts the women’s tennis team of which country, who emerged victorious in the 2015 Fed Cup?

Which English Premier League football club plays their home games at Stamford Bridge?

To date, four individuals (excluding Lance Armstrong) have won the Tour de France five times, but who is the only one of them to manage five consecutive wins?

Featured in the documentary ‘Freedom’s Fury’, the ‘Blood in the Waters’ water-polo match took place in the 1956 Melbourne Olympics between the USSR and which other country?

‘I’m Forever Blowing Bubbles’ is a song traditionally associated with the supporters of which football club?

Jahangir Khan of Pakistan won seven world championships in the 1980s in which sport?

What is the nationality of the Formula One racing driver Mika Hakkinen?     

Ranked world No.1 for 199 consecutive weeks from 2008 to 2012, what is the nationality of the badminton star Lee Chong Wei?

The Dolphins, Marlins, Heat and Panthers are professional sports franchises all based in which major US city?

Between 2005 and 2014, Rafael Nadal won a total of nine French Open Men’s Singles tennis titles. This amazing streak was only stopped twice – by Roger Federer (who won in 2009), and which other player who claimed the title in 2015?    

Which sport is played by the Texas Rangers, Oakland Athletics and Boston Red Sox?  

Set in Neubrandenburg, East Germany in June 1986 by Jurgen Schult, the world record in which field athletics event (at 74.08m) is still unbroken as of today?

Led by their prodigal son LeBron James, which NBA team overcame a 1-3 deficit to defeat Golden State Warriors and win their first NBA championship in June 2016?

In international field hockey, what is the colour of the triangular card shown to a player when a minor offence has been committed? The player has to leave the field for 2 minutes. A repeat offence may result in the yellow card, which usually carries a 5-minute suspension.    

Signed from FC Augsburg in July 2016, the Liverpool defender Ragnar Klavan plays international football for which country?    

Playing as guard for the Los Angeles Lakers from 1960-1974, which basketball player is known by the nickname ‘Mr. Logo’ because it is generally accepted that a 1969 photo of him is the model for the silhouette in the NBA logo?      

What is the nationality of Joseph Schooling, the only swimmer to defeat Michael Phelps in the 2016 Rio Summer Olympics (in the 100m butterfly)?  

The current world-record holder, which French pole-vaulter broke Sergey Bubka’s 20-year-old mark with a 6.16m jump in 2014, ironically at the Pole Vaults Stars meeting in Bubka’s hometown of Donetsk?   

Since 2008, the annual Dakar Rally has been held in South America rather than the traditional Paris to Dakar route, after security concerns in which African country forced the cancellation of the 2008 edition?   

Born 1941, which football manager, who had spent thirteen years with St. Etienne, led the French national football team to its first and only World Cup victory in 1998?        

The final medal table of the 2016 Rio Summer Olympics show the US, Great Britain, China, Russia and Germany occupying the top 5 positions. NAME ANY ONE country that occupies the next three spots (i.e. 6th to 8th).      

The only community-owned, non-profit major league professional sports team in the USA, the American football team Green Bay Packers is based in which north-central state?  

This is a collage showing the logos of four professional teams that all play which sport?    

Mario Zagallo, Franz Beckenbauer and Didier Deschamps are the only three men to have won the FIFA World Cup both as player and manager. Which other individual came close, winning the Cup with West Germany in 1990 as a player, but was on the losing side against Brazil in the 2002 final?

Defeating the likes of Garbine Muguruza, Petra Kvitova and Angelique Kerber, Monica Puig became which Caribbean island’s first ever gold medalist when she won the women’s tennis single title at the 2016 Rio Summer Games?       

Winner of three Superbowl MVPs and the quarterback to have led his team to more division titles than any other, Tom Brady has played for which National Football League (NFL) team ever since he joined them in 2000?       

Which tennis player is shown here? He won his fourth Grand Slam single by the age of 20, and is only one of six men to have won Grand Slam singles titles on grass, clay and hart courts. Winner of seven Grand Slams, Wimbledon was the only one to elude him.

The Thomas and Uber Cups are the world team championships for men and women (respectively) in which sport?    

What is the nationality of Jason Day, the current No.1 on the official world golf rankings (as of 23/10/16)?

The Deflategate scandal refers to a National Football League (NFL) controversy involving allegation that which team had tampered with the footballs used in their AFC Championship against the Indiana Colts in January 2015? Their star quarterback Tom Brady was subsequently suspended for four games.

Currently the record holder for the most number of Asian Champions League titles (three), what is the two-word full name of the team whose logo is shown here? It is based in a seaport on the mouth of the Hyeongsan River, and the second part of its name refers to the particular industry that has been a mainstay of the city since the early 1970s.    

The Soviet athlete Yuriy Sedykh set the world record of 86.74m in which field event at the 1986 European Championships in Stuttgart? Only he and his great rival Sergei Litvinov have thrown over 86 meters in the history of the sport.    

The Serbians Aleksandar Sapic and Filip Filipovic as well as the Hungarians Dezso Gyarmati and Tamas Kasas are generally considered as being amongst the best players in which competitive sport?    

Dying of liver cirrhosis at the age of 49, which Brazilian footballer (born Manuel Francisco dos Santos) is considered by many to be the best dribbler in the history of the sport? Winner of the FIFA World Cup in 1958 and 1962, he is best known for his nickname, which means ‘Little Bird’.        

Nicknamed the ‘Iron Man’, Carl Ripken Jr. was a shortstop and third baseman who played 21 seasons in the MLB for WHICH TEAM? He holds the record for most consecutive games played (2632), surpassing that of Lou Gehrig (2130) that had stood for 56 years and had been deemed unsurpassable.       

  Egypt is currently the most successful country in football’s Africa Cup of Nations, with seven titles so far, followed by Cameroon next with five. WHICH COUNTRY comes next with four titles? Their last win came in 1982, and rather surprisingly they did not make it into the World Cup final stages until 2006.

Played on December 28th 1958, the 26th NFL championship game has become widely known as ‘The Greatest Game Ever Played’. Featuring 17 individuals now in the Pro Football Hall of Fame (including Vince Lombardi and Raymond Berry), it was the first NFL playoff game to go into sudden-death overtime. Name EITHER of the two teams involved (you need to give both its state as well as team name).

When he joined Manchester United from Borussia Dortmund in 2016, Henrikh Mkhitaryan became the first footballer from which country to play in the English Premier League?    

Born 1988 in Washington D.C, which small forward with the Golden State Warriors was awarded the Most Valuable Player (MVP) award in the 2016-17 NBA Finals when the Warriors defeated the defending champions Cleveland Cavaliers? He had only joined the Warriors the previous year, after having played for Oklahoma City Thunder for the preceding eight years.    

Designed to reduce the potential advantage that the team taking the first kick in a football (soccer) penalty shootout, the new system that was tested at the European Under-17 Championship in May 2017 shares its (unofficial) name with which popular pop group?    

Nicknamed the ‘Tsar of the Pool’ and ‘Leningrad Express’, which Soviet swimmer was the first swimmer to clock under 15 minutes in the 1500m and under 8 minutes in the 800m freestyle? Between 1978 until his retirement ten years later, he set a total of 12 world records in the 400, 800 and 1500m freestyle.

The current world-record holder in the high jump and the only person to have cleared 8 feet, what is the nationality of the athlete Javier Sotomayor?    

A ten-time NBA All Star player and holder of the records for most career steals and assists, John Stockton spent his entire career (1984-2003) playing as a point guard for which team?

The first Belgian player inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame (in 2016), which former world number one won seven Grand Slam singles titles in her career, though never winning Wimbledon?

Signing for Arsenal in 2014 from Barcelona and having also played for clubs such as Udinese and River Plate, the forward Alexis Sanchez plays his international football for which country?    

Generally considered one of the greatest long-distance runners of all time, which Ethiopian currently holds the world record in both the 5000m and 10000m events? He has also won eleven World Cross Country titles and won the 2016 Berlin Marathon as well.

In European football, the ‘Old Firm derby’ refers to matches between Rangers and Celtic, two fierce rivals that are both based in which city?

The Toure brothers, Kolo (born 1981) and Yaya (1983) are shown in this photograph playing their club football for Liverpool and Manchester City respectively. For what African country do they play international football?

Born 1993, which swimmer became the first Swedish woman to win a gold medal in swimming when she won the 100m butterfly in world record time at Rio in 2016? She is also the current world record holder in the 50m and 100m freestyle and butterfly, as well as the 200m freestyle (short course).      

Nicknamed ‘Super Mario’, the Canadian ice-hockey player Mario Lemieux played his entire career for which NHL team? He led them to back-to-back Stanley Cup wins in 1991 and 1992, before becoming the team’s owner after his retirement (in 2006) and leading them to another three Stanley Cup victories.

Widely regarded as the best of all time, which Chinese badminton player achieved the ‘Super Grand Slam’ – winning all nine major titles including the Olympics, World Championships, World Cup and Thomas Cup – by the age of 28? He is also noted for his rivalry with the Malaysian star Lee Chong Wei.

The New York Yankees currently hold the record of most World Series titles (27), but which team comes second with 11 titles? Playing their home games at the Busch Stadium, they are known for their bitter rivalry with the Chicago Cubs, also called the ‘Route 66 rivalry’.    

Born Ricardo Izecson dos Santos Leite in 1982, what is the more familiar one-word name of the Brazilian player who has played club football for AC Milan and Real Madrid? Primarily playing in an attacking midfield role, he won the Ballon d’Or in 2007.

The Four Musketeers’ were a group of French tennis players who dominated the game during the late 1920s and early 1930s. Of the four, who was the only one who never won a singles Grand Slam title? A doubles specialist, he won ten Grand Slam doubles titles and also five Davis Cup victories.

Playing its home games at the 58,500 capacity Tianhe Stadium, it is arguably the most successful professional Chinese football club, having won the domestic title a record eight times, and is the only Chinese side to have won the AFC Champions League twice. In which major city is it based?

Making their debut in the 2017-2018 season, the newest addition to the National Hockey League (NHL) are the Golden Knights, who play their home games at the T-Mobile Arena in which US city?    

Born 1946 in Sao Paulo, which automobile racing driver won the Formula One World Championship twice (in 1972 and 1974), with Lotus for the first win and McLaren for the second? He held the record for being the youngest champion (at the age of 25 years) until it was broken by Fernando Alonso thirty-three years later.

The biennial Sudirman Cup is an international mixed team championship in which sport? It is named after Dick Sudirman, a former player and founder of his country’s association for this sport.   

What is the nationality of this sportsperson, seen at one of her two Grand Slam triumphs (both Australian Opens) to date?

 


Based at the Stadio Luigi Ferraris in Genoa, which football club won its only Serie A title in 1991, led by key players such as Roberto Mancini and Gianluca Vialli?      

Giving his name to the NBA Finals Most Valuable Player (MVP) trophy and considered one of the best players in the history of the NBA, Bill Russell spent his entire thirteen-year playing career with which team, winning eleven championships in the process?

One of the most prolific passing and rushing quarterbacks in NFL history, which player spent his entire sixteen-year playing career with the Denver Broncos, winning two Super Bowls in the process before retiring in 1999? As the Broncos’ general manager, he signed the free-agent quarterback Peyton Manning in 2012

Egypt’s Mohamed Salah was named the CAF African Player of the Year for 2017, ahead of his Liverpool team-mate Sadio Mane (of Senegal) and Borussia Dortmund’s Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang – who plays his international football for which country?    

To date, only seven cyclists have won all three cycling Grand Tour races (Tour de France, Giro d’Italia and Vuelta a Espana). Of these six, only two have won each of these races more than once – the first to achieve this was Bernard Hinault; who is the other, born in Madrid in 1982?   

Winning its only NBA Championship to date in 1979, which professional basketball team relocated southeast after the 2007-08 season, and now plays as the Oklahoma City Thunder?    

Which South American country’s ‘Big Five’ professional football (soccer) clubs are Boca Juniors, Independiente, Racing Club, River Plate and San Lorenzo de Almagro?

 


The counterpart of the Swaythling Cup, the trophy awarded to the winner of the Women’s Team World Table Tennis Championships is named after which former president of the French table tennis association? Since 1975, China has won it 19 out of 21 times.

Winning four silver medals (in the 100m and 200m sprint events) at the 1992 and 1996 Olympics, what is the nationality of the athlete Frankie Fredericks? His four medals remain (to date) the only medals won by his country in its Olympics history.    

What is the nationality of David Nalbandian, the only tennis player from his country to have reached the semi-finals or better in all four Grand Slam tournaments?         Argentinian    

Named ICC Player of the Year in 2005, which South African cricketer is widely regarded as one of the greatest all-rounders in the history of the sport? Retiring in 2014 after representing his country for twenty years, he is third behind Sachin Tendulkar and Ricky Ponting on the list of all-time run scorers in test cricket, with 13289 runs.        

Born 1947 as Eduardo Goncalves de Andrade, which Brazilian footballer is better known by his one-word nickname derived form an old Portuguese silver coin? Forming a lethal partnership with Pele and winning the 1970 World Cup, he retired at the age of 27 due to a retinal detachment, and became a medical doctor subsequently.    

Nicknamed ‘El Loco’ for his audacious ‘keeper-sweeper’ playing style and eye-catching scorpion-kick saves, Rene Higuita played as goalkeeper for which South American country’s national team from 1987-99?    

      In the years following the establishment of its men’s world record in 1995, the athletes Christian Olsson (Sweden), Marian Oprea (Romania) and Teddy Tamgho (France) had recorded season-best results in which track and field event? The American Christian Taylor has posted the season-best for the most current three consecutive years (2015-2017).    

In the 1998 FIFA World Cup round-of-16 match between England and Argentina, David Beckham was dismissed for kicking out at which Argentine captain and midfielder?    

In football, the technique used in taking a penalty kick where the kicker gives a subtle touch underneath the ball, causing it to rise and fall within the centre of the goal thus deceiving the goalkeeper, is named after which Czech attacking midfielder, who used this method to deceive the German goalkeeper Sepp Maier, thus winning the 1976 European Championships finals?        Antonin Panenka

Born in August 1975, which former Pakistani cricketer made his international Test debut in 1997 against the West Indies? Holding the record for the fastest delivery officially recorded (161.3 km/hr) against England in the 2003 Cricket World Cup, he is nicknamed the ‘Rawalpindi Express’ as a tribute to his hometown and his fast bowling.    

Known for his all-round skills and longevity (being in the world Top 10 ranking longer than any one other than the legendary Jan-Ove Waldner), what is the nationality of the three-time table-tennis World Cup winner and European champion Vladimir Samsonov?        

Originally presented by L’Equipe magazine, the European Golden Shoe is an annual award presented to the leading goalscorer from the top division of the European national leagues, weighted by the difficulty of the various leagues. The only English player to have won this is Kevin Phillips, when he scored 30 goals in the 1999-2000 Premier League season – with which club?

Born 1936 in Queensland, which Australian former world No.1 tennis player won 12 Grand Slam singles titles and 16 Grand Slam doubles titles in a career that spanned three decades (from 1953 to 1983)? He remains the only male player to have completed a career Grand Slam in both singles and doubles.     

Retiring shortly after Germany’s victory at the 2014 FIFA World Cup final, which striker is currently the all-time leading topscorer in World Cup finals with 16 goals, and also his country’s leading goalscorer with 71 goals in 137 appearances?    

As of May 2018, the Boston Celtics holds the record for most NBA championships with 17 titles, followed by the Los Angeles Lakers (16) and Chicago Bulls & Golden State Warriors (6). Name the team that follows, with 5 titles.

Born in Hangzhou in 1991, who became the first Chinese man to win an Olympic gold medal in swimming in 2012, and the first male swimmer in history to win Olympic and World Championship gold medals at every freestyle distances from 200m up to 1500m?    

Competing in Formula One between 1993 and 2011, which Sao Paulo-born driver holds the current record for most racing starts (322), though he spent much of 2000-2005 in the shadow of Michael Schumacher as the latter’s team-mate in Ferrari?          

When Cristiano Ronaldo scored 3 goals in the 2016 European Championships Finals tournament, it brought his total tally to 9 (over four editions of the competition), and hence equalling WHICH FOOTBALL LEGEND, who managed this feat in a single tournament (in 1984), when he helped his country defeat Spain in the finals?    

When the finalized teams of countries participating in the 2018 World Cup Finals were announced, one of the biggest shocks was the omission of Leroy Sané (who had just been voted the PFA Young Player of the Year after helping his club Manchester City win the English Premier League) – by the manager of which national team?  

 


Fought on June 20th 1980 and billed as the ‘Brawl of Montreal’, this boxing match saw Sugar Ray Leonard lose his WBC welterweight title against which Panamanian boxer? Nicknamed ‘Manos de Piedra’ (Hands of Stone) for his formidable punching power, he has held titles in the lightweight, welterweight, light middleweight and middleweight categories during his 33-year career.        

For which team had Colin Kaepernick been playing (since 2011) before he ignited a firestorm of controversy in 2016 when he refused to stand for the national anthem before an NFL game?

Founded in 1899 by a group of 16 vocational high school students and taking its name from a German word for “river peninsula”, which professional football club in the Bundesliga plays their home matches at the Weserstadion? They won the Bundesliga four times (last in 2004) and also the 1992 European Cup Winners’ Cup.

A former world No.1 and winner of the 2018 French Open Ladies’ Singles title (her first Grand Slam title), what is the nationality of Simona Halep?        

Also known as Wang Chen-chih, which Japanese-Taiwanese baseball player played 22 seasons for the Yomiuri Giants, and also managed them from 1984 to 1988? He is the current holder of the world lifetime home run record, having hit 868 home runs over his entire career.     

Since its inception in 1949, which country has won badminton’s Thomas Cup (for men’s team) the most times with thirteen victories? This is three more than China, who has ten wins to date.

Of unclear origins, which term is applied in sports (though best known in golf) to refer to a second chance to perform an action without penalty after the first chance went wrong either due to bad luck or blunder?   

This diagram shows the logos of three professional football clubs which all play in the top division of which country’s league?        

The 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta saw the same individual winning the 200m and 400m races in both the male and female categories. Michael Johnson of the USA was the men’s champion – which Guadeloupe-born French sprinter was the female winner?

In July 2018, the Brazilian international Alisson became the world’s most expensive goalkeeper when he transferred from AS Roma to which English Premier League team?

Topping the medal table with 14 golds (matched by Germany), which country also set a new record for the most number of medals won by a nation at a single Winter Olympics (39) at the 2018 Pyeongchang Games?

Only one of two players in NBA history to average a triple-double for a season, the seven-time NBA All-Star point guard Russell Westbrook spent the first eleven years of his professional career with which Western Conference team?        

A former world No.1 and winner of the French Open in 2008, in which MODERN-DAY COUNTRY was this tennis player born in November 1987?      

Since its inception in 1949, the Soviet Union has won the quadrennial FIVB Volleyball Men’s World Championship a record six times (all before the USSR’s dissolution in 1991).  Three other teams have won it thrice each – name any of them.          

Founded in 1925, this professional football club has to-date won five league titles as well as the 2007-08 UEFA Cup and the 2008 UEFA Super Cup (when they defeated Glasgow Rangers and Manchester United respectively). They play their home games at the Krestovsky Stadium – located in which European city?        

Named after a mythical wyvern/ kangaroo-like creature that is said to inhabit the Pine Barrens of Southern New Jersey, the New Jersey Devils are a Newark-based professional team that plays which competitive sport?      

Awarded the tournament’s Golden Ball award for leading his country to the Finals of the 2018 FIFA World Cup, the Croatian midfielder Luka Modric played his club football for which English Premier League club before switching to Real Madrid in 2012?        

Born in Cape Town in 1992, which South African athlete is the current world record holder for the men’s 400 metres? In 2017, he became the only sprinter in history to clock sub-10, sub-20, sub-31 and sub-44 at 100m, 200m, 300m and 400m distances respectively.       

Coached by Chuck Daly and spearheaded by stars such as Isiah Thomas, Dennis Rodman and Joe Dumars, which team won the NBA Finals twice consecutively (in 1989 and 1990) when they defeated the Los Angeles Lakers and Portland Trail Blazers respectively?    

Nicknamed ‘the Great Eight’ and considered one of the best players to have played in the National Hockey League, which Washington Capitals winger has led the NHL in scoring for a record-equaling seven times? He has also won the World Ice Hockey Championships three times with Russia.

The diagram shows (in chronological order) the previous teams managed by an individual who is currently (as of November 2018) the manager of which professional football club?          

Considered one of the greatest comebacks in sporting history, ‘The Miracle at Medinah’ took place in September 2012 when Martin Kaymer defeated Steve Stricker to clinch the decisive point in which sporting tournament?       

 Which major US city was left without an American football franchise for two decades when both the Rams and the Raiders left prior to start of the 1995 season? The absence ended in 2016 with the return of the Rams from Missouri.    

Born 1987 in Sao Paulo, which Brazilian swimmer who specializes in the sprint events is the current world record holder for the 50m and 100m freestyle (long course)? Struggling with a shoulder injury throughout most of 2015, he failed to qualify for the 2016 Rio Olympics.

Over a 22-year career (1890-1911), which baseball player established numerous pitching records (e.g. most career innings pitched), some of which had stool for over a century? He gives his name to the award given annually to the best pitchers in Major League Baseball (MLB).   

    Described as the ‘greatest marathoner of the modern era’, which Kenyan long-distance runner is the current marathon world record holder (at 2 hours, 1 minute and 39 seconds), and has won 12 of the 13 marathons he has entered to date?

What is the surname of the Ukrainian brothers Vitali and Wladimir, who dominated world heavyweight boxing in the decade following the retirement of Lennox Lewis in 2004?        

Having won a combined total of 54 out of 61 of their country’s top division titles , the three football clubs known collectively as the ‘Big Three’ are all based in which major world city? (P.S. some helpful graphics and wordings have been removed from two of the logos).

In a 2010 online poll, the Croatian Ivano Balic was voted the ‘best male player ever’ of which competitive sport, beating the Frenchman Nikola Karabatic into second place? In 1992, the sport’s international federation had declared the Romanian Gheorghe Gruia as the greatest player of all times.

First awarded in December 2018, the footballing award known as the Ballon d’Or Feminin (or Women’s Ballon d’Or) went to this striker, currently playing for the French club Olympique Lyonnais. Which country did she represent from 2011 to 2017 before deciding to take a break from international football only at the age of 23?             

Named after an American professional pool player who won the World Straight Pool Championship an unmatched fifteen times between 1941 and 1957, which annual competition contested between teams representing Europe and the United States has been called pool’s version of the Ryder Cup?       

The 2012 UEFA European Championship finals saw six players sharing the top scorer award having scored three goals each, all of them from different countries. Interestingly, three of these six footballers share WHAT FIRST NAME?        

Awarded annually to the winning team of the National Football League’s  championship game known as the Super Bowl, this trophy is named after which legendary NFL coach who led the Green Bay Packers to a string of championship victories in the 1960s?          

Winning the men’s gymnastics individual all-around gold medals at the London and Rio Olympics and a twenty-one time World Championships medalist, which Japanese gymnast born in Fukuoka in 1989 can arguably be considered one of the greatest the world has ever seen?

Announcing his retirement in September 2019, which Austrian is widely considered to be the best alpine skier in the history of the sport? He is the winner of a record eight consecutive World Cup titles, as well as seven gold medals at the Alpine Skiing World Championships.    

Playing their home games at the Estadio Jorge Luis Hirschi, which Argentinian football club is nicknamed Los Pincharratas (The Rat Stabbers) ostensibly after a loyal fan who worked as a rat-catcher at the local marketplace? The holder of four Copa Libertadores titles, it was the inaugural team outside the traditional “big five” to win a professional league title in 1967.    

    Born in Delhi in 1988, which Royal Challengers Bangalore batsman and current captain of the Indian national cricket team has been the top-ranked ODI batsman in the world since October 2017?

Having played over 350 matches for Australia and scored over 220 goals, winning the 2004 Olympic gold medal and two World Cups, which field hockey player was named the IHF World Player of the Year a record five times?      

Founded in 1992, the name of this football club in the Japanese J1 League is a portmanteau of the Japanese numeral for ‘three’ and an Italian word for ‘arrows’, based on the story of the feudal lord who told his three sons that while a single arrow might be easily snapped, three arrows held together would not be broken? Last winning the championship in 2015, in which Japanese city is it based?       

Named after the Governor-General of New Zealand (from 1930-35), which trophy is awarded to the winner of a competition between the rugby union teams of Australia and New Zealand? Instituted in 1931, it has been an annual three-match contest since 2016, with New Zealand winning it for the 46th time in 2017.     

Reaching his highest career ranking of world No.4 in November 2010, which Swedish professional tennis player never won a Grand Slam title, but came close when he reached two consecutive French Open finals (2009 and 2010), only to lose to Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal respectively?

The football team with this logo plays in the league (known as the Eliteserien) of which European country? It currently holds the record of 26 league titles, more than that of the next three teams combined.    

 


Born 1978 in Wurzburg, which German power forward won the NBA Finals Most Valuable Player (MVP) award in 2011, the same year his team (the Dallas Mavericks) won their only (to date) NBA Championship?    

Based in a city in the northern Kanto region of Japan, which professional football club have proved by far Japan’s most successful club team, having won the J. League title a record eight times, the J. League Cup a record six times and the Emperor’s Cup four times? The name of the club derives from that of the city, which literally means ‘Deer Island’. You need to give its full two-word name.        

Literally translating as ‘self-defense without weapons’ which five-letter acronym is a martial combat sport developed in the 1920s by the Soviet Red Army to improve hand-to-hand combat abilities?  Viktor Spiridonov and Vasili Oshchepkov are considered its pioneers and founders.    

 Winner of one Stanley Cup to-date (in 2006-07), the Anaheim Ducks who play their home games at the Honda Center is based in which state of the USA?

In 2001, which sport’s international governing body selected the Italian Lorenzo Bernardi and the American Karch Kiraly as its ‘Players of the Century’? Kiraly is also the only player (male or female) to have won Olympic gold medals in both the indoor and outdoor categories of the sport.    

Born in February 1982, Zersenay Tadese is a former holder of the men’s half-marathon world record , with a time of 58 minutes 23 seconds. His bronze medal in the 10,000m at the 2004 Athens Olympics also made him the first ever Olympic medalist for his country. What country is he from?      
  The first time the Winter Olympics was held in Asia – which city hosted it in 1972?

This logo (with team name removed) belongs to the professional Twenty20 cricket team that has the best winning ratio in the Indian Premier League, and is the only team so far to have successfully defended its title (in 2011).  Suspended for two years for its owners’ alleged involvement in a betting scandal, in which Indian city is it based?         

 


In Aussie rules football, what position is indicated by the yellow arrow in this figure? Similar to the centre in basketball, he is typically a tall and athletic player who contests at centre bounces and stoppages (such as boundary throw-ins and ball-ups), and plays a crucial role in the coach’s play strategy.        

Playing their home matches at the Estadio Manuel Ferreira, Club Olimpia is the most successful football (soccer) team in which South American country, with forty domestic championship titles to date?     

  The logo of which NBA team, when viewed upside down, resembles a robot sitting down and reading a book?

Born in 1974, which Russian former world No.1 tennis player is the last man to have won both the Men’s Singles and Doubles titles at the same Grand Slam tournament, which he did at the French Open in 1996?        

Which city on the River Aller in the German state of Lower Saxony is the headquarters of Volkswagen AG? The city’s football team plays in the Volkswagen Arena.            

As of June 2017, only two managers have achieved the feat of winning football’s European Cup/ UEFA Champions League three times. One of them is Carlo Ancelotti, who did it with AC Milan and Real Madrid. Who is the other individual, who won the first of his three titles when Ancelotti was only 18 years old?

Having participated in five Rugby World Cup competitions since 1999, the national team of which coastal African country is nicknamed the Welwitschias (named after a plant species also known as tree tumbo), although their logo shows an African fish eagle?

Translating as ‘one full point’ in Japanese, what term refers to the highest score a fighter can achieve in a Japanese martial arts contest, such as judo, karate or jujitsu? It is indicated by the referee raising one arm with palm of hand facing forward, high above the head.

These two images are key components belonging to the logos/ crests of two football clubs that are both based in which English city?     

 


This graphic shows the logos of teams that play which competitive sport?

This diagram shows (in chronological order) the various clubs which NBA shooting guard/ forward and 8-time All-Star had played for in his career so far?         

Winning 21 of 28 top division titles between them, the clubs Pakhtakor, Bunyodkor and Neftchi are the dominant teams in which country’s football league? The first two have each reached the semi-final stage of the AFC Champions League twice.     

Widely considered the best ice-hockey player ever, Wayne Gretzky played for which team from 1979 to 1988, leading them to four Stanley Cup victories?

Born 1994 in Staffordshire, which British swimmer holds the world record for the 50m and 100m breaststroke, and in 2016 became the only swimmer to win all four major gold medals (Olympics, World, European and Commonwealth Games) in the same event at the same time?                

Nicknamed ‘El Pescadito’ (‘Little Fish’), the footballer Carlos Ruiz became the all-time top scorer in World Cup qualifiers (with 39 goals in fiver qualification campaigns) in September 2016. Which Latin American country did he represent?    

Winners of the AFC Champions League in 2007 and 2017, the professional Japanese football club Urawa Red Diamonds takes its name partly from its owners Mitsubishi (whose logo features three red diamonds). It is currently based in which city in the Greater Tokyo Area, created by the merger of Urawa, Omiya and Yono in 2001?         
Ranked the ‘African club of the 20th century’ having won its domestic league title a record 23 times and the CAF Champions League twice, in which country is Asante Kotoko SC based? Nicknamed the ‘Porcupine Warriors’, they play their home matches at the Kumasi Sports Stadium.        

Jelena Ostapenko became the first player from which country to win a tennis Grand Slam tournament when she beat Simona Halep to lift the 2017 French Open?                

Born 1994 in Kaoshiung, the Taiwanese Tai Tzu-ying became the world No.1 in women’s singles of which sport in December 2016, and has maintained her ranking since then (as of June 2017)?

The only New Zealand-based football (soccer) team to play in the Australian A-League, in which city is this club (whose partially-redacted logo is shown here) based?    

 


Founded in 1972 by entrepreneur Dinah Shore and formerly known as the Kraft Nabisco Championship, the ANA Inspiration is a major women’s championship in which sport, last won in 2017 by Ryu So-yeon of South Korea?        

Directed by Ron Howard, the 2013 sports drama biopic ‘Rush’ centers on the rivalry between James Hunt and which other Formula 1 driver during the 1976 racing season?            

Nicknamed the ‘Mozart of table tennis’, which Swedish player is also known as the ‘Evergreen Tree’ for a career that spanned over 35 years? Of the five players to have ever achieved a career grand-slam (winning the World Championship, World Cup and Olympic gold medal), he is the only non-Chinese.    

Founded in 2009 and sponsored by the energy-drink maker Red Bull, the professional football (soccer) team with the logo shown here is based in which German city? Beginning in the fifth tier of the German league system, they rose rapidly up the leagues and finished the 2016/17 season in second place just behind Bayern Munich.            

Everybody remembers Nadia Comaneci, but which great rival of hers, a Soviet gymnast, was the second person to score perfect 10 at the 1976 Montreal Summer Olympics and the first person to do so in the vault and floor events?         

Born 1976 in Budapest, which grandmaster is widely considered the strongest female chess player of all time? She is the only woman to have surpassed the 2700 Elo rating barrier, and the only woman to have beaten a reigning world number one player, when she defeated Garry Kasparov in 2002.        

Based in Perpignan and playing their home matches at the Stade Gilbert Brutus, which French rugby league club is the only team in the premier Super League that comes from outside Northern England?      

A current member of the Italian Parliament since 2013, Valentina Vezzali is a six-time Olympic, 16-time World Championships and 13-time European Championships gold medalist in which sport? Her 2006 autobiography is entitled ‘A viso scoperto’ (‘With Uncovered Face’).

At the 1995 World Athletic Championships held in Gothenburg, the Briton Jonathan Edwards set the world record for which track and field event, which has lasted up to today?        

One of the ‘Original Six’ that made up the National Hockey League (NHL) for 25 years from 1942 onwards, which professional ice-hockey team has won the Stanley Cup thirteen times – only second to the record holders the Montreal Canadiens?        

Now better remembered for Nelson Mandela presenting the trophy to the victorious South African team, the 1995 Rugby World Cup Final saw the hosts defeat New Zealand 15-12. Another notable fact is that the points were scored by only one player from each team – name EITHER of the scorers (shown in this photograph).    

The logos shown here belong to two professional footballing clubs and bitter rivals, that are based in which European capital city?        

A regular event at the Asian Games and Southeast Asian Games, a competitive match of sepak takraw is played by two teams (‘regus’),  each consisting of how many players?

Born 1966 in Leipzig, which former East German swimmer became the first woman to win six gold medals at a single Olympic Games at the 1988 Summer Games in Seoul?        

Founded in 1891, Club Atlético Peñarol currently holds the third best winning record in the Copa Libertadores, having won it five times (just behind Independiente and Boca Juniors of Argentina). In which South American capital city is Peñarol based?    

Valued at US$4.8 billion and named by Forbes as the world’s most valuable sports team of 2017, which National Football League (NFL) franchise has won five Super Bowls to date, and plays their home matches at the AT&T Stadium?     

Born in Lanark in 1968, which Scot became the youngest person to win the World Rally Championship Drivers’ title in 1995 with Subaru? Giving his name to a series of racing video games published by Codemasters, he died in a tragic helicopter crash in 2007.    

Over the past two decades, the two sportswomen shown here (Wu Minxia (left) and Guo Jingjing) have dominated which competitive sport? Fierce rivals and close partners at the same time, Wu was also Guo’s bridesmaid when the latter married in 2012.    

 


One of five women to have been the year-end World No.1 in tennis at least four times (the others being Christ Evert, Martina Navratilova, Steffi Graf and Serena Williams), which player has only won three Grand Slam titles in her career (one each at Wimbledon, the US Open and Australian Open) while the other four have at least 18? Her last Grand Slam win was at the 2000 Australian Open.    

Real Madrid has won the most number of European Cup/ UEFA Champions League titles (13) by a wide margin, but which team has the unfortunate record of losing the most finals (7)? They have the consolation of winning it on two occasions, most recently in 1995-96 when they defeated defending champions Ajax on penalties.     

Having been nominated for the African Footballer of the Year in the past three years but so far unsuccessfully, the Liverpool forward Sadio Mane plays his international football for which country?         

Played on Feb 3rd 2013, Super Bowl XLVII (nicknamed the ‘Harbaugh Bowl’ as it featured two brothers Jim and John as opposing head coaches) saw the Baltimore Ravens defeat which NFL team who were seeking their 6th Super Bowl victory in as many appearances? With this win, the Ravens replaced them as the only team with multiple appearances never to lose a Super Bowl.    

Which National Basketball Association (NBA) team/ franchise is based in the city marked by the star?

 


Amongst the 20 teams that compete in the 2018-19 Spanish La Liga season, five teams are based in the Community of Madrid. Other than Real Madrid and Atletico Madrid, name ONE of the other three clubs.  

  Literally meaning ‘goat puller’ in Persian and with similar variations throughout Central Asia, which national sport of Afghanistan consists of horse-mounted players competing to place the carcass of a goat or calf into goals?

At the start of a game of snooker when all the balls are positioned, which coloured-ball is place right at the center of the table?

The Bulgarian athlete Stefka Kostadinova is the current holder of the world record (2.09 metres) in which track and field event? It was set at the 1987 World Championships in Rome.          

In professional boxing, which weight class (with a limit of 200 pounds/ 90.7 kg) lies between light heavyweight and heavyweight?      

Winner of the 2018 WTA Finals in Singapore, what is the nationality of the tennis player Elina Svitolina?

The 2000 CONCACAF Gold Cup was won by the national football team of which country when they defeated the invited Colombians in the final? This marked the first time that the cup was won by a team other than the USA or Mexico ever since its inception in 1963.         

Born 1990 in Haryana, which professional badminton player became the only Indian female to attain the world No.1 ranking when she achieved this in 2015? She was also the first Indian badminton player to win an Olympic medal when she bagged the bronze in the 2012 London Games.      

The three sportspeople shown in this photograph all share which common nationality?           

Born in Frankfurt in 1977, which former striker is Germany’s most capped player (214 caps) and top goal-scorer (128 goals)? She was named FIFA Women’s World Player of the Year from 2003 to 2005, and was then second to Brazil’s Marta from 2007 to 2010.

Born in Santa Fe in 1969, which footballer spent much of his professional career in Italy (mainly with Fiorentina and Roma)? He was Argentina’s all-time leading international goalscorer with 54 goals in 77 official matches, until he was overtaken by Lionel Messi in 2016.     

Winning their first NBA championship title in June 2019, the Toronto Raptors are currently the only Canadian-based team in the league since the Vancouver Grizzlies moved to which US city in 2001?      

Based in the port city of Avellaneda, which Argentine professional football club currently holds the record of having won the prestigious continental tournament the Copa Libertadores seven times? Its last victory came in 1984 when it beat Brazil’s Gremio 1-0.         

Born 1992 in Argenteuil, the French athlete Kevin Mayer is the current world record holder in which sporting event? He established this record in September 2018, breaking the previous mark set by the American Ashton Eaton.

Which Middle East country has to date won the AFC Cup (second-tier international cup competition in Asia) the most times (4)? The last such victory came in 2014 when Al-Qadsia beat Iraq’s Erbil SC on penalties.    

What is the nationality of this sportsman, who announced his retirement in June 2019?        

In chronological order from left to right, these four individuals are the most recent managers (excluding those appointed to caretaker roles) of which European football club?

Considered one of the best breaststroke exponents, which South African swimmer became her country’s first post-Apartheid Olympic gold medalist at the 1996 Atlanta Games, and also became the only woman in Olympic history to win both the 100m and 200m breaststroke events?

Currently boasting of star players such as Ada Hegerberg (first ever recipient of Ballon d’Or Feminin) and the French and Japanese international team captains (Amandine Henry and Saki Kumagai), which French woman’s football club has been acknowledged as the world’s strongest team since the 2010s, with a record four successive UEFA Champions League wins from 2016 to 2019?        

Derived from the French, which term refers to the main pack or group of cyclists in a road bicycle race? The riders save energy by riding close behind others, a process known as slipstreaming.     

Which 4-times winner of the European Cup/ UEFA Champions League is based in the city highlighted (in red) in this map? (Give either the full name including city and team, or just the team name)      

A two-time Super Bowl winner and considered one of the greatest quarterbacks of all time with multiple records (e.g. most career and season touchdown passes), Peyton Manning spent the first fourteen of his eighteen-year NFL career with which Midwestern football team?

Elected as the 7th President of the European football governing body UEFA in 2016 and succeeding Michel Platini, what is the nationality of the lawyer and sports administrator Aleksander Čeferin?     

In competitive artistic gymnastics, some events are common to both men and women (the vault and floor exercise), whereas others are exclusive to either gender. Name ONE OF THE TWO events that only women compete in.     

Winner of the Serie A in 1991 and reaching the finals of the European Cup in 1992, this Italian football club plays its city rivals in a derby known as the ‘Derby of the Lantern’. IN WHICH LIGURIAN CITY is it based?       

Born in Athens in 1994, Giannis Antetokounmpo was named the NBA’s Most Valuable Player of the 2018-19 season playing as a power forward for which team? Nicknamed the ‘Greek Freak’, he was the first player to finish a season in the top 20 in total points, rebounds, assists, steals and blocks.

This diagram shows the logos of four major sports teams all based within the metropolitan area of WHICH US CITY?

Born January 1987, which Ukrainian professional boxer was named the 2018 Fighter of the Year by Sports Illustrated, ESPN and the Boxing Writers Association of America? From July 2018, he reigned as the undisputed champion and the first cruiserweight in history to hold all four major world championships (WBA, WBC, IBF and WBO).     

Despite their 8 World Series titles ranking only 5th overall (New York Yankees are top with 27), which Major League Baseball (MLB) team has won the most games of any team in the history of American baseball? Founded in 1883 in New York, they moved to their current city in 1958, where they now play out of Oracle Park.

Born in Wuhan in 1982, which Chinese tennis player became the first Asian to win a Grand Slam singles title when she won the 2011 French Open and the 2014 Australian Open?         

Which seed of spice of several species of the genus Myristica also gives its name to a skill used mainly in football (soccer) where the ball is kicked between an opponent’s legs in order to get the ball past them and back to the original player?       

Celebrated with a statue outside its home stadium, the Scottish footballer Billy Bremner played for which English club between 1960 to 1976, where he won the First Division twice and reached the finals of the 1975 European Cup?

Playing predominantly as an openside flanker for his country and club teams, which New Zealand rugby union player is the most capped player of all time, captaining his nation in 110 out of his 148 test match appearances? He has won the World Cup twice (2011 and 2015), and the World Rugby Player of the Year a joint-record three times.

Winning their sixth consecutive Bulgarian league title in 2017, the football club Ludogorets (nicknamed the Eagles) is based in which northeastern city in the valley of the Beli Lom river?

The Egyptian players Ramy Ashour, Mohamed El Shorbagy and Karim Abdel Gawad have all reached the world number one ranking in which competitive sport?      

One of Africa’s most successful and the first African side to reach the finals of the FIFA Club World Cup (in 2010), TP Mazembe is a football club from which country? Nicknamed ‘Les corbeaux’ (‘the ravens’) despite a crest that shows a crocodile with a football in its mouth,it had won its country’s domestic title a record 16 times.     

One of the most prolific scorers in NBA history despite his relatively short stature (6 feet), who led the Philadelphia 76ers to the 2001 NBA Finals, and was voted Most Valuable Player (MVP) for the 2000-01 season?     

  From 2007, the most recent thirteen World Squash Championship men’s finals have only been won by players representing three countries. Nick Matthew (England) and Gregory Gaultier (France) aside, the other winners all represented which nation?

To date, which is the only National Football League (NFL) team that has had a perfect season (i.e. complete an entire season undefeated and untied from the opening game to the Super Bowl) in their 1972 season? They were led by coach Don Shula and included notable players such as quarterback Bob Griese and running-back Larry Csonka.  

Born in Albacete in 1895, who joined Real Madrid at the age of 14 and played 689 matches for them, scoring nearly a goal every other name? Becoming Real’s director of football and coach in the 1930s, he single-handedly rebuilt a devastated club in the aftermath of the Spanish Civil War. As its president, he oversaw the construction of the home stadium and signing of key players such as Di Stefano, Puskas and Gento.

Regaining its Serie A status after a 49-year absence, the professional football club SPAL (Società Polisportiva Ars et Labor) is based in which Italian city in the Emilia-Romagna region? It is located on the Po di Volano (a branch of the River Po), 44 km northeast of Bologna.    

Born in Minsk in 1972, which former gymnast competed under the CIS flag at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics and Belarus at the 1996 Atlanta Games? One of the most successful gymnasts of all time, he is also the only male gymnast ever to win a world title in all eight events.             

Currently the number-one ranked player in the world as of January 2019 and noted for his unpredictable style of play, the Japanese Kento Momota is an exponent in which sport? He was banned from participating in the 2016 Rio Olympics after he admitted to visiting an illegal casino.  

 Winning a total of fifteen Winter Olympics medals (the most by any male or female athlete in history), which Norwegian cross-country skier announced her retirement after the 2017-18 season at the age of 38? She is also ranked first in the all-time Cross Country World Cup rankings with 114 individual victories.

Fondly nicknamed ‘The Great Wall’ or ‘Mr. Dependable’ by his fans, which Indian cricketer scored nearly 25000 runs in international cricket before retiring in 2012? He is to date the fourth-highest run scorer in Test cricket history (after Tendulkar, Ponting and Kallis).  

    Before his appointment as Arsenal’s manager, the Frenchman Arsene Wenger led which Japanese team to the 1996 Emperor Cup and J League runners-up spot? Founded as the company team of the Toyota Motor Corp in 1939, it takes its name from the genus name of the Risso’s dolphin and the Maru-Hachi – the city’s official symbol.    

Having won the K League title on four occasions, the Samsung Bluewings are a professional football club based in which city – the capital and largest metropolis of Gyeonggi-do, South Korea’s most populous province?    

Since the beginning of the Turkish football Super Lig era in 1959, only five teams have won the league title. Unsurprisingly they include the Big Three clubs from Istanbul – Galatasaray (21 titles), Fenerbahce (19) and Besiktas (15), followed by which team in fourth place with 6 titles? It is based in a city on Turkey’s northeastern coast on the Black sea.

Jackie Joyner-Kersee’s score of 7291 (set in 1988) remains the world record score in women’s heptathlon, but which Swedish athlete is second with a score of 7032? She won the Olympic heptathlon in 2004, and is also the only athlete to win three consecutive world titles in this event (in 2003, 2005 and 2007).      

With a capacity of 49,000, which is the eighth largest stadium in England (excluding Wembley), and the largest home stadium of any team currently outside the Premier League? A Davy lamp moument stands at its entrance in tribute to the coal-mining industry that brought prosperity to the area.

Constantly under the shadow of his more illustrious compatriot Johan Cruyff (whom he played alongside at Ajax, Barcelona and the Dutch national team), which midfielder was nicknamed ‘Johan the Second’ although it can be argued that his skills and contributions were every bit as important towards the success of ‘Total Football’?            

Nicknamed the ‘Tower of Tandil’ (a reference to the city where he was born in 1988), which player defeated Roger Federer in the finals of the 2009 US Open, thereby preventing the latter from becoming the first man to win six consecutive US Open titles in the Open Era? This victory is his only Grand Slam title (to date).

Making his senior debut with Flamengo in 1939, which attacking midfielder who holds the joint-record of top scorer at the Copa America (with 17 goals) is often considered the best Brazilian footballer of the pre-Pelé era?        

Named the 1977 European Footballer of the Year (beating Keegan and Platini), which forward who played for clubs such as Borussia Mönchengladbach, Barcelona and Charlton Athletic is the only footballer to have scored in the European Cup, UEFA Cup, and Cup Winners’ Cup finals?    

The current Olympic and World champion, which Chinese table-tennis player is considered by some to be the greatest in the history of the game? He has held the ranking of number 1 for a total of 64 months, the most by any male player in the history of the sport.         

The only team from its country to win the AFC Champions League so far, it did so only three years after its formation. Managed by the former Liverpool and Germany defender Markus Babbel from 2018 to 2020, in which major city is it based?          

Praised by Nadal as a ‘clear possible future No. 1’, which Hamburg-born tennis player became the youngest to win the 2018 year-end ATP finals in a decade when he beat Djokovic in straight sets?    

After Lance Armstrong was stripped of all seven of his Tour de France titles, had his victories been reallocated to the second placed rider in each race, which cyclist would now have four Tour de France wins instead of only one? Known as the ‘Eternal Second’ behind Armstrong, he too was was found guilty of a doping offence and retroactively banned from 22 August 2011.      

“We used to joke with our defenders, ‘Don’t worry if you let one in – we’ll score two.’ That’s how we felt.” – were the words of which legendary Hungarian midfielder, a member of the Magnificent Magyars of the 1950s? Spending the majority of his playing career at MTK Hungária FC, he memorably scored a hat-trick when they beat England 6–3 at Wembley Stadium in the so-called ‘Match of the Century’.       

 


Costing 75 million euros with “additional costs” of 10.5 million euros, the transfer of which 19-year old footballer from Ajax Amsterdam to Juventus in July 2019 made him the world’s most expensive defender, surpassing the record set by his compatriot Virgil Van Dijk when he moved from Southampton to Liverpool?          

Popular in Southeast Asian countries, the sport of sepak takraw is played on a court with identical dimensions to that of which other sport?    

Born in California in 1982, which shooting guard/ point guard for the Phoenix Mercury became the WNBA all-time leading scorer in 2017? Winner of four Olympic gold medals, she has been labelled the Michael Jordan of the WNBA, and also given the nickname ‘White Mamba’ by Kobe Bryant (the ‘Black Mamba’).      

Its inaugural winner being Kylian Mbappe, the award presented to the best player under 21 in French football is named after which playmaker who was integral to the French national team and Real Madrid of the 1950s? Nicknamed the ‘Little Napoleon’, he was awarded the 1958 Ballon d’Or and also the first footballer to receive the Légion d’honneur.         

At 2.06m (6 ft 9 in) and one of the tallest female athletes in the world, which Russian volleyball player was a member of the national team that won 2 World Championships and 2 Olympic silvers? She was voted the tournament MVP at the 2010 FIVB World Championship.       

Ranking 5th on the list of highest number of international goals (with 79) and outranking Pele, what was the nationality of the forward Godfrey Chitalu? He became his country’s national coach after a career with Kitwe United and Kabwe Warriors, but tragically died in a plane crash off the coast of Gabon in 1993.     

 Michel Platini and Cristiano Ronaldo are joint all-time top-scorers in football’s European Championships (with 9 goals each). Who is next on that list with 7 goals? The last of which was scored against Romania in the 2000 championship, following which he announced his international retirement.

Including loans and from left to right, this sequence shows the clubs that which international football star has played for in his career so far?          

His career spanning 1989-2003 at San Antonio Spurs, which NBA center was given the nickname ‘The Admiral’ because he had served in the US navy before?          

Located in the province of North Brabant (originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams), which city is the home of the football team whose logo is shown here?      

Making his debut for his home-provincial club Everest in 1953 (at the age of 15), which footballer is widely considered the greatest Ecuadorian footballer of all time? Nicknamed ‘Cabeza Magica’ (‘Magic Head’) for his lethal pace, movement and finishing, his leads the all-time topscorer list for the Copa Libertadores with 54 goals in 87 games.     

Making his debut for Rytiri Kladno at the age of 15 before transferring to the Pittsburgh Penguins in 1990 with whom he won two Stanley Cups, which right-winger has scored the second-most points in NHL history (after Wayne Gretzky)? In 2018 he returned to his hometown team Kladno, which he now owns.       

Winning the World Snooker Championship in 1980, which Canadian became the first world champion in the sport’s modern era from outside the United Kingdom and remains the only world champion from the Americas? He was nicknamed “The Grinder” because of his slow, determined style of play.       

Born 1958, which Danish former badminton player won the All England four times during his career, and subsequently became a successful coach to his national team after retirement? As a player, he spent twelve years in the top three of the world rankings.

2013 and 2014 were the only two years in the history of ‘Swimming World’s Male World Swimmer of the Year when the award was given to Asian swimmers. China’s Sun Yang won in 2013 – which Japanese specialist in the individual medley and 200 m freestyle was the winner the following year?        

   Founded in 2017 and playing their home games at the Starfire Stadium, which American professional rugby union team has won the inaugural Major League Rugby Grand Final and also successfully defended its title against the San Diego Legion in 2019?         

Generally for deception and to cause the opponent to cover more of the court, what term in squash refers to a shot that sees the ball hit the side wall before the front wall, and finishes up at the front of the court?       

Born in Neuruppin in in 1962, which East German athlete was the only person to have thrown the javelin 100 meters or more when he managed 104.80m in Berlin in 1984? The recorded was later invalidated after a new javelin design was implemented.    

Nicknamed Nokseakjeonsa (Green Warriors), which professional football club based in North Jeolla Province is one of South Korea’s most successful teams, with seven top-flight K-League titles as well as winning the AFC Champions League twice?

One of Iran’s most successful with two AFC Champions League and eight national titles, which football club based in the Azadi Stadium plays in the Sorkhabi derby with local rivals Persepolis?

The second person to follow an Olympic marathon gold medal with a world championship gold medal, Stephen Kiprotich became which country’s first gold medalist since 1972 when he won the marathon at the 2012 London games?  He was was inspired in part by John Akii-Bua, his countryman who won the 400 metres hurdles in the 1972 Olympics in Munich.

Genuinely considered the GOAT in the sport of motorcross, which Florida-born racer dominated in the early 2000s, having won the AMA Motocross Championship 450cc class seven times and the AMA Supercross Championship 450cc class five times?        

Inaugurated in 1963, the quadrennial INF Netball World Cup has been dominated primarily by the Australian national netball team (the Diamonds) and the New Zealand national netball team (the Silver Ferns). Which was the only other team to have won a title? Nicknamed the Calypso Girls, they did it in a three-way tie in the 1979 championship.     

 Published in 1978, ‘Achieving the Aim’ was the autobiography of which Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963? Also a noted electrical engineer and computer scientist, he later coached future champions such as Karpov, Kasparov and Kramnik.

In 2016, CNN called him the ‘David Beckham of chess’. Born 1982 in Yerevan, which grandmaster achieved a peak ranking of world No.2 in 2012? In 2014, he achieved an Elo rating of 2830 – the fourth highest ever recorded in history.      

 

 

 

Answers

Gary Player (South Africa)
Memphis, Tennessee (the Memphis Grizzlies in NBA)
Nico Rosberg
Tim Duncan
Stanley Cup
Milos Raonic
Milan (AC Milan and Inter Milan)
Julien Absalon
Detroit Pistons
Katie Ledecky
Carli Lloyd
Polish (Agnieszka Radwanska)
Sevilla FC
Sweden or Romania
San Jose (San Jose Sharks/ NHL)
Katinka Hosszu
McLaren
Russian (Sergei Fedorov/ Elena Dementieva/ Andrei Arshavin)
Christy Mathewson/ Honus Wagner/ Walter Johnson
Vault
Liverpool FC
Five
Mexico City (Maradona’s ‘Hand of God’)
Epee
Australian Open
Pink (the Maglia rosa)
Volleyball
Arsenal
1995 (South Africa won the Rugby World Cup; Nelson Mandela hands trophy to Francois Pienaar, captain of the Springboks)
Basketball
1500 m
42 km (42.195 km to be exact)
Milan
10 meters
Backstroke
Cycling
Table-tennis (ping pong)
Uruguay
Basketball (they are all NBA teams)
Condor
The Netherlands
Chicago Bulls
Long jump
Manchester United
Jamaican (Usain Bolt)
21 points
Brazilian
Marco Materazzi (the player sent off was Zinedine Zidane)
Tennis
FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association)
Red
Steaua Bucharest/ Bucuresti
Boris Becker (Nenad Djokovic)
Cricket
Steffi Graf
Arizona Cardinals
Ace
Cycling
Italy
Basketball
Portugal (Cristiano Ronaldo)
Triangle
Eleven
West Ham United (The Boleyn Ground/ Upton Park)
New Zealand
Aikido
Three
Danish
Cleveland Cavaliers
Germany (Bayern Munich/ Borussia Dortmund/ Hamburger SV/ Schalke 04)
Baseball
Fly-half (also accept outside-half, stand-off or first five-eighth)
Basketball
Miami Dolphins
Rumania/ Romania
Butterfly stroke (medley relays begin with backstroke)
Black
Toronto Maple Leafs  
Czech Republic
Chelsea FC
Miguel Indurain
Hungary
West Ham United
Squash
Finnish
Malaysian
Miami
Stan Wawrinka
Baseball
Discus
Cleveland Cavaliers
Green
Estonia
Jerry West
Singaporean
Renaud Lavillenie
Mauritania
Aime Jacquet
Japan/ France/ South Korea
Wisconsin
Ice hockey (Arizona Coyotes/ Florida Panthers/ Vancouver Canucks/ Nashville Predators – from the National Hockey League (NHL))
Rudi Voller
Puerto Rico
New England Patriots
Mats Wilander
Badminton
Australian
New England Patriots
Pohang Steelers (South Korea)
Hammer throw
Water polo
Garrincha
Baltimore Orioles  
Ghana
New York Giants/ Baltimore Colts
Armenia
Kevin Durant
ABBA
Vladimir Salnikov
Cuban
Utah Jazz
Justine Henin
Chile
Kenenisa Bekele
Glasgow
Cote d’Ivoire/ Ivory Coast
Sarah Sjostrom
Pittsburgh Penguins
LIN Dan
St. Loius Cardinals
Kaka
Jacques Brugnon
Guangzhou (Guangzhou Evergrande FC)
Las Vegas
Emerson Fittipaldi
Badminton
Belarusian (Victoria Azarenka)
Sampdoria
Boston Celtics
John Elway
Gabon
Alberto Contador
Seattle SuperSonics
Argentina
Marcel Corbillon (the Corbillon Cup)
Namibia
Argentinian
Jacques Kallis
Tostao
Colombia
Triple jump
Diego Simeone
Antonin Panenka
Shoaib Akhtar
Belarusian
Sunderland
Roy Emerson
Miroslav Klose
San Antonio Spurs
SUN Yang
Rubens Barrichello
Michel Platini
Germany
Robeto Duran
San Francisco 49ers
Werder Bremen
Romanian
Sadaharu Oh
Indonesia
Mulligan
Belgium (Gent, Standard Liege, Club Brugge)
Marie-Jose Perec
Liverpool
Norway
Oklahoma City Thunder
Serbia (Ana Ivanovic)
Italy/ Brazil/ Poland
St. Petersburg (Zenit St. Petersburg)    
Ice hockey
Tottenham Hotspur FC
Wayde van Niekerk
Detroit Pistons
Alexander Ovechkin
Arsenal FC (Unai Emery)
Ryder Cup
Los Angeles
Cesar Cielo
Cy Young
Eliud Kipchoge     
Klitschko
Istanbul (Besiktas/ Fenerbahce/ Galatasaray)
Handball
Norway (Ada Hegerberg)
Mosconi Cup
Mario (Mandzukic/ Balotelli/ Gomez)
Vince Lombardi
Kohei Uchimura
Marcel Hirscher
Estudiantes de la Plata
Virat Kohli
Jamie Dwyer
Hiroshima (Sanfrecce Hiroshima)
Bledisloe Cup
Robin Soderling
Norway (Rosenborg BK)
Dirk Nowitzki
Kashima Antlers
SAMBO
California
Volleyball
Eritrea
Sapporo, Japan
Chennai (Chennai Super Kings)
Ruckman
Paraguay
Chicago Bulls
Yevgeny Kafelnikov
Wolfsburg
Bob Paisley (with Liverpool, 1977, 1978 and 1981) (NB : Zinedine Zidane did it in 2016, 2017, 2018)
Namibia   
Ippon
Bristol (Bristol City and Bristol Rovers)
Sepak takraw (Malaysia)
Vince Carter
Uzbekistan
Edmonton Oilers
Adam Peaty
Guatemala
Saitama
Ghana
Latvia
Badminton
Wellington (Wellington Phoenix)
Golf
Nicky Lauda
Jan-Ove Waldner
Leipzig (RB Leipzig)
Nellie Kim
Judit Polgar
Catalans Dragons
Fencing (Foil)
Triple Jump
Toronto Maple Leafs
Joe Stransky (South Africa) and Andrew Mehrtens (New Zealand)
Belgrade (Red Star and Partizan)
Three
Kristin Otto
Montevideo (Uruguay)    
Dallas Cowboys
Colin McRae
Diving
Lindsay Davenport
Juventus
Senegal
San Francisco 49ers
Portland Trail Blazers
Rayo Vallecano/ Getafe CF/ CD Leganes
Buzkashi
Blue
High jump
Cruiserweight
Ukraine
Canada
Saina Nehwal
Colombian (Juan Pablo Montoya/ James Rodriguez/ Mariana Pajon)
Birgit Prinz
Gabriel Batistuta
Memphis, Tennessee
Club Atletico Independiente
Decathlon
Kuwait
Malaysian (Lee Chong Wei)
Internazionale Milan (Frank de Boer/ Stefano Pioli/ Luciano Spalleti/ Antonio Conte)
Penelope Heyns
Olympique Lyonnais (Lyon) Feminin
Peloton
Ajax Amsterdam
Indianapolis Colts
Slovenian
Uneven (asymmetric) bars/ (Balance) beam
Genoa (the team is UC Sampdoria)
Milwaukee Bucks
Phoenix, Arizona – Arizona Coyotes (NHL), Phoenix Suns (NBA), Arizona Cardinals (NHL) and Arizona Diamondbacks (MLB)  
Oleksandr Usyk
San Francisco Giants
LI Na
Nutmeg
Leeds United  
Richie Mc Caw
Razgrad
Squash
DR Congo
Allen Iverson
Egypt
Miami Dolphins
Santiago Bernabeu
Ferrara
Vitaly Scherbo
Badminton
Marit Bjorgen
Rahul Dravid
Nagoya Grampus (Eight)
Suwon
Trabzonspor
Carolina Kluft
Stadium of Light/ Sunderland AFC
Johans Neeskens
Juan Martin del Potro
Zizinho
Allan Simonsen
Ma Long
Sydney (West Sydney Wanderers)
Alexander Zverev
Jan Ullrich
Nandor Hidegkuti
Matthijs de Ligt
Badminton (Doubles)
Diana Taurasi
Raymond Kopa
Yekaterina Gamova
Zambian
Alan Shearer
Radamel Falcao
David Robinson
Eindhoven
Alberto Spencer
Jaromir Jagr
Cliff Thorburn
Morten Frost
Kosuke Hagino
Seattle Seawolves
Boast shot
Uwe Hohn
Jeonbuk Hyundai FC
Esteghlal
Uganda
Ricky Carmichael
Trinidad and Tobago
Mikhail Botvinnik
Levon Aronian

 


        

 

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HISTORY

26. Attended by the leaders of 29 countries (including Jawaharlal Nehru and Zhou Enlai), which Indonesian city hosted the first large-scale Asian-African conference in April 1955? Releasing a 10-point ‘declaration on promotion of world peace and cooperation’, it paved the way ultimately for the establishment of the Non-Aligned Movement

27. Standing on Abbey Craig (a volcanic crag above Cambuskenneth Abbey), the towering monument shown here was completed in 1869. Designed by the architect John Thomas Rochead, to which 13th-century historical figure is it dedicated.

28. Issued in April 1967, the Arusha Declaration outlined the concept of `Ujamaa’ (`Brotherhood’ in Swahili). Espoused by Julius Nyerere, it became the basis of social and economic developments in which newly-independent country, of which he was its first President until his retirement in 1985?

29. Coined by Machiavelli in 1503, the term ‘Five Good Emperors’ refer to five consecutive Roman emperors noted for their wise and virtuous rule, and include Trajan, Hadrian and Marcus Aurelius. Who is the first of them, who came to power in 96AD following the assassination of Domitian?

30. Issued on 11th January 1917, the Zimmerman Telegram (named after its originator, the Foreign Secretary of the German Empire) was a coded internal diplomatic communication that proposed a military alliance with which country should the United States enter World War I against Germany? It was intercepted and decoded by British intelligence, resulting in a publicity backlash that actually propelled the US into the war in April that year.

31. Depicted here in the presence of the Roman Emperor Claudius after his capture, which chieftain of the Catuvellauni tribe was instrumental in leading British resistance to Roman invasion, mainly with guerilla tactics? Originally condemned to die, he made such an impressive speech to the Roman Senate that he was pardoned and allowed to live in peace in Rome.

32. The last holder being Abbas Hi1mi Pasha, which title (derived ultimately from the Persian for `lord’) was applied to the rulers of Egypt from 1867 to 1914, who governed as vassals of the Ottoman Empire? It is roughly the equivalent of the English viceroy.

33. Born 1871 in Tennessee, which politician is the longest-serving Secretary of State in the history of the USA, holding the position from 1933-1944? He played an instrumental role in the establishment of the United Nations after WWII, and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945.

34. Which British Conservative Prime Minister resigned in 1957 as a result of the humiliation Britain suffered during the Suez Crisis?

35. Who became the first female Secretary of State of the United States, when she was appointed by Bill Clinton in December 1996?

36. Occurring on 2nd July 626 AD, the Xuanwu Gate Incident was a palace coup which saw Prince Li Shimin and his followers killing two of his brothers who were vying with him for the throne. This incident occurred during the early years of which of China’s dynasties?

37. Portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix in the movie `Gladiator’, which Roman Emperor reigned from AD i8o to 192, after the death of his father Marcus Aurelius?

38. Name this historical figure.

39. In which year did this memorable event take place?

40. Name this historical figure.

41. Which Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Red Army was assassinated in Mexico in 1940?

42. Which former Italian prime minister, one of its longest-serving post-WWII, was kidnapped by the Red Brigade in 1978 and murdered after 55 days in captivity?

43. The third most populous in Romania and the capital of the Banat region, in which city did an uprising break out in December 1989, which ultimately culminated in the fall of the Ceausescu regime and communism in Romania?

44. In 2012, the remains of which English monarch was discovered within Leicester’s Greyfriars Friary Church, 527 years after his death at the Battle of Bosworth Field?

45. Being defined as from 57 BC to 668 AD, the `Three Kingdoms’ period refers to the kingdoms of Silla, Baekje and Goguryeo, which occupied most of which current day peninsula?

46. One of the seven members of the first Soviet Politburo, which Bolshevik revolutionary was executed in 1937 during Stalin’s Great Purge? He gives his name to a 1924 letter purportedly by him and addressed to British communists urging for revolution – now widely dismissed as a forgery.

47. Fought on St. Crispin’s Day in 1415, which famous battle in the Hundred Years’ War is the centerpiece in Shakespeare’s `Henry V’? It saw the English defeat a much larger French force with the use of the longbow.

48. Nicknamed the ‘Shadow Shogun’, which former Prime Minister of Japan became embroiled in a series of political scandals during his terms of office, culminating in the Lockheed bribery scandals in 1976 which led to his arrest and trial?

49. Born 1893 in Leipzig, which politician served as the head of state of East Germany from 1960 till his death in 1973? As the First Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party from 1950, he was the chief decision maker in his country for over 2 decades. The Berlin Wall went up under his watch.

50. First elected as Prime Minister of Great Britain in 1923, which political figure dominated British politics during the period between the two world wars? Elected for a total of three times (alternating with his great rival Ramsay MacDonald), he is also the only PM to date to have served under three monarchs.

51. Born 1602 in the Kingdom of Naples, which Italian cardinal, diplomat and politician served as the Chief Minister of France from 1642 until his death? Taking over from his mentor Cardinal Richelieu, he was instrumental in establishing France’s supremacy amongst European powers during the early reign of King Louis XIV.
52. Occurring in November 1960, the murder of the three Mirabal sisters took place in which Caribbean country? Political opponents of the dictator Rafael Trujillo, their deaths paved the way for an uprising that culminated in his assassination six months later.

53. Basing himself in the Isle of Ely, the rebel leader Hereward the Wake was instrumental in leading local resistance against which King of England? Stories about his deeds have influenced the tales about Robin Hood.

54. The last Foreign Minister of the Soviet Union before its dissolution, Eduard Shevardnadze served as the President of which country (where he was born in 1928), from 1995 to 2003?

55. Named after the then British and French foreign ministers, the 1935 Hoare-Laval Pact was an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to partition which country? 

56. Identify this historical figure.

57. Which US Secretary of State under President Jimmy Carter resigned his position in April 1980 in protest of Operation Eagle Claw — the covert mission to rescue American hostages in Iran?

58. Founded by Shoko Asahara in 1984, which doomsday cult was responsible for carrying out the deadly Tokyo sarin attacks in 1995? Its name translates as `Supreme Truth’.

59. Assassinated during his second presidential campaign in 1948, the death of the populist politician Jorge Eliecer Gaitan sparked off a period of violent political unrest (1948-58) known as La Violencia in which South American country? 

60. Identify this famous historical figure.

61. Featuring on the US $10,000 note, which American politician served as the sixth Chief Justice from 1864-73? He had earlier served as Abraham Lincoln’s Secretary of the Treasury.

62. Born 1580 in the Duchy of Cleves, Peter Minuit is generally credited with the purchase of what from the Native American tribe known as the Lenapes in 1626?

63. Until Melania Trump came along, who has been the only First Lady of the USA that was born outside the United States? She was born in London in 1775.

64. Name the historical figure shown in this photograph.

65. Named after a figure in mythology, what name is given to the political project initiated by the Polish statesman and military leader Jozef Pilsudski? It aimed to weaken the Russian empire and later the Soviet Union by supporting the nationalist independence movements within it.

66. After a suburban district of Ho Chi Minh City, what is the name of the immense network of underground tunnels that served as the headquarters of the Viet Cong during the Vietnam War, esp. during the 1968 Tet Offensive?

67. Which ancient civilization is shown in this map?

68. In which African country is Amharic the official language? A 2007 census found almost 22 million native speakers of this language.

69. What name is given to the region in the southeastern part of the Peloponnese Peninsula in Greece, bordered by Messenia to the west and Arcadia to the north? Its capital city is Sparta, and it gives its name to a word denoting a concise or terse statement, the way in which Spartans are reputed to speak.

70. This magnificent building, completed in 537, was built on the orders of a powerful royal couple. Name both of them.

71. Identify this ruler : reigning from around 2334 BC, he founded the Akkadian Empire by conquests of the Sumerian city states. He died around 2215 BC, succeeded by his son Rimush.

72. Discovered by the archeologist Arthur Evans in his excavation of Crete, and subsequently deciphered by Michael Ventris, John Chadwick and Alice Kober, what name is given to this syllabic script used for writing Mycenean Greek which dates all the way back to around 1450 BC?

73. Typically falling on the 13th of April, what name (deriving from the Sanskrit meaning ‘astrological passage’) is given to the Thai New Year festival? It is best known for its water festival, where celebrants young and old splash or spray water on one another, as symbol of purification and washing away of one’s sins or bad luck.

74. All ambassadors and high commissioners to the United Kingdom are accredited to the Court of  (two words)? It is named after a royal palace located in the City of Westminster, commissioned and built by Henry VIII between 1531- 1536, on the grounds of a leper hospital.

75. Which historical city in south-central Turkey was the scene of the first meeting between Mark Antony and Cleopatra, as well as the birthplace of Paul the Apostle?

76. Observed for eight nights and days, starting on the 25th day of Kislev, which Jewish holiday commemorates the re-dedication of the Holy Temple (the Second Temple) in Jerusalem at the time of the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid Empire?

77. What historical region of Europe is shown highlighted red in this map?

78. This Google Doodle celebrates which Chinese festival?

79. Which word meaning ‘a huge, powerful or overwhelming force’, originated in the 19th century as an allegorical reference to the Hindu temple cars in Puri that apocryphally were reputed to crush devotees under their wheels?

80. The cryptographic device shown here, used to fractionate plain-text characters so that they can be represented by a smaller set of symbols, is named after which ancient Greek historian? His is best known for his work The Histories’, which includes an account of the Sack of Carthage in 146 BC.

81. In August 1346, at which battle of the Hundred Years War did Edward III and his son Edward the Black Prince defeat the French with a force comprising several thousand longbowmen?

82. The individual shown here was elected the president of which country in November 2015?

83. In which city in Upper Silesia was a staged attack by Nazi forces posing as Poles against a German radio station made on 31 August 1939? This was used as an excuse for the invasion of Poland.

84. In 1989, the US launched Operation Just Cause to invade Panama and depose which military dictator, who had been in power since 1983?

85. Identify the historical figure shown in this painting.

86. Captured by the Sassanian Persian king Shapur I at the Battle of Edessa (AD 260), who became the first Roman Emperor to be captured as a prisoner of war? He gives his name to the crown prince (and later emperor) of the Terran Dominion in the `Starcraft’ computer game universe.

87. From Old Javanese for ‘Fiver Principles’, which term refers to the official philosophical foundation of Indonesia? Promulgated by Sukarno in 1945, it comprises five principles including belief in the absoluteness of God and social justice for all.

88. Taking course over a week in AD 532 and having its root cause in disputes between rival chariot-racing teams, the Nika Riots was a revolt against which ruler? It led to the deaths of tens of thousands, with almost half of the city destroyed.

89. Which historical battle is depicted in this painting?

90. Born 1900 in California, which US politician was a two-time US presidential nominee for the Democratic Party, but lost to Eisenhower on both occasions? Appointed by JFK as the US Representative to the United Nations, he had a famous encounter with his Soviet counterpart Valerian Zorin during the Cuban Missile Crisis, when he challenged the latter to answer his questions without waiting for the interpreter.

91. The only female monarch to rule in her own right in more than 4 millenia of Chinese history, which ruler took the throne from her son (the Tang emperor Ruizong) and established the brief Zhou Dynasty (684-705 AD)?

92. Derived from the Greek meaning ‘engine of war’, which medieval catapult/ siege engine was used to hurl projectiles at castle walls? Compared to the trebuchet, it had poorer accuracy, a lower trajectory but higher velocity.

93. Nicknamed the ‘Dashing King’, the rebel leader Li Zicheng led a rebel army to overthrow which of China’s dynasties? He ruled briefly as the Emperor of the Shun dynasty, before being defeated at the Battle of Shanghai Pass by the forces of Wu Sangui and the Manchus

94. Which historical figure is this?

95. Fought at a crossroads near a village five miles northwest of Leipzig, the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) confirmed which ruler as a great tactical leader? He would be killed one year later at the Battle of Lutzen; his body and heart were kept at Nykoping Castle for over a year before formal burial.

96. Which statesman was awarded the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in brokering the Treaty of Portsmouth that ended the Russo-Japanese War?

97. The breakup of which country in the 1990s resulted in independence for countries such as Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia & Herzegovina?  

98. The Zapruder film is a 26.6 second sequence which captured which historical event as it was taking place?

99. Muhammad Ali Jinnah is generally considered as the founder of which South Asian nation, which gained independence in 1947?

100. Fill in the blank from this famous speech : ‘From Stettin in the Baltic to _______ in the Adriatic, an “Iron Curtain” has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe.’

101. Which English king signed the Magna Carta at Runnymede in 1215, under pressure from rebel barons?

102. This picture depicts an historical event which precipitated which military conflict?

103. Which Chinese leader, then the heir-apparent to Deng Xiaoping, was viewed as being too lenient towards the student protestors of the 1989 Tiananmen protests? He was stripped of his power and kept in house arrest until his death in 2005, but not before he was able to smuggle out his memoir ‘Prisoner of the State’.

104. Enacted in 1948, the European Recovery Program (ERP) to assist in the rebuilding of European countries after World War II, is named after which then-US Secretary of State?

105. Which US president resigned as a result of the Watergate scandal?

106. In which US state was Barack Obama born on August 4th, 1961?

107. The picture shows the location of a battle in antiquity, which saw which ruler emerge victorious over his rival (supposedly with divine guidance)?

108. Which World War II German general pioneered the development of his country’s motorized armour forces, in accordance with the guidelines laid down in his 1937 book ‘Achtung – Panzer!’?

109. The wife of King Henry VI of England, she practically ruled the kingdom due to Henry’s frequent struggle with mental issues. Her Great Council in 1455 that excluded the Yorkist faction essentially triggered the Wars of the Roses. Who is she?

110. Which name, meaning ‘great house’, is commonly given to the kings/ rulers of Ancient Egypt?

111. This is a photograph of a memorial to which 20th-century leader?

112. The kingdom of Dahomey (1600-1904) is located in the area of which presen-day West African country?

113. The monarch of which Asian country is said to sit on the ‘Chrysanthemum Throne’?

114. What is the relationship between John Adams (2nd President of the USA) and John Quincy Adams (6th President of the USA)?

115. Born around 638 BC, which Athenian statesman is noted for his series of ultimately unsuccessful reform attempts, and whom apparently advised the mega-rich king Croesus of Lydia that, ‘Count no man happy until he be dead’?

116. Which town in northern Egypt gives its name to a pivotal battle of World War II, fought between 23 October–11 November 1942, of which the two individuals shown here were the main commanders of the opposing sides?

117. Who is commemorated by the statue shown here? He gave his name to two contiguous countries, which have since changed their names. Can you name both of these countries?

118. Called ‘Rome’s greatest defeat’ by historians, the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest (circa 9 CE) saw which Germanic Cherusci chieftain defeat and destroy three Roman legions, after which the Romans never again attempted to conquer Germanic territory east of the Rhine?

119. Which country was involved in battle against its Arab neighbours in the Six Day War of 1967 and the Yom Kippur War of 1973?

120. Known as the Carnation Revolution, the resistance movement which occurred in April 1974 that ultimately led to the overthrow of the Estado Novo regime, occurred in which country?

121. The term ‘Asia’s Four Little Dragons’ was a term coined to describe the  four vibrant  Asian economies from roughly the 1960s-90s. They included South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong and which other entity?

122. In Chinese history, the Tang Dynasty is often considered the high point of Chinese civilization and a golden age of Chinese culture. In fact, it was the dynasty which preceded the Tang which laid the foundation of the latter’s success, undertaking agricultural, administrative & economic reforms  as well as expanding the Great Wall and creating the Grand Canal. Which is this dynasty, which lasted less than 40 years despite its accomplishments?

123. In which decade in history did the following take place : Ferdinand Magellan dies in the Philippines while attempting to circumnavigate the globe, Babur takes Agra and founds the Mughal Empire, and Martin Luther was interrogated by the Diet of Worms? (Note : by which decade, I mean e.g. 560s, 1740s, 1930s etc)

124. In politics, what P is the name given to the executive committee of (usually communist) political parties, the very first of which was created by the Bolshevik Party of Russia in 1917?

125. On 27th June 1743, George II became the last English monarch to personally lead his troops into battle, when he took part in which battle on the River Main, as part of the War of Austrian Succession?

126. In which country were a group of political officials known as the Gang of Four charged and sentenced in 1981 for treasonous crimes?

127. Fought between 431-404 BC, the Peloponnesian War primarily pitted Athens against which other Greek city state known for its military prowess?

128. The Night of the Long Knives is a name given to a Nazi purge of the SA, which saw the execution of its leader Ernst Rohm. Almost thirty years later, this name was given to a major shock Cabinet reshuffle undertaken by which British Prime Minister, which saw him replace one-third of his ministers?

129. With which 20th-century Soviet leader would you chiefly associate the following terms : glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring)?

130. A turning point in the Hundred Years’ War, the Battle of Poitiers  (19th September, 1356) saw the defeat of the French forces and the capture of King John II of France by the forces led by which English noble and military leader? He apparently earned the name by which we now know him, as a result of his orders to massacre the inhabitants of the town of Limoges after laying siege to and storming it.

131. In which African country did the political movements known as UNITA and MPLA fight the colonial government in its war for independence between 1961-1975, before turning on each other once independence was achieved?

132. Built in 1576, the magnificent structure shown here was constructed by which ruler to commemorate his victory over Gujarat? Widely considered one of the greatest Mughal emperors, he succeeded his father Humayun in 1556, and during his reign managed to enlarge the Mughal Empire to include nearly all of the Indian Subcontinent north of the Godavari River?

133. Born 1865 near Poznan in modern-day Poland, which German general was victorious at the Battles of Liege and Tannenberg in World War I? He was appointed Quartermaster-General in 1916, which effectively made him joint-leader of Germany with his mentor Paul von Hindenburg until his resignation in 1918.

134. Born 1743, which Founding Father was the main author of the U.S. Declaration of Independence, and served as the third President of the USA from 1801-1809?

135. Which historical figure was assassinated in the Roman Senate on the Ides of March, 44 BC?

136. In December 2014, work began on a canal across which Central American country, as an alternative option to the Panama Canal to connect the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans?

137. The following are all linked by which nationality : the current President of the European Council, who succeeded Herman Von Rompuy in December 2014; the composer whose best-known work is his ‘Third Symphony : The Symphony of Sorrowful Songs’; and the 20th century anthropologist known for his concept of the Kula Ring and his 1922 work ‘Argonauts of the Western Pacific’?

138. Which European country was ruled by Josip Broz Tito from the 1940s until his death in 1980?

139. In which decade did the following take place : Frederick the Great became King of Prussia, Anders Celsius developed the centigrade thermometer system, the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ended the Wars of the Spanish Succession, and Henry Fielding published ‘Tom Jones’?

140. Fought between 1636-38, the Pequot War was an armed conflict between the Algonquian-speaking Pequot tribe and newly-arrived English colonists. It culminated in the virtual destruction of the Pequot mainly from which present-day state of the USA, which they had inhabited before the conflict?

141. Which word of French origin is used to describe the general easing of tensions between the USA and the Soviet Union from around 1969 onwards, which ended with the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979?

142. Signed in 1977, the Torrijos-Carter Treaties effectively abrogated the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty (1903) – both of which are concerned with the control over which 20th-century construction?

143. On August 4th 1914 at the outbreak of WWI, Britain declared war on Germany as a result of the latter’s invasion of which country?

144. Located in the main plaza of its capital city, the Skanderbeg Monument celebrates the national hero of which country? Born 1405 into a noble family, he fought against the Ottoman Empire in battles such as at the Plain of Torvioll, Otonete and Albulena. It is said that he was the first to hoist a red standard upon which was the symbol that is still used on this country’s national flag today.

145. Which famous historical figure was born Arthur Wellesley in 1769?

146. In which African country did a genocidal slaughter of mainly Tutsis by members of the Hutu majority take place in 1994?

147. Born 111 BC in Thrace, who was a principal figure in the Third Servile War? He was presumed killed at the Battle of the Siler River when his forces were completely overwhelmed by those led by Crassus.

148. In which capital city did the Tiananmen Massacre take place on June 4th, 1989?

149. The 1974 film ‘A Bridge Too Far’ features the story of Operation Market Garden, an Allied attempt to break through German lines to seize several key bridges in which country?

150. The following events of the 20th century all occurred in years that end with which numeral : Egypt and Sudan unite as the United Arab Republic under Nasser, Enrico Fermi awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics, E.M. Forster publishes ‘A Room With A View’, and Robert Kennedy is assassinated in Los Angeles?

151. The largest (in area) of the five boroughs of New York City, Queens was supposedly named for the queen consort of which King of England? Born 1638 in Alentejo, Portugal, her Catholicism made her a target during the Popish Plot during her husband’s reign. Now remember, I want the name of her husband, not her name.

152. The Anschluss (meaning ‘Connection’) was an event that took place in March 1938 which saw the invasion and forced incorporation of which country by Nazi Germany?

153. This is a map showing the territorial extent of which dynasty of ancient China? Founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang in 206 BC, it lasted for more than 400 years before being succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period, and is the name by which the majority of ethnic Chinese  are known by.

154. Peter the Great was Tsar and later Emperor of which empire in the late 17th-early 18th century?

155. Bill Clinton was governor of which US state before being elected President?

156. Born around 1092, which monarch narrowly escaped drowning in the sinking of the White Ship in 1120? His reign was marked by the Anarchy – a twenty-year period of civil strife with his cousin and rival, the Empress Matilda.

157. This shows a painting depicting a historical encounter between two rulers. Name both.

158. The following historical events happened in the same decade of different centuries (e.g. Challenger disaster was 1980s, Mark Twain published ‘Huckleberry Finn’ in 1880s, so the common decade is the 80s)
(a) Ottomans defeated by a combined Christian fleet at the Battle of Lepanto
(b) Antoine van Leeuwenhoek published his observations with the microscope in ‘Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society’
(c) Bizet’s ‘Carmen’ premiered in Paris

Which common decade do they share?

159. This is a photograph of two famous 20th-century political leaders. You need to name the individual on the left (i.e. the one highlighted by the box).

160. The Six Day War of 1967 saw the victorious Israelis take the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, and which hilly area from Syria?

161. From 1949 to 1990, which city on the River Rhine served as the de facto capital of West Germany?

162. Four U.S. Presidents have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize since its inception. In chronological order according to the year in which they received the Prize, which President comes second?

163. In his ‘History of Modern Britain’ series, Andrew Marr described this individual as Margaret Thatcher’s ‘knight in shining gold braid’. As First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff in the early 1980s, he was instrumental in convincing her about the militay feasibility of retaking the Falkland Islands from Argentina. Who is this military leader, who died in 2011 at the age of 87?

164. The Nazi invasion of which country was codenamed Operation Barbarossa?

165. In 2005, which Asian country changed its capital from Yangon (Rangoon) to Naypyidaw?

166. John Hinckley Jr., who attempted to assassinate Ronald Reagan in 1981, did so as an attempt to impress which actress?

167. The following events took place in different decades of the 20th century, in years that all end with a common number. What number is that?
– Allen Ginsburg published his poetry collection ‘Howl and Other Poems’
– Alan Turing submits “On Computable Numbers” to the London Mathematical Society for publication, introducing the concept of the Turing machine
– The space shuttle Challenger exploded 73 seconds after launch

168. The shoguns ruled which country from the 12th to the 19th centuries?

169. Launched in August 1990, the First Gulf War was a military response to Iraq’s invasion and annexation of which of its neighboring countries?

170. Created by Chares of Lindos in 280 BC, which of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World was constructed to celebrate victory over the Cypriot king Antigonus the One-Eyed? The title and first two lines of an 1883 poem by Emma Lazarus also made reference to it.

171. Which peninsula in the Black Sea was annexed by Russia from Ukraine in March 2014?

172. In 802 AD, Jayavarman II became king of which Asian country, marking the beginning of an empire which flourished for over 600 years until it was sacked by the Ayutthaya Kingdom in the 1430s? Attempts to shift its capital to Longvek and then Udong could not arrest its decline, and it eventually became a French protectorate in 1863.

173. In which country was Chapter 77 an informal civic human rights group from 1976-1992? After the Velvet Revolution in 1989, one of its members – the poet Vaclav Havel became its first elected president in 41 years.

174. Now in the Neues Museum in Berlin, the bust of which ancient Egyptian queen was discovered in 1912 by the German archaeologist Ludwig Borchardt?

175. Sometimes regarded as the first English parliament, the parliament called by Simon de Montfort in 1265 was an attempt to consolidate support after his initial victories in the Second Barons’ War, against which English monarch?

176. Which battle is featured on the Bayeux Tapestry?

177. On December 24th 1979, the U.S.S.R.’s 40th Army invaded Afghanistan, staged a coup and killed the Afghan President, under the orders of which Soviet leader?

178. Fought in 937 in what is most likely now northwest England, the Battle of Brunanburh saw the army of which English King defeat a combined force lead by the Kings of Dublin, Alba and Strathclyde? It has been called ‘the greatest single battle in Anglo-Saxon history before the Battle of Hastings’.

179. Before he became President, John F. Kennedy was a congressman, then senator of which state of the United States of America?

180. In which country did a military committee known as the Derg take power following the ousting of the Emperor in 1974? It ruled the country from 1974 to 1987, imprisoning and executing thousands of its opponents.

181. Under which Roman emperor was the Conquest of Britain generally considered to have commenced, in the year 43 AD?

182. Beginning in the night of 23rd August 1572, the St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre was a targeted group of assassinations and instigated mob violence primarily against the French Protestants (Huguenots) during the French Wars of Religion. It is traditionally attributed to the French King Charles IX, who was believed to have been instigated by his mother – who was she?

183. This shows the assassination of which historical figure?

184. The life of St. Joan of Arc is linked with several localities in France – she was born in Domremy, raised the siege at Orleans, witnessed the coronation of Charles VII at Reims, and was burnt at the stake in which city in 1431?

185. From the 10th to the 16th century, which country was ruled by in sucession by the Piast and the Jagiellon dynasties? Subsequent to this, the Treaty of Lublin (1569) created a commonwealth between it and its northern neighbour.

186. In 2013-14, Maidan Square was the focal point of anti-government protests in which European country?

187. In May 1990, the 30-year old Vernon Wayne Howell filed a petition in the Californian courts to change his name. His new first name is that of a biblical king, while the last name is that of a ruler of antiquity (in its native language). The world will come to know him three years later. Who is he?

188. Tracing its origins to the chorus of a song by G.H. MacDermott and G. W. Hunt commonly sung in British pubs and music halls around the time of the Russo-Turkish War, which word can describe as an extreme form of patriotism, in the form of aggressive foreign policy as well as a biased view that one’s own country is superior to others?

189. Named after the town in Loilem District where it was signed in February 1947, the Panglong Agreement paved the way for the independence of which Asian country as a unified state after WWII? Its citizens still celebrate the 12th of February as ‘Union Day’.

190. The logo shown here (with helpful wordings removed) belong to which organization, founded in 1971 in the aftermath of the secession of Biafra from Nigeria?

191. Found in 1961 in the Cyclades, the Mykonos Vase is the earliest dated artifact (Archaic Greece, circa 670 BC) that depicts which man-made object on its surface?

192. Born in 1904, which Soviet statesman became one of two major powers within the Soviet hierarchy (together with Brezhnev) following the fall of Nikita Khrushchev? As Chairman of the Council of Ministers and de-facto Premier from 1964 till his death in 1980, he is chiefly remembered as a voice for liberalization, as epitomized by the failed 1965 economic reform sometimes named after him.

193. Starting in 1868, which country underwent a period of reforms known as the Meiji Restoration, named after its then-Emperor?

194. The US presidential retreat Camp David received its present name from which US President, who named it after his father (who died in 1942) and grandson?

195. Literally meaning ‘before the war’, the term ‘antebellum’ usually refers to the time period before the start of which military conflict?

196. One of the 23 lawgivers depicted in marble bas-reliefs in the chamber of the US House of Representatives, which legendary ruler of Sparta (born around 900 BC) is generally credited with the establishment of a military-oriented society, as enshrined in the charter known as the Great Rhetra?

197. The Cuban Missile Crisis occurred during the term in office of which President of the United States?

198. Noel Coward’s 1931 play ‘Cavalcade’, Thomas Hardy’s 1915 poem ‘The Convergence of the Twain’ and the 1958 movie ‘A Night to Remember’ (starring Kenneth More) – are all based (partly or mainly) on which historical event?

199. To date, who is the only person to have served as both Vice President and President of the United States without being elected to either office?  

200. On crossing which river did Julius Caesar reportedly say, ‘Alea iacta est’ (‘The die is cast’)?   

201. Who was the secretary-general of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union between 1964 and 1982? 

202. In which battle did Harold II, the last Anglo-Saxon king of England, lose his life? 

203. In 1991, after 67 years, the city of Leningrad changed its name back to what?   

204. Which African country gained independence from Portugal in 1975, after a decade of bloody civil war led by the liberation movement FRELIMO?      

205. In 1644, rebel forces led by Li Zhicheng (‘The Dashing King’) overthrew which Chinese dynasty and set up the short-lived Shun dynasty? It collapsed a year later when its army was defeated by a force led by the general Wu Sangui and the Manchurian prince Dorgon.  

206. Which 20th-century prime minister was born in Kiev in 1898 and died in Jerusalem in 1978?        

207. On 6th September 1966, the parliamentary messenger Dmitri Tsafendas assassinated which historical figure by stabbing him four times in the neck and chest as he was entering the House of Assembly?   

208. The Great Northern War (1700-21) saw Russia pitted primarily against which other European country? Peter the Great led the former while Charlex XII commanded the latter.

209. The iconic painting ‘Liberty Leading the People’ by Eugene Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution of 1830 that toppled the reign of which French King from the House of Bourbon? After a rule of only six years, he abdicated in favour of his cousin Louis Philippe I.  

210. Which US president delivered the Gettysburg Address in November 1863?         

211. What’s the name of Fidel Castro’s younger brother, elected President of Cuba in 2008?    

212. Which prominent female member of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty of Rome was the sister of Caligula, wife of Claudius and mother of Nero?  She has been implicated in the death of Claudius (by poison), and could have been murdered on the orders of Nero.    

213. On 6th April 1994, the plane carrying Juvenal Habyarimana (the President of Rwanda) was shot down by a missile as it prepared to land at Kigali, an assassination that triggered the genocide that followed. Also on board the plane was Cyprien Ntaryamira, the President of which other African country?     

214. Excavated by the British archaeologist John Garstang in December 1910 from an ancient Nubian site in Sudan, the Meroe Head is an over-sized bronze head with calcite irises and glass pupils and dated to around 25 BC – of which historical figure?

215. Studies published  recently in the journal ‘Science’ of a 4000-year old great flood on the Yellow River gave credibility to the existence of which semi-mythical ancient Chinese dynasty? Widely considered the first dynasty in Chinese history, it was established by the Great Yu – the hero who managed to control the disastrous floods.      

216. Standing 190 feet tall, this colossal statue in Jingzhou, China is dedicated to which historical figure? A famous general of the Shu-Han state during the Three Kingdoms period, he is famous for his strong sense of loyalty and integrity. He wielded the legendary ‘green dragon crescent blade’, which weighs 136 tons in this statue.

217. Jimmy Carter was the governor of which US state before being elected President in 1976?

218. The first author from his continent to become a member of the French Academy, the poet Leopold Senghor is a noted founder of the ‘negritude’ movement, which opposed French colonialism and aimed to encourage a common racial identity for black Africans worldwide. From 1960-80, Senghor also served as the first president of which West African nation?  

219. Named after the forest where some of the mass graves were first discovered, the Katyn massacre was a series of mass executions carried out by the Soviet NKVD in April & May 1940, of more than 20,000 military officers and nationals of which country?

220. Name the historical figure shown here.

221. In a 2004 television poll, Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim was voted the greatest historical figure of which country? Commander in chief of his country’s defense forces during World War II, he also served as its 6th President from 1944-1946.       

222. First mentioned by Herodotus, which queen of the Scythians led her troops against an assault by the Persians under Cyrus the Great and supposedly defeated and killed him in battle somewhere along the Syr Darya River?   

223. Which US president is shown here?  

224. After leading a military coup that overthrew the administration of Federico Chavez, Alfredo Strossner became the President of which South American country from 1954 to 1989?

225. Dying at the age of 15 after just six years on the throne, Edward VI of England was the son of Henry VIII and which of his six wives?

226. The historical region of Bohemia forms much of which present-day European country?

227. Which grand-admiral and commander-in-chief of the German navy was instrumental in formulating the Rudeltaktik (wolfpack) used by German U-boats against enemy convoys during the Second World War? Named by Hitler as his successor to become President of Germany, he was convicted by the Nuremberg tribunal and sentenced to 10 years in jail.

228. Born in 1826, which French naturalist and explorer is generally credited in the West with popularizing the ancient Khmer ruins of Angkor Wat, e.g. in his book ‘Travels in Siam, Cambodia and Laos’? He died of malaria while exploring the jungles of Laos, and is buried by the banks of the Nam Khan River.

229. Which 15th-16th century empire centred on the Niger River in now central Mali had its capital at the city of Gao? It was invaded by Moroccan forces in the late 16th century, culminating in defeat at the Battle of Tondibi (1591), heralding the fall of the empire.           

230. Located outside Charlottesville in Virginia, the plantation known as Monticello was the residence of which former US president?      

231. It is a photograph taken in 1984. You need to name the political figure on the left, highlighted by the blue box.

232. In Chinese history, the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period was an era of political upheaval that saw five short-lived states quickly succeed one another on China’s central plains. It followed the collapse of which dynasty, when its last emperor Ai was deposed and subsequently poisoned by the military governor Zhu Wen?

233. A topical question on Thai monarchs. Who is the king featured in the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical ‘The King and I’? Also known as Rama IV, he is the great-grandfather of King Bhumibol who passed away recently.      

234. Spanning roughly the 11th to the 13th centuries, which country’s ‘Golden Age’ began with the reign of David IV (‘The Builder’) of the Bagrationi Dynasty? It reached its zenith under his great-granddaughter Queen Tamar the Great, before Mongol invasions and the spread of the Black Death led to its demise.   

235. From which country did the United States purchase the US Virgin Islands in 1916? Its royal colonies since 1754, its last Governor-General was Henri Konow.

236. The engraving here depicts the surrender of which figure to Alexander the Great, following the Battle of Hydaspes in 326 BC? A ruler of the Pauravas in Ancient India, his bravery during the battle impressed Alexander, who allowed him to continue to rule as satrap over an enlarged dominion.         

237. Which naval battle in 480 BC saw a Greek force led by Thermistocles decisively defeat the invading Persians under Xerxes?    

238. Held in 1521, the Diet of Worms saw which historical figure appear before it to answer charges of heresy? He apparently said, ‘Here I stand, I cannot do otherwise’. 

239. Born 1809 in Maine, which politician became the first Republican to hold the office of Vice President when he served under Abraham Lincoln during the latter’s first term of office? He shares his first name with a popular fictional character first introduced in a 1981 novel.       

240. Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1987 for his efforts to end the crisis in Central America in the 1970s (including persuading other leaders to sign up to the Esquipulas Peace Agreement), Oscar Arias was the President of which country from 1986-1990 and 2006-2010?    

241. Identify the region highlighted in red in this map.

242. Ruling from 1418-1450, which fourth king of Joseon-dynasty Korea reinforced Confucian policies and executed major reforms, including encouragement of technological advances and creation of the hangul alphabet?

243. Established in the late 17th century by king Osei Tutu and his advisor Okomfo Anokye, the Ashanti (Asante) Empire was located in which present-day African nation? It’s capital was Kumasi, now its country’s second-most popular city.

244. Which prominent Nazi official, as head of the Nazi Chancellery and private secretary to Adolf Hitler, wielded immense power within the Third Reich? He attempted to flee Berlin to avoid capture by the Soviets, and probably committed suicide by swallowing cyanide on a bridge near Lehrer Station – his body only found and confirmed as genuine in 1972.    

245. Considered one of the great field commanders in the history of Israel, who became his country’s 11th Prime Minister in 2001? In 2005 he left Likud to form the new Kadima Party, only to suffer a massive stroke 2 months later, from which he never regained consciousness and passed away in 2014.      

246. What five-letter acronym, Persian for ‘Organization of Intelligence and National Security’ refers to the secret police, domestic security and intelligence service established by Iran’s Mohammad Reza Shah with the help of the United States Central Intelligence Agency (the CIA) and Israeli Mossad? Operating from 1957-1979, it was notorious for its practice of torturing and executing opponents of the Pahlavi regime.   

247.   Also named the Temple of Kukulkan (after the Mayan serpent god), El Castillo is a Mesoamerican step pyramid that dominates the center of which Pre-Columbian city located in the eastern portion of Mexico’s Yucatan state?

248. Fought on 16th April 1746, which battle was the final confrontation of the Jacobite uprising, and saw the forces of Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) defeated by loyalist forces under the Duke of Cumberland?    

249.   Featuring the man widely revered as the father of the nation, which country’s currency note is shown here?    

250. Which country is this? Inhabited by the Charrua people for over 4000 years, it was later colonized by the Spanish. José Gervasio Artigas, who became its  national hero, launched a successful revolution against the Spanish authorities, defeating them on 18 May at the Battle of Las Piedras. The country finally gained its independence in 1828 after the Cisplatine War.

251. Which veteran of the Long March served as the first Premier of the People’s Republic of China from 1949 until his death in 1976 (eight months before Mao)? Revered for his integrity and empathy for the common man, the massive public outpouring of grief in Beijing at his demise led ultimately to the fall of the infamous Gang of Four.

252. For the last decade of his life, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (the builder of the Taj Mahal) was effectively put under house arrest at Agra Fort by his third son, who then proceeded to consolidate power by killing his three brothers. WHO IS THIS RUTHLESS RULER, who presided over most of the Indian subcontinent during some parts of his reign, which lasted for 49 years?     

253. Its name deriving from the Dhegihan language for ‘a place where we dug potatoes’, which US STATE CAPITAL is known for the 1954 landmark US Supreme Court case ‘Brown v Board of Education’, in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional?

254. A state of Venezuela, a department of Colombia and the constitutional capital of a South American country – are all named after WHICH INDEPENDENCE LEADER, who served as the fourth President of Peru and the second President of Bolivia? Known as the ‘Grand Marshal of Ayacucho’, he was assassinated in 1830 by elements favoring the independence of Ecuador from Gran Colombia.

255. Introduced by Philip II and used by his Macedonian phalanxes, WHAT NAME is given to the long spear or pike, around 4-6 m in length and made of tough cornel wood? His son Alexander the Great used it to great effect in the Battle of Gaugamela against the Persians’ scythe chariots.  

256. The three figures shown in this figure have all been appointed to which political office of the United States of America?      

257. Located at the foot of Mount Mudung, which city in southwestern South Korea has a name that translates as ‘the Province of Light’? It is noted for a popular uprising that occurred in May 1980 in protest of the military rule of the Chun Doo-hwan regime? It was brutally suppressed, resulting in large number of casualties.

258. Completed in AD 113, Trajan’s Column in Rome commemorates the Emperor’s victory in the wars over which people from the north of the Danube? With their capital at Sarmizegetusa, their last king Decebalus committed suicide in 106 AD to avoid capture after being defeated.    

259. Born 1883, which US Democratic congressman (who served for over 50 years in the House of Representatives) was known as the ‘Father of the Two-Ocean Navy’ for his support and efforts in expanding the capabilities of the US navy between the 1930s to ‘40s? He gave his name to a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier in the US navy, as well as a 16,000-feet tall mountain.

260. Fought in May 878 AD, which battle in present-day Wiltshire saw an army of Wessex under Alfred the Great defeat the Great Heathen Army led by Guthrum, the king of the Danish Vikings in the Danelaw? It led to the Treaty of Wedmore, under which Guthrum was baptized and accepted Alfred as his adoptive father.

261. Now largely considered a benign transitional figure in modern Chinese history, which politician was Mao’s anointed successor as China’s paramount leader and orchestrated the fall of the Gang of Four after Mao’s death? In 1978, he was deposed by factions supporting Deng Xiaoping ostensibly because of his insistence in continuing Maoist policies. 

262. Ultimately resulting in his dismissal from Edward Heath’s shadow cabinet, the controversial 1968 ‘Rivers of Blood’ speech delivered by the Conservative politician Enoch Powell (in which he criticized Commonwealth immigration into the UK) referenced a line taken from which classic literary work, from which the expression is taken?

263. Born 1912 in Fiume, which political figure took over as the communist leader of Hungary following the Soviet suppression of the revolution in 1956? He would preside over his country until 1988, and died the following year (2 months before the fall of the Berlin Wall).     

264. From which country did Israel seize the Golan Heights during the Six-Day War in 1967? There have since been sporadic talks of its return but not conclusive outcome.   

265. Founded by Ardashir I in 224 AD after the fall of the Parthians, which empire was the last period of the Persian Empire before the rise of Islam?     

266. Published between 1787 and 1788, what is the collective name given to the series of eighty-five essays on the proposed Constitution of the United States by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay?    

267. Built on an island in Lake Texcoco, which capital of the Aztec Empire was located at the current site of Mexico City?     

268. Divided into administrative districts such as Berea, Leribe and Mafeteng, the British Crown colony Basutoland took what name when it achieved independence in 1966?

269. Conducted from March 1965 to November 1968, what is the title given to the gradual and sustained aerial bombing campaign by the US and Republic of Vietnam airforces against North Vietnam?    

270. Born in 390 BCE during the Warring States period in Chinese history, the statesman Shang Yang was instrumental in the institution of political, legal and social reforms that ultimately led to the unification of China under which dynasty?

271. Launched in April 1984, Operation Meghdoot (‘Cloud Messenger’) was an attempt by the Indian armed forces to capture which glacier located in the Eastern Karakoram of the Himalayas? They managed to preempt Pakistan’s ‘Operation Abebeel’ by just a single day.

272. Taking its name from a town in modern Thuringia, which alliance of Protestant Lutheran princes was formed in the mid-16th century to defend themselves against the Holy Roman Empire under Charles V? Military conflict between the two ultimately led to the Peace of Augsburg granting Lutheranism official status.     

273. Named after a suburb of Khartoum in central Sudan, which 1898 battle saw a British army under Sir Herbert Kitchener defeat the forces of Abdullah al-Taashi, the successor to the self-proclaimed Mahdi?

274. The Somoza family ruled which Latin American nation from 1937 to 1979? It was succeeded by the Junta of National Reconstruction, whose coordinator Daniel Ortega took over the presidency in 1985.

275. Which two-word term denotes the predominant indigenous people in Canada south of the Arctic? The other two indigenous groups are the Inuit (in the Arctic) and the Metis.

276. In 9 AD, the military commander and former regent Wang Mang rebelled and reigned as emperor until he was defeated in 23 AD. This interregnum divided which Chinese dynasty into the earlier ‘Western’ and the later ‘Eastern’ periods?

277. Styling themselves as ‘President for Life’, Francois Duvalier (‘Papa Doc’) and his son Jean-Claude (‘Baby Doc’) ruled over which Caribbean nation from 1957 to 1986?

278. Born in Hwanghae province in 1875, which political figure became the first President of South Korea in 1948? An ardent anti-communist, his led his country through the Korean War but was eventually forced to resign when widespread protests against his authoritarian rule erupted in 1960.

279. Serving as Secretary of State under Theodore Roosevelt and Secretary of War under Roosevelt and William McKinley, which politician was a strong advocate for the construction of the Panama Canal as well as expansion of trade with China? He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1912 – the second American to do so after Roosevelt.

280. Between 1405 to 1433, the Chinese admiral and explorer Zheng He made several expeditions to other parts of Asia and East Africa –during the reign of which Chinese dynasty?

281. What was the nationality of Boutros Boutros-Ghali, the politician and diplomat who served as the sixth United Nations Secretary-General from 1992 to 1996?

282. Fortified by Herod the Great (between 37 and 31 BCE), which ancient fortification on the edge of the Judaean Desert overlooking the Dead Sea is noted for a siege at the end of the First Jewish-Roman War that culminated in the mass suicide of over 900 rebels and family members?

283. Based on John Preston’s 2016 novel of the same name, the upcoming BBC One three-part TV miniseries ‘A Very English Scandal’ stars Hugh Grant as which leader of the Liberal Party, whose political career was ended by a 1979 criminal trial on charges of conspiracy and incitement to murder? 

284. Founded by Sun Yat-sen in 1911, the Kuomintang is a major political party in which East Asian island state?

285. Fought in the 980s AD, the Battle of Fyrisvellir saw Eric the Victorious emerge triumphant over his nephew Styrbjorn the Strong, hence establishing him as the one that Sweden’s list of rulers usually begin with. Which city subsequently rose from the site of this battle? It is both the ecclesiastical and higher-education centre of the nation, being the seat of the Archbishop of the Church of Sweden as well as home to the oldest university in Scandinavia. 

286. Shown here on the Canadian $50 bill, which dominant political figure was the country’s longest-serving Prime Minister when he led his country from 1921 to 1930, and again from 1935 to 1948, basically through the entire Second World War?

287. Depending on its various theatres, which major global military conflict is also known as the Third Carnatic War, the Pomeranian War, the Third Silesian War and the French & Indian War?

288. Popularly known as the ‘Princes in the Tower’, the boy king Edward V and his brother Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York are widely believed to have been secretly murdered during the reign of which monarch – their uncle and supposed regent?

289. Born in Miletus during the 5th century BC, which ancient Greek architect and polymath is widely regarded as the ‘father of European urban planning’? According to Aristotle, he was responsible for laying out the plans for Piraeus (Athen’s seaport) for Pericles, and Strabo credited him for the new city of Rhodes in 408 BC.       

290. If US President John F. Kennedy’s middle name was Fitzgerald, what was that of his younger brother Robert F. Kennedy?     

291. Directed by Richard Attenborough and featuring Denzel Washington as the anti-Apartheid activist Steve Biko, the 1987 movie ‘Cry Freedom’ is based on the books by which South African journalist and a close friend of Biko? Portrayed by Kevin Kline in the film, he was the first private citizen to address the UN Security Council (in 1978).       

292. ‘Let us cross over the river, and rest under the shade of the trees’ were supposedly the last words of which Confederate general during the American Civil War, after he was mortally wounded by friendly fire at the Battle of Chancellorsville? He had first distinguished himself commanding a brigade at the First Battle of Bull Run, and also captured the strategic town of Harper’s Ferry during Robert E. Lee’s Maryland Campaign of 1862.

293. One of the tribes known as the ‘Five Barbarians’ that overthrew the Western Jin Dynasty, which nomadic people founded by Modu Chanyu (around 209 BC) inhabited the eastern Asian Steppe from the 3rd century BC to 1st century AD? The French orientalist Joseph de Guignes originated the proposition that they and the Huns that attacked the Roman Empire were one and the same – a view popularised by Edward Gibbon though still disputed.

294. Located 90km north of Delhi, which historic city in the state of Haryana is the site of three battles (1526, 1556 and 1761), all of which were pivotal points in the history of India? The first battle saw the victorious Babur establish the Mughal Dynasty, while the second saw his grandson Akbar fight off the invading Hindu forces under the general Hemu.

295. The Orontid, Artaxid and Arsacid as well as the Bagratid and Cilicia were all ruling dynasties and kingdoms in the history of which modern nation?      

296. Invoking the collective suffering experienced, which term in US history refers the forced relocation of Native Americans from their ancestral lands in the Southeastern United States to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River?   

297. Born around 88 BC, which Roman statesman and former ally of Julius Caesar obtained the rank of ‘Pontifex maximus’ (High Priest) after the latter’s assassination? In 43 BC, he formed a triumvirate with Mark Antony and Octavian (later Emperor Augustus).     

298. Which European political leader was embroiled in the so-called Markovic Affair that  broke in the late 1960s? Named after the slain bodyguard of a movie star, it allegedly involved compromising photographs of the politician’s wife, although their authenticity has never been proven.     

299. Which river in modern-day Kyrgyzstan gives its name to a battle fought in 751 CE, which saw the allied forces of the Arab Abbasid Caliphate and the Tibetan Empire triumph over the Chinese Tang Dynasty? It marked the end of Tang westward expansion and rise of Muslim control over Central Asia for the next 400 years.

300. This map indicates (in red) the former colonies of which European nation?    

301. Born 1878 in Buenos Aires, which Argentine academic and politician became the Foreign Minister during the presidency of General Augustin P. Justo in the 1930s? For his work mediating the Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia, he became the first Latin American to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (in 1936). 

302. Born around 440 BC, which Athenian general was instrumental in leading the successful democratic resistance against the Thirty Tyrants – an oligarchic government imposed by Sparta after its victory in the Peloponnesian War?    Subsequently allying with the Thebans, he was killed in action while leading the Athenian navy during the Corinthian War.  

303. Nicknamed ‘Africa’s Che Guevara’, the former military officer Thomas Sankara became the president of which West African nation after a coup in 1983? He was assassinated four years later in a putsch led by his former deputy Blaise Compaore, who would go on to lead the country for the next 27 years.  

304. Called ‘the most controversial project in the history of British aid’, the Pergau Dam affair was a scandal that roiled the Thatcher government, in which taxpayer money was used to finance the construction of an expensive dam (in return for an arms deal) – in which Asian country?     

305. Dating from approximately 771 to 476 BC, which period in Chinese history corresponds roughly to the first half of the Eastern Zhou dynasty during which many vassal states fought for supremacy? It takes its name from an ancient chronicle of the state of Lu, widely believed to have been compiled by Confucius himself.

306. Following the death of Muhammad in 632 CE, four major caliphates rose in succession. Which was the second of these four – founded by Muawiyah I, it was based in Damascus and expanded Muslim conquests in Central Asia, the Maghreb and the Iberian Peninsula, before being overthrown in 750 CE by the Abbasids.   

307. A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979, the ancient palace complex that forms half of the old town of Split in Croatia was built for which Roman Emperor who retired there in 305 AD? He is widely credited with stabilizing the empire after the chaos of the Crisis of the Third Century, and instituted reforms that laid the foundation for the Byzantine Empire in the east.   

308. Named after a Russian general and prince (of Georgian descent) who was prominent in the Napoleonic Wars, what was the codename of the 1944 Soviet military operation fought in Byelorussia that saw the Red Army destroy the German Army Group Centre, thereby opening a route to Warsaw and move within striking distance of Berlin?

309. Convened in 1521 by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, the Diet of Worms summoned which famous individual to answer charges of heresy?    
310. Named after a village on the left bank of the Euphrates north of Babylon where it took place, which 401 BC battle was fought between Cyrus the Younger (satrap of Anatolia) and his brother Artaxerxes II over the Archaemenian throne? The events were documented by the Greek historian Xenophon in his famous work ‘Anabasis’.

311. Founded in 907 AD by the Khitan leader Abaoji (or Yelu Yi), which empire/ dynasty ruled over much of East Asia until 1125, when it was destroyed by the Jurchen people of the Jin Dynasty? In its heydays, it launched a successful military expedition against the Northern Song, culminating in the Treaty of Chanyuan that saw the Song acknowledging them as peers and equals.  

312. Born in St. Petersburg in 1843, which Russian military figure famous for his conquest of Central Asia and involvement in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78 was known as the ‘White General’ due to his customary white uniform and riding on a white horse? His Turkish adversaries called him ‘Bloody Eyes’ after being forced to conclude an armistice when he captured Edirne and San Stefano.

313. As in the multilateral treaty established in 1973 to protect endangered plants and animals, for what does the ‘S’ in the acronym CITES stand?     

314. Having founded and led the Sudan People’s Liberation Army in 22 years of war against the Sudanese government and then negotiating an end to that war, which figure briefly served as Sudan’s First Vice President for 3 weeks until his death in a helicopter crash on 30 July 2005?    

315. Commonly considered a classic example of tactical military incompetence and the bloodiest in the American theatre of war during the Seven Year’s War, the 1758 Battle of Carillon (Battle of Ticonderoga) saw troops under the French General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm decisively defeat a numerically-superior British force led by General James Abercrombie. On the shore of WHICH BODY OF WATER was this battle fought?

316. Fought around 1046 BC in what is now central Henan province, the Battle of Muye saw the fall of which ancient Chinese dynasty? Its despotic emperor Di Xin died by self-immolation on the Deer Terrace Pavilion after being defeated by the forces led by Ji Fa, later known as the King Wu of the succeeding dynasty.    

317. Born 1902 in Orenburg, which Soviet politician was a close collaborator of Joseph Stalin, and assumed the posts of senior party secretary and chairman of the Council of Ministers when Stalin died in 1953? He was removed from power by Nikita Khrushchev two years later, and expelled to Kazakhstan in 1957 after a failed coup attempt against the latter.        

318. Named after a US senator from Utah and a congressman from Oregon, how is the Tariff Act of 1930 better known as? Signed into law in June 1930, it raised tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods, and is generally considered to have exacerbated the Great Depression.

319. Giving his name to the term ‘eminence grise’ (‘grey eminence’) that refers to a powerful adviser or decision maker who operates secretly, which French Capuchin friar and confidante of Cardinal Richelieu achieved powers akin to that of a foreign minister, especially during the latter’s campaign to finance France’s participation in the Thirty Years’ War?

320. In July 1985, the Greenpeace flagship Rainbow Warrior was sunk by the French intelligence service in the harbour of which city? It had been on its way to protest a French nuclear test in the southern Pacific Ocean.   

321.   Named after the city in Ohio in which it was agreed in November 1995, the Dayton Accord ended military conflict in which former republic of Yugoslavia? It recognized the Republika Srpska as one of the country’s two main political-territorial divisions.      

322. Nicknamed ‘Mr Nyet’ for his frequent use of the veto in the UN Security Council, which Soviet politician served as its Foreign Minister from 1957 to 1985? Kissinger once said of him, ‘If you can face _______ for one hour and survive, then you can begin to call yourself a diplomat’.

323. Taking its name from the mythological bogeyman who kidnaps young children in his gunny-sack, the special-ops paramilitary unit known as Tonton Macoute was created in 1959 by which country’s ruler to suppress and terrorize its political opposition?     

324. Also known as the Elks Hill Scandal, the Teapot Dome Scandal was a bribery scandal involving the administration of which US President, surrounding the secret leasing of federal oil reserves by his Secretary of the Interior Albert Bacon Fall? Despite not being personally implicated, the scandal took a severe toll on his health and he died during his third year in office.         

325. On 1st July 1911, the German gunboat SMS Panther arrived at which major Moroccan port city, thereby triggering what came to be known as the Second Moroccan Crisis? This move was a response to an earlier deployment of French forces into Morocco ostensibly to help put down a rebellion against the Sultan. 

326. Proclaimed by Imam Yahya Muhammad of the al-Qasimi dynasty, the Mutawakkilite Kingdom was a state that existed from 1918-1962 in the north of which present-day country? His grandson Muhammad al-Badr was deposed by Egyptian-trained army officers inspired by Nasser’s ideology of Arab nationalism.

327. President and China’s de jure head of state from 1959-68, which political figure was once China’s third most powerful man (behind Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai) and groomed as Mao’s successor? He subsequently fell from grace and was purged during the Cultural Revolution, dying from harsh treatment in 1969.             

328. Derived from the Nahuatl meaning ‘rubber people’, which pre-Columbian civilization that flourished in Mesoamerica from around 1500-400 BCE is is characterized by sculptures of colossal heads usually made from basalt?

329. The largest eastern Island of the Solomon Islands and the strait that separates it from the island of Choiseul is named after which French admiral and explorer, who also gives his name to a genus of South American climbing shrubs in the Nyctaginaceae family?   

330.    Fought on the banks of the Bhagirathi River (93 miles north of Calcutta), which major battle of the Seven Years’ War was a decisive victory by the British East India Company (under Robert Clive) over the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies?

331. The Mongolian khanate known as the Golden Horde that extended as far west as the Danube is also known as the Ulus of ________? The person in question was the father of Batu Khan (who founded the Golden Horde) and eldest son of Genghis Khan, who withdraw from court life after his younger brother Ogedei was chosen over him as Genghis Khan’s successor.        

332. The first democratically-elected Prime Minister of Congo, which political figure was imprisoned by forces under Mobutu Sese Seko and subsequently executed by firing squad in 1961, at the age of 35? Belgium and the CIA have in recent years admitted involvement in his death.           

333. One of the five treaties prepared at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, the Treaty of Sevres was the formal agreement to end hostilities between the Allies and which of the defeated Central Powers? It was followed up 4 years later by the Treaty of Lausanne because the nationalist factions within the latter had objected to the terms of Sevres.
334. Founded after the death of Muhammad in 632 CE, what name (Arabic for ‘Rightly-Guided’) is given to the Islamic caliphate comprising the first five caliphs, from Abu Bakr to Al-Hasan? It came to an end in 661 CE, when Muawiyah I founded the Umayyad Caliphate.             

335. Established in 2004 and named after an 18th-century figure considered the founder of modern Norwegian and Danish literature, which prize is an annual international award and considered the ‘Nobel Prize’ for the arts & humanities, social sciences, law and theology?

336. One of the few Chinese rulers honored with the epithet ‘the Great’, which mythical ancient emperor founded the Xia dynasty around 2070 BC? He is noted for his efforts to control the flooding of the Yellow River, and was said to have passed by his own house three times during the 13 years he was away fighting the waters, and refused each time to enter to see his family until the floods were finally controlled.

337. Designated Pokhran-I, which country’s first successful nuclear bomb test (on 18th May 1974) was code-named Smiling Buddha? It was also the first confirmed nuclear weapons test by a nation outside the five permanent members of the UN Security Council. 

338. Named after an American author and attorney who promulgated it in 1990, Godwin’s law essentially says that ‘if an online discussion (on whatever topic) goes on long enough, sooner or later someone will compare someone (or something) to ___________’ which historical figure?

339. Which Secretary of State under Coolidge and Hoover was awarded the 1929 Nobel Peace Prize, in recognition of his role in co-authoring a 1928 international agreement in which signatory states promised not to use war to resolve disputes’?  

340. Located on the eastern bank of the Tigris 35 meters southeast of Baghdad, which ancient city was the capital of the Parthians around 58 BC, and remained the capital of the Sasanian Empire until the Muslim conquest of Persia in 651 AD? It was also the site of a battle in 363 AD, in which the Roman Emperor Julian the Apostate lost his life.

341. The Scottish explorer Mungo Park made two journeys around the turn of the 19th century in exploration of which major African river?   

342.     Mentioned in the deuterocanonical book of Judith, which mighty Assyrian general was dispatched by Nebuchadnezzar to conquer the lands of the west, but was seduced and later beheaded by the brave eponymous heroine?

343. Born 1745 in St. Petersburg, which Russian field marshal was demoted by Tsar Alexander I for his defeat by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz, but was subsequently brought back in 1812 to take on the French at the Battle of Borodino?

344. Translating loosely as ‘self-reliance’ or ‘autonomy’, which term refers to the official state ideology of North Korea and was first mentioned in a speech given by Kim Il Sung in 1955 entitled ‘On Eliminating Dogmatism and Formalism and Establishing __________ in Ideological Work’?

345. Founded in 1974, the leftist political party The Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor is better known by what eight-letter acronym? They formed the government when independence was achieved in 2002.   
346. Established by the Sima family at the end of the Three Kingdoms period in China’s history, which dynasty (from 265-420 AD) saw an invasion by the ‘Five Barbarian Races’ during its tumultuous reign, and was eventually succeeded by the Northern & Southern Dynasties?

347. Taking place in 479 BC in Boeotia, which land battle was the final conflict during the Second Persian invasion of Greece? Led by Pausanias, the Greek forces achieved a decisive victory over the Persians under the general Mardonius, halting Xerxes’ ambitions to conquer the Greek states.  

348. Sent by Pope Gregory the Great to Britain to Christianize King Aethelbert, which Benedictine monk became the first Archbishop of Canterbury in the year 597 AD?

349. Born 1559 in Manchuria, which Jurchen chieftain of the Aisin Gioro clan united the various tribes, reorganized the Eight Banners military system and launched attacks on Ming China? Even though the Qing dynasty was founded after his death, he is widely considered its first emperor.      

350. Inspiring films such as ‘The Attorney’ (2013) and ‘My President’ (2017), which former South Korean President (from 2003 to 2008) was a human-rights lawyer defending students against the autocratic regime of the 1980s? In 2009, he committed suicide by jumping off a mountain cliff, amidst bribery allegations.

351. Featured on the 5000 Czech koruna, which politician and philosopher was the first President of Czechoslovakia (serving from 1918 to 1935)? He died in September 1937 at the age of 87; one year later the Munich Agreement would lead to annexation of his homeland.            

352. Developed and tested by the US military since the early 2000s, the large-yield bomb abbreviated as MOAB was first used operationally on an ISIS cave-complex in April 2017. Nicknamed ‘Mother of All Bombs’, for what two words do the ‘MO’ in its name actually stand?       

353. Reigning from 1113 to around 1145, Suryavarman II is noted for having begun the construction of which UNESCO World Heritage Site?    

354. Name this historical figure. He was born in 1895, and died in Paris at the age of 65.           

355. Literally meaning ‘closed country’ and lasting from 1633 to 1853, which term refers to the isolationist foreign policy of the Tokugawa shogunate which severely restricted trade and relations between Japan and other countries? It ended with the arrival of Commodore Matthew Perry and his Black Ships.   

356.  Fought in September 1870, which battle of the Franco-Prussian War saw the capture of Emperor Napoleon III after his Army of Chalons was defeated by the Prussians under Bismarck and von Moltke the Elder? 

357. Located 10km from Ndola in the Copperbelt Province of Zambia, this is a memorial to which historical figure who died here in 1961?    

358. Fill in the blank : Chandragupta, Bindusara, _____________, Dasharatha, Samprati.   

359. Born in 1855, which German archaeologist is famous for his in-depth excavation of the ancient city of Babylon and discovery of the foundations of the ziggurat Marduk and the Ishtar Gate?       

360. So-named because it occurred in 1911 (the year of the Metal Pig in the sexagenary cycle of the Chinese calendar), which revolution ultimately led to the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty and established the Republic of China? The Wuchang Uprising in October 1911 is widely considered a major turning point.

361. Also known as Zariaspa, which ancient country lying between the Hindu Kush mountains and the Amu Darya (Oxus) river is today best known in the name of a species of even-toed ungulate native to the Central Asian steppes? 

362. The first of what came to be known as the ‘Unequal Treaties’, which Chinese city gives its name to the agreement that ended the First Opium War between the United Kingdom and the Qing Dynasty? Signed in August 1842, it opened up China to foreign trade and ceded the island of Hong Kong to the British.     

363. Hua Mulan (the legendary woman warrior that inspired the Disney animated film) and the mathematician & astronomer Zu Chongzhi were all born during China’s Northern and Southern Dynasties – a tumultuous period that followed the Sixteen Kingdoms and Wu Hu states, which ultimately came to an end when Emperor Wen unified all China and established WHICH DYNASTY in 581 CE?

364. The largest city in the world for around half a century until its sacking in 612 BC by a coalition of its former subject peoples, the ruins of the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh is located on the outskirts of which city in modern-day Iraq?

365. Together with Beijing, Nanjing and Xian, with city in Henan province forms the ‘Four Great Ancient Capitals of China’? It was the capital city of (amongst others) the Eastern Han, the Jin and the Northern Wei dynasties.       

366. Translating as ‘Great Righteousness’, what is the posthumous title (also the name of the period of his reign) given to the Japanese emperor Yoshihito, who reigned from 1912 to 1926? He was succeeded by his eldest son Hirohito.

367. Sometimes referred to as ‘Seward’s Folly’ (after the Secretary of State who negotiated it), the United States’ purchase of Alaska from Russia took place during the office of which US president?

368. What is the name (after a historical figure from Ancient Rome) of the Marxist revolutionary movement founded in Germany during World War I by Karl Liebknecht, Rosa Luxemburg and others? Opposed to what they saw as an imperialist war, they engineered massive uprisings and demonstrations against the Weimar government.   

369. Coined by the French demographer and historian Alfred Sauvy in a 1952 article in the magazine ‘L’Observateur’ and referencing the French commoners who opposed the clergy and nobles around the time of the French Revolution, which term denotes countries that were unaligned with either the Communist Soviet bloc or the Capitalist NATO bloc during the Cold War? It is sometimes taken as being synonymous with the Non-Aligned Movement.

370. The Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is photographed here at the grave of his elder brother, who was killed in action when he commanded the elite commando unit to rescue hostages at Uganda’s Entebbe Airport in 1976. What was his brother’s given/ first name?
371. Located in Hangzhou, the Pavilion of Wind and Waves is rumored to be the place of execution of which Song Dynasty general and patriot famous for his role in fighting the northern Jin Dynasty? Summoned back to the capital Lin’an by a series of twelve golden edicts, he was falsely-accused and subsequently put to death.  

372. Reigning from 690-705 AD, Wu Zetian is known as the only female Empress regnant of China in more than 2000 years. What title did she give to her short-lived dynasty, which shares its name with an earlier dynasty that lasted from 1046 to 771 BC?

373. Other than George Washington, which other future President of the United States is portrayed in Emmanuel Leutze’s 1851 painting ‘Washington Crossing the Delaware’? He is portrayed as an 18 year-old lieutenant-colonel, standing behind Washington and holding the flag.

374. One of the three major states that competed for power over China during the Three Kingdoms period (220-280) and shown here in green, which kingdom to the south and east of the Yangtze River was ruled by the warlord Sun Quan for over 30 years, and gave rise to great generals such as Zhou Yu whose naval forces routed Cao Cao at the Battle of the Flaming Cliffs?

375. Born around 410 BC, which Theban statesman and military leader, by defeating a Spartan army at the Battle of Leutra in 371BC, was instrumental for breaking the military dominance of Sparta that had resulted after the Peloponnesian War, and altering the balance of power among the Greek states?

376. Born 1897, which Soviet WWII military commander was made a marshal after successfully repelling invading German forces? In August 1944, his First Ukrainian Army was the first to carry the fighting beyond Soviet borders when it crossed the Vistula into Poland, eventually entering and capturing Berlin together with forces under Georgy Zhukov.

377. For almost the entire 1980s, this individual was the leader of which European country?

378. After the death of Ferdinand Magellan at the Battle of Mactan in 1521, which of his captains completed the first circumnavigation of the Earth when he commanded the Victoria from the Moluccas back to Spain? He would later die in 1526, likely from malnutrition during the Loaisa expedition to the Pacific.    

379. Beginning in 304 AD, the series of uprisings by non-Han Chinese people in Northeast Asia known as 五胡乱华 (literally ‘Fiver Barbarians Throwing China into Disorder’) took place during the rule of which of China’s dynasties? It was established by the Sima family at the end of the Three Kingdoms period.

380. Named after the Belgium city in which it was drafted, the Ostend Manifesto was a document written in 1854 by a group of American ministers (including future President James Buchanan) advocating the purchase of which colony from Spain?

381. In progress since 1948 but still far from completion, this is a statue of which figure in American history? The monument is located in the Black Hills of South Dakota, on land considered sacred to the Oglala Lakota people.        

382. Fought on 24th June 1314, the Battle of Bannockburn saw which English monarch defeated by a smaller army led by Robert the Bruce, King of the Scots?

383. Shown here at the British surrender of Singapore in 1942, which Imperial Japanese Army general was nicknamed the ‘Tiger of Malaya’ for his accomplishment of conquering Malaya and Singapore within 70 days? He was tried for war crimes after the war and hanged in 1946.        

384. Reigning from 198 to 217, which Roman Emperor succeeded his father Septimus Severus and issued the Antonine Constitution which gave Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the empire? He is however depicted as a tyrant and cruel leader, and was assassinated by a disgruntled soldier while preparing for an invasion of Parthia.

385. First discovered in 1928 near the village after which they are named, the Nok Terracotta are a series of clay figurines from an early Iron Age culture that first appeared c. 1000 BC in the northern part of which West African nation? 

386. Named after an area in southern Thessaly, which battle in 48 BC saw Julius Caesar defeat a larger force under his rival Pompey the Great? The battle was commemorated in a 61 AD poem by the Roman poet Lucan.            

387. Born around 145 BC, which Han-dynasty historian is most noted for his authorship of ‘Shiji’ (‘Historical Records’), a 2500-year historical account from the age of the legendary Yellow Emperor to the author’s present time?  Caught up in a political plot, he chose castration over execution so as to be able to complete his masterpiece.  

388. Which chieftain of the Gaulish Senones tribe led an attack on Rome in 387 BC and sacked it for several months – the only time the city was occupied by a non-Roman force before it fell to the Goths almost 800 years later? He famously uttered the phrase ‘Vae victis!’ (‘Woe to the conquered!’) when the defeated Romans tried to pay for their salvation with gold but complained when he threw his sword onto the weighing scale to increase the ransom required.

389. Named after the pickup trucks used to transport the fighting forces, the Toyota War is the common name given to the last phase of fighting in a military conflict between Libya and which one of its neighboring countries? Its forces were able to force the Libyans from the Aouzou Strip, a narrow strip of land that borders the two nations.

390. Identify this 20th-century political figure.      

391. Beginning in October 1934, from which Chinese province did the Red Army of the Chinese Communist Party embark on the Long March that saw them escape the pursuit of the Kuomintang nationalists? Its capital city is Nanchang.

392. The 1952 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the Austrian physician Albert Schweitzer primarily for his humanitarian work, epitomized by the eponymous hospital that he opened in the town of Lambarene and which he ran until his death in 1965. In which African country is the Hopital Albert Schweitzer located? 

393. Named for a town situated nearby, which two-word term refers an area of lowlands between the Hesse-Thuringian border and Frankfurt am Main which during the Cold War was considered one of two obvious routes for a hypothetical Warsaw Pact tank attack on West Germany from Eastern Europe? 

394. Emerging after the decline of the Frankish Carolingian empire in the 9th century, which feudal duchy was historically divided into four parts, with capital cities Brussels, Leuven, Antwerp and ‘s-Hertogenbosch? The national flag of Belgium takes its tricolor of black, yellow and red from its coat of arms.            

395. From an intransitive verb meaning ‘rise up’, the fascist and ultranationalist organization known as Ustashe was active in which modern-day country between 1929-1945? Its members were responsible for the murder of hundreds and thousands (including Jews and political dissidents) during Word War II.

396. Born 1750 in Charleston, South Carolina, which soldier and diplomat gives his name to the treaty (also known as Treaty of San Lorenzo) between Spain and the United States that defined the southern border of the US and guaranteed it free navigation rights to the Mississippi through Spanish territory?  

397. Named after the then-US Secretary of the Treasury who first proposed it, which plan following the Allied occupation of Germany after the Second World War aimed to remove the Germans’ ability to wage future wars by eliminating its arms industry, demilitarizing the country and partitioning it? It was ultimately rejected in favor of a more benevolent Marshall Plan.           

398. Lasting from 1467 to 1477, which civil war during Japan’s Muromachi period saw a dispute between two families escalate into a nationwide conflict that ultimately brought about the collapse of the Ashikaga shogunate and usher in the Sengoku (Warring States) period?     

399. Born 1802, the bust of which political reformer who inspired and led Hungary’s independence struggle from Austria can be found in the US Capitol building with the inscription, ‘Father of Hungarian democracy…’? His endeavor failed with the intervention of the Russian army on the Austrians’ side, and he died in exile in Turin.     

400. Set in motion by the rise of the Zulu kingdom under Shaka, which term refers to the series of wars and forced migrations of the second and third decades of the 19th century that changed the demographic, social, and political configuration of southern and central Africa? There are three acceptable versions of the name, which all means ‘crushing’ or ‘scattering’.  

401. Born in 433 AD, which Germanic warrior of the Sciri tribe became the first barbarian King of Italy when he deposed the emperor Romulus Augustulus in 476 – a date traditionally considered the end of the Western Roman Empire? He reigned for last then 20 years before being defeated and killed by the Ostrogoth king Theodoric.  

402. Currently on display at the British Museum, this famous group of Assyrian shows which ruler engaging in a ritual lion hunt? Reigning from 668-627 BC, he assembled in Nineveh the first systematically-organized library in the ancient Middle East, and is generally considered the last of the great kings of Assyria. 

403. Born in London in 1833, which British army officer and administrator commanded the ‘Ever Victorious Army’ that was instrumental in putting down the Taiping Rebellion? He was killed in 1885 during the Siege of Khartoum by forces of the Mahdi. 

404. Featured in several ‘Civilization’ video-game editions, which 9th ruler of the Kingdom of Cusco transformed it into the mighty Incan Empire through a series of conquests? Believed by archaeologists to have built Machu Picchu as an estate for himself, his name translates as ‘he who oveturns space and time’ or ‘earth shaker’.       

405. Born in Shakhovskoye in 1902, which Soviet statesman served as the chief ideologue of the communist party up till his death in 1982? He rose to prominence during Stalin’s Great Purges, and was instrumental in the bloodless coup that ousted Khrushchev and installed Brezhnev as Soviet leader in 1964.       

406. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was rebuilt around 550 BC (after being destroyed in a flood) by WHICH CRETAN ARCHITECT together with his son Metagenes? The project was funded by King Croesus of Lydia and took over 10 years to complete.  

407. Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in resolving the Suez Crisis, OF WHICH COUNTRY was this individual the Prime Minister from 1963 to 1968?        

408. Also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, the Colosseum in Rome was begun in AD 72 under which Roman emperor – the last in the Year of Four Emperors and founded of the Flavian dynasty? 

409. Also known as the Savannah Campaign, ________’s March to the Sea was a military operation of the American Civil War led by which Union general? It employed a scotched-earth policy that ultimately led to the Confederacy surrender.       

410. Fought in 53 BC and considered one of the most crushing defeats in the history of the Roman Empire, which battle in present-day Harran in Turkey saw seven Roman legions under Marcus Licinus Crassus decisively beaten by the Parthian general Surena? Crassus himself was killed in its aftermath, leading to the end of the First Triumvirate.

411. Born around 570 BC, which lawgiver from the aristocratic Alcmaeonid clan rose to power after Spartan troops helped overthrow the Athenian tyrant Hippias? The reforms he instituted contributed to the ushering in of Athens’ golden age during the time of his grandnephew Pericles.   

412. Which word is blanked out? Depicted in television serials/ movies as well as serving as the setting for traditional Chinese chess, the ____- Han Contention was an interregnum in Chinese history following the collapse of the Qin dynasty. It saw Liu Bang ultimately triumphing over Xiang Yu (also known as the Hegemon-King of Western ____) and establishing the Han dynasty that would reign for over 400 years.

413. Offended by the rejection of his application for a consulship to Paris or Vienna, the writer and lawyer Charles Guiteau shot which political figure at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station (Washington DC) on July 1881?          

414. Reaching its zenith during the reign of Suppiluliuma I (around 1344-1322 BC) before being destroyed during the Bronze Age Collapse, which ancient city in central Anatolia within the loop of the Kızılırmak River was the capital of the Hittite Empire?       

415. Fought in November 1700, which now-Estonian city saw an early battle in the Great Northern War in which the forces of Charles XII of Sweden defeated a Russian force three to four times its size? Despite this victory, Charles did not press his advantage into Russia, and Peter I was able to take the city four years later.       

416. The Sultanates of the Geledi, the Ajuran, the Hobyo and the Warsangali were some of the historical entities that ruled regions now within which modern-day country, before the British established a protectorate in 1884?     

417. Currently housing the Senate of the Czech Republic, this palatial building in Prague is named after which Bohemian military leader and statesman who commanded the armies of the Habsburg emperor Ferdinand II during the Thirty Years’ War? Accuses of treason, he was assassinated at Eger in 1848.         

418. Living around the 11th century BCE, the semi-mythical nobleman Jiang Ziya was a key figure in the foundation of which ancient Chinese dynasty? Popularly portrayed as an elderly sage fishing the Wei River with a barbless hook, he assisted the Wen Emperor in overthrowing the despotic last ruler of the preceding Shang dynasty. 

419. The descendant of the armies of the Ava Kingdom, Toungoo and Konbaung dynasties, the armed forces of which Asian country is known collectively as the Tatmadaw? With more than 400,000 active personnel, it is one of the largest armed forces in the region.     

420. Fought on September 8, 1380, which battle fought near the River Don saw the forces under Dmitri, Prince of Moscow defeat the Golden Horde led by the general Mamai? It was the first victory for Russian forces over the Tatars since Russia was subjugated by Batu Khan in the thirteenth century.    

421. Also known as the Southwestern War, which 1877 revolt of disaffected samurai against the new imperial government, nine years into the Meiji Era, takes its name from a domain on the island of Kyushu? It was effectively over when its leader Saigo Takamori committed seppuku after being mortally wounded.

422. Born 1947 in Beirut, which Lebanese politician from the Phalange party was the supreme commander of the Lebanese Forces during the early years in the country’s civil war, and was elected as President in 1982 but assassinated before he could take office?

423. Currently the administrative center of Kocaeli Province, which city in western Turkey was known as Nicomedia in antiquity, and was the eastern and most senior capital city of the Roman Empire during the Tetrachy of Diocletian (the other three capitals being modern-day Milan, Trier and Sremska Mitrovica)?      

424. Released in 2016, the biographical adventure drama film ‘The Lost City of Z’ stars Charlie Hunnam as which British archaeologist and explorer, who disappeared in 1925 while searching for the a lost ancient city in the jungles of the Mato Grosso state of Brazil? 

425. Paired with Sulla in Plutarch’s ‘Parallel Lives’, which commander of the Spartan fleet at the Hellespont defeated the Athenians at the Battle of Aegospotami in 405 BC, bringing the Peloponnesian War to an end? He then played a major role in Sparta’s domination of Greece for the next decade until his death at the Battle of Haliartus. 

426. Which two-word term refers to the joint declaration issued on August 14, 1941 by Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt after four days of conference aboard warships anchored at Placentia Bay, off the coast of Newfoundland? It comprises right principal points, including no territorial gains were to be sought by the US or UK, and common disarmament after the war.

427. Described by Edward Gibbon as ‘the last of the Roman generals’, which military commander was for a time one of the most powerful men in the Western Roma Empire when he became regent to the young Emperor Honorius in 394 AD? Noted for his role in several campaigns against the campaigns (especially the Visigoths under Alaric whom he defeated at the Battles of Pollentia and Verona), he subsequently fell from power and was executed in 408.     

428. Born 1806 in Oaxaca in a mountain range now named after him, which lawyer of Zapotec origin rose from humble origins to become the 26th President of Mexico? He held power during the tumultuous period that saw French military intervention as well as Mexico’s struggle for independence under the Emperor Maximilian I. Mexico’s international airport was officially named after him in 2006.     

429. Its name likely of Turkic origin, which five-letter term refers the hawk or falcon serves as a national symbol of modern Hungary and Transylvania? In Hungarian tradition, it likely originated as the clan symbol used by ruling House of Arpad during the 9th and 10th centuries.

430. Traditionally dated to between 14,000 to 300 BCE and bearing a name that translates as ‘cord-pattern’ in reference to the characteristic pottery design from this period, which earliest major culture of prehistoric Japan (predominantly hunter-gatherer) was succeeded by the agrarian Yayoi period?

431. Born in 1925 as the son of a Lango tribal chief, which politician founded the Ugandan People’s Congress in 1960 and led it to power in 1962 when Uganda gained independence from the UK? He served as the country’s Prime Minister and later President before being overthrown in Idi Amin’s 1971 coup.     

432. The Lord of Sipan (discovered in 1987) and the Lady of Cao (in 2006) are mummies discovered from which ancient civilization that flourished in northern Peru from around 100 to 700 AD? It takes its name from the city in Trujillo province where it was centered.    

433. Born 1624 in Hizen Province in Japan, Zheng Chenggong (Prince of Yanping) was a Ming dynasty loyalist better known by which single-word Hokkien honorific? Resisting the Qing conquest of China, he defeated the Dutch and established the Kingdom of Tungning on the island of Formosa (present-day Taiwan) in 1661.         

434. Born 1880 and considered one of the ‘modern archaeologists’, Sir Leonard Woolley is best known for his excavations of which ancient city? Important finds include the Copper Bull and the tomb of Queen Puabi. His work apparently inspired Agatha Christie to write one of her many detective novels.     

435.   The Biga Cayi, a small river in Canakkale province in northwestern Turkey, is the site of which battle of 334 BC fought between the Macedonian army of Alexander the Great and the Persian forces under Darius III? It was the first of three major battles between these two protagonists.    

436. Standing on the enormous Thunder Stone, the equestrian statue ‘The Bronze Horseman’ takes its name from a 1833 poem. Created by the French sculptor Étienne Maurice Falconet, which historical figure is the subject?           

437. Lying due south of Bactria and west of the Indus River, what is the Hellenized name of the part of coastal Baluchistan where, in 325 BC, Alexander the Great lost around 1/3 of his forces when he tried to cross its desert?           

438. Which Chinese city gives its name to an incident in 1936 when Chiang Kai-shek was detained by his subordinates, Generals Zhang Xueliang and Yang Hucheng, in order to force Chiang to change his policies and align with the Communists to fight the invading Japanese?     

439. Probably from the Quechua for ‘town of thorns’, which city in the northern highlands of Peru gives its name to a 1532 battle that saw the unexpected ambush and seizure of the ruler Atahualpa by a small Spanish force led by Francisco Pizarro, marking the opening stages of European conquest of the Incan Empire?     

440. Located on the eastern bank of the Niger River at the junction with the Tilemsi Valley, which city in eastern Mali was the capital of the Songhai Empire that dominated the western Sahel in the 15th and 16th century?            

441. Founded by Hyeokgeose, which was the first dynasty to unify the Korean Peninsula when it conquered Baekje and Goguryeo at the end of the Three Kingdoms period? It ruled for over 1000 years before fragmenting and presaging the rise of the Goryeo kingdom.  

442. Born in Odessa in 1883, which Soviet diplomat and lawyer was Stalin’s chief prosecutor during the Great Purge trials (1934–38), in which he prosecuted many prominent former Soviet leaders for treason? He became the Foreign Minister in 1949 and frequently launched bitter verbal attacks on the USA.              

443. In Chinese history, the period known as the ‘Prosperous Era of Kangxi and Qianlong’ was one of stability and relative wealth. It is named after Emperor Kangxi (who reigned for 61 years) and his grandson Qianlong (who abdicated on his 60th year on the throne in order not to surpass the former). Which dynasty were they emperors of?   

444.      Directed by Zhang Yimou and starring Jet Li, Tony Leung and Zhang Ziyi, the 2002 wuxia film ‘Hero’ is partly based on the story of which warrior from the state of Yan who failed in an assassination attempt in 227 BC on King Zheng of Qin (later Qin Shi Huang)? 

445. Described by Richelieu as the ‘battle that saved civilization’, the 1566 siege of which fortress in southern Hungary blocked the Ottoman’s (under Suleiman the Magnificent) advance towards Vienna? It inspired the Hungarian national epic poem by Miklós Zrínyi.   

446. Born 1881, which French admiral who served in the Vichy regime switched sides to the Allies after he was captured in Algiers? He was assassinated less than 2 months later.       

447. Which military general and regent of the state of Wei during the Three Kingdoms period was best known for defending Wei against a series of attacks from the rival state of Shu (led by Zhuge Liang) between 231 and 234 AD? His rise to power led the way to the establishment of the Jin dynasty (by his grandson) years after his death.   

448. Signed in Feb 1819, the Transcontinental Treaty or Florida Treaty that ceded Florida to the U.S. and defined the boundary between the U.S. and New Spain is also known by the name of which two individuals – one was the US Secretary of State under Monroe, and the other a Spanish ‘minister plenipotentiary’ of King Ferdinand VII?      

449. A founding member of Israel’s Labour Party, which politician became the country’s third prime minister following Ben-Gurion’s resignation in 1963? He led Israel during the Six-Day War but died of a heart attack in 1969.         

450. Founded by the prince Fa Ngum in 1354, which kingdom meaning ‘million elephants’ was one of the largest kingdoms in Southeast Asia for over 300 years, and is the precursor for the country of Laos?          

451. Born 1837 in Rennes, which powerful political and military figure during the French Third Republic as Minister of War gives his name to a revanchist nationalist philosophy which opposed Germany and called for the defeat of the Franco-Prussian War to be avenged?      

452. Signed in a namesake national forest shared between Belarus and Poland on December 8, 1991, which agreement declared the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics as effectively ceasing to exist and established the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in its place as a successor entity?       

453. Serving as chief eunuch under the emperor Hedi of the Dong (Eastern) Han dynasty in the year 89 AD, which Chinese politician is traditionally regarded as the inventor of paper and the papermaking process?   

454. Meaning ‘the place of God’, which multilingual inscription and large rock relief on a cliff in the Kermanshah Province of Iran established by Darius the Great was crucial to the decipherment of cuneiform script?          

455. Featured recently in a BBC radio documentary, which incident refers to the deaths of nine skiers/hikers in the northern Ural Mountains, in the former Soviet Union, between the 1st and 2nd of February, 1959, due to unclear circumstances? Theories of the cause of their deaths range from avalanches, katabatic wind, infrasound to military tests.   

456.  First mentioned in the White Book of Sarnen and subsequently featured in Schiller’s ‘William Tell’, which meadow above Lake Uri near Seelisberg gives its name to the legendary oath taken at the foundation of the Old Swiss Confederacy by the representatives of the three founding cantons, Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden? 

457. Born around 390 BC, which statesman and reformer of the State of Qin during the Warring States period of ancient China instituted a series of reforms that laid the administrative and political foundations that would enable Qin to conquer all of China? Facing protests from entrenched nobility, King Huiwen of Qin had him executed by dismemberment by five horses, but wisely kept his reforms in place.      

458. From the Turkish for ‘reorganization’, which term refers to the series of reforms promulgated in the Ottoman Empire between 1839 and 1876 under the reigns of the sultans Abdülmecid I and Abdülaziz that were heavily influenced by European ideas?      

459. Located in the Valley of Kings, the sepulchre of Pharaoh Seti I of the Nineteenth Dynasty is also known as ‘_________’s Tomb’, after which Italian explorer and archeologist who discovered it in October 1817? He is also noted his removal to England of the seven-tonne bust of Ramesses II and unearthing the entrance to the great temple at Abu Simbel.          

460. Located at the foot of the Zagros Mountains near the bank of the Karkheh Kūr (Choaspes) River, which ancient capital of Elam and administrative capital of the Achaemenian king Darius I and his successors was the site of archaeological discoveries such as the obelisk of the Akkadian king Manishtusu, the stele of his successor Naram-Sin, and the code of Hammurabi of Babylon?    

461. Now thought to have been located on Mont-Auxois, near Alise-Sainte-Reine in Burgundy, the siege of which fortified capital of the Mandubii tribe in September, 52 BC was fought by the army of Julius Caesar against a confederation of Gallic tribes united under the leadership of Vercingetorix of the Arverni? It was the last major engagement between Gauls and Romans.          

462. Which military general and warlord who lived during the late Eastern Han dynasty is described in historical and fictional sources as an exceptionally mighty warrior but also notorious for his temperamental behaviour and betrayal of his benefactors such as Dong Zhuo? He is usually portrayed riding the steed named Chi-Tu (Red Hare) and wielding the ‘Even-Heaven Halberd’.   

463. Two of Columbus’ three ships on his historic voyage in 1492 (the Nina and Pinta) belonged to which small, highly maneuverable sailing ship of the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries, much-used by the Spanish and Portuguese for long voyages? They were initially developed by the Portuguese to explore along the West African coast. 

464. Winning Warren Beatty a Best Director Oscar, the 1981 biopic ‘Reds’ centers on the life and career which US journalist and activist (also portrayed by Beatty), best remembered for ‘Ten Days That Shook the World’, his firsthand account of the November 1917 Bolshevik Revolution? 

465. Which Romanian prime minister, the main force behind King Carol II’s royal dictatorship, was assassinated in 1939 by members of the fascist Iron Guard movement which he had vigorously opposed?

466. Named after one of the Germanic and Celtic tribes involved (the others being the Teutones, Ambrones and Tigurini), what name is given to the military conflict fought 113-101 BC that represented the first time since the Second Punic War that Rome itself had been seriously threatened? It saw the rise of Gaius Marius who instituted major reforms to the Roman legions.     

467. Born Yuliy Osipovich Tsederbaum, which politician and revolutionary became the leader of the Mensheviks in early 20th-century Russia? He was an old friend and mentor of Leon Trotsky who described him as the “Hamlet of Democratic Socialism’.      

468.   One of the largest equestrian statues in the world, this monument on Viktov Hill in Prague commemorates which Hussite military leader known for his ‘wagon circle’ strategy? He was victorious in the battles of Grunwald (1st Battle of Tannenberg) and Kutná Hora.

469. The largest pyramid north of Mesoamerica, the 30m-high Pre-Columbian earthwork known as Monks Mount is part of which UNESCO World Heritage site located directly across the Mississippi River from St. Louis? It was occupied as early as 1200 BC and was eventually abandoned around 1300 AD.       

470. Named after the town on the shores of Lake Maggiore in which it was signed, what two-word term refers to the coalition of France, Britain, and Italy formed in April 1935 to oppose Adolf Hitler’s announced intention to rearm Germany and to reaffirm the independence of Austria? Like most good international agreements it broke down completely within two/three months of its initial signing.  

471.     The largest in Poland east of the Vistula, which city gives its name to a treaty of 1569 that created the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, one of the largest countries in Europe at the time?          

472. This Google Doodle celebrates the life and achievements of which Japanese mountaineer – the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest and the first woman to ascend all Seven Summits? She passed away in 2016 at the age of 77.          

473. Born 1844 as Sahle Miriam, which king of Shewa was one of Ethiopia’s greatest emperors, who expanded the empire almost to its present-day borders and repelled an Italian invasion in 1896 at the Battle of Adwa? His takes his regnal name after a 10th-century ruler traditionally believed to be the son of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba.  

474.   Forming a Turkic confederation with the Kipchaks in the western part of the Eurasian Steppe between the 10th and 13th centuries until their conquest by the Mongols, the Cuman people are also known by what Slavic name meaning ‘pale; light yellow; blonde’? You might know this name from a musical work that first premiered in 1890. 

475. Giving his name to various places in the USA and Canada, which British army officer is known as the architect of Britain’s successful campaign to conquer the territories in Canada during the Seven Years’ War? Serving as the Commander-in-Chief of the British Army during most of the American Revolution, his legacy is now controversial for his advocacy of biological warfare to exterminate the race of indigenous people during Pontiac’s War (1763-66).       

476. Portrayed by Eva Green in the 2014 film ‘300 : Rise of an Empire’, which ancient queen of Halicarnassus allied with the Persians in their invasion of Greece (480-479 BCE)? According to Herodotus, she tried to dissuade Xerxes against a naval battle with the Greeks but he proceeded with the Battle of Salamis.          

477. Formed in December 1508, what term refers to the alliance of Pope Julius II, the Holy Roman emperor Maximilian I, Louis XII of France, and Ferdinand II of Aragon, ostensibly against the Turks but actually to attack the Republic of Venice and divide its possessions?      

478. Born in 1900, which British biochemist, historian and sinologist gives his name to the eponymous question – essentially why had China and India been overtaken by the West in science and technology, despite their earlier successes?    

479. Its name deriving from tower-fortress type of construction built in large numbers starting from about 1800 BCE, which civilization flourished on the island of Sardinia until 238 BCE when the Romans colonized the island? No written records of it have been discovered.         

480. First published in 1836, the historical novel ‘The Captain’s Daughter’ by Pushkin is a romanticized account of which revolt that took place in the Russian Empire after Catherine II seized power? It takes its name after the leader of the Yaik Cossacks who claimed to be Catherine’s late husband, Emperor Peter III.    

481.  Which commander of the Pretorian Guard orchestrated a series of trials and executions on false charges of treason to consolidate his own position, and was himself executed in AD 31 on the orders of the Emperor Tiberius? 

482. Which prominent late antique scholar from Palaestina Prima accompanied the Roman general Belisarius in the wars of the Emperor Justinian and became the principal historian of the 6th century, writing the ‘Wars’ (or ‘Histories’), the ‘Buildings of Justinian’ and the celebrated (and infamous) ‘Secret History’?       

483. Painted on two panels of Baltic oak by an unknown artist, the Wilton Diptych features which King of England being presented by John the Baptist, Edward the Confessor and Edmund the Martyr to the Virgin and the Child? It was painted around 1395-1399.          

484. Which four-time Prime Minister of Japan and Resident-General of Korea was assassinated by the Korean nationalist youth An Jung-geun at the Harbin Railway Station in Manchuria on October 26, 1909?        

485. Which civilization flourished on the coast of Peru from about 1250 to 1470, when it was conquered by the Incas? Its capital city Chan Chan, at the mouth of the Moche Valley, is said to be the largest pre-Columbian city in South America.          

486. Also known as the US Banking Act of 1933, which eponymous act (named after the Democratic Senator of Virginia and Representative of Alabama who co-sponsored it) sought to separate commercial and investment activities of banks? Its repeal under President Clinton in 1999 was claimed by some to be an important factor in the financial crisis of 2007-08.         

487. After the Chancellor of the Exchequer who proposed it, what name is given to the series of acts passed by the British Parliament beginning in 1767, which imposed duties on a variety of commodities on its American colonies so as to defray imperial expenses? It met with significant resistance, resulting ultimately in the Boston Massacre of 1770.      

488. On January 22, 1879, which king led 10,000 Zulus against a British camp of 800 in the Battle of Isandlwana? About forty Europeans survived.         

489. Located in the northeast of South Sudan, the town of Kodok has what former name that is also given to a 1898 international incident in which French and British expeditions faced off over imperial terrirorial disputes in East Africa?         

490. Born 1887, which German military officer was the chief organiser of Hitler’s Sturmabteilung (SA) stormtroopers, but was feared as potential rival to the Fuhrer and was executed in 1934 on the orders of Heinrich Himmler during the Night of the Long Knives?    

491. Originally formed for a period of 20 years beginning on December 1, 1167, which name is given to the group of northern Italian cities that banded together to resist the Holy Roman Empire under Frederick Barbarossa?    

492. In 1183, Frederick and the Lombard League signed this treaty, granting liberties to northern Italy.         

493. The villa where this conference took place is now a Holocaust museum. It was here that Eichmann, Buhler, and Heydrich and twelve other Nazi officials first discussed the Final Solution. 

494. Attended by representatives from the United States, the United Kingdom, Soviet Union, and China, this conference set the groundwork for the creation of the United Nations.    

495. Born March 1886 in the town of Urzhum, which prominent Bolshevik leader rose to become the head of the Communist Party organization in Leningrad? His assassination on 1st December 1934 opened the way for the wave of repression and purges of the late 1930s under Josef Stalin. 

496. After which political figure was the world’s first super carrier named in 1954? He was the first US Secretary of Defense, but committed suicide in May 1949, two months after Truman asked for his resignation

497. Fought on 8th November 1620, which battle of the Thirty Years’ War saw a defeat of the Bohemian estates by forces of the Roman Catholic Habsburgs, at a location that is now part of Prague?     

498. Named after the mountain in Hubei province in which it is based, which fictional martial-arts sect featured prominently in the wuxia novels of Jin Yong (such as ‘The Heaven Sword and Dragon Sabre’)? It was supposedly founded by Zhang Sanfeng (who invented the taijiquan) during the early Yuan Dynasty, whose seven disciples are known as the sect’s ‘Seven Heroes’.  

499. Based on the eponymous novel by Jiang Shengnan, the 2015 Chinese historical television drama ‘The Legend of __ ___’ stars actress Sun Li in the titular role of which political figure during the Warring States period? As the first Empress Dowager in Chinese history, she protected the interests of the fledgling Qin state, paving the way for the unification of China under her great-great-grandson Qin Shi Huang.  

500. Featured in historical novels such as Anna Bowman Dodd’s ‘On the Knees of Gods’ (1908) and Gertrude Atherton’s ‘The Jealous Gods’ (1928), as well as a major recurring character in the 2018 video-game ‘Assasin’s Creed Odyssey’, which ward of Pericles and student of Socrates was a brilliant but unscrupulous politician and military leader who provoked the political antagonisms that led to Athens’ defeat by Sparta in the Peloponnesian War. 

501. Flourishing from 678 to 549 BCE, which ancient Iranian kingdom was bounded by the Zagros Mountains to its west, the Garrin Mountain to its south , the Qaflankuh Mountains to its northwest and the Dasht-e Kavir desert to its east? It was a vassal state to the Neo-Assyrian Empire before Cyaxares (its third and most capable king) destroyed the Neo-Assyrians. 

502. Depicted in works by Petrarch, Corneille, Marston, Gluck and Voltaire, which Carthaginian noblewoman who lived during the Second Punic War convinced king Syphax to change sides during the war and later poisoned herself rather than be humiliated in a Roman triumph? 
503. His untimely death (at the age of 51 in 1929) probably contributed to the rise of the Nazi’s dominance – which German statesman who served as Chancellor in 1923 and Foreign Minister (1923–1929) was co-recipient of the 1926 Nobel Peace Prize for his work on the Locarno Treaties?       

504.  The victorious Spartan general (Fig) at the Battle of Plataea (479 BC), the bodyguard who assassinated Philip II of Macedon (336 BC) and the geographer and traveller noted for his work ‘Description of Greece’ – all share what nine-letter name?     

505. The worst volcanic disaster of the 20th century took place in 1902, when the eruption of Mt. Pelee destroyed the town of Saint-Pierre, killing 28,000 people in the space of a few minutes – on which Caribbean island?         

506. Generally defined as the eastern coastal region between the Mahanadi and the Godavari rivers, which ancient Indian state was the site of a war that ended in 262 BCE with victory for the Mauryan emperor Ashoka? The bloodshed of this war is said to have prompted Ashoka to adopt Buddhism.      

507. Honored by a statue overlooking the sea in his birthplace Vlissingen, which 17th-century admiral ranked seventh in a 2004 poll of ‘The Greatest Dutchmen’ (behind Erasmus and Cryuff and ahead of Rembrandt and van Gogh)? A key figure in the Anglo-Dutch Wars, he scored several critical victories, with the Raid on the Medway being the most famous.    

508. Born 1865 in Ohio, which banker and US vice-president gives his name to a plan that resolved the issue of German reparations post-WWI and ended Allied occupation of the Ruhr industrial area? He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.    

509. Marking the beginning of German naval rearmament after the Treaty of Versailles, two battlecruisers were built for the Kriegsmarine from 1935 onwards. They were named for two key 19th-century Prussian military reformers – Gerhard von Scharnhorst and which other, a field marshal who served as Blücher’s chief of staff at the Battle of Waterloo, taking over from Scharnhorst after the latter’s death from a war wound in 1813?   

510. Born Charles Ndizeye in 1947, Ntare V became the king of which country when his father Mwambutsa IV went into exile in Switzerland in 1965? He was subsequently deposed by a military coup and died under mysterious circumstances in 1972, at the age of 24.      

511. The Temple of Inscriptions (Bʼolon Yej Teʼ Naah) is the largest stepped pyramid structure of, and houses the tomb of Pacal the Great – considered one of the greatest rulers of which Mayan city located near the Usumacinta River in the southern Mexican state of Chiapas?       

512. Subdivided into the Jianzhou, Yeren and Haixi, which confederation of Tungusic peoples who inhabited the region of Manchuria established the Jin dynasty, whose empire conquered the Northern Song in 1127? They are also the forerunners of the Manchus who would later conquer the Ming and establish the Qing dynasty.      

513. Taking place between June to August 1916 in western Ukraine and considered the Russian Empire’s greatest feat of arms during World War I, the major offensive against the armies of the Central Powers on the Eastern Front was named after which Russian military figure nicknamed ‘The Iron General’?      

514. Named by the Ottomans as the “Lion of Lechistan’ while the Pope hailed him as the savior of Christendom, which King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania is best noted for his victory over the Turks at the Battle of Vienna (1683)? 

515. An important event in Irish history, which battle that took place on 23 April 1014 by the River Tolka saw the forces led by Brian Boru, High King of Ireland, defeat a Norse-Irish alliance? Brian himself  was killed in battle, although the battle came to be seen as an event that freed the Irish from foreign domination. 

516. Airing from 2006 to 2007, the South Korean period drama television series subtitled ‘The Book of the Three Hans’ is an examination of the life of which historical figure – the founding monarch of the kingdom of Goguryeo who reigned from 37 to 19 BCE? The kingdom he founded would last for over 700 years until its conquest by the Silla-Tang alliance.          

517. The Three Crowned Rulers (Moovendhar) refers to a triumvirate of dynasties that dominated the politics of the ancient Tamil country of Tamilakam from around 600 to 300 BCE. Name two of these three ancient dynasties.      

518. Created by Ivan the Terrible in the mid-16th century, which Russian military corps first saw action at the Siege of Kazan (1552)? Their name meaning ‘musketeer) probably for the arquebus with which they were traditionally armed, they were disbanded by Peter the Great after they failed to unseat him and restore his half-sister Sophia as regent.     

519.    Born 1893 in Smolensk, which Soviet military leader commanded the Soviet Western Front in the Polish–Soviet War from 1920-21 and later became Chief of Staff of the Red Army before being made a Marshal of the Soviet Union in 1935? Nicknamed the ‘Red Napoleon’, he was a major proponent of modernization and reform, but was falsely accused of treason and shot during Stalin’s military purges of 1937–1938? 

520. A staple of the Soviet and Russian Air Forces, the MiG fighter takes its name from that of its two founding aircraft designers. Name either of them.  

521. Noted for the memorial temple of Seti I and later as the site of the rising cult of Osiris and Isis, which Ancient Egyptian city shares its name with the fictional planet that served as the setting of the 1994 sci-fi film ‘Stargate’?  

522. Bounded by the Dniester river on the east and the Prut river on the west, about two thirds of which historical region in Eastern Europe lies within modern-day Moldova, including its capital Chisinau?         

523. Led by the indigenous political leader Valerie Paul Hart, the Rupununi Uprising was an insurrection that took place in 1969 in which country, only three years after it gained independence from the UK?     

524. Presenting the assembly of nobles at his coronation with an oral constitution known as the Kouroukan Fouga, the ‘Epic of Sundiata/ Son-Jara’ is an epic poem which tells the story of the the founder of which empire?        

525. Which eldest son and successor of Cyrus the Great expanded the Persian conquests into Egypt? Portrayed as a cruel ruler by Herodotus, he was said to have killed the sacred bull Apis, as well as losing over 50,000 soldiers who disappeared on an expedition to the oasis at Siwah.     

526. The speech in Shakespeare’s ‘Richard II’ that includes the line ‘This royal throne of kings, this scepter’d isle … This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England’ was spoken by which historical figure? Born 1340, he was the younger brother of Edward the Black Prince and father of King Henry IV.     

527. Named after a château situated in the northwestern part of Versailles, which 1920 peace agreement between most of the Allies of World War I and the Kingdom of Hungary left it a landlocked nation with only 36% of the pre-war kingdom’s population?    

528. The 1784 Jacques-Louis David painting ‘Oath of the Horatii’ depicts a scene from a Roman legend about a 7th-century BC dispute between Rome and which city-state – supposedly founded in 1151 BC by its legendary king Ascanius, a son of Aeneas?     

529. Which Turkish seaport on the southern coast of the Dardanelles at their narrowest point gives its name to a 1922 political and military crisis that led to David Lloyd George being forced out of office as U.K. PM? It is also the finishing point of an annual organized swim that emulates the the legendary swim in the story of Hero and Leander.     

530. The site on which the Potala Palace now stands is built over a palace on the Red Hill erected by which king and founder of the Tibetan Empire? Born between 557-569 AD, he is credited with the introduction of Buddhism to Tibet as well as the creation of the Tibetan alphabet.   

531. Colleen McCullough’s historical novels ‘The First Man in Rome’ and ‘The Grass Crown’ largely focus on the rise and fall of which Roman general and statesman? Victor of the Cimbric and Jugurthine wars, he held the office of consul an unprecedented seven times. 

532. From the Arabic word for ‘a bench of mud’, which flat-roofed, rectangular ancient Egyptian tomb marked the burial sites of eminent Egyptians during its Early Dynastic Period and Old Kingdom, before the advent of pyramids?          

533. The end of the Algerian War of Independence, Zanzibar merges with Tanganyika to form Tanzania, ‘In the Heat of the Night’ wins five Academy Awards – these events all occurred during the term of office of which United Nations secretary-general? 

534. Born 1901 in Khartoum, which Egyptian military and political figure was the primary figure (together with Gamal Abdel Nasser) in the 1952 revolution that overthrew King Farouk? He became the first President of Egypt but was subsequently forced to resign in 1954 after a power struggle with Nasser.   

535.

Answers

6.

26. Bandung
27. William Wallace
28. Tanzania
29. Nerva
30. Mexico
31. Caratacus
32. Khedive
33. Cordell Hull
34. Anthony Eden
35. Madeleine Albright
36. Tang Dynasty
37. Commodus
38. Franklin Delano Roosevelt
39. 2010 (Steve Jobs announces the iPad)
40. Soekarno
41. Leon Trotsky
42. Aldo Moro
43. Timisoara
44. Richard III
45. Korea
46. Grigory Zinoviev
47. Battle of Agincourt
48. Kakuei Tanaka
49. Walter Ulbricht
50. Stanley Baldwin
51. Jules Mazarin
52. Dominican Republic
53. William I (the Conqueror)
54. Georgia
55. Ethiopia (Abyssinia)
56. Deng Xiaoping
57. Cyrus Vance
58. Aum Shinrikyo
59. Colombia
60. Arthur Wellesley/ Duke of Wellington
61. Salmon P. Chase
62. Manhattan Island
63. Louisa Adams (wife of John Quincy Adams)
64. Charles de Gaulle
65. Prometheism
66. Cu Chi Tunnels
67. Phoenicians
68. Ethiopia
69. Laconia (for ‘laconic’)
70. Justinian and Theodora (of Byzantium)
71. Sargon (the Great)
72. Linear B
73. Songkran
74. St. James
75. Tarsus
76. Hanukkah
77. Pomerania
78. Qixi/ Qiqiao festival
79. Juggernaut (from the Temple of Jagannath)
80. Polybius (the Polybius Square)
81. Battle of Crecy
82. Argentina (Mauricio Macri)
83. Gleiwitz/ Gliwice
84. Manuel Noriega
85. Charlemagne
86. Valerian
87. Pancasila
88. Justinian I
89. Isandlwana
90. Adlai Stevenson
91. Empress Wu (Ze Tian)
92. Mangonel
93. Ming Dynasty
94. Josip Broz Tito
95. Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden
96. Theodore Roosevelt
97. Yugoslavia
98. Assassination of President John F. Kennedy
99. Pakistan
100. Trieste
101. King John
102. Thirty Year’s War (the Defenestration of Prague is shown)
103. ZHAO Ziyang
104. George Marshall (the Marshall Plan)
105. Richard Nixon
106. Hawaii
107. Constantine I ‘The Great’ (The Battle of Milvian Bridge against Maxentius)
108. Heinz Guderian
109. Margaret of Anjou
110. Pharaoh
111. Chiang Kai-shek (The Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall in Taipei, Taiwan)
112. Benin
113. Japan
114. Father and son
115. Solon
116. El Alamein (The photos are that of Erwin Rommel and Bernard Montgomery)
117. Zambia (North Rhodesia) and Zimbabwe (South Rhodesia). The statue is that of Cecil Rhodes
118. Arminius (Hermann/ Armin/ Irmin)
119. Israel
120. Portugal
121. Taiwan
122. Sui Dynasty
123. 1520s (1521/ 1526/ 1521)
124. Politburo
125. Battle of Dettingen
126. China
127. Sparta
128. Harold Macmillan
129. Mikhail Gorbachev
130. Edward the Black Prince
131. Angola
132. Akbar (the Great) – the structure is the Buland Darwaza (Gate of Magnificence)
133. Erich Ludendorff
134. Thomas Jefferson
135. Julius Caesar
136. Nicaragua
137. Polish (Donald Tusk, Henryk Gorecki and Bronislaw Malinowski)
138. Yugoslavia
139. 1740s (1740/ 1742/ 1748/ 1749)
140. Connecticut
141. Détente
142. Panama Canal
143. Belgium
144. Albania
145. Lord Wellington
146. Rwanda
147. Spartacus
148. Beijing
149. The Netherlands
150. 8 (1958/ 1938/ 1908/ 1968)
151. Charles II (Catherine of Braganza)
152. Austria
153. Han Dynasty
154. Russia
155. Arkansas
156. King Stephen of England
157. Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France (Field of the Cloth of Gold)
158. 70s (1571/ 1673/1875)
159. David Lloyd George (with Winston Churchill)
160. Golan Heights
161. Bonn
162. Woodrow Wilson (Theordore Roosevelt (1906), Wilson (1919), Jimmy Carter (2002), Barack Obama (2009))
163. Sir Henry Leach
164. Soviet Union/ USSR/ Russia
165. Myanmar (Burma)
166. Jodie Foster
167. 6 (1956/ `936/ 1986)
168. Japan
169. Kuwait
170. Colossus of Rhodes
171. Crimea
172. Cambodia
173. Czechoslovakia (will accept Czech Republic)
174. Nefertiti
175. Henry III
176. Battle of Hastings
177. Leonid Brezhnev
178. Athelstan/ Æthelstan 
179. Massachusetts
180. Ethiopia
181. Claudius
182. Catherine de Medici
183. Abraham Lincoln
184. Rouen
185. Poland
186. Ukraine
187. David Koresh (leader of the Branch Davidian sect involved in the Waco Siege in 1993; Koresh is Persian for Cyrus)
188. Jingoism
189. Myanmar/ Burma
190. Medecins Sans Frontieres/ Doctors Without Borders
191. The Trojan Horse
192. Alexei Kosygin
193. Japan
194. Dwight D. Eisenhower (the ‘D’ also stands for David)
195. American Civil War
196. Lycurgus
197. John F. Kennedy
198. Sinking of the Titanic
199. Gerald Ford
200. Rubicon
201. Leonid Brezhnev
202. Battle of Hastings
203. St. Petersburg 
204. Mozambique
205. Ming
206. Golda Meir
207. Hendrik Verwoerd (South African Prime Minister)
208. Sweden
209. Charles X
210. Abraham Lincoln
211. Raul
212. Agrippina (the Younger)
213. Burundi
214. Octavian/ Augustus Caesar
215. Xia
216. GUAN Yu/ GUAN Yun Chang
217. Georgia
218. Senegal
219. Poland
220. Mikhail Gorbachev
221. Finland
222. Tomyris/ Tomris/ Tomride/ Tomiri
223. Dwight D. Eisenhower
224. Paraguay
225. Jane Seymour
226. Czech Republic
227. Karl Donitz
228. Henri Mouhot
229. Songhai Empire
230. Thomas Jefferson
231. Francois Mitterrand (with Helmut Kohl at 68th anniversary of the Battle of Verdun)
232. Tang dynasty
233. Mongkut
234. Georgia
235. Denmark
236. Porus/ Poros
237. Battle of Salamis
238. Martin Luther
239. Hannibal Hamlin
240. Costa Rica
241. Darfur (Sudan)
242. Sejong (the Great)/ Yi Do
243. Ghana
244. Martin Bormann
245. Ariel Sharon
246. SAVAK
247. Chichen Itza
248. Culloden
249. Myanmar (Aung San)
250. Uruguay
251. Zhou Enlai
252. Aurangzeb/ Alamgir/ Abu’l Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad
253. Topeka, Kansas
254. Antonio Jose de Sucre
255. Sarissa
256. Secretary of Defense (James Schlesinger/ Robert Gates/ Robert McNamara)
257. Gwangju
258. Dacia
259. Carl Vinson
260. Battle of Eddington
261. HUA Guofeng
262. ‘Aeneid’ by Virgil
263. Janos Kadar
264. Syria
265. Sassanid/ Sassanian Empire
266. The Federalist/ Federalist Papers
267. Tenochtitlan
268. Lesotho
269. (Operation) Rolling Thunder
270. Qin
271. Siachen Glacier
272. Schmalkaldic League
273. Battle of Omdurman
274. Nicaragua
275. First Nations
276. Han 
277. Haiti
278. Syngman Rhee
279. Elihu Root
280. Ming
281. Egyptian
282. Masada
283. Jeremy Thorpe
284. Taiwan/ Republic of China
285. Uppsala
286. William Lyon Mackenzie King
287. Seven Years’ War
288. Richard III
289. Hippodamus
290. Francis
291. Donald Woods
292. Thomas ‘Stonewall’ Jackson
293. Xiongnu
294. Panipat
295. Armenia
296. Trail of Tears
297. Marcus Aemilius LEPIDUS
298. Georges Pompidou
299. Talas River
300. Portugal
301. Carlos Saavedra Lamas
302. Thrasybulus
303. Burkina Faso    
304. Malaysia   
305. The Spring and Autumn Period (Chunqiu)
306. Umayyad Caliphate
307. Diocletian
308. Operation Bagration
309. Martin Luther
310. Battle of Cunaxa
311. Liao Dynasty
312. Mikhail Skobelev
313. Species (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species)
314. John Garang
315. Lake Champlain
316. Shang
317. Georgi Malenkov
318. Smoot-Hawley Act
319. François Leclerc du Tremblay
320. Auckland
321. Bosnia and Herzegovina
322. Andrei Gromyko
323. Haiti
324. Warren G. Harding
325. Agadir
326. Yemen
327. Liu Shaoqi
328. Olmec
329. Louis Antoine de Bougainville
330. Battle of Plassey (Palashi)
331. Jochi
332. Patrice Lumumba
333. Ottoman Empire/ Turkey
334. Rashidun
335. Holberg Prize
336. Yu the Great
337. India
338. Adolf Hitler
339. Frank B. Kellogg (the Kellogg-Briand Pact)
340. Ctesiphon
341. Niger
342. Holofernes
343. Mikhail Kutuzov
344. Juche
345. FRETILIN
346. Jin Dynasty
347. Battle of Plataea
348. St. Augustine
349. Nurhaci/ Nurhachi
350. ROH Moo-hyun
351. Tomas Garrigue Masaryk
352. Massive Ordnance (Massive Ordnance Air Blast)
353. Angkor Wat
354. King Zog of Albania
355. Sakoku
356. Battle of Sedan
357. Dag Hammarskjold (2nd UN Secretary-General)
358. Ashoka (The first five emperors of India’s Maurya dynasty)
359. Robert Koldewey
360. Xinhai Revolution
361. Bactria
362. Nanjing/ Nanking
363. Sui
364. Mosul
365. Luoyang
366. Taisho
367. Andrew Johnson
368. Spartacus League
369. Third World (Tiers Monde)
370. Yonatan/ Yoni
371. YUE Fei
372. Zhou Dynasty
373. James Monroe
374. Wu (Eastern Wu/ Sun Wu)
375. Epaminondas
376. Ivan Konev
377. Poland (Wojciech Jaruzelski)
378. Juan Sebastian Elcano
379. Jin Dynasty
380. Cuba
381. Crazy Horse (Tȟašúŋke Witkó)
382. Edward II
383. Tomoyuki Yamashita
384. Caracalla
385. Nigeria
386. Battle of Pharsalus
387. SIMA Qian
388. Brennus/ Brennos
389. Chad
390. Yuri Andropov (General Secretary of Communist Party of Soviet Union)
391. Jiangxi
392. Gabon
393. Fulda Gap
394. Brabant
395. Croatia
396. Thomas Pinckney
397. Morgenthau Plan
398. Onin War
399. Lajos Kossuth
400. Mfecane/ Difaqane/ Lifaqane
401. Odoacer/ Odovacar
402. Ashurbanipal
403. Charles George Gordon 
404. Pachacuti
405. Mikhail Suslov
406. Chersiphron
407. Canada (Lester B. Pearson)
408. Vespasian 
409. William Tecumseh Sherman
410. Battle of Carrhae
411. Cleisthenes
412. Chu
413. President James A. Garfield
414. Hattusa
415. Battle of Narva
416. Somalia
417. Albrecht von Wallenstein
418. Zhou
419. Myanmar
420. Battle of Kulikovo
421. Satsuma Rebellion
422. Bachir Gemayel
423. Izmit
424. Percy Fawcett
425. Lysander
426. Atlantic Charter
427. Flavius STILICHO
428. Benito Juarez
429. Turul
430. Jomon culture
431. Milton Obote
432. Moche/ Mohica
433. Koxinga
434. Ur
435. Battle of the Granicus (River)
436. Peter the Great
437. Gedrosia
438. Xi An
439. Cajamarca
440. Gao
441. Silla
442. Andrey Vyshinsky
443. Qing
444. Jing Ke
445. Szigetvar
446. Francois Darlan
447. Sima Yi
448. Adams-Onis
449. Levi Eshkol
450. Lan Xang
451. Georges Ernest Boulanger
452. Belovezha Accords
453. Cai Lun
454. Behistun Inscription
455. Dyatlov Pass
456. Rutli
457. Shang Yang
458. Tanzimat
459. Giovanni Battista Belzoni
460. Susa
461. Alesia
462. Lu Bu
463. Caravel
464. John Reed
465. Armand Calinescu
466. Cimbrian War
467. Julius Martov
468. Jan Zizka
469. Cahokia
470. Stresa Front
471. Lublin
472. Junko Tabei
473. Menelik II
474. Polovtsian
475. Jeffery Amherst
476. Artemisia I of Caria
477. League of Cambrai
478. Joseph Needham
479. Nuragic
480. Pugachev
481. Sejanus
482. Procopius
483. Richard II
484. Ito Hirobumi
485. Chimu
486. Glass-Steagall
487. Townshend Acts
488. Cetewayo
489. Fashoda
490. Ernst Rohm
491. Lombard League
492. Peace of Constance
493. Wansee Conference
494. Dumbarton Oaks
495. Sergei Kirov
496. James Forrestal
497. Battle of White Mountain
498. Wudang/ Wu-Tang
499. Mi Yue/ Queen Dowager Xuan
500. Alcibiades
501. Medes/ Median Kingdom
502. Sophonisba
503. Gustav Stresemann
504. Pausanias
505. Martinique
506. Kalinga
507. Michiel de Ruyter
508. Charles G. Dawes
509. August von Gneisenau
510. Burundi
511. Palenque
512. Jurchens
513. Aleksei Brusilov
514. John III Sobieski
515. Battle of Clontarf 
516. Jumong/ King Dongmyeong
517. Chola/ Chera/ Pandyan
518. Streltsy
519. Mikhail Tukhachevsky
520. Artem Mikoyan/ Mikhail Gurevich
521. Abydos
522. Bessarabia
523. Guyana
524. Mali Empire
525. Cambyses II
526. John of Gaunt (Duke of Lancaster)
527. Treaty of Trianon
528. Alba Longa 
529. Çanakkale/ Chanak
530. Songtsen Gampo
531. Gaius Marius 
532. Mastaba
533. U Thant 
534. Mohamed Naguib
535. 

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.

Popular Music  

 

 


Based on a 1911 play by Edward Knoblock, the 1953 musical ‘Kismet’ with lyrics and musical adaptation by Robert Wright and George Forrest and set in a fictional Baghdad in the times of th Arabian Night, features heavily the music of which Russian composer, a member of the Mighty Handful?  

 

 

 


Originally recorded by the Troggs, which group had a UK No.’ hit in 1994 with a cover version of ‘Love Is All Around’, for the soundtrack of the movie ‘Four Weddings and a Funeral’?  

 

 

 


Revolving around the young American writer Cliff Bradshaw and his relationship with the 19-year old performer Sally Bowles, which 1966 Broadway musical is based on the short novel ‘Goodbye to Berlin’ by the English-American novelist Christopher Isherwood?  

 

 

 


First released as a single in Sweden in 1987, ‘It Must Have Been Love’ by Roxette was re-released in 1990 as part of the soundtrack of which popular movie?  

 

 

 


Created through the ITV talent show Top Stars : The Rivals’ in 2002, which pop girl group (comprising Cheryl Cole and Nadine Coyle amongst others) reached No.1 on the UK charts with their debut single ‘Sound of the Underground’?  

 

 

 


From the Bolognese meaning `little goose’, which ancient wind musical instrument was reinvented in its modern form by Giuseppe Donati? Its name also features in the title of a 1998 Nintendo 64 video game – the 5th in the `Legend of Zelda’ series.  

 

 

 


Identify this popular boy band.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


The timeline below belongs to that of which band? Their best-selling album is the 1982 ‘Combat Rock’, which spawned the Top to hit ‘Rock the Casbah’.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Identify this famous pop music duo.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Released in June 2011, ‘Moves Like Jagger’ featuring Maroon 5 and Christina Aguilera made her the second female artiste to score a number I hit in the 199os, 2000S and 2010S. Which  female artiste was the first to achieve this feat?  

 

 

 


This is the cover art of a best-selling debut album – by which rock band?  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


First performed in New York City in 1951, which composer wrote the one-act opera Amahl and the Night Visitors’, about a crippled boy who was visited by the three Magi one night?  

 

 

 


During a period of time in the mid- 1980s, the British pop group Duran Duran consists of three members who shared what surname, but were all unrelated to one another?  

 

 

 


This is the album cover (with helpful words removed) of a 2016 studio album released by which pop star?  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Which artiste, whose statue in Barranquilla is shown here, embarked on world tours with name such as Tour of the Mongoose (2002-3) and The Sun Come Out World Tour (2010-n)? She sang the official song for the 2010 FIFA World Cup – `Waka Waka (This Time For Africa)’.  

 

 

 


This is the timeline of which popular band?  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Born 1893 in Glamorgan, Wales, which composer and actor had his first big hit with the 1914 patriotic song ‘Keep the Home Fires Burning’? Known for his musicals such as ‘Glamorous Night’, ‘The Dancing Years’ and `King’s Rhapsody’, he gives his name to the annual award presented by the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors (BASCA).  

 

 

 


(I) ‘And I have never seen that dress you’re wearing, Or the highlights in your hair that catch your eyes, I have been blind’   

 


(2) ‘I was wrong, Now I find Just one thing makes me forget’   

 


(3) ‘There’s something here from somewhere else The war machine springs to life Opens up one eager eye’   

 


The three songs above (partial lyrics shown) all share which common word in their titles?  

 

 

 


Its chorus lyrics partly inspired by Claude Jeter & the Swan Silvertones’ 1958 song ‘Mary Don’t You Weep’, which song won the Grammy awards for Record and Song of the Year in 1971? Partly produced by Roy Halee, it was released as a follow-up single to ‘The Boxer’.  

 

 

 


Performed as a duet between Whitney Houston and Mariah Carey, the 1998 single ‘When You Believe’ is a song taken from the soundtrack of which animated film by DreamWorks Pictures?  

 

 

 


What is the title of this iconic album of the 1990s?  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Performed by Kyu Sakamoto, the 1961 song `Ue 0 Muite Aruko’ CI Look Up As I Walk’) is better known by what one-word alternative title in Anglophone countries? The word, which actually refers to a dish of cooked beef, has no obvious relevance to the song’s lyrics.  

 

 

 


‘My Heart Will Go On’, performed by Celine Dion, is the love theme from which 1997 blockbuster movie?  

 

 

 


Beyoncé rose to prominence in the 1990s as the lead singer of which girl group?  

 

 

 


Which pop group consists of members who were given nicknames such as ‘Posh’, ‘Baby’, ‘Ginger’, ‘Sporty’ and ‘Scary’?  

 

 

 


In 1980, after the suicide of vocalist Ian Curtis, the surviving members of which rock band regrouped and formed New Order?  

 

 

 


What is the nationality of the singer-songwriter Bjork?  

 

 

 


The musical ‘West Side Story’, which premiered in 1957, is based on which of Shakespeare’s plays?  

 

 

 


Which musician is also known by nicknames such as ‘The Purple One’ and ‘His Royal Purpleness’?  

 

 

 


Which 80s electronic pop duo consists of Neil Tennant and Chris Lowe?  

 

 

 


With a total of 22 wins to date, which band has won more Grammy Awards than any other group? They first won in 1988, and their most recent win was for their latest album, ‘Songs of Innocence’.  

 

 

 


Which Korean all-girl group became the first to enter the US Billboard Hot 100 chart with their hit single ‘Nobody’ in 2009?  

 

 

 


This picture shows the cover of a popular studio album of the 1980s, which produced hits such as ‘Dancing in the Dark’ and ‘Glory Days’. Who is the artiste?  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


An opera in five acts composed between 1837 to 1842, it tells of how a Kievan knight goes in rescue of a princess (the two eponymous characters) who had been abducted by the evil sorcerer Chernomor. Who was the composer?  

 

 

 


With music and lyrics by Jonathan Larson, the rock musical ‘Rent’ which premiered on Broadway in 1996 was loosely based on which opera by Puccini?  

 

 

 


Which French electronic music duo won the Grammy for Best Album in 2014 with ‘Random Access Memories’?  

 

 

 


Which celebrity’s first three singles, released in 1987-88, were ‘The Loco-Motion’, ‘I Should Be So Lucky’ and ‘Gotta Be Certain’?  

 

 

 


Born Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta, which pop superstar won fame with hit singles such as ‘Poker Face’ and ‘Paparazzi’?  

 

 

 


This is a collage of four album covers by a rock band formed in the late 1980s. Name it.  

 

 

 

 

 


In the song that became their first No.1 in both the UK and US, the pop duo Wham! want you to wake them up before you _________ ?  

 

 

 


Which singer performed the song ‘My Heart Will Go On’, the theme for the blockbuster film shown here?  

 

 

 


Between November 1984 and June 1985, three recording acts (Frankie Goes to Hollywood, Jennifer Rush and Huey Lewis and the News) all released singles bearing what title?  

 

 

 


Starting out with the Jam, the English singer-songwriter Paul Weller formed which band with Mick Talbot in 1983? Their hits included ‘Shout to the Top!’, ‘Walls Come Tumbling Down’ and ‘My Ever Changing Moods’.  

 

 

 


Which popular band includes members such as Chris Martin, Johnny Buckland, Guy Berryman and Will Champion?  

 

 

 


Which singer wrote and recorded the song ‘We Didn’t Start the Fire’, which included references to more than 100 headline news events between 1949 (the year of his birth) and 1989 (the year in which the song was published)?  

 

 

 


The song recorded by Band Aid in 1984 in reaction to famine in Ethiopia has the title ‘Do They Know It’s _____________’?  

 

 

 


Produced using a 3D scanning machine, this shows the cover art of a studio album released in 2002 by which band?  

 

 

 

 

 


Which pop superstar had hits ‘Like A Virgin’ and ‘Material Girl’, both released in 1984?  

 

 

 


‘The Sound of Silence’ was a classic 1964 hit for which American duo?  

 

 

 


Led by the brothers Gary and Martin Kemp, which English new-wave band derived its name from either the slang term used by WWI Allied troops referring to the twitching of the corpses hanging on the barbed wire and repeatedly hit by machine gun fire from the German lines, or the post-WWII hangings of Nazi war criminals (when the victims would twitch and jump at the end of a rope)?  

 

 

 


This shows an iconic album cover, released in 1991 by which band?  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Which singer had a 2012 US No.1 hit with ‘We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together’?  

 

 

 


Which singer’s debut solo single ‘Careless Whisper’ went to No.1 in more than 20 countries when it was released in 1984?  

 

 

 


The 1986 Bangles hit single tells you to ‘Walk Like An _______’?  

 

 

 


According to the 1985 hit single by the pop group A-ha, ‘the sun always shines on _______’ which household appliance?  

 

 

 


What is the stage name of Alecia Beth Moore, the American singer who rose to fame with her 2000 debut solo album ‘Can’t Take Me Home’?  

 

 

 


Which boy-band had hit singles in 2011-2012 with ‘What Makes You Beautiful’ and ‘One Thing’?  

 

 

 


How many members made up the legendary 1970s Swedish pop group ABBA?  

 

 

 


Which Irish pop band had 14 No.1 singles in the UK (just behind the Beatles and Elvis), which include ‘My Love’, ‘Fool Again’ and ‘ Swear It Again’?   

 

 

 


Their only UK No.1 being ‘A Little Time’ (released in 1990), the English pop/rock band The Beautiful South was formed in 1988 by former members of which other band?  

 

 

 


Which duo had a US No.1 hit in 1966 with ‘The Sound of Silence’?    

 

 

 


By what name is the rapper Marshall Mathers III better known?   

 

 

 


The pop music superstar Rihanna was born in February 1988 in which Caribbean country?  

 

 

 


The brothers Barry, Maurice and Robin Gibb were the principal and original members of which pop band formed in 1958?  

 

 

 


Epitomized by bands such as Nirvana, Pearl Jam and Soundgarden, the mid-1980s subgenre of alternative pop known as grunge emerged primarily from which American city on the West Coast?  

 

 

 


Which musical superstar was born Georgios Kyriacos Panayiotou in East London in June, 1963?  

 

 

 


Chaka Khan’s ‘I Feel For You’, The Bangles’ ‘Manic Monday’ and Sinead O’Connor’s ‘Nothing Compares 2 U’ are all songs written by which famous singer-songwriter?  

 

 

 


By what name are Damon Albarn, Graham Coxon, Alex James and Dave Roundtree better known in the popular music world?  

 

 

 


The iconic cover shown here is that of which 1973 album?     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Before going solo in 1987, which artiste was the lead singer of the band The Smiths?  

 

 

 


Which 1980s super-group, with members including Robert Palmer, Tony Thompson and the Duran Duran members John and Andy Taylor, had a Top 20 hit with ‘Some Like It Hot’ in 1985?  

 

 

 


Which duo had a No.2 hit single on the Billboard charts in 1973 with ‘Yesterday Once More’?  

 

 

 


Which singer, who co-wrote the 1985 charity song ‘We Are The World’, also sang its first line, ‘There comes a time, when we heed a certain call’?    

 

 

 


Axl Rose is the lead singer of which American hard rock band?     

 

 

 


In 1987, which group had a Christmas number one with ‘Always On My Mind’ after they performed the song on a television programme to mark the 10th anniversary of Elvis Presley’s death?     

 

 

 


This is a collage of four studio album covers, with any helping words (amateurishly) removed, by which band formed in Jacksonville, Florida in 2004?          

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Featuring tracks such as ‘Caroline, No’ and ‘Wouldn’t It Be Nice’, which group released the album ‘Pet Sounds’ in 1966, now considered one of the most influential albums in music history?  

 

 

 


‘The Power of Love’, a No.1 hit on the US Billboard charts in 1985 for Huey Lewis and the News, was a soundtrack of which movie directed by Robert Zemeckis?       

 

 

 


Having sold over 165 million records worldwide, which is the bestselling boy band in the history of pop music? They were formed in Florida in the early ‘90s by A.J. McLean, Howie Dorough, Nick Carter and Brian Littrell.      

 

 

 


The 1954 painting shown here gives its three-word title to a 2008 album and single – by which British band?      

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Which single, that topped the US Billboard charts when it was released in 1990, sampled the bassline of the 1980 single ‘Under Pressure’ by Queen and David Bowie?  

 

 

 


Which former lead singer of the band Eagles, who died in 2016, had a successful solo career with hits such as ‘The Heat Is On’ and ‘You Belong To The City’?  

 

 

 


Twelve years after the Bangles did it in 1989, which other all-girl band took ‘Eternal Flame’ to the No.1 spot on the UK charts?       

 

 

 


Which British rock band, fronted by Mark Knopfler, had UK Top 10 hits such as ‘Walk of Life’ and ‘Money For Nothing’ in the mid-1980s?     

 

 

 


This shows three album covers by which American punk rock band formed in 1986?       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Born Peter Gene Hernandez, whose first three singles – ‘Just The Way You Are’, ‘Grenade’ and ‘The Lazy Song’ all made it to the top of the UK singles charts?       

 

 

 


    Released in November 1995, which single by Mariah Carey and Boys II Men spent 16 weeks atop the Billboard Hot 100 charts, becoming the longest running No.1 song on the chart so far? Released at a time when AIDs was globally prevalent, it speaks about the death of a loved one and how the much the singer misses him/her.  

 

 

 


Formed in 1993 with Gary Lightbody as lead vocals, which rock band’s debut album was entitled ‘Songs for Polarbears’? Their 2006 single ‘Chasing Cars’ propelled them to international stardom.  

 

 

 


Between November 1984 and June 1985, three songs sharing the same title were released in the UK, with two of them getting to No.1 on the charts and the other a Top 10 hit. Name any two of the three singers/ acts who sang these songs.  

 

 

 


The appearance of this logo indicates the appearance of which band at the 2017 Glastonbury Festival?   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


The Kentucky-born singer-songwriter Bill Monroe is commonly referred to as the ‘Father’ of which genre of country music that is characterized by musicians playing folk songs, tunes with traditional chord progressions, and using acoustic instruments? The genre, as well as Monroe’s band, take their names from the botannical species Poa pratensis.  

 

 

 


Re-released by the Righteous Brothers in 1990 and reaching No.1 on the UK charts, ‘Unchained Melody’ featured on the soundtrack of WHICH MOVIE, starring Patrick Swayze and Demi Moore?  

 

 

 


Released in October 1986, WHICH US CHART-TOPPING SINGLE is about a fictional working class couple, Tommy and Gina, who struggle to make ends meet and maintain their relationship? The couple was alluded to again in another song released by the band in 2000, ‘It’s My Life’.  

 

 

 


Formed in October 1972, the E Street Band has been the primary backing band of which musician for the past 45 years?    

 

 

 


Named after its Mexican-American guitarist front-man, which band shares the record for the most number of Grammy Awards won in a single night (8) with Michael Jackson? They achieved this in 2000, a year after their 17th studio album ‘Supernatural’ was released.  

 

 

 


Before launching a successful solo career in 1986 with hits such as ‘Glory of Love’, Peter Cetera had been a member of which rock band since its inception in 1967?  

 

 

 


Born in Fukuoka in 1978, which female singer dubbed the ‘Empress of J-Pop’ is the bestselling Japanese solo artiste of all time, with over 80 million records sold? She was diagnosed with Meniere’s disease in 2008, and revealed in 2017 that she is losing her hearing.  

 

 

 

 

 


Entering the UK charts straight at No.1 in October 1984, ‘Welcome to The Pleasuredome’ was the debut album of which band fronted by Holly Johnson? Their debut single ‘Relax’ was banned by the BBC due to its suggestive lyrics.  

 

 

 


The American musician and rapper will.i.am is best known as a founding member of which hip-hop group, that first came to fame with their 2003 album ‘Elephunk’?  

 

 

 


Sharing its name with a commonly-used Greek prefix, which South Korean-Chinese boy group formed in 2011 has been dubbed ‘the biggest boy band in the world’ by media outlets? Their breakthrough hit was ‘Growl’ (2013), and other chart-toppers include ‘Love Me Right’, ‘Monster’ and ‘Lotto’.  

 

 

 


Born in Adelaide in 1975, which Australian singer-songwriter began her career with the band Crisp before going solo in 1997? Known popularly by her first name, her 6th studio album ‘1000 Forms of Fear’ (documenting her struggles with bipolar disorder and addiction) debuted at No.1 on the US Billboard charts in 2014.  

 

 

 


Premiering on Broadway in 2010, the stage musical ‘American Idiot’ is an adaptation of the 7th studio album (of the same name) by which US rock band? Consisting of Billie Joe Armstrong, Mike Dirnt and Tre Cool, their breakout album ‘Dookie’ (1994) sold over 10 million copies in the US alone.       

 

 

 


Premiering in London’s West End in 2010, which Andrew Lloyd Webber musical (with lyrics by Glenn Slater) is a sequel to ‘The Phantom of the Opera’? It begins with Christine Daae being invited to perform at the Phantasma, a new attraction on Coney Island.  

 

 

 


Born 1962 in Fukuoka, which singer has been dubbed the ‘Eternal Idol’ by the Japanese media for her longlasting popularity? Beginning with ‘Kaze wa Aki-iro’ (‘The Wind is Autumn-colored’) in 1980, her next 23 consecutive singles all reached No.1 in Japan. She also held the record for most No.1 singles for a female artiste until it was broken by Ayumi Hamasaki in 2006.  

 

 

 


Comprising ‘Low’ (1977), ‘Heroes’ (1977) and ‘Lodger’ (1979), the Berlin Trilogy are three consecutively-released studio albums by which British singer-songwriter? He had taken up residence in West Berlin in 1976, and subsequently experimented with various musical elements  in collaboration with Tony Visconti and Brian Eno.  

 

 

 


The most successful of 2014 in terms of unit sale, which Pharrell Williams’ song featured on the soundtrack of the animated comedy film ‘Despicable Me 2’?  

 

 

 


Formed in Las Vegas in 2001 and fronted by Brandon Flowers on lead vocals, which American rock band took its name from that of a fictional band from the music video of the New Order song ‘Crystal’? All five of their studio albums to date reached No.1 on the UK album charts, from their first (‘Hot Fuss’) to the latest (‘Wonderful Wonderful’).  

 

 

 


Born 1959 in Cheshire, which English musician-writer is known for being the singer and bass-guitarist of the synthpop band Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark (OMD)? Following its dissolution in 1996, he founded the pop girl group Atomic Kitten for whom he served as principal songwriter.     

 

 

 


Taken from the soundtrack of the 1984 film ‘The Woman in Red’, which Stevie Wonder song remains his best-selling single to date, winning both a Golden Globe and an Academy Award for Best Original Song?      

 

 

 


Formed in Queensland in 1994, which Australian pop duo (initially known as Red Edge) took their current name from a quote from Anne Rice’s ‘The Vampire Chronicles’? Their first U.S number one hit came in 1997 with ‘Truly Madly Deeply’.  

 

 

 


Originally released by Aerosmith in 1975, which song enjoyed a revival when it was covered by the hip-hop group Run-DMC on their 1986 album ‘Raising Hell’? The UK girl groups Girls Aloud and Sugababes also recorded a charity version of it in 2007.  

 

 

 


This figure shows parts of the covers of the first eight studio albums from which English band? Their ninth (and latest) album is ‘A Moon Shaped Pool’ released in May 2016.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Formed in 2008 by members including lead vocalist Dan Reynolds and lead guitarist Wayne Sermon, which US rock band’s debut album ‘Night Visions’ spawned the hit singles ‘Radioactive’ and ‘Demons’? The origin of the band’s name is enigmatic, with the group having said that it is an anagram made up of letters of different words, leading to much speculations as to what the real words are (a favorite Internet choice is ‘Ragged Insomnia’).            

 

 

 


This figure shows the covers of some of the studio albums by which English band, formed in Essex in 1980?  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Born 1969 in Los Angeles as O’Shea Jackson Sr., which founding artist of gangsta rap and member of the hip-hop groups C.I.A. and N.W.A. released the platinum albums ‘AmeriKKKa’s Most Wanted’ (1990) and ‘Death Certificate’ (1991) after he embarked on a solo career, and also starred in the acclaimed 1991 film ‘Boyz n the Hood’?  

 

 

 


Formed by Jonsi Birgisson, Georg Holm and Agust Gunnarsson in 1994, which Icelandic band (which takes its name from that of Jonsi’s younger sister) is noted for a singing style named Volenska (in lieu of Icelandic or English), and has recorded albums such as ‘Valtari’ and ‘Kveikur’ that achieved Top 10 status on the UK album charts?  

 

 

 


In April 2018, which rapper and songwriter was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for music for his album ‘Damn’, which became the first musical work not in the classical or jazz genre to win since its inception in 1943? He had also won the Best Rap Album Grammy award earlier in 2016 for his third album ‘To Pimp A Butterfly’.  

 

 

 


The popular No.1 hit singles ‘Say You, Say Me’ by Lionel Richie and ‘Separate Lives’ by Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin featured on the soundtrack of which 1985 drama film featuring Mikhail Baryshnikov as a defected Soviet ballet dancer?      

 

 

 


Winning the Record of the Year, Song of the Year and Best Male Pop Vocal Performance Grammy awards in 1996, ‘Kiss from a Rose’ (from the soundtrack of ‘Batman Forever’) was the first US No.1 single by which singer-songwriter born Henry Olusegun Adeola Samuel in 1963?         

 

 

 


Formed in 1998 by Siobhan Donaghy, Mutya Buena and Keisha Buchanan, which British girl group has had six UK No.1 singles (e.g. ‘Freak Like Me’, ‘Hole in the Head’ and ‘Push the Button’) – only the Spice Girls have had more?   

 

 

 


Released in January 2017 and topping the charts in 47 countries, the megahit song ‘Despacito’ featured the singer Luis Fonsi and which other Puerto Rican rapper born Ramon Luis Ayala Rodriguez and popularly known as the ‘King of Raggaeton’?  

 

 

 


Their name deriving from the Russian for ‘This girl loves that girl’, which musical duo formed in Russia in 1999 found international fame with their debut English single ‘All The Things She Said’ that reached No.1 on the UK singles chart when released in 2002?  

 

 

 


Referencing the great leonopteryx that rules over its skies, the Cirque du Soleil show ‘Toruk – the First Flight’ was inspired by which award-winning 2009 movie?  

 

 

 


Formed in 2002 in Glasgow and named after a historical figure, which post-punk revival rock band led by lead vocalist Alex Kapranos achieved its highest UK chart position with their second single ‘Take Me Out’ (3rd) and their second studio album ‘You Could Have It So Much Better’ (1st)?   

 

 

 


‘Six o’clock already/ I was just in the middle of a dream/ I was kissin’ Valentino/ By a crystal blue Italian stream’ are the opening lines of which 1986 hit single by The Bangles?  

 

 

 


Formed in Sheffield in 1977, which pop band took its name from a faction that arose in 2415 AD in the sci-fi wargame ‘Starforce : Alpha Centauri’? They hit No.1 on the UK charts with their third studio album ‘Dare’ in 1981.       

 

 

 


Achieving UK No.1 singles with hits such as ‘Forever Love’ and ‘Love Won’t Wait’, the singer Gary Barlow left which boy-band to pursue a solo career in the mid-1990s?  

 

 

 


Named after the age of the singer during their productions, whose three studio albums to date are entitled ‘19’, ‘21’ and ‘25’? All three made it to the number one spot on the UK album charts.        

 

 

 


Founded in 1983 by Paul Weller from the Jam and Mick Talbot of Dexys Midnight Runners, which English band’s best-performing album was ‘Our Favourite Shop’ (No.1 on UK album chart) and best-performing single  ‘The Long Hot Summer’ (No.3 on UK singles chart)?               

 

 

 


Led by the singer Carol Decker, which British pop group formed in 1986 takes its name from a Vulcan elder in the ‘Star Trek’ universe who led the Syrranite rebellion against the Vulcan High Command? Their first hit was the 1987 song ‘Heart and Soul’.  

 

 

 


Dying at the age of 61 on the same day of Josef Stalin, which Soviet Russian composer is noted for the ballet ‘Romeo and Juliet’ and the symphonic fairy tale ‘Peter and the Wolf’?         

 

 

 


Named after a hidden track on their album ‘Youth and Young Manhood’, the 2011 rockumentary film ‘Talihina Sky’ followed the musical journey of which American rock band formed in Nashville in 1999 by three brothers and a cousin of the Followill family?     

 

 

 


‘The Search Is Over’ and ‘Is This Love’ are two of the hit singles by which band, formed by front-man Jim Peterik in Chicago in 1978? The band’s name is apparently a reference to Peterik’s narrow escape from death when he was unable to make a guest appearance at a Bill Chase concert, hence was not on a plane that subsequently crashed.   

 

 

 


‘The heart is a bloom/ Shoots up through the stony ground/ There’s no room/ No space to rent in this town’ are the opening lines to which U2 song that won the Song of the Year and Record of the Year at the 2001 Grammy Awards?   

 

 

 


One of the most popular Latin music styles today, which genre that fused the pan-Latin American bolero style with troubadour-singing and African elements first originated in the Dominican Republic in the early 20th century? Considered crude and vulgar under the Trujillo dictatorship, it has since gained international recognition with noted acts such as the band Aventura and singer Antony Santos.    

 

 

 


‘The Dream of the Blue Turtles’ (1985) and ‘… Nothing Like The Sun’ (1987) were the first two solo studio albums by which singer-songwriter who left the Police to pursue a solo career?   

 

 

 


Peter Gabriel, Phil Collins and Mike Rutherford all went on to pursue successful solo music careers after leaving which rock band founded in 1967?   

 

 

 


Fronted by lead vocalist Patrick Stump, which Chicago rock-band reached No.2 on the US charts with their 2007 single ‘This Ain’t a Scene, It’s an Arms Race’ from their third studio album ‘Infinity on High’? The band takes its name from a fictional character from ‘The Simpsons’ and Bongo Comics.   

 

 

 


The runner-up on Time magazine’s list of ‘The Ten Best Electric Guitar Players’, what is the stage-name of the musician born Saul Hudson best known as the lead-guitarist of the hard rock band Guns N’Roses? He also co-founded the supergroup Velvet Revolvers in 1996 after departing from Guns N’Roses.   

 

 

 


First recorded in 1985 in aid of famine in Africa, the charity single ‘We Are The World’ was remade in 2010 following a devastating earthquake in which Caribbean nation?  

 

 

 


Despite being released only five weeks before the year’s end, which band’s third studio album ‘Midnight Memories’ became the best-selling album of 2013? Their first two albums ‘Up All Night’ and ‘Take Me Home’ both achieved 3x Platinum sales certification.        

 

 

 


Composed by Howard Shore and played during the closing credits of ‘The Lord of the Rings : The Return of the King’, the song ‘Into The West’ was performed by which noted singer-songwriter? Conceived as a bittersweet Elvish lament sung by Galadriel for those who have sailed across the Sundering Sea, the song won the Best Original Song Oscar in 2004.         

 

 

 


With music and lyrics by Tim Minchin, this figure is taken from the poster of a stage musical based on a book by which children’s author?       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


The popular dances mambo, salsa and cha-cha all originated from which Caribbean island country?  

 

 

 


Formed by the former Depeche Mode keyboardist Vince Clarke and singer-songwriter Andy Bell, which English synthpop duo achieved their first UK No.1 album with ‘The Innocents’ (1988) that produced hit singles such as  ‘Ship of Fools’ and ‘A Little Respect’?        

 

 

 


Running in London’s West End since 1999, this is a promotional poster (with helpful words removed) of a popular musical based on the songs of which pop group?            

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Found on the Seattle campus of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), this outdoor art work consists of twelve 21-feet steel tower structures with organ pipes attached to rotating wind vanes at the top. It gives its name to which rock band formed in 1984, and served as a makeshift memorial when the band’s front-man Chris Cornell died in 2017?     

 

 

 


‘Rivers of Babylon’ (1978), ‘Cheri Cheri Lady’ (1985) and ‘Wind of Change’ (1991) were hit singles released by three bands that were all formed in which European country?   

 

 

 


In 1985, Jimmy Somerville formed The Communards with Richard Coles, after having left which synthpop band? The band in question had a No.1 hit on the US Dance charts with ‘Smalltown Boy’, from their debut album ‘The Age of Consent’.       

 

 

 


Based on the novel ‘The Bixby Girls’ by Rosamond Marshall, a 1960 American film directed by Michael Anderson and starring Robert Wagner & Natalie Wood shares parts of its title with the name of which British rock band formed in Birmingham in 1984? In 1990 the band won two Brit Awards: Best British Group, and Best British Album (for ‘The Raw & the Cooked’).     

 

 

 


Poets of the Fall, Children of Bodom, The Rasmus and Lordi are rock bands from which European country?  

 

 

 


Formed in 1988 in Chicago by Billy Corgan and James Iha, which alternative rock band broke into the mainstream with their second studio album ‘Siamese Dream’? Their next album ‘Mellin Collie and the Infinite Sadness’ debuted at No.1 on the Billboard 200 chart when it was released in 1995.           

 

 

 


Written and composed by Stephen Schwartz, the hit single ‘When You Believe’ by Whitney Houston and Mariah Carey is taken from which 1998 DreamWorks animated feature film? It was awarded the Best Original Song at the 71st Academy Awards.  

 

 

 


Depicted in the 1987 biopic ‘La Bamba’, February 3rd 1959 has come to be known as ‘The Day Music Died’. A plane crash took the lives of Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and which other American musician-songwriter, best known for his 1958 recording of ‘Chantilly Lace’?       

 

 

 


In the 34th Academy Awards held in 1961, musical legends Dmitri Shostakovich and Duke Ellington were nominated for Best Original Score (for ‘Khovanshchina’ and ‘Paris Blues’ respectively), but lost to which musical that swept that year with a total of 10 Oscar wins?  

 

 

 


Fronted by John Crawford and Terri Nunn, which American new-wave band had their first and only US No.1 single with the 1986 ‘Take My Breath Away’ from the film ‘Top Gun’?  

 

 

 


Noted for their 1991 ballad ‘Wind of Change’ about political changes in Eastern Europe in the 1980s and early ‘90s, Scorpions are a rock band from which European country?  

 

 

 


Originating from Chicago’s hardcore punk scene, which rock band formed in 2001 includes lead vocalist Patrick Stump and guitarist Joe Trohman? Noted for their debut album ‘Take This To Your Grave’ that became an underground success, the band takes its name from a fictional comic-book character from the animated series ‘The Simpsons’.  

 

 

 


Fronted by lead singer Michael Stipe, which American rock band released its two most commercially successful albums within a span of two years – ‘Out of Time’ (1991) and ‘Automatic For The People’ (1992)?   

 

 

 


Born Ella Marija Lani Yelich-O’Connor in November 1996, what is the nationality of the singer whose debut single ‘Royals’ (2013) made her the youngest solo artist to achieve a US number-one single on the Billboard Hot 100 since 1987?      

 

 

 


Speculation about its band name ranging from the Crucifixion of Christ to Freddy Krueger (of the ‘ A Nightmare on Elm Street’ series) – which American rock band founded 1998 in Ohio by Trent Reznor released two influential albums (‘The Downward Spiral’ and ‘The Fragile’) in the 1990s?           

 

 

 


One of the members of the ‘Four Heavenly Kings’ who dominated the Cantopop/ Mandopop scene from the 1990s into the 2000s, which singer-songwriter and actor is known as the ‘God of Songs’, with classic albums such as the 1993 ‘Goodbye Kiss’?  

 

 

 

 

 


After the breakup of the Housemartins, former members Paul Heaton and Dave Hemingway formed which band in 1988? Their 1994 compilation album ‘Carry on up the Charts’ achieved great commercial success and was the second-best selling album that year.  

 

 

 


Characterized by rapping lyrics and influenced by hip hop, the music genre known as reggaeton originated in the clubs of which Caribbean island during the late 1990s? The singer-songwriter Daddy Yankee is generally known as the ‘King of Reggaeton’.  

 

 

 


One of only three French groups to have won a Grammy Award when they won the award for Best World Music Album in 1995 for ‘Boheme’, which duo originally consisting of Michel Sanchez and Éric Mouquet are noted for mixing ethnic with electronic sounds and dance beats? They reached No. 10 on the UK charts with their 1992 hit ‘Sweet Lullaby’.       

 

 

 


Including ‘Who Are You’ and ‘I Can See For Miles’, the theme songs for all the four series in the ‘CSI’ franchise of forensic crime drama television shows are all performed by which band?   

 

 

 


The ‘Big Four’ of Britpop (the mid-90s music movement characterized by bright catchy alternative rock) are Oasis, Blur, Pulp and which band formed in London in 1989, whose UK Top 10 hits include ‘Animal Nitrate’, ‘Stay Together’ and ‘Trash’?   

 

 

 


Typified by rapid syncopated backbeats of around 140 bpm often with an aggressively jagged electronic sound, what term denotes a genre of dance music that emerged from the pirate radio stations and underground music scene of London in the 2000s? Prominent artistes of this genre include Dizzee Rascal, Kano and Stormzy.  

 

 

 


Known popularly as the ‘Belleville Three’, the musical trio of Juan Atkins (‘The Initiator’), Derrick May (‘The Innovator’) and Kevin Saunderson (‘The Elevator’) are credited with inventing the techno musical style associated with which US city?   

 

 

 


Which rock band was formed in 1977 as The Farriss Brothers, after the surname of the three brothers (Andrew, Jon and Tim) who were part of the founding members? The origins of the band began with Andrew convincing his fellow classmate from their high school in New South Wales to join his band and become the lead singer.  

 

 

 


Released in 2004, ‘Confessions’ was the fourth studio album by which American singer born 1978 in Dallas? It spawned four consecutive No.1 hits on the Billboard chart : ‘Yeah!’, ‘Burn’, ‘Confessions Part II’ and ‘My Boo’.   

 

 

 


Which singer-songwriter dedicated the title track of his 21st studio album ‘Sleeps With Angels’ (released in 1994) to the former Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain? In his suicide note, Cobain had quoted one of this singer’s songs ‘My My, Hey Hey (Out of the Blue)’ – ‘it is better to burn out than to fade away’.        

 

 

 


Primarily known as the lead singer of the rock band Blur, Damon Albarn is also the co-founder, songwriter and principal vocalist of which virtual band, which he cofounded with comic-book artist Jamie Hewlett in 1998? Their second studio album ‘Demon Days’ went six times platinum in the UK.   

 

 

 


Formed in 1990, which pop group has sold more than 30 million copies of their albums worldwide, making them the third most successful Swedish band of all time (behind ABBA and Roxette)? Their first album ‘Happy Nation’ was the first debut album to produce three Top 40 singles on the Billboard charts : ‘All That She Wants’, ‘The Sign’ and ‘Don’t Turn Around’.           

 

 

 


Which popular singer rose to fame in 2005 with the release of her debut album ‘Music of the Sun’? Her first US No.1 single was the 2006 song ‘SOS’, taken from her second studio album ‘A Girl Like Me’.  

 


The Icelandic singer-songwriter Bjork was initially the lead singer of which alternative rock band formed in Reykjavik in 1986? Their 1987 single ‘Birthday’ became a major hit on the US and UK indie stations.  

 

 

 


Featuring characters such as the pious missionary Sarah Brown and nightclub singer Miss Adelaide, which musical that premiered on Broadway in 1950 was based on two short stories by Damon Runyon? A 1955 film adaptation starred Marlon Brando and Frank Sinatra.        

 

 

 


At 12.01 am on August 1st, 1981, ‘Video Killed The Radio Star’ made history by becoming the first ever music video shown on the MTV channel. Which English new-wave band (consisting of Trevor Horn and Geoffrey Downes) recorded the song and video?   

 

 

 


Its name a reference to how a sleeve design on the Buzzcock’s single ‘Promises’ was constantly being changed by its vocalist Pete Shelley, which Scottish new-wave band formed by lead singer Clare Grogan had Top 10 hits such as ‘Happy Birthday’, ‘I Could Be Happy’ and ‘Don’t Talk To Me About Love’ in the early 1980s?           

 

 

 


Possibly deriving its name from homeless railway track migrants mentioned in Jack Kerouac’s novel ‘On the Road’, which rock band formed in 1963 has launched the career of some of rock’s best-known guitarists, such as Eric Clapton, Jimmy Page and Jeff Beck?       

 

 

 


Widely regarded as the most successful and enduring Mandopop group, what is the three-letter acronymic name of the all-girl Taiwanese trio who first came to fame with their 2001 debut album ‘Girl’s Dorm’? The group’s name is taken from the first letter of each of the member’s Christian name.             

 

 

 


Which British electronic band formed in 2008 by Grace Chatto and brothers Jack and Luke Patterson is noted for works that blend classical and dance music as well as their collaboration with other artistes (e.g. ‘Rather Be’ with Jess Glynne and ‘Symphony’ with Zara Larsson)?     

 

 

 


Its name an abbreviation of the nicknames of its founding members, which American all-girl trio founded in Atlanta had nine Top-10 hits in the Billboard Hot 100 in the 1990s, including No.1 hits ‘Creep’, ‘Waterfall’ and ‘No Scrubs’?   

 

 

 


Which synth-pop duo consisting of Vince Clarke (keyboards) and Alison Moyet (vocals) had their highest UK-charts hit when their debut single ‘Only You’ went to No.2 in 1982?          

 

 

 


Formed in 1983 in Manchester and a pioneer in the Madchester movement, which English rock band’s most prominent members include vocalist Ian Brown and guitarist John Squire? They had UK Top 10 hits including ‘Fool’s Gold’, ‘One Love’ and ‘Love Spreads’.  

 

 

 


Born Curtis James Jackson III in Queens in 1975, which rapper first came to prominence with the East Coast rap group G-Unit? His first two solo albums – ‘Get Rich or Die Tryin’ and ‘The Massacre’ both reached No.1 in the Billboard album charts, spawning No.1 singles such as ‘In da Club’ and ‘Candy Shop’.      

 

 

 


  Formed in 1982 by John Flansburgh and John Linnell, which American alternative rock band took their name after a 1971 film about a widowed millionaire imagining himself as Sherlock Holmes (which is itself taken from a ‘Don Quixote’ passage)? Their highest charting single came in 1990 with ‘Birdhouse In Your Soul’.   

 

 

 


Initiated in 1977 after Marc Almond and David Ball met at the Leeds Polytechnic, which English synthpop duo came to prominence in the 1980s especially for their hit version of ‘Tainted Love’ and their platinum debut album ‘Non-Stop Erotic Cabaret’?   

 

 

 


Born Rory Charles Graham in 1985, which English singer-songwriter’s first hit single ‘Human’ was awarded the British Single of the Year at the 2018 Brits Awards? His stage name is apparently inspired by the 1960s-70s sitcom ‘Steptoe and Son’.       

 

 

 


Literally translating as ‘Bulletproof Boy Scouts’, what is the three-letter abbreviation name of the seven-member South Korean boy band who are scheduled to make their first appearance at the 61st Grammy Awards? Formed in 2013, they came to prominence with songs like ‘No More Dream’, ‘Spring Day’ and ‘Fake Love’.           

 

 

 

 

 


With the exception of Kate Bush (in 1987), for the seven years between 1984 and 1990, the Brit Award for British Female Solo Artiste was won by two individuals. Both came to prominence in the early 1980s as half of a male-female musical duo – name both these artistes and the duo they belonged to.   

 

 

 


Born Brian Joseph Burton in New York in 1977, what is the stage name of the musician who came to prominence in 2004 when he released his ‘The Grey Album’ that combined elements from The Beatles’ ‘The White Album’ with Jay-Z’s ‘The Black Album’?  His stage name is taken from a 1980s British animated TV series.       

 

 

 


Considered a seminal moment in rock and roll history, ‘Million Dollar Quartet’ is a recording of an impromptu jam session involving Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Johnny Cash and which other singer made on December 4, 1956, at the Sun Record Studios in Memphis, Tennessee?          

 

 

 


Consisting of members Jisoo, Jennie, Rosé, and Lisa, which South Korean all-girl group achieved recognition with early hits such as ‘Whistle’ and ‘Boombayah’? As of 2019, it is the highest-charting female K-pop act on the Billboard Hot 100 charts with ‘Kill This Love’.      

 

 

 


Since its inception in 1992, who is the only artist to have won the annual Mercury Prize for best album on more than one occasion? She did it with ‘Stories from the City, Stories from the Sea’ (2000) and ‘Let England Shake’(2011).         

 

 

 


  Their biggest selling single, ‘Stay Another Day’, was the UK Christmas number one of 1994. Which English boy band that originally included Tony Mortimer and Brian Harvey took its name from the post-code of their hometown Walthamstow?   

 

 

 


‘As The Flower Withers’ and ‘Turn Loose The Swans’ were the first two albums released by which band formed in Bradford in 1990? Along with Anathema and Paradise Lost (collectively known as the Peaceville Three), it was a forerunner of the death doom metal and gothic metal genres during the early 1990s.   

 

 

 


Their only UK No. 1 being ‘Welcome to the Black Parade’ in 2006, which rock band from New Jersey with lead vocalist Gerard Way and Ray Toro & Frank Iero takes its name from a collection of three novellas by Irvine Welsh?            

 

 

 


Since its formation in Prestwich, Greater Manchester in 1978, which English post-punk band has had over sixty members, with its founder Mark E. Smith being the only constant member throughout? Their latest (30th) studio album, released in 2015, is entitled ‘Sub-Lingual Tablet’.      

 

 

 


Born Jacques Berman Webster II in Houston in 1992, which American rapper and singer-songwriter hit the No.1 spot on the US album charts with his 2nd and 3rd studio albums ‘Birds in the Trap Sing McKnight’ and ‘Astroworld’? The single ‘Sicko Mode’ from the latter album became his first No.1 in the Billboard Hot 100.    

 

 

 


Its best-known international artiste is Cesária Évora, known as the the ‘Barefoot Diva’. The musical and dance genre known as morna, characterized by a slow tempo usually performed on a guitar, is considered the national music of which island nation?      

 

 

 


Formed in early 1982, by lead singer Marian Gold and Bernhard Lloyd, which synth-pop band takes its name from a 1965 French New Wave sci-fi noir film subtitled ‘A Strange Adventure of Lemmy Caution’?   

 

 

 


Taking its name from a 1970s memory board-game, which rock band formed in Minnesota was instrumental in the development of the alternative rock genre (eg with their 1984 album ‘Zen Arcade’)? After disbanding in 1988, vocalist Bob Mould would go on to form the alt-rock band Sugar.        

 

 

 


Released in 1995, the No.1-charting ‘I Should Coco’ was the debut album by which Oxford-formed rock band? Led by singer and guitarist Gaz Coombes, the band shares its name with a slang term for an informant who turns Queen’s evidence in return for protection.           

 

 

 


This is the timeline showing the members of which rock band formed in Kentucky in 2006, whose name is apparently derived from the mutterings of a mentally-disturbed person who approached the lead singer after a performance? Their second album ‘Thank You, Happy Birthday’ reached No.2 on the Billboard 200 chart in 2011.      

 

 

 


o photo description available.  

 

 

 


To date, they have released an original song in each game of the ‘Call of Duty : Black Ops’ series. Formed in California in 1999, which heavy metal band has released studio albums such as ‘Waking the Fallen’ and ‘City of Evil’? It takes its name from a line in Genesis 4:24, regarding the story of Cain and Abel.       

 

 

 


Unofficially entitled ‘History of Everything’, the theme song for the American television sitcom ‘The Big Bang Theory’ was written and recorded by which rock band? The song was included in their greatest hits album ‘Hits from Yesterday & the Day Before’.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Answers  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


  

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


‘The Exorcist’  

 


Norwegian (A-ha)  

 


Meat Loaf/ Michael Lee Aday (‘Bat Out Of Hell’)  

 


Take That  

 


Stephen Schwartz  

 


Oasis  

 


Klaatu  

 


‘I Kissed A Girl’  

 


‘Wannabe’  

 


Alexander Borodin  

 


Wet Wet Wet  

 


‘Cabaret’  

 


‘Pretty Woman’  

 


Girls Aloud  

 


Ocarina  

 


Westlife  

 


The Clash  

 


Pet Shop Boys  

 


Britney Spears  

 


Linkin Park (Hybrid Theory)  

 


Gian Carlo Menotti  

 


Taylor (Andy/ Roger/ John)  

 


Beyonce (Lemonade)  

 


Shakira  

 


The Eagles  

 


Ivor Novello  

 


Red (‘The Lady in Red’ by Chris de Burgh/ ‘Red Red Wine’ by UB40/ ’99 Red Balloons by’ Nena)  

 


‘Bridge Over Troubled Water’  

 


‘Prince of Egypt’  

 


‘Achtung Baby’ by U2  

 


‘Sukiyaki’  

 


‘Titanic’  

 


Destiny’s Child  

 


Spice Girls  

 


Joy Division  

 


Icelandic  

 


‘Romeo and Juliet’  

 


Prince  

 


Pet Shop Boys  

 


U2  

 


Wonder Girls  

 


Bruce Springsteen  

 


Mikhail Glinka (‘Ruslan and Lyudmila)  

 


‘La boheme’  

 


Daft Punk   

 


Kylie Minogue  

 


Lady Gaga  

 


Blur (clockwise from top-right : ‘Blur’, ‘Think Tank’, ‘Parklife’ and ‘The Magic Whip’)  

 


Go-Go  

 


Celine Dion  

 


‘The Power of Love’  

 


Style Council  

 


Coldplay  

 


Billy Joel  

 


Christmas  

 


Coldplay (‘A Rush of Blood to the Head’)  

 


Madonna  

 


Simon and Garfunkel  

 


Spandau Ballet  

 


Nirvana (‘Nevermind’)  

 


Taylor Swift  

 


George Michael  

 


Egyptian  

 


TV  

 


Pink/ P!nk  

 


One Direction  

 


Four  

 


Westlife  

 


The Housemartins  

 


Simon & Garfunkel  

 


Eminem  

 


Barbados  

 


The Bee Gees  

 


Seattle  

 


George Michael  

 


Prince  

 


Blur  

 


‘The Dark Side of the Moon’ by Pink Floyd  

 


Morrissey  

 


The Power Station  

 


The Carpenters  

 


Lionel Richie  

 


Guns N’ Roses  

 


Pet Shop Boys  

 


Limp Bizkit (‘Three Dollar Bill, Y’all’/ ‘Chocolate Starfish and the Hotdog Flavored Water’/ ‘Significant Other’/ ‘Gold Cobra’)  

 


The Beach Boys  

 


‘Back to the Future’  

 


The Backstreet Boys  

 


Coldplay (‘Viva La Vidal’/ Painting by Frida Kahlo)  

 


‘Ice Ice Baby’ by Vanilla Ice  

 


Glenn Frey  

 


Atomic Kitten  

 


Dire Straits  

 


Green Day (‘21st Century Breakdown’/ ‘Dookie’/ ‘American Idiot’  

 


Bruno Mars  

 


‘One Sweet Day’  

 


Snow Patrol  

 


Frankie Goes to Hollywood/ Huey Lewis and the News/ Jennifer Rush (‘The Power of Love’)  

 


Radiohead  

 


Bluegrass  

 


‘Ghost’  

 


‘Livin’ On A Prayer’ by Bon Jovi  

 


Bruce Springsteen  

 


Santana  

 


Chicago  

 


Ayumi Hamasaki  

 


Frankie Goes To Hollywood  

 


The Black Eyed Peas  

 


EXO  

 


Sia  

 


Green Day   

 


‘Love Never Dies’  

 


Seiko Matsuda  

 


David Bowie  

 


‘Happy’  

 


The Killers  

 


Andy McCluskey  

 


‘I Just Called to Say I Love You’  

 


Savage Garden  

 


‘Walk This Way’  

 


Radiohead  

 


Imagine Dragons  

 


Depeche Mode  

 


Ice Cube  

 


Sigur Ros  

 


Kendrick Lamar  

 


‘White Nights’  

 


Seal  

 


Sugababes  

 


Daddy Yankee  

 


t.A.T.u.  

 


‘Avatar’  

 


Franz Ferdinand  

 


‘Manic Monday’  

 


The Human League  

 


Take That  

 


Adele  

 


The Style Council  

 


T’Pau  

 


Sergei Prokofiev  

 


Kings of Leon  

 


Survivor  

 


‘Beautiful Day’   

 


Bachata  

 


Sting/ Gordon Sumner  

 


Genesis  

 


Fall Out Boy  

 


Slash    

 


Haiti  

 


One Direction  

 


Annie Lennox  

 


Roald Dahl (‘Matilda’)  

 


Cuba  

 


Erasure  

 


ABBA (‘Mamma Mia!’)  

 


Soundgarden  

 


Germany  

 


Bronski Beat  

 


Fine Young Cannibals  

 


Finland  

 


The Smashing Pumpkins  

 


‘The Prince of Egypt’  

 


The Big Bopper/ Jiles Perry (JP) Richardson Jr  

 


‘West Side Story’  

 


Berlin  

 


Germany  

 


Fall Out Boy  

 


R.E.M.  

 


New Zealander (Lorde)  

 


Nine Inch Nails  

 


Jacky CHEUNG Hok-yau  

 


The Beautiful South  

 


Puerto Rico  

 


Deep Forest  

 


The Who  

 


Suede  

 


Grime  

 


Detroit  

 


INXS  

 


Usher  

 


Neil Young  

 


Gorillaz  

 


Ace of Base  

 


Rihanna  

 


The Sugarcubes  

 


Guys and Dolls  

 


The Buggles  

 


Altered Images  

 


The Yardbirds  

 


S.H.E (Selina Jen/ Hebe Tien/ Ella Chen)  

 


Clean Bandit  

 


TLC (Tionne ‘T-Boz’ Watkins/ Lisa ‘Left Eye’ Lopes/ Rozonda ‘Chilli’ Thomas)  

 


Yazoo  

 


The Stone Roses  

 


50 Cent  

 


They Might Be Giants  

 


Soft Cell  

 


Rag’n’Bone Man  

 


BTS/ Bangtan Sonyeondan  

 


Annie Lennox (Eurythmics) and Alison Moyet (Yazoo)   

 


Danger Mouse  

 


Carl Perkins  

 


Blackpink  

 


PJ Harvey  

 


East 17  

 


My Dying Bride  

 


My Chemical Romance  

 


The Fall  

 


Travis Scott  

 


Cape Verde  

 


Alphaville  

 


Husker Du  

 


Supergrass  

 


Cage the Elephant  

 


Avenged Sevenfold  

 


Barenaked Ladies 

 

 


In the order of US presidential succession, the Vice-President is the first in line to succeed the President, followed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Secretary of State (in that order). Who comes next, i.e. the fifth in line?    

The political figure in here served as the prime minister of which country from 1995-2013, before being elected into his current post in 2014?   

The Republican running-mate of John McCain during the 2008 US president elections, Sarah Palin was a former governor of which US state?     

      Which former Home Secretary was appointed as Britain’s new Prime Minister when David Cameron resigned after the Brexit referendum in June 2016?    

The 2000 US presidential election was decided after a recount took place in which state, that ultimately settled in favour of George W. Bush by a margin of 537 votes over Al Gore?    

Elected to be the next Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres was the former Prime Minister of which country from 1995 to 2002?   

In August 2016, protests broke out in the Oromia region of which African country? The largest and most populous of the nation’s nine regions, it is bordered by the Somali region to the east and the Amhara region to the north.

Name the political leader on the left, highlighted by the blue box.

From what post did former General David Petraeus resign in November 2012 after admitting to an extra-marital affair with his then-biographer Paula Broadwell?

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